Cover the walls of second story, and all gables, walls of dormers, etc., with the best quality of sawed cedar shingles in widths of from 4 to 8 inches (or in 6-inch widths) laid 5 inches to the weather and nailed with two common nails to each shingle. Where shingles come against door or window casings, nail only at the side next the casing. Under window sills and elsewhere, where exposed, the nails to be galvanized.

Shingles in gables to be laid alternately long and short, without selecting for uniform width, the difference in length to be (1 ) inches.

Cut Shingles. - Cut shingles of uniform width and of pattern shown on drawings to be used where shown on elevation drawings.

[Wall shingles may be laid as much as 6 inches to the weather or 6 inches with 18-inch shingles.]

Siding. - All other portions of the walls to be covered with clear white pine (Oregon pine, spruce, redwood, cypress) lap siding, 6 inches wide, laid 4 inches to the weather and well nailed over every bearing with 6d. nails set in for puttying.

No butt joints will be allowed in panels 12 inches long and under, and no butt joints are to come over window openings in the first course above such opening.

[In place of lap (beveled) siding, drop or novelty siding, moulded as per detail drawing, may be specified.]

Clapboards. - [Used instead of siding in some localities.]

All other portions of the wall to be covered with sap-extra pine (clear spruce) clapboards, all laid to a perfectly even gauge of not over 4 inches and nailed to every stud with 6d. (galvanized) nails set in for puttying (For butt joints see above.)

Sheathing Paper. - The sheathing under all siding (or clapboards) to be covered with one thickness of (H. W. Johns' medium weight asbestos sheathing felt) laid with not less than 2-inch lap. Line with the same felt under all corner boards, casings, etc.

Zinc. - Put strips of zinc 3 inches wide around all window and door casings throughout, turned up J inch against casings and laid under the clapboards.

[Two inch by 7-inch tin shingles are sometimes laid in with the shingles against the casings.]

28l. - Piazza. - Finish the front piazza as shown by elevation and detail drawings (Fig. 160 B).

Lay the floor with (1 1/8x4-inch) matched Georgia pine (white pine flooring), tightly strained and blind nailed to every bearing with 8d. nails, and the joints run in white lead. Finish the edges of floor with rounded nosing and x1-inch cove under. Finish under the edge with 7/8-inch pine casings (8 inches) wide. Case the piers with (12-inch) pine boards with beveled base. Fill between the piers with lattice work formed of x2 -inch strips halved together, with spaces 2 inches square, and frame with 7/8-inch pine boards. 4 inches wide. (Each panel of lattice work to be put together in one piece, so that it may be removed if desired.)

The posts to be turned from 10x10-inch whitewood (redwood or cypress) and extended inside of the pedestal to the floor. The caps to be made from a separate piece of wood and carved as per full-size detail. Base to be turned in two pieces and fitted around the post, the conge and fillet to be turned on the post. The flutings are to diminish, leaving the fillets the same width throughout their length. Form the pedestal about the post with 1 1/8-inch pine frame, plain panels and x-inch panel mould, with 7/8-inch beveled base, mitred at the angles.

Put a half pilaster against the wall, fluted to corrrespond with posts and with base and pedestal to correspond.

The cap to correspond with section of rail. Form the architrave and cornice with wide pine casings, 1 1/8x2-inch band mould, inside and outside, and 7/8x2 -inch bed mould; 7/8x4-inch crown mould, 4-inch facia and 8-inch planceer.

Fur for level ceiling under the rafters and cover with x4-inch (centre-beaded) clear pine ceiling, with bed mould same as under cornice.

Build the railings with top rails built up and moulded, and bottom rails stack from 2 x3 -inch stock, with upper edge beveled.

Top rails to be ramped and to mitre with cap of pedestal and posts. Balusters to be 1 5/8-inch, turned and set 3 inches on centres.

The posts of upper balustrade to be turned from 5x5-inch whitewood, with turned ornament on top. Cap moulding to correspond with rail.

The posts to set on 13/8-inch pine block, 6 inches square, nailed over the tin roofing and covered with tin, soldered to the roof. Centre post to be secured by an iron brace. Put half posts against the wall to receive the balustrade.

Construct the steps on 2x10-inch plank carriages, 16 inches on centres and resting on a 4x6-inch sleeper at the bottom. [A flat stone is better.] Treads to be I -inch thick with rounded nosing and cove under, returned at the ends. Risers 7/8 inch thick. Finish the ends of steps with 7/8-inch pine string and casings, with panel formed of jx4-inch centre beaded pine ceiling.

282. - Rear Porch, - Lay the floor of rear porch with 7/8x4-inch clear (hard pine) boards, dressed one side, with square edges, and laid 1/8 inch apart. Finish the edges of floor with rounded nosing and x1-inch cove moulding. Finish under the edge of floor with 10-inch pine casings; case the piers (or posts) beneath the floor with wide pine boards and fill in between them with 7/8x6-inch pine boards cut to pattern, as shown, and 7/8x8-inch beveled base. The porch posts to be 5 inches square, built up of pine boards carefully fitted together. Finish the cornice with jx4-inch crown mould, facia and planceer, as shown. Fill in the gable ends with 7/8x4-inch double-faced pine ceiling. Fill in between the posts the full height of opening ; also over the door, with diagonal lattice work, with strips x1 1/8 inches, set l 1/8 inches apart.

Ceil on bottom of rafters with x4-inch centre-beaded pine ceiling, with a {-inch quarter round broke around the edges.

Build the steps on 2x10-inch plank carriages, 16 inches on centres, resting on a 4x6-inch sleeper at the bottom. Treads to be 1 1/8 inches thick, moulded nosing returned at the ends ; risers J inch thick, all of white pine.

Fill under ends of steps with boards cut to pattern, as under porch, and with beveled base,