Exchequer, will not be qualified to receive appointments until the consent of the Board of Education in England, the Committee of Council on Education for Scotland, or the Commissioners of National Education, Ireland, as the case may be, given in conformity with rules sanctioned by the

One of the instrument rooms at the G.p.o. w:th girl telegraphists at work

One of the instrument rooms at the G.p.o. w:th girl telegraphists at work. An expert knowledge of telegraphy is a valuable asset to a

Lords of the Treasury, has been notified to the Civil Service Commissioners.

The special telephone exchange at the G.p.o., through which subscribers can dictate telegrams to the clerks

The special telephone exchange at the G.p.o., through which subscribers can dictate telegrams to the clerks. This telegram-by-telephone system is rapidly increasing in popularity

A fee of 3s. will be required from every candidate attending an examination.

Female Learner, London

The limits of age for this situation are 15 and 18, and candidates must be unmarried or widows, duly qualified in respect of health and character, and natural-born or naturalised British subjects.

The examination is in English composition (including writing and spelling), arithmetic (first four rules, simple and compound, including English and metrical weights and measures, reduction, vulgar fractions and decimals, excluding recurring decimals), and geography.

The following regulations are also in force:

No candidate will be admitted to examination who does not, at such time as may be fixed by the Civil Service Commissioners, produce an undertaking, signed by her parent or guardian, that she will, if successful, reside either with her parents or guardians or with relations or friends approved by such parents or guardians.

Candidates must be at least five feet in height.

Persons who may have accepted a situation as learner in any London office will not be eligible to compete. Other persons holding situations in the Civil Service must obtain the written permission of the authorities of their department to attend the examination, before the commencement of the competition.

Persons who have entered upon or completed a course of education or training for the occupation of teacher, on account of which grants are payable from the Exchequer, will not be qualified to receive appointments until the consent of the Board of Education in England, the Committee of Council on Education for Scotland, or the Commissioners of National Education, Ireland, as the case may be, given in conformity with rules sanctioned by the Lords of the Treasury, has been notified to the Civil Service Commissioners.

Application for permission to attend an examination must be made at such time and in such manner as may be fixed by the Civil Service Commissioners.

The fee for the examination is 4s. Persons holding these appointments must resign on marriage.

The following official notes will form a guide as to the subjects named:

Handwriting:

The Civil Service Commissioners direct attention to the principles upon which they will assess the merits of handwriting for the purposes of examinations conducted by them. Stress will chiefly be laid on legibility, regularity, neatness, speed.

To ensure the attainment of these essential requisites, the subjoined rules should be observed:

1. Each letter and each figure should be clearly and completely formed, so as to avoid the possibility of one letter or figure being mistaken for another; and the slope from the vertical should be even and not exceed thirty degrees.

2. The characters should be of moderate and even size. The projection of capitals and long letters above or below the line should not be more than one and a half times the length of the short letters. Flourishes and superfluous strokes should be avoided.

3. There should be moderate and even spaces between the letters in a word, and also between the words in a sentence. The letters in a word should be united by strokes, the words in a sentence should be unconnected by strokes.

4. The writing should be in straight lines, running parallel with the top of the page. The intervals between lines should be even and sufficient to prevent the intersection of loops and tails.

5. The whole of the passage set should be

Woman's Work copied; failure to do so will entail serious deductions.

In accordance with the principles and rules above set forth the Commissioners will judge each specimen on its merits, but will not otherwise accord preference to any particular style of handwriting.

Arithmetic

For full credit the working must be completely shown and clearly arranged.

A result may be asked for to a certain approximation, or the data may themselves be only approximate. In such a case to give the result to a greater degree of accuracy than is asked for or is justified by the data will entail loss of marks.

Syllabus of the Examination in Geography

The chief physical features of the earth's surface; the position of the principal cities and countries, and of the great rivers, mountain ranges, etc. The principal means of international communication by land and water. The influence of geographical features on the habits and occupations of man. Latitude and longitude; time. Maps: how to read a map, how to make a map of a small district.

A more detailed knowledge of the geography of the British Isles, and especially of the position of the counties and their more important towns and the routes of the principal railways. A knowledge of county boundaries will not be required.

Hours Of Attendance

The hours of attendance of learners are eight daily. When their turn for admission arrives they will, as a rule, have to attend the telegraph school during part of the day for a course of instruction in telegraphy, and for the rest of the day will be employed in distributing telegrams, etc., in the Central Telegraph Office; they are, however, liable, whenever the exigencies of the service so require, to be employed on full duties, They are also liable to be called upon to perform Sunday and telephone duty. Learners assigned to the London Postal Service will subsequently have to attend the branch post offices to receive instruction and obtain practice in counter duties.

If, after a trial of one month, or at any later period of her tuition, it becomes evident that a learner does not display sufficient aptitude for the duties, her nomination or probationary appointment will be cancelled. It must be understood that employment as learner gives no claim to compensation for loss of office, or to gratuity, or to pension

Pay

Learners are paid 7s. a week -on entry, 10s. 6d. a week when certified for instrument duty, and 14s. a week after one year's service at the previous pay, if still under 18 years of age. At 18 the age pay of an established officer (18s. a week) is given, and continues until the learner is appointed to the establishment. The vacancies occur at irregular intervals, and no assurance can be given as to the time within which a learnership will be obtained.

Learners may, when fully qualified, be appointed to the establishment as vacancies occur; but no learner will have a claim to an appointment until she has completed two years' probationary service, and is satisfactory in all respects.

The scale of pay on appointment to the established class is 16s. a week if under 18, 18s. at 18, 20s. at 19, 22s. at 20, 24s. at 21, then by 2s. a week annually to 30s. But an officer who obtains a certificate of excellence of conduct and ability to perform the highest duties of her class may rise by is. a week annually to a maximum of 40s.

Girl clerks of the G.p.o

Girl clerks of the G.p.o. receiving telegraphic messages by telephone instead of by pneumatic tube or wire

Photos, Clarke Hyde

Officers of 25 years of age and over employed with any regularity on telegraph work will be eligible to qualify by examination in technical knowledge and in telegraphy for an allowance of 3s. a week to be carried beyond the maximum of the scale.

Female telegraphists are employed in the Central Telegraph Office, and counter clerks and telegraphists in the district and branch post-offices in London.

Female telegraphists and counter clerks and telegraphists are liable to be called upon to perform Sunday and telephone duty, and all such work within their capacity as the exigencies of the service, in the opinion of their superior officers, may require.

The hours of attendance of established officers are 48 on week days; but they are not necessarily distributed evenly over the six days, the attendances being frequently arranged so that a long period of duty on one day is balanced by a correspondingly short period on another day.

The established appointments are subject to one year's probation.

Officers who may be appointed to the establishment of the Post Office must understand that, while every care will be taken to prevent hardship, their seniority on their class may possibly be affected by the transfer to the Post Office on January I, 1912, of the staff of the National Telephone Company.

In another article I shall deal with further openings in the Government service for women.