ST. John's (Raisin de St. Jean; Joannec; Joannenc Blanche; Lashmar's Seedling; Macready's Early White)

Bunches, about five inches long, with a very long stalk, loose, and with many undeveloped berries. Berries, medium sized, roundish oval. Skin, thin and green. Flesh, very thin and watery, and, though without much flavour, is agreeable and refreshing.

It ripens against a wall in the open air, and is well adapted for this mode of cultivation.

St. Peter's. See Alicante.

Sanct Peter's Traube. See Alicante.

Salamon's Frontignan (Golden Frontignan; Chasselas Musqué de Nantes; Chasselas Musqué de Portugal; Chasselas Musqué de Sillery; Muscat Regnier; Muscat Salomon)

Bunches, from eight to nine inches long, tapering, very symmetrical, and not shouldered. Berries, medium sized, round, and regular in size. Skin, yellowish green, becoming quite amber-coloured when fully ripe. Flesh, firm and crackling, very rich, and with a fine sprightly Muscat flavour.

This is an improved form of White Frontignan, and ripens a fortnight later than Early Smyrna Frontignan. It is much superior to Chasselas Musqué, and does not crack its berries as that variety does.

Sarbelle Frontignan (Muscat de Sarbelle)

Bunch, below medium size, about six inches long, loose, and generally with a short shoulder. Berries, small, round, and irregular in size, caused by a tendency to produce small undeveloped berries. Skin, black or dark purple. Flesh, firm, sweet, sugary, and with a delicate Frontignan flavour.

A small, very early Black Frontignan, suitable for pots, and which may possibly ripen its fruit against a wall in the open air, but hardly worth planting out in a vinery.

Schiras (Ciras; Scyras; Sirrah; Sirac)

Bunches, long, loose, and shouldered. Berries, large, oval. Skin, thick, reddish purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh, rather firm and juicy. Juice, pale red, sugary, and with a delicious aroma. Ripens in a cool vinery, and is as early as the Royal Muscadine.

This fine large oval black grape is that which is grown almost exclusively in the vineyards of the Hermitage, and furnishes the celebrated Hermitage wine. It is said to have been originally introduced from Schiraz, in Persia, by one of the hermits who formerly resided there.

Schiliege. See Black Hamburgh. Schwarzer Riessling. See Black Cluster. Schwarzer Spanischer. See Alicante. Schwarzwälscher. See Black Hamburgh.

Scotch White Cluster (Blacksmith's White Cluster; Laan Hâtif; Van der Laan Précoce; Diamant; Diamant Traube)

Bunch, long and cylindrical, compact, and occasionally with a short shoulder. Berries, large and oval, about the size of those of Muscat of Alexandria, and marked with a distinct style-point. Skin, very thin and translucent, showing the veins and seeds, and covered with a very delicate bloom. Berry-stalks, short, stout, with a bold receptacle, and very slightly warted. Flesh, very delicate, and with a fine Sweetwater flavour.

This is a very early grape, ripening in August in a cool house, and it hangs in fine condition till February, a property that few early white grapes possess. Babo considers Diamant Traube distinct from Van der Laan Précoce, but I suspect they are synonymous.

Seacliffe Black. See Gros Guillaume.

Singleton. See Catawba.

Sir A. Pytches' Black. See Black Prince.

Sir W. Rowley's Black. See Black Frontignan.

Snow's Muscat Hamburgh. See Black Muscat of Alexandria.

Spirant. See Espiran.

Steward's Black Prince. See Black Prince.