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The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain | by Robert Hogg



It is twenty-four years since this work was first published, and during the first fifteen of that period it passed through three large editions. The fourth appeared nine years ago, and that has long since been out of print. I have now finished the Fifth Edition, in which will be found a great deal of new matter, enlarging the work to upwards of 150 pages more than there were in the last.

TitleThe Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain
AuthorRobert Hogg
PublisherJournal Of Horticulture
Year1884
Copyright1884, Robert Hogg
AmazonThe Fruit Manual

The Fruit Manual: A Guide To The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain

The Fruit Manual

Br Robert Hogg, LL.D., F.L.S., Vice-President, and late Secretary, of The Royal Horticultural Society; Editor of the "Journal of Horticulture" etc, etc, etc.

Fifth Edition

Gardening

London: Journal Of Horticulture Office, 171, Fleet Street.

1884.

To the Memory of the late MR. Thomas Rivers, Of Sawbridgeworth, I Dedicate This Fifth Edition Of The Fruit Manual;

Not that he requires a memorial other than that which he himself has raised; but for forty years we were knit together by the closest friendship, working together and stimulating one another in the study of pomology: and now that he has passed away thus cherish in my memory a sincere friend and a good man.

He Died October 17th 1877, Aged 80 Years.

"Fruit of all kinds, in coat,

Rough or smooth rind, or bearded husk or shell." - Milton.

-Preface
It is twenty-four years since this work was first published, and during the first fifteen of that period it passed through three large editions. The fourth appeared nine years ago, and that has long s...
-Classification Of Apples
Many attempts have been made to devise a classification for the Apple. Diel, Bidder, Dochnahl, Lucas, and others have each produced one, but they are all modifications or altered forms the one of the ...
-Synopsis Of The Classification. Analytical Key
In all Apples the stamens are inserted either near the margin, in the middle, or at the base of the tube ; and these characteristics constitute the three primary divisions of this classification. Sta...
-A. Stamens Marginal. Apples
Tube conical.....I. Tube funnel-shaped ........................... II. I. Tube Conical Cells round, axile. Group Calyx divergent......... 1 Calyx erect convergent....... 2 Calyx flat convergen...
-B. Stamens Median. Apples
Tube conical.....I. Tube funnel-shaped .............................. II. I. Tube Conical Cells round, axile. Group Calyx divergent........ 65 Calyx erect convergent....... 66 Calyx flat conve...
-C. Stamens Basal. Apples
Tube conical . . . . . I. Tube funnel-shaped .... II. I. Tube Conical Cells round, axile. Calyx divergent........ 129 Calyx erect convergent....... 130 Calyx flat convergent....... 131 Calyx c...
-A. Stamens Marginal. Apples. Extended
I. Tube Conical Cells round, axile. (1) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Grosse Casseler Reinette, Nov. - Jan. Striped. Haffner's Gold Reinette, Nov. - Dec. ** Fruit conical or o...
-A. Stamens Marginal. Apples. Part 2
II. Tube Funnel-shaped Cells round, axile. (33) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round, roundish or oblate. Pale. Frogmore Nonpareil, Oct. - Nov. Coloured. Lucombe's Seedling, Oct. - Feb. Russet. Queen ...
-A. Stamens Marginal. Apples. Part 3
II. Tube Funnel-shaped Cells round, axile. (97) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Pah. Eggleton Styre, Oct. - Jan. Betsey, Nov. - Jan. Striped. Formosa Nonpareil. Coloured. Cellini, Oct. ...
-C. Stamens Basal. Apples. Extended
I. Tube Conical Cells round, axile. (129) Calyx divergent. * Fruit conical or ovate. Striped. Shepherd's Fame, Oct. - Mar. (130) Calyx erect convergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Pale. Devonshir...
-C. Stamens Basal. Apples. Continued
II. Tube Funnel-shaped Cells round, axile. (161) Calyx divergent. * Fruit round or oblate. Russet. Federal Pearmain, Dec. - Mar. (162) Calyx erect convergent. None. (163) Calyx flat convergent. ...
-Almonds. Classification Of Almonds
1 - Fruit, A Thin Spongy Husk A. Kernels Sweet Shell Hard and Woody. Common Sweet. Large Fruited Sweet. Shell Tender. Tender-Shelled Sweet. Sultane. Pistache. B. Kernels Bitter Shell Hard...
-Almonds. Classification Of Almonds. Continued
Pistache (Pistachia Sweet; Pistazien Mandel) Fruit, small, less so than the Sultana, about an inch and a quarter long, terminating in a blunt point, and covered with fine down. The stone terminates i...
-Apples
Acklam Russet (Aclemy Russet) Fruit, below the medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; round and somewhat flattened, and bluntly angular. Skin, pale yellow tinged with green,...
-Apples. Part 2
Alexandra (Bunyard's Seedling) Fruit, small, roundish, of the shape of Golden Harvey, even and regular in its outline. Skin, yellowish, and covered with a thin coat of pale russet, with a blush of or...
-Apples. Part 3
Amassia Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and the same high; conical, like a small Codlin, narrowing abruptly to the eye, where it forms a sort of snout. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow on t...
-Apples. Part 4
American Summer Pearmain (Early Summer Pearmain) Fruit, medium sized, oblong, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, yellow, covered with patches and streaks of light red, on the shaded side, and str...
-Apples. Part 5
Api Etoille (Pomme Etoillee; Sternapfel) This is a variety of the Api, from which it is distinguished by being very much flattened, and furnished with five very prominent angles on the sides, which g...
-Apples. Part 6
Aromatic Russet Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and about two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate, and flattened at both ends. Skin, greenish yellow, almost entirely covered wi...
-Apples. Part 7
Augustus Pearmain Fruit, below medium size; pearmain-shaped, regular and handsome. Skin, thick and membranous, yellow in the shade, and marked with a few broken stripes of red; but red, streaked all ...
-Apples. Part 8
Baldwin (Red Baldwin; Butters; Woodpecker) Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and about three inches high; ovato-conical. Skin, smooth, yellow on the shaded side, and on the side next the su...
-Apples. Part 9
Barchard's Seedling Fruit, below medium size; roundish ovate, with broad obtuse angles on the sides, terminating in knobs round the crown. Skin, clear greenish yellow on the shaded side, and lemon y...
-Apples. Part 10
Bascombe Mystery Fruit, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, obscurely ribbed on the sides, and with ridges round the eye. Skin, of an uniform grass green colour, changin...
-Apples. Part 11
Beachamwell (Motteux's Seedling) Fruit, small, about two inches wide, and the same in height; ovate or conical, handsomely and regularly formed. Skin, greenish yellow, covered with patches and dots o...
-Apples. Part 12
Beauty Of Waltham Fruit, medium sized, of a slight Pearmain shape, flattened at both ends; large, being somewhat angular. Skin, greenish yellow, streaked and flushed with crimson on the side next the...
-Apples. Part 13
Belledge Pippin Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish, narrowing a little towards the apex, regularly and handsomely formed. Skin, pale green, changing t...
-Apples. Part 14
Benwell's Pearmain Fruit, medium sized; Pearmain-shaped. Skin, dull green, with broken stripes of dull red on the side next the sun. Eye, small, set in a shallow and slightly plaited basin. Stalk, d...
-Apples. Part 15
Best Bache (Bache's Kernel) Fruit, medium sized; oblong, with obtuse angles on the sides, which extend to the apex. Skin, yellow, shaded with pale red, and streaked with darker red, interspersed with...
-Apples. Part 16
Birmingham Pippin (Grmas's Pippin Brummage Pippim; Grummage Pippin; Stone Pippin) Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, and slightly flattened. Skin...
-Apples. Part 17
Bland's Jubilee (Jubilee Pippin) Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; round, narrowing a little towards the eye, and obscurely ribbed. Skin, dull ye...
-Apples. Part 18
Borden Pippin Fruit, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; conical, even, and regular in its outline, and frequently larger and longer on one side of the axis than the other....
-Apples. Part 19
Bossom Fruit, large and conical; handsomely and regularly formed. Skin, pale greenish yellow, considerably covered with russet, and occasionally marked with bright red next the sun. Eye, set in a sha...
-Apples. Part 20
Brabant Bellefleur (Glory of Flanders; Iron Apple) Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and three and a quarter high; roundish ovate, inclining to oblong or conical, ribbed on the sides, and n...
-Apples. Part 21
Breedon Pippin Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, and somewhat oblate, broader at the base than the apex, where it assumes somewhat of a four-sided...
-Apples. Part 22
Brickley Seedling Fruit, small, two inches and a half broad, and two inches high; roundish, even and regular in the outline. Skin, greenish yellow in the shade, and red marked with broken streaks of ...
-Apples. Part 23
Broad-End (Winter Broading; Kentish Broading; Broading) Fruit, large, three inches and three-quarters broad, and three inches high; roundish, broadest at the base, and considerably flattened at the e...
-Apples. Part 24
Brookes's Fruit, small, two inches wide, and the same in height; conical. Skin, yellow in the shade, but orange, thinly mottled with red, next the sun, and considerably covered with thin brown russet...
-Apples. Part 25
Brownlees's Russet Large, roundish ovate, and rather flattened. Skin, green and russety, with brownish red next the sun. Eye, closed, in a narrow, shallow, plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, shor...
-Apples. Part 26
Burntisland Spice (Burntisland Pippin : Brown Spice; Rook's Nest) Fruit, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate, ribbed on the sides, and puckered at the eye. S...
-Apples. Part 27
Calville Blanche D'ÉTÉ (White Summer Calville) Fruit, medium sized, about three inches broad, and two inches high; roundish and flattened at the ends, with prominent ribs on the sides, which extend t...
-Apples. Part 28
Calville Malingre (Malingn Angleterre) Fruit, very large, elongated, ribbed like the Calville Blanche Hiver, but not so much flattened as that variety. Skin, a little yellow on the shade...
-Apples. Part 29
Calville Rouge D' Hiver Fruit, large, about three inches high, and the same in width; oblong, but not nearly so much ribbed on the sides as the other Calvilles already described. Skin, covered with a...
-Apples. Part 30
Captain Kernel Fruit, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, inclining to oblate, even in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, yellow where shaded, and very much s...
-Apples. Part 31
Castle Major Fruit, large, three inches to three and a quarter wide, and the same in height; conical, and prominently ribbed, the ribs extending from the base to the apex, where they terminate in the...
-Apples. Part 32
Cellini Fruit, rather above medium size; roundish, and flattened at both ends. Skin, rich deep yellow, with spots and patches of lively red on the shaded side; and bright red streaked and mottled wit...
-Apples. Part 33
Cherry Apple (Scarlet Siberian Crab) Fruit, very small, about three-quarters of an inch broad, and the same in height; oblato-oblong. Skin, thin and shining, of a beautiful lemon colour on the shaded...
-Apples. Part 34
Clarke's Pippin Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; oblate or roundish, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, with a bright green ground, which bec...
-Apples. Part 35
Clyde Transparent Fruit, rather below medium size; roundish and irregularly angular in its outline. Skin, with a clear bright red which completely covers the side next the sun, mixed here and there w...
-Apples. Part 36
Cockpit Fruit, about medium size; obtuse ovate, and somewhat angular on the sides. Skin, green, changing as it ripens to greenish yellow, with a faint orange tinge next the sun; covered all over with...
-Apples. Part 37
Comey Noeman (Murdy) Fruit, small, two inches high, and the same in width at the base; conical, even and regular in its outline, though it has sometimes one or two prominent angles on the side; it is...
-Apples. Part 38
Cornish Aromatic Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, distinctly libbed on the sides, and narrowing towards the eye, where it terminates in m...
-Apples. Part 39
Corras Apple Fruit small, two inches in diameter, round or oblato-cylindrical, sometimes roundish, even and regular in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with yellowish brown russet, except on the s...
-Apples. Part 40
Coul Blush Fruit, medium sized; roundish, and angular on the sides. A good deal resembling the Hawthornden. Skin, pale yellow, marked with dull red next the sun, and streaked and dotted with deeper r...
-Apples. Part 41
Cowan's Seedling Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; round, and sometimes oval, when it has a large fleshy swelling at the base; somewhat angular, and terminating i...
-Apples. Part 42
Cox's Pomona Fruit, above the medium size, three inches wide, and two and a half high, sometimes large; roundish, somewhat flattened, angular on the sides, and with ridges round the eye. Skin, yello...
-Apples. Part 43
Cullen Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and three inches high; ovate, obtusely angular, terminating in ridges round the eye and small furrows into the basin of it. Skin, with a dull yellow...
-Apples. Part 44
Darling Pippin Fruit, of medium size; oblato-conical. Skin, bright lemon yellow, thickly set with small embedded pearly specks. Eye, small, and placed in a shallow basin, surrounded with prominent pl...
-Apples. Part 45
Devonshire Buckland (Dredge's White Lily; Pile's Victoria; White Lily; Lily Buckland) Fruit, above medium size; roundish, and flattened, angular on the sides. Skin, waxen yellow, strewed with minute ...
-Apples. Part 46
Doctor Hare's Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters in diameter; roundish, inclining to ovate, even in its outline. Skin, deep bright grass green where shaded, but where exposed to the s...
-Apples. Part 47
Dog's Snout Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters long, and the same broad; oblong, narrowing towards the crown, with prominent angles on the sides, which terminate at the apex in bold ...
-Apples. Part 48
Downton Pippin Fruit, small, somewhat cylindrical, and flattened at the ends, bearing a resemblance to the Golden Pippin. Skin, smooth, of a fine lemon yellow colour, and with a slight tinge of red n...
-Apples. Part 49
Dredge's Fame Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; round, inclining to ovate, obtusely angular. Skin, smooth, dark green all over, but with a few ...
-Apples. Part 50
Duchess Of Oldenburg (Borowitsky; Charlamowiski) Fruit, large, about three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; round, and sometimes prominently ribbed on the sides and round th...
-Apples. Part 51
Dundee Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, by two inches high; oblate, very much like a Scarlet Nonpareil in shape. Skin, entirely covered with russet. Eye, closed, with broad erect segments...
-Apples. Part 52
Dymock Red Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, by two inches high; roundish or oblate, even. Skin, entirely covered with dark mahogany red, with streaks of bright pale crimson on th...
-Apples. Part 53
Early Joe Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and nearly an inch and three-quarters high; roundish, or sometimes quite oblate, slightly angular, particularly round the crown. Ski...
-Apples. Part 54
Early Red Calville (Calrille Rouge Precoce) Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, smooth, and even in outline. Skin, very highly coloured,...
-Apples. Part 55
Edinburgh Cluster (Sir Walter Blacketts) Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish or roundish ovate, obtusely angular, and rather ribbed round the ey...
-Apples. Part 56
Emperor Alexander (Aporta; Russian Emperor) Fruit, sometimes very large; ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow with a few streaks of red on the shaded side, and orange...
-Apples. Part 57
Esopus Spitzenburgh Æsopus Spitzenberg; True Spitzen-bvrgh) Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and three inches high; ovate, and regularly formed. Skin, almost entirely covered with clear...
-Apples. Part 58
Fairy Fruit produced in clusters of from three to five, much in the same way as clusters of cherries; small, rather flattened at both ends, very even and regular in the outline. Skin, smooth and shin...
-Apples. Part 59
Federal Pearmain Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high, roundish and somewhat flattened, with obtuse angles on the sides, extending to the ap...
-Apples. Part 60
Fish's Pippin Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and under two inches high; round, even, and regular, without any ribs or undulations. Skin, greenish yellow, dotted with large russet freck...
-Apples. Part 61
Flower Of Kent Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish ovate, being broad at the base and narrowing towards the crown; it is obtusely angular, and...
-Apples. Part 62
Forge Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish, and obtusely ribbed. Skin, of a golden yellow colour, mottled with crimson on the shaded side, and dark re...
-Apples. Part 63
Foulden Pearmain (Horrex's Pearmain) Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half high, and about the same broad; ovate. Skin, yellow in the shade, and clear thin red on the side exposed to the su...
-Apples. Part 64
Franklin's Golden Pippin (Sudlow's Fall Pippin) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; oblato-ovate, even and regularly formed. Skin, of an uniform deep yellow, covere...
-Apples. Part 65
Frogmore Golden Pippin Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high, but occasionally the large fleshy swelling at the stalk in the way of the Lemon Pippin would make the height...
-Apples. Part 66
Ganges Fruit, rather large and cylindrical, with angles on the sides, extending from the base to the apex. Skin, pale grass-green, assuming a yellowish tinge by keeping, and with a blush of red on th...
-Apples. Part 67
Gipsy King Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; oblate, even and symmetrical. Skin, dull brownish red on the side next the sun, greenish yellow, with a few p...
-Apples. Part 68
Glory Of The West Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter broad, and two inches and three-quarters high; oblate, ridged and angular about the eye, and ribbed on the sides. Skin, smooth and shining, ...
-Apples. Part 69
Gogar Pippin (Stone Pippin) Fruit, medium sized; roundish, obscurely angled, and slightly flattened. Skin, thick and membranous, pale green, strewed all over with small russety dots, and faintly mott...
-Apples. Part 70
Golden Knob Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and a half high; round, inclining to ovate, even and regular in outline. Skin, almost entirely covered with rough russet; on the shaded side it ...
-Apples. Part 71
Golden Nonpareil Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; round and somewhat flattened, even and regular in its outline, and having a resemblance in shape to the old...
-Apples. Part 72
Golden Reinette (Aurore; Dundee; Megginch Favourite; Princesse Noble; Reinette Aix; Reinette Gielen; Yellow German Reinette; Elizabeth; Englise Pippin; Wygers; Court-pendû dorée : Kirke's Golden...
-Apples. Part 73
Golden Spire (Tom Matthews) Fruit, large, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches and a quarter high; conical, even in outline, with a slight waist towards the apex, and ribbed round the...
-Apples. Part 74
Gooseberry Apple Fruit, above medium size; roundish, with obtuse ribs on the sides, which extend to the crown, where they form ridges. Skin, deep lively green, with a tinge of brownish red next the s...
-Apples. Part 75
Grange's Pearmain (Grange's Pippin) Fruit, large, three inches wide, and the same in height; Pearmain-shaped, as large and very much the shape of the Royal Pearmain. Skin, yellow, with a tinge of gr...
-Apples. Part 76
Green Balsam Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish and flattened, obtusely angular on the side, and ribbed at the crown. Skin, of an uniform bligh...
-Apples. Part 77
Greenwood Russet Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; oblate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, deep yellow on the shaded side, and covered with a coat of ash-grey russ...
-Apples. Part 78
Grenadier Fruit, large, four inches wide, and three inches high; roundish ovate, prominently and obtusely ribbed, the ribs terminating at the crown in bold ridges. Skin, uniform yellowish green colou...
-Apples. Part 79
Haffner's Golden Reinette Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and two inches high; round or somewhat oblate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, deep yellow, and with broken stre...
-Apples. Part 80
Hambledon Deux Ans (Green Blenheim; Green Kitchen; Stone Blenheim; Black Blenheim) Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, rather broadest at the base. Skin, greeni...
-Apples. Part 81
Hard Bearer Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish ovate, even in its outline. Skin, deep bright red on the side exposed to the sun, and yellow covered with broken...
-Apples. Part 82
Harvey's Wiltshire Defiance Fruit, of the largest size, three inches and a half wide, and three and a quarter high; conical, and very handsomely shaped, distinctly five-sided, having five prominent ...
-Apples. Part 83
Hawthornden (Hawthomdean; White Hawthomdean; Old Hauthorndcan) Fruit, varying very much in size, according to the situation and condition of the tree; sometimes it is very large, and again scarcely a...
-Apples. Part 84
Herefordshire Beefing Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, and even in its outline. Skin, almost entirely of a dark chestnut colour, veined and dotted al...
-Apples. Part 85
Herefordshire Pearmain (Hertfordshire Pearmain; Royal Pearmain) Fruit, large, Unas inches wide, and the same high : short conical, slightly angular, having a prominent rib on one side. Skin, smooth, ...
-Apples. Part 86
Hoary Morning (Dainty Apple; Downy; Sam Rowlings; New Margil) Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, somewhat flattened and angular. Skin, yell...
-Apples. Part 87
Holland Pippin Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and flattened, with ribs on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow, with a slight tinge of pale brown where exposed ...
-Apples. Part 88
Horsham Russet Fruit, about the size of the Nonpareil, but not so regular in its outline, generally about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye, small and closed, in a small ...
-Apples. Part 89
Hughes's Golden Pippin Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; round, and flattened at both extremities. Skin, rich yellow, covered with large green and russety do...
-Apples. Part 90
Hunt's Green Newtown Pippin Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, by two inches high; round, and somewhat flattened, obscurely ribbed, and with ridges round the crown. Skin, dark green, with a b...
-Apples. Part 91
Hutton Square Fruit, large; roundish ovate, and irregular in its outline, being much bossed on the sides, and knobbed about the eye and the stalk. Skin, smooth, dull greenish yellow where shaded, and...
-Apples. Part 92
Iron Pin Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, even and regular in its outline. Skin, quite smooth, shining, bright grass-green, with a brownis...
-Apples. Part 93
Joaneting (Ginetting; Juneting; Early Jenneting; White Juneating; Juneating; Owen's Golden Beauty; Primiting) Fruit, small, an inch and three-quarters wide, and about an inch and a half high; round, ...
-Apples. Part 94
Joeby Crab Fruit, small, about two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, somewhat flattened, and evenly shaped. Skin, almost entirely covered with deep bright crimson, except where...
-Apples. Part 95
July Pippin Fruit, small, about two inches wide, and two and a quarter high; conical, larger on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, when ripe, deep yellow, streaked or mottled with pale crimso...
-Apples. Part 96
Kentish Fill-Basket (Lady de Grey's; Potters Large) Fruit, very large, three and a half inches wide, and three inches high; roundish, irregular, and slightly ribbed, with ridges at the eye. Skin, smo...
-Apples. Part 97
Keswick Codlin Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; conical, angular in its outline, the angles on its sides running to the crown, where they form rat...
-Apples. Part 98
King Harry Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, lemon-yellow all over, and rather thickly strewed with large russet do...
-Apples. Part 99
Kirke's Lord Nelson Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, and narrowing a little towards the apex. Skin, smooth, pale yellow, streaked all ...
-Apples. Part 100
Lady Henniker Fruit, very large, three inches and a half wide, and three inches high; roundish, narrowing a little towards the apex, and with blunt angles on the sides, which terminate in prominent r...
-Apples. Part 101
Lady's Finger Of Lancaster Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, rounded at the base, distinctly five-sided, flattened at the apex...
-Apples. Part 102
Lane's Prolific Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, green, with sometimes a dull red blush o...
-Apples. Part 103
Lewis's Incomparable Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, broad at the base and narrow at the apex, which is generally higher on one side than the other....
-Apples. Part 104
Little Herbert A small, round apple, covered with brown russet. Much esteemed in Gloucestershire as a first-rate dessert fruit; but is, in fact, only second-rate. Tree, a shy bearer. December to Mar...
-Apples. Part 105
London Pearmain Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; Pearmain-shaped, uneven and angular in its outline, and much ribbed round the eye. Skin smooth...
-Apples. Part 106
Long Nose Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a half high, and about the same in width at the base; conical, with prominent angles on the sides. Skin, smooth and shining, grass-green, cha...
-Apples. Part 107
Lord Clyde Fruit, below medium size, two inches and five-eighths wide, and two inches and a quarter high; not unlike a small specimen of Golden Noble. It is regular and even in its outline. Skin, of ...
-Apples. Part 108
Lord Raglan Fruit, round and even in outline. Skin, yellow on the shaded side, and with a delicate red cheek, speckled with deeper red, on the side next the sun. Eye, rather small, and closed, deeply...
-Apples. Part 109
Mabbott's Pearmain Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a quarter wide, and about the same high; round, and bluntly angular. Skin, bright yellow tinged with thin red on the shaded side, and bright re...
-Apples. Part 110
Maiden's Blush Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and flattened. Skin, of a fine rich pale yellow colour, tinged with a blush of beautiful red on...
-Apples. Part 111
Mannington's Pearmain Fruit, below medium size, two and a half inches wide, and the same high; abrupt Pearmain-shaped, even and regular in its outline. Skin, of a rich golden yellow colour, covered ...
-Apples. Part 112
Margaret (Early Red Margaret; Early Red Juneating; Bed Juneating; Striped Juneating; Early Striped Juneating; Striped Quarrenden; Summer Traveller; Eve Apple, in Ireland; Early Mar-garet; Marget Apple...
-Apples. Part 113
Mark Marshall Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; conical or roundish ovate, frequently with one very prominent rib, but always angular. Skin, with an orange red cheek wher...
-Apples. Part 114
Martin's Custard Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, ribbed on the sides, and with ridges round the crown which extend into the basin o...
-Apples. Part 115
Melcombe Russet Fruit, small, two inches wide, and one inch high; oblate, even and regular in its outline, except round the eye, where it is undulating. Skin, entirely covered with bright cinnamon-co...
-Apples. Part 116
Mere De Menage (Combermere Apple; Flanders Pippin) Fruit, very large; roundish ovate or conical, prominently ribbed, and with ridges round the eye. Skin, red, streaked with darker red all over, excep...
-Apples. Part 117
Minier's Dumpling Fruit, large, from three to three inches and a half wide, and nearly the same in height; roundish, somewhat flattened, and angular on the sides. Skin, dark green, striped with dark...
-Apples. Part 118
Morgan's Sweet Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half high, and the same in width; conical, distinctly five-sided at the crown, and having a near resemblance to a small fruit of Keswick Cod...
-Apples. Part 119
Morris's Nonpareil Russet (Nonpareil Russet) Fruit, small; conical and irregularly formed, being generally larger on one side than the other, and having the eye placed laterally. Skin, green, covere...
-Apples. Part 120
Mrs. Ward This in its outward appearance and form somewhat resembles the Court of Wick, with the beautiful scarlet flush of its parent, the Scarlet Nonpareil. Fruit, below medium size; roundish ovate...
-Apples. Part 121
Nanny Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, narrowing towards the apex, and somewhat angular on the sides. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow, ...
-Apples. Part 122
Netherton Late Blower Fruit, large, three inches wide, and three inches and a quarter high; conical, frequently with a curved axis, which makes it larger on one side than the other; even in its outli...
-Apples. Part 123
New German Fruit, medium sized, two inches and five-eighths wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, with somewhat of a waist near the crown, distinctly five-ribbed, with smaller interm...
-Apples. Part 124
New Rock Pippin Fruit, of medium size; round, even, and sometimes obscurely ribbed. Skin, dull green on the shaded side, and brownish red where exposed to the sun, very much covered with brown russet...
-Apples. Part 125
Newtown Spitzenberg (Matchless; Burlington Spitzenberg; English Spritzenberg) Fruit, above medium size, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a quarter deep; roundish, regularly and han...
-Apples. Part 126
Nonesuch (Nonsuch; Langton Nonsuch) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, smooth, pale yellow, mo...
-Apples. Part 127
Norfolk Bearer Fruit, about medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and obtusely angular from the middle towards the crown, where it is rather narrow...
-Apples. Part 128
Norfolk Paradise Fruit, medium sized; oblong, irregularly formed. Eye, very large, deeply sunk in an uneven, oblique hollow. Stalk, rather short, not deeply inserted. Skin, greenish yellow; on the su...
-Apples. Part 129
Northern Spy Fruit, fragrant when ripe, large, ovate, inclining sometimes to conical. Skin, thin, at first of a greenish yellow on the shaded side, and on the side next the sun covered entirely with ...
-Apples. Part 130
Oaken Pin Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish ovate, bluntly angular, puckered at the apex, where it is narrow. Skin, dark mahogany colour, except on the...
-Apples. Part 131
Omar Pasha Fruit, above medium size; round, and sometimes inclining to oblate, even in its outline, but with angles near the eye, which terminate in ridges at the apex. Skin, smooth, of a clear brigh...
-Apples. Part 132
Oslin (Orglon; Orgeline; Arbroath Pippin; Original Pippin; Mother Apple; Golden Apple; Bur-Knot; Summer Oslin) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high : roundish oblate, ...
-Apples. Part 133
Ostrogotha Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; oblato-cylindrical, even and regular in its outline, resembling Franklin's Golden Pippin in shape. Skin, almos...
-Apples. Part 134
Paradise (French Paradise; Pomme Paradis) Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish oblate. Skin, pale yellow, becoming bright when quite ripe...
-Apples. Part 135
Patch's Russet Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; oval, and slightly angular on its sides. Skin, greenish yellow, entirely covered with thin gre...
-Apples. Part 136
Pearson's Plate Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter broad, and the same in height; roundish ovate, or inclining to oblate, generally higher on one side of the apex than the other, regularly and h...
-Apples. Part 137
Pennington's Seedling Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters deep; oblato-ovate. Skin, green at first, changing to yellowish green, and covered with large russety ...
-Apples. Part 138
Petworth Nonpareil (Green Nonpareil) Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish ovate, even in its outline. Skin, quite green, covered in places with thin brown russet. E...
-Apples. Part 139
Pigeon (Jerusalem; Cæur de Pigeon; Pigeon Rouge) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical and angular. Skin, membranous, shining, pale yellow w...
-Apples. Part 140
Pile's Russet Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate and obscurely ribbed on the sides. Skin, dull green, thickly covered with pa...
-Apples. Part 141
Pinner Seedling (Carel's Seedling) Fruit, medium sized, roundish ovate, and slightly angular on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow, nearly covered with clear yellowish brown russet, so much so that onl...
-Apples. Part 142
Pitmaston Golden Wreath Fruit, very small, half an inch wide, by half an inch high; conical and undulating round the eye. Skin, of a, fine deep rich yellow, strewed with russety dots. Eye, large and ...
-Apples. Part 143
Pomeroy There are two or three very distinct varieties, which, in different parts of the country, are known by the name of Pomeroy. One is that which is cultivated in Somersetshire and the West of En...
-Apples. Part 144
Pomme Grise Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish and inclining to ovate. Skin, rough, with thick scaly russet, green in the shade, and deep orange on the side ...
-Apples. Part 145
Premier Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round and depressed, ribbed, though not prominently, and rather knobbed at the apex. Skin, almost entirely co...
-Apples. Part 146
Princess Royal Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide and an inch and seven-eighths high; round, and somewhat oblate, even and regularly formed. Skin, green, covered with rough brown russet over...
-Apples. Part 147
Queen Caroline Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; oblate, regular and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow, strewed with large russet dots...
-Apples. Part 148
Radford Beauty Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, flattened, and obtusely angular. Skin, dark red, streaked with bright crimson, on ...
-Apples. Part 149
Red Astrachan (Anglesea Pippin; Waterloo; Hamper's American) Fruit, above the medium size, three inches and a quarter wide, and three inches high; roundish, and obscurely angular on its sides. Skin, ...
-Apples. Part 150
Red Ingestrie Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round, regularly and handsomely shaped, or short cylindrical, undulating at the apex. Skin, rich golden yell...
-Apples. Part 151
Red Splash (New Bromley) Fruit, small, two inches and an eighth wide, and one inch and five-eighths high; roundish oblate, and regularly formed. Skin, golden yellow, with a few streaks of crimson on ...
-Apples. Part 152
Red Streaked Rawling Fruit, large, three inches wide, by two and a quarter high; roundish, and slightly angular. Skin, yellow, streaked with red on the shaded side, but entirely covered with clear da...
-Apples. Part 153
Reinette Blanche D'Espagne (Josephine; Belle Josephine; Reinette d'Espagne; De Rateau; Concombre Ancien; American Fall Pippin; Camuesar; White Spanish Reinette) Fruit, very large, three inches and a ...
-Apples. Part 154
Reinette Diel Fruit, below medium size, two inches wide, and two and a quarter high; oblate, even and handsomely shaped. Skin, at first yellowish white, but changing by keeping to a fine yellow colou...
-Apples. Part 155
Reinette Jaune SucrÉE Fruit, rather above medium size, three inches broad, and two and a half high; roundish, and very much flattened at the base. Skin, thin and tender, pale green at first, but chan...
-Apples. Part 156
Ribston Pearmain Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three quarters wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regular in its outline, in shape resembling Blenheim Pippin; sometimes it is a...
-Apples. Part 157
Ringer Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and depressed, obtusely angular, ribbed round the eye. Skin, yellow, with tinges and broken stripes of pale crimson he...
-Apples. Part 158
Rockley's Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; ovate, angular and uneven in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, but covered with dark red...
-Apples. Part 159
Rosemary Russet Fruit, below medium size; ovate, broadest at the base, and narrowing obtusely towards the apex, a good deal of the shape of a Scarlet Nonpareil. Skin, yellow, tinged with green on the...
-Apples. Part 160
Roundway Magnum Bonum Fruit, large; ovate, angular on the sides, having five prominent ribs, which extend into the basin of the eye and form ridges round the crown. Skin, lemon yellow, with a few bro...
-Apples. Part 161
Royal Bed-Streak Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; oblate, prominently ribbed, and uneven. Skin, almost entirely overspread with bright red, covered with ...
-Apples. Part 162
Royal Somerset Fruit, rather above medium size, three inches wide, and rather more than two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate, generally higher on one side than the other, handsome and regula...
-Apples. Part 163
Russet Table Pearmain Fruit, below medium size; oblong-ovate. Skin, very much covered with brown russet, except on the shaded side, where there is a little yellowish green visible, and on the side ne...
-Apples. Part 164
Sack (Spice Apple) Fruit, about medium size, two inches and five-eighths wide, and two inches and a half high; conical, uneven in its outline, being ribbed on the sides somewhat in the way of Margil,...
-Apples. Part 165
Sam Young (Irish Russet) Fruit, small, an inch and three-quarters high, and about two inches and a half wide; roundish oblate. Skin, light greenish yellow, almost entirely covered with grey russet, a...
-Apples. Part 166
Scarlet Pearmain (Bell's Scarlet Pearmain; Bell's Scarlet; Hood's Seedling; Oxford Peach) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; conical, regularly and ha...
-Apples. Part 167
Scotch Bridget Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, broadest at the base, and narrowing towards the apex, where it is rather knobbed, ...
-Apples. Part 168
Severn Bank Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, slightly depressed, and obtusely ribbed. Skin, smooth, deep yellow when ripe, and with a blush of thin cr...
-Apples. Part 169
Shepherd's Newington Fruit, rather large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; round, inclining to oblate, obtusely ribbed and correspondingly ridged on the crown. Skin, yellow, with b...
-Apples. Part 170
Siberian Harvey Fruit, produced in clusters, small; nearly globular. Eye, small, with short connivent segments of the calyx. Stalk, short. Skin, of a bright gold colour, tinged with faint and deeper...
-Apples. Part 171
Sir William Gibbon's Fruit, very large, three inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches high; Calville-shaped, being roundish oblate, with several prominent angles, which extend from the base ...
-Apples. Part 172
Sleeping Beauty Fruit, medium sized; roundish and somewhat flattened, slightly angular on the sides, and undulating round the eye; in some specimens there is an inclination to an ovate or conical sha...
-Apples. Part 173
Smart's Prince Arthur (Lady's Finger in Kent) Fruit, large, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches and a quarter high; conical, with a slight waist towards the crown, obtusely ribbed, ...
-Apples. Part 174
Spice Apple Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half broad, and two and a quarter high; roundish, but narrowing towards the eye. Skin, deep yellow, marked with broad streaks of crimson on the side ...
-Apples. Part 175
ST. Alban's Pippin Fruit, about medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two and a quarter high; roundish, depressed, and inclining to oblate, even and handsome in its outline, smooth an...
-Apples. Part 176
Stead's Kernel Fruit, a little turbinate, or top-shaped, somewhat resembling a quince. Eye, small, flat, with a short truncate or covered calyx. Stalk, short. Skin, yellow, a little reticulated with...
-Apples. Part 177
Stoup Leadington Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; tall and angular like the Catshead and Dutch Codlin. It is distinctly five-sided, with five corresponding angl...
-Apples. Part 178
Striped Monstrous Reinette Fruit, large, three inches and a half broad, and three inches high; roundish, and a little flattened, irregular in its outline, having prominent angles on the sides, which ...
-Apples. Part 179
Sugar And Brandy Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters broad at the bulge, and the same in height; conical, and angular, with a very prominent rib on one side, forming a high ridge at th...
-Apples. Part 180
Summer Gilliflower Fruit, large, rather over three inches wide, and three inches high; conical, or Codlin-shaped, with acute and irregular angles, which extend to the crown, and form prominent unequa...
-Apples. Part 181
Summer Stibbert (Stubbard) Fruit, small, conical, and Codlin-like, distinctly five-ribbed, one of the ribs occasionally very prominent. Skin, clear lemon-yellow in the shade, but covered on the side ...
-Apples. Part 182
Sweeny Nonpareil Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters broad, and two inches high; very similar in form to the old Nonpareil. Skin, of a fine lively green colour, which is glossy an...
-Apples. Part 183
Tarvey Codlin Fruit, large and conical. Skin, dull olive green, with an imperfect mixture of yellow on the shaded side, and yellowish red, much spotted, with broken rows of large blood-red dots next ...
-Apples. Part 184
Teuchat's Egg (Chucket Egg) Fruit, below medium size, varying in shape from ovate to conical, and irregularly ribbed on the sides. Skin, pale yellow, washed with pale red, and streaked with deep and...
-Apples. Part 185
Tower Of Glammis (Glammis Castle; Carse of Gowrie; Gowrie) Fruit, large; conical, and distinctly four-sided, with four prominent angles, extending from the base to the apex, where they terminate in f...
-Apples. Part 186
Tulip Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a half at the widest part, and two inches and a half high; ovato-conical, regularly and handsomely shaped, ridged round the eye. Skin, fine deep ...
-Apples. Part 187
Upright French Fruit, small, two inches wide, and two inches high; roundish oval or short conical. Skin, yellow on the shaded side, occasionally covered with a network of russet; on the side next the...
-Apples. Part 188
Wadhurst Pippin Fruit, above medium size, sometimes very large, but generally averaging three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; ovate or short Pearmain-shaped, and angular on the s...
-Apples. Part 189
Wanstall (Wanstall Jack; Jack-in-the-Wood) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, but narrowing a little towards the eye, with five prominent an...
-Apples. Part 190
Washington Fruit, large, three inches wide, and the same high; conical, even, regular, and handsome. Skin, rich yellow, very much covered with broken stripes, and mottled with crimson. Eye, small, cl...
-Apples. Part 191
Wheeler's Extreme Fruit, small, nearly two inches wide, and one inch and a quarter high; oblate, much resembling the Api in shape. Skin, pale greenish yellow, considerably marked with russet, partic...
-Apples. Part 192
White Musk Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, by two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regular. Skin, smooth and shining, pale straw-colour, which is a little deeper when it is more expos...
-Apples. Part 193
White Rosing Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish and somewhat flattened, angular on the side, and ribbed on the crown. Skin, smooth and unctuous...
-Apples. Part 194
White Whorle Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, even in outline. Skin, quite yellow, with a greenish tinge on the shaded side. Eye, open, with divergent segmen...
-Apples. Part 195
Wickham's Pearmain (Week Pearmain) Fruit, small, two inches wide, and about two inches high; Pearmain-shaped, and quite flat at the base. Skin, yellow, tinged and dotted with red, on the shaded side...
-Apples. Part 196
Winter Colman (Black Jack; Norfolk Colman; Norfolk Storing) Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish and flattened, obtusely angular on the side, and r...
-Apples. Part 197
Winter Lading Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide at the middle, and two inches and a half high; roundish, and narrowing towards the crown, irregularly formed, sometimes with one ...
-Apples. Part 198
Winter Pearmain (Sussex Scarlet Pearmain; Duck's Bill) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide at the base, and the same high; conical, somewhat five-sided towards the crown, where it...
-Apples. Part 199
Winter Russet Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; roundish and flattened; the sides are angular, and the crown is ribbed. Skin, entirely covered with brown r...
-Apples. Part 200
Woodcock Fruit, medium sized; of an oval shape, tapering a little towards the crown, which is narrow. Skin, entirely covered with bright red, which is very dark on the side next the sun, but on the s...
-Apples. Part 201
Wormsley Pippin (Knight's Codlin) Fruit, large, three inches and a half broad in the middle, and three inches high; ovate, widest at the middle, and narrowing both towards the base and the apex, with...
-Apples. Part 202
Yellow Ingestrie Fruit, small, an inch and three-quarters wide, and an inch and five-eighths high; of a handsome cylindrical shape, flattened at both ends. Skin, smooth, of a fine clear yellow, tinge...
-Lists Of Select Apples. Adapted To Various Latitudes Of Great Britain
I. - Apples of Southern Districts Of England, And Not Extending Further North Than The River Trent 1. Summer Apples. Dessert. Benoni Devonshire Quarrenden Early Harvest Early Julyan Irish Peach Joa...
-II. Apples of Northern Districts Of England, Extending From The River Trent To The River Tyne
1. Summer Apples. Dessert. Devonshire Quarrenden Early Harvest Irish Peach Joaneting Kerry Pippin Margaret Oslin Whorle Kitchen. Carlisle Codlin Keswick Codlin Lord Suffield Manks Codlin Nonesuc...
-III. Apples of Border Counties Of England And Scotland, And Tub Warm And Sheltered Situations In Other Parts Of Scotland
1. Summer and Autumn Apples. Dessert. Cellini Devonshire Quarrenden Edinburgh Cluster Early Julyan Federal Pearmain Golden Monday Greenup's Pippin Grey Leadington Irish Peach Kerry Pippin Margaret ...
-IV. Apples of Northern Parts Of Scotland, And Other Exposed Situations In Engi And And Scotland
1. Summer and Autumn Apples. Those marked * require a wall. Dessert. Devonshire Quarrenden Early Julyan Irish Peach Kerry Pippin Nonesuch *Ravelston Pippin Summer Strawberry Kitchen. Carlisle Cod...
-V. For Espaliers Or Dwarf Bushes
These succeed well when grafted on the Paradise or Doucin stock; and from their small habit of growth, are well adapted for that mode of culture. Adams's Pearmain American Mother Apple Ashmead's Kern...
-VI. For Orchard Planting As Standards
These are generally strong growing or productive varieties, the fruit of which being mostly of a large size or showy appearance, they are on that account well adapted for orchard planting, to supply t...
-The Best Dessert Apples, Arranged In Their Order Of Ripening
July. Joaneting Margaret July and August. Early Harvest Sack and Sugar August. Irish Peach Devonshire Quarrenden Large Yellow Bough Whorle Pippin August and September. Old King of the Pippins Osli...
-The Best Kitchen Apples. Arranged In The Order Of Ripening
August. Early Julyan Sugarloaf Pippin Summer Stibbert Williams's Favourite August and September. Carlisle Codlin Cole Duchess of Oldenburgh English Codlin Keswick Codlin Lord Suffield Red Hawthornde...
-The Best Cider Apples. Herefordshire
Furnished by Dr. Henry Bull, of Hereford. Bran Rose Cherry Norman Cherry Pearmain Coccagee Cowarne Red Cwmmy Dymock Red Eggleton Styre Forest Styre Foxwhelp Garter Gennet Moyle Green Wilding Hagloe ...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots
A. Kernels Bitter * Back of the stone impervious. A. Freestones. Alberge Brussels Large Early Liabaud Luizet Pine Apple Red Masculine Roman Royal St. Ambroise Shipley's White Masculine B. Clingst...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 2
D'Ampuy This is a form of the Breda, and, like it, has a sweet kernel. It also resembles the Alberge, from which it differs in the latter having a bitter kernel. This variety is much grown in the dep...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 3
Breda (Amande Aveline; Aveline; Ananas; De Hollande; Has-seltwumandtl; Noisette) Fruit, below medium size or small, roundish, compressed on the sides, in some cases so much as to be of a four-sided s...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 4
Desfarges Fruit, large, somewhat oval, widest towards the apex, and narrowing a little towards the stalk, marked with a narrow and rather deep suture. Skin, covered with very fine down, sometimes alm...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 5
Hemskerk Fruit, rather large, round, flattened on the sides; the suture distinct, higher on one side than the other. Skin, yellow on the shaded side, and reddish next the sun. Flesh, bright orange, t...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 6
Luizet (Du Clos) Fruit, large, oval, marked on one side by a, distinct suture, which is higher on one side than the other. Skin, orange, covered next the sun with a crimson cheek, which is dotted wit...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 7
Musch Musch (d'Alexandrie) Fruit, small, almost round, and slightly compressed, marked with a deep suture on one side. Skin, deep orange, tinged with red on the side exposed to the sun, and pale yell...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 8
Pine-Apple (Ananas) Fruit, large, roundish and flattened, and marked with a rather shallow suture. Skin, thin and delicate, of a deep golden yellow on the shaded side, but with a highly coloured red ...
-Apricots. Synopsis Of Apricots. Part 9
Royal Large, oval, and slightly compressed. Skin, dull yellow, tinged with red where exposed. Suture, shallow. Flesh, pale orange, firm, juicy, rich, and vinous, separating from the stone. Stone, lar...
-List Of Select Apricots
I. - For The Southern Counties Of England, Extending As Far North As The River Trent Those marked with an asterisk * are suitable for small gardens. For Walls. * Early Moorpark Frogmore Early Golde...
-Berberries
The Common Berberry is found wild in hedgerows, and is also sometimes grown in shrubberies, both as an ornamental plant, and for its fruit, which is preserved in sugar, for use in the dessert. The bes...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries
All the varieties of cultivated cherries will be found to consist of eight races, into which I have arranged them : - I. The sweet, heart-shaped cherries, with tender and dark-coloured flesh, I have ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 2
II. Griottes Cherries Branches, either upright, spreading, or more or less long, slender, and drooping. Leaves, flat, dark green, glabrous underneath, and borne stiffly on the leaf stalks; largo and ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 3
Amber Gean Fruit, below medium size, generally borne in clusters of three together, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, thin and transparent, so as to exhibit the grain of the flesh through it, of a pale yell...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 4
Baumann's May (Bigarreau de Mai) Fruit, generally produced in pairs, rather below medium size; ovate-cordate, and irregular in its outline. Skin, of a fine dark clear red, assuming a deeper colour w...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 5
Belle Magnifique (Belle de Chatenay; Belle de Sceaux; Belle de Spa; De Spa) Fruit, very large, roundish oblate, inclining to heart-shaped. Skin, at first pale, gradually becoming suffused with red, a...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 6
Bigarreau De Hildesheim (Hildesheimer ganz späte Knorpelkirsche; Hildesheimer spate Herzkirsche; Bigarreau Blanc tardif de Hildesheim; Bigarreau marbré de Hildesheim) Fruit, medium-sized, heart-shape...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 7
Bigarreau Esperen (Bigarreau des Vignes) Fruit, large, heart-shaped, and marked with a broad shallow suture. Skin, pale yellow, shaded with crimson, with deeper colour where fully exposed. Stalk, an ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 8
Bigarreau Noir De Schmidt Fruit, large, heart-shaped, terminating at the apex in a sharp point, and with a slight suture on one side. Skin, shining deep black. Stalk, an inch and a quarter to an inch...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 9
Black Hawk Large, obtuse heart-shaped, uneven in its outline, and compressed on the sides. Skin, deep, shining, blackish purple. Stalk, about an inch and a half long. Flesh, dark purple, tolerably fi...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 10
Bohemian Black Bigarreau (Bigarreau Badowesnitzer) Fruit, of a roundish heart-shape, even and regular in its outline, and flattened a little on one side, where it is marked with a faint suture. Skin,...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 11
BÜTtner's Yellow (Büttner's Gelbe Knorpelkirsche; Büttner's Wachslcnorpelkirsche; Jaune de Büttner; Wachsknorpclkirsche) Fruit, medium sized, roundish heart-shaped, flattened at the stalk and on one...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 12
Churchill's Heart Fruit, large, heart-shaped. Skin, shining, of a clear waxen pale yellow on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun, of a bright red, mottled with dark red and orange. Stalk, ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 13
Corone (Black Coroon; Black Orleans; Belcher's Black; Hertfordshire Blank; Large Wild Black; Englische Schwarze Kronherz-hirsche; Couronne; Kerroon; Crown) Fruit, rather below the medium size, roundi...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 14
Double Natte (Doppelte Natte; Kirsche Vonder Natte; Braune Frühkirsche) Fruit, large for its class, roundish, but a little compressed on both sides, somewhat ovate towards the apex, and marked with a...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 15
Drogan's Yellow Bigarreau (Bigarreau Jaune de Drogan; Drogan's Gelbe Knorpelkirsche; Golden Bigarreau) Fruit, large and round, more the shape of a May Duke than a Bigarreau. Skin, a fine clear pale ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 16
Early May (Small May; Small Early May; May; Nain a Fruit Rond Précoce; Nain Précoce; Indulle; Petit Cerise Ronde Précoce; Petit Cerise Rouge Précoce; Frühe Zwergweichsel : Weisse Saner Kirsche; Frühe ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 17
Early Rivers Fruit, produced in clusters of ten or twelve, two to four being on one peduncle; large, nearly an inch in diameter, roundish heart-shaped, somewhat uneven and indented on the surface, ma...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 18
Florence (Knerett's Late Bigarreau) Fruit, large, heart-shaped, flattened at the stalk, rather blunt towards the apex, and compressed on one side, which is marked with a shallow suture or fine line. ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 19
Governor Wood Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, pale yellow, washed and mottled with bright red. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, half-tender, juicy, sweet, and very richly flavoured. A...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 20
Guigne, Gean, or Geen This word is derived from Guienne, whence these cherries were first obtained. See Gaskins. Guigne Grosse Noire. See Black Heart. Guigne Hàtive de Boutamand. See Early Purple G...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 21
Hogg's Black Gean Fruit, medium sized, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, black and shining. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, dark, very lender, richly flavoured, and very sweet. Ripe in the beginnin...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 22
Kentish (Common Red; Early Richmond; Pie Cherry; Sussex; Virginian May) Fruit, medium sized, round, and inclining to oblate in shape, marked on one side with a very faint suture, which in some specim...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 23
Late Purple Gean This is a fine late Black Gean, ripening in the latter end of July. Lauermann's Herzkirsche. See Bigarreau Napoleon. Lauermann's Kirsche. See Bigarreau Napoleon. Lemercier. See Rei...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 24
Mary (Kirtland's Mary) Large, roundish heart-shaped, and handsome. Skin, very much mottled with deep rich red on a yellow ground, and, when much exposed to the sun, almost entirely of a rich glossy r...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 25
Nodvelle Royale Fruit, large, much more so than the May Duke, but similar to it in shape, and somewhat uneven in its outline. Skin, red at first, but becoming quite black the longer it hangs. Stalk, ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 26
Pontiac Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped, compressed on the-sides. Skin, dark purplish red, nearly black. Stalk, an inch and a half to two inches long. Flesh, purplish red, half-tender, juicy, sweet...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 27
Rockport Bigarreau Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped, uneven in its outline, and with a swelling on one side. Skin, pale amber, covered with brilliant deep red, mottled and dotted with carmine. Stalk...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 28
Tecumseh Fruit, above medium size, obtuse heart-shaped, flattened on one side. Skin, reddish purple, or dark brownish red, mottled with red. Flesh, reddish purple, half-tender, very juicy and sweet, ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 29
Transparent (De Jonghe's Transparent) Fruit, above medium size and oblate, with a bold style mark on the apex, and with a very faint suture on the side. The skin is thin and transparent, showing thro...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries. Part 30
White Heart (Amber Heart; Dredge's Early White; Kentish Heart; White Transparent) Fruit, medium sized, heart-shaped. Skin, pale yellowish white on the shaded side, but mottled with dull red on the si...
-List Of Select Cherries Arranged According To Their Order Of Ripening
Those marked with an asterisk are adapted for small collections. I. Cherries For Gardens These all succeed well in the open ground, or as espaliers; and those for dessert use are worthy of being g...
-Chestnuts
We can hardly call the chestnut a British fruit. It is true that in some situations in the southern counties it ripens fruit, but that is generally so very inferior to what is imported from Spain and ...
-Cranberries
Though these are not grown so generally as the other kinds of fruits, there are some who have given their attention to the subject, and succeeded in forming artificial swamps where cranberries have be...
-Currants
Belle de St. Gilles. Bee Bed Dutch. Black Champion Bunches, large, produced in clusters. Berries, very large, some being nearly three-quarters of an inch in diameter; round, and jet black, and ric...
-Currants. Continued
Knight's Large Red (Dancer's Red; Fielder's Red; Goliath; Jackson's Mammoth; Knight's Sweet Bed; Palmer's Red; Pitmaston Prolific; Pitmaston Red) Bunches, large and long, produced in large clusters....
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs
I. Fruit, Round, Roundish, Or Turbinate Skin, decidedly dark, * Flesh, red. Betada Black Bourjassotte Black Ischia Courcourelle Gavotte Early Violet Jerusalem Martinique Mouissoune Ni...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 2
Bec De Perdrix Fruit, below medium size, pyriform, with longitudinal ribs extending the whole length. Neck, rather long. Stalk, short, about one-eighth of an inch long. Skin, dark purple, dark round...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 3
Bordeaux (Aubiquon; Aubique Noire; Antique Violette; Figue-Poire; Petite Aubique; Violette; Violette Longue; Violette de Bordeaux; Nagronne) Fruit, large, long, pyriform, marked with ribs; very much ...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 4
Brunswick (Bayswater; Black Naples; Brown Hamburgh; Clementine; Drap d'Or; De St. Jean; Hanover; Madonna; Large White Turkey; Red) Very large and pyriform, oblique at the apex, which is very much dep...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 5
Datte Fruit, pyriform, with a short thick neck, and marked longitudinally with obscure ribs. Skin, of a dingy brown, or rather a dirty, muddy colour all round the apex, and gradually becoming paler t...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 6
D'Or De Laura Fruit, below medium size, oblong, marked with obscure ribs. Skin, green, becoming yellowish or dirty white when fully ripe. Eye, closed. Flesh, opaline, very tender and melting, rich, s...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 7
Malta (Small Brown) Small, roundish turbinate, compressed at the apex. Skin, pale brown when fully ripe. Flesh, the same colour as the skin; very sweet and well-flavoured. End of August. If allowed t...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 8
Nerii See White Ischia. The variety Mr. Knight introduced under this name was the White Ischia. By the name Nerii is intended the Nero, or Black Fig, of the Italians, and the variety Mr. Knight r...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 9
Pied De Boeuf Fruit, large, obtuse pyriform, or long obovate, marked with numerous distinct ribs on its side. Skin, of a clear mahogany brown or reddish purple where fully exposed to the sun, and gre...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 10
Savantine (Cordillière) Fruit, round, marked along its length with prominent nerves. Skin, pale yellow. Flesh, pale red. Singleton. See White Ischia. Small Blue. See Brown Turkey. Small Brown. See M...
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs. Part 11
White Marseilles (Blanche; D'Athènes; Ford's Seedling; Large White Genoa; Marseillaise; De Naples; Pocock's; Baby Castle; White Naples; White Standard; White Genoa) Fruit, above medium size, quite ro...
-List Of Select Figs
Those marked * are suitable for small collections. I. - For Standards Black Ischia Brown Ischia Brown Turkey II - For Walls Black Genoa Black Ischia Brown Ischia *Brown Turkey *runsw...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries
I. Skin Red Round or roundish. A. Skin smooth. Prince Regent (Boardman) Small Red Globe B. Skin downy. Miss Bold Scotch Nutmeg C Skin rough, ha:ry. Forester (Etchells) Hairy Red (Barton) H...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 2
IV. Skin White Round or roundish. A. Skin smooth. Alma (Rowson) Crystal Hero of the Nile (Moore) King of Trumps (Lee) Lady Stanley (Webster) Miss Nightingale (Walton) White Rasp B. Skin do...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 3
Atlas (Brundrett) Large, oblong. Skin, red, hairy. Of good flavour, but not first-rate. Bush, erect. Australia (Bayley) Fruit, plump, well formed, and of medium length. Skin, smooth, pale yellow,...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 4
Careless (Crompton) Fruit, long and plump. Skin, smooth and even, creamy white. One of the handsomest gooseberries grown. Flavour, good. In 1864 weighed 31 dwt. 19 gr. Bush, spreading; makes slender...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 5
Crown Bob (Melling) Very large and oblong. Skin, thin, hairy, bright red, with a greenish tinge towards the stalk. Of good flavour, and a first-rate variety. Bush, pendulous, and an abundant bearer. ...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 6
Early Rough Red Small, roundish oblong. Skin, red, and hairy. A well-flavoured variety, but not first-rate. Bush, spreading. Early Sulphur (Golden Ball; Golden Bull; Moss's Seedling) Medium sized...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 7
Forester (Etchells) Fruit, plump and short, very even in size. Skin, hairy, bright red. Flavour, rich and sweet, quite first-rate. An excellent bearer. Makes long, slender, erect shoots, and forms a...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 8
Golden Fleece (Part) Very large, oval. Skin, yellow, and hairy. Of first-rate quality. Golden Gourd (Hill) Very large and oblong. Skin, greenish yellow, and hairy. Of second-rate quality. Bush, p...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 9
Hairy Red (Barton) Small and roundish. Skin, thick, red, and slightly hairy. Briskly and well-flavoured. Bush, erect, and an excellent bearer. Hall's Seedling. See Whitesmith (Woodward). Hastenwe...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 10
Irish Plum Medium sized, roundish. Skin, dark red, and hairy. A first-rate dessert sort. Bush, erect. Ironmonger (Hairy Black) Small and roundish. Skin, red, and hairy. A first-rate variety, of e...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 11
Lady Stanley (Webster) Fruit, round, of medium length. Skin, smooth, greenish white. Flavour, good. In 1852 weighed 25 dwt. 18 gr. Bush, bears freely, makes slender wood. Lancashire Lad (Hartshor...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 12
London City (Bratherton) Fruit, long, similar in form to London. Skin, smooth, pale light green. Flavour, good. In 1864 it weighed 30 dwt. 5 gr. Makes strong stiff wood, and forms a good bush. Lo...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 13
Monarch (Bratherton) Fruit, plump, of medium length. Skin, hairy, bright deep red. In 1852 weighed 27 dwt. 18 gr. A good bearer; makes strong erect wood, and forms a large bush. Monster (Baker) ...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 14
Oyster Girl (Wilkinson) Fruit, very long. Skin, smooth, bright pale yellow. Flavour, good. In 1864 weighed 25 dwt. 9 gr. The bush is large and spreading, bears freely, and makes long slender wood, a...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 15
Prince Of Orange (Bell) Large and oblong. Skin, yellow, and downy. Of second-rate quality. Bush, pendulous. Prince Regent (Boardman) Large and roundish. Skin, dark red, and smooth. A second-rate ...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 16
Red Mogul Small and roundish oblong. Skin, thin, red, with a mixture of green, and hairy. Of first-rate quality. Bush, spreading, and a good bearer; leaves, smooth, by which it is distinguished from ...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 17
Rumbullion, Green Small and round. Skin, green, and hairy. Flavour, second-rate. Bush, erect. Safety (Rhodes) Fruit, long and tapering, from 13 to 15 eighths long, and 4 1/4 to 4 1/2 inches in ci...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 18
Snowball (Adams) Medium sized, roundish. Skin, white, and hairy. Of first-rate flavour. Bush, pendulous. Snowball (Etchells) Fruit, round, of medium length. Skin, hairy, creamy white. Flavour, go...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 19
Telegraph (Poulson) Fruit, long, and flat-sided, with broad, square shoulders. Skin, smooth, deep bright green, with light veins. Flavour, good. Bears freely. Bush, makes stiff, short-jointed wood. ...
-Gooseberries. Synopsis of Gooseberries. Part 20
White Lily Medium sized, obovate. Skin, white, and downy. Flavour, of second-rate quality. Bush, erect. White Lion (Cleworth) Large and obovate. Skin, white, and downy. Of first-rate quality, and...
-Select Gooseberries
Those marked * are adapted for small collections. For Flavour Red. Companion *Ironmonger *Keens' Seedling Miss Bold Raspberry *Red Champagne Red Globe *Red Warrington *Rough Red Scotch Nutme...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes
I. Berries Round, Or Nearly So a. Muscats, Angers Frontignan August Frontignan Black Frontignan Caillaba Early Black Frontignan July Frontignan Lierval's Frontignan Meurthe Frontignan Muscat Champio...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 2
Ahbee Bunches, large and thickly set. Berries, large and round. Skin, thin, of a pale greenish yellow colour, which becomes of a clear pale yellow, tinged with very thin dull red as it ripens. Flesh,...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 3
Alnwick Seedling (Clive House Seedling) Bunches, large. heavily shouldered, short conical, with long stout stalks. Berry-stalks, short and stout. Berries, large, roundish oval marked with sutural fu...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 4
Ascot Citronelle Bunches, a foot long, not shouldered, or very slightly so. Stalks, stout. Berries, medium sized, round, with stout, waited berry-stalks. Skin, white, covered with a thin bloom, and m...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 5
Black Champion Bunches, with short, thick stalks, not shouldered, thickly set. Berries, large, roundish oval. Skin, thin, black, or dark purple, covered with fine thin bloom. Flesh, tender, but somew...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 6
Black Damascus (Damascus; Worksop Manor) Bunches, large and loose. Berries, large and round, interspersed with others of small size. Skin, thin, but tough, of a deep black colour. Flesh, juicy, sweet...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 7
Black July (Early Black July; July; De la Madeleine; Made-loins Noire; Morillon Hatif; Raisin de Juillet: RaisinPrecocs; De St. Jean; August Traubs; Jacob's Traube) Bunches, small and cylindrical. Be...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 8
Black Prince (Boston; Pocock's Damascus; Langford's Incomparable; Sir A. Pytches' Black; Steward's Black Prince) Bunches, long, and generally without shoulders, but occasionally shouldered. Berries, ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 9
Cabeal Bunches, medium sized, not shouldered, well set. Berries, very large, roundish oval. Skin, yellowish white, tough, and membranous, covered with thin white bloom. Berry-stalks very short, thick...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 10
Catalanesca Nera Bunches, large, long, tapering, and shouldered. Berries, olivoid; berry-stalks, dark purple. Skin, thick, jet black, covered with a blue bloom. Flesh, very firm, and, when allowed to...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 11
Chasselas De Florence Bunch, small, cylindrical, and loose. Berries, small, partly white, and partly of a pale grizzly colour. Skin, thin, and transparent, showing the veins and the seeds through it....
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 12
Chilwell Alicante Bunches, large, nine inches to a foot long, broad shouldered, and with very stout stalks. Berry-stalks, long, slender, and slightly warted. Berries, large, an inch or more in length...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 13
Duchess Of Buccleuch Bunches, long and tapering, sometimes more than a foot in length, well set and shouldered. Berries, rather small and round. Skin, white or rather greenish, assuming a yellowish t...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 14
Early Ascot Frontignan (Ascot Frontignan) Bunches, of medium size, slightly shouldered. Berries, round, of medium size; clear amber colour. Flesh, tender, extremely sweet and luscious, with a fine Fr...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 15
Early Malingre (Madeleine Blanche de Malingre; Malinyre; Précoce de Malingre; Precoce Blanc) Bunches, of pretty good size, but loose and badly set. Berries, very small, round, inclining to oval. Skin...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 16
Early White Malvasia (Grove-End Sweetwater; Early Leipsic; Mornas Chasselas; White Metier; Burchardt's Amber Cluster; Early Kienzheim; Blanc Précoce de Kienzheim; Précoce de Kienzheim; Melier Blanc Hâ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 17
Fintindo A variety very much resembling Frankenthal. Finger Grape. See Cornichon Blanc. Flame-coloured Tokay. See Lombardg. Fleischtrauben. See Black Hamburgh. Foster's White Seedling Bunches, ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 18
Golden Hamburgh (Luglienga Bianca; Busby's Golden Hamburgh; Stockwood Park Golden Hamburgh) Bunches, large, loose, branching, and shouldered. Berries, large and oval. Skin, thin, of a pale yellow col...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 19
Gros Maroc (Cooper's Late Black) Bunches, large, long, and shouldered, and with a stout stalk. Berries, large and oval. Skin, thick, of a deep reddish purple, becoming quite black when thoroughly rip...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 20
Ingram's Hardy Prolific Muscat Bunches, long and tapering, not shouldered, from nine inches to a foot in length. Berries, medium sized, perfectly oval, and well set. Skin, quite black, covered with ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 21
Lady Downe's Bunches, shouldered, from eight to ten inches long, and rather loose. Berries, above medium size, roundish oval. Skin, rather thick, tough, and membranous, reddish purple at first, but b...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 22
Madresfield Court Bunches, large, long, and tapering, well shouldered, and with a short, stout stalk. Berry-stalks, short, stout, and warted. Berries, large, oval, or oblong, even in size. Skin, toug...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 23
Miller's Burgundy (Miller Grape; Meunier; Blauer Müllerrebe) Bunches, short, cylindrical, and compact, with a long stalk. Berries, small, round, inclining to oval, uniform in size, with short, warte...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 24
Morocco (Ansley's Large Oval; Black Morocco; Black Muscadel; Le Cifur; Horsforth Seedling; Kempsey Alicante; Mogul; Red Muscadel) Bunches, large, loose, and shouldered. Berries, of unequal size; some...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 25
Muscat Champion (Champion Hamburgh Muscat) Bunches, very large, resembling those of the Mill Hill Hamburgh; well shouldered. Berries, large, roundish, and inclining to oblate, generally much hammered...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 26
Neapolitan Frontignan (Muscat Noir de Naples) Bunches, small and well set. Berries, small and round. Skin, very thick, adhering closely to the flesh, black, and covered with thin bloom. Flesh, firm, ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 27
Prolific Sweetwater (Chasselas Imperial Précoce; Chasselas de Montauban; Froc de la Boulaye; Gros Coulard) Bunches, medium sized, cylindrical, loose, and not shouldered. Berries, large and round, uni...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 28
Reeves's Muscadine Bunches, large, conical, loose, and shouldered. Berries, on long slender stalks, medium sized, roundish oval. Skin, tough and membranous, of a fine amber colour when ripe. Flesh, ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 29
ST. John's (Raisin de St. Jean; Joannec; Joannenc Blanche; Lashmar's Seedling; Macready's Early White) Bunches, about five inches long, with a very long stalk, loose, and with many undeveloped berri...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 30
Stillward's Sweetwater The bunches and berries of this variety are similar to those of the Dutch Sweetwater and Prolific Sweetwater, but they set much better than either of these; and this is certai...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 31
Tokay The Hungarian wine called Tokay is not produced from any particular kind of grape, nor grown in any particular vineyard; the name is applied to all wine grown on the hills of Zemplen, of which ...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 32
Venn's Black Muscat Bunches, large, long, tapering, and well shouldered, with rather slender stalks. Berries, medium sized, oval. Skin, brownish black or quite black when well grown, and covered wit...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 33
White Frankenthal (Frankenthal Blanc) Bunches, medium sized, heart-shaped, and distinctly shouldered. Berries, medium sized, obround, or inclining to oval. Skin, white, transparent, and veined, cover...
-Grapes. Synopsis Of Grapes. Part 34
White Sweetwater (Water Zoet) This differs from the Dutch Sweetwater in producing smaller bunches and berries, and in having a thin watery juice. It is not now often met with, and is perhaps quite ou...
-List Of Select Grapes
For small establishments any of those marked* may be chosen. I. - For Walls In The Open Air Muscats. *Early Ascot Frontignan Early Black Frontignan *Early Saumur Frontignan July Frontignan Not ...
-Medlars
Broad-leaved Dutch. See Dutch. Dutch (Broad-leaved Dutch; Gros Fruit; Gros Fruit Mon-strueux; Large Dutch) This is by far the largest and most generally grown of the cultivated medlars. The fruit ...
-Mulberries
The only variety cultivated in this country for its fruit is the Black Mulberry (Morus Nigra), and it is only in the southern counties where it attains perfection. In the midlands it ripens its fruit ...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines
I. Flowers Large * Leaves without glands. a. Freestone. - Hardwicks. Advance Bowden Hardwicke Hunt's Large Tawny B. Clingstone. - Newinotons. Early Newington Old Newington * * Leaves with round gl...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 2
Balgowan (Balgone) Fruit, very large,roundish, inclining to ovate. Skin, pale green, mottled with red on the shaded side, but entirely covered with deep bright red on the side next the sun. Flesh, wi...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 3
Dutilly's (Dug de Telliers; Due de Tello) Fruit, rather large and oval, somewhat flattened on the side marked with the suture. Skin, pale green on the shaded side, but covered with dark red on the s...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 4
Fairchild's Fruit, small, round, slightly flattened at the top. Skin, yellowish green, bright red next the sun. Flesh, yellow to the stone, dry, and sweet. Stone, nearly smooth. Flowers, large. Gland...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 5
Hunt's Tawny (Hunt's Early Tawny) Fruit, medium sized, roundish ovate, narrow towards the top, compressed on the sides, enlarged on one side of the suture. Skin, pale orange, deep red next the sun, ...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 6
Old Newington (Anderdon's; French Newington; North's Large; Bough Roman; Scarlet Newington; Smith's Newington; Sion Hill) Fruit, rather large, roundish. Skin, pale next the wall, bright red next the ...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 7
Rivers's Orange The fruit is similar to that of its parent, Pitmaston Orange, and very richly flavoured; and the tree, in Mr. Rivers's estimation, is more robust in its habit, bears perhaps more pr...
-Nectarines. Synopsis Of Nectarines. Part 8
Stanwick Elruge This is a large richly flavoured nectarine, exactly like Stanwick, a few days earlier than Elruge. It was raised from Elruge crossed with Stanwick, and is one of the seedlings of Mr. ...
-Nuts And Filberts. Synopsis Of Nuts
I. filberts. - Husk tubular, much longer than the nut. Nut oblong. Lambert Filbert Purple-leaved Filbert Red Filbert White Filbert ii. Spanish. - Husk as long or a little longer than the nut. Nut ov...
-Nuts And Filberts. Synopsis Of Nuts. Part 2
Bizane A pretty little nut the size of a hazel-nut, with the husk, which is considerably longer than the nut, cut into linear segments to its very base. A pretty ornamental variety. Bond Husk, do...
-Nuts And Filberts. Synopsis Of Nuts. Part 3
Duke Of Edinburgh (Princess Royal) Husk, as long and generally longer than the nut; finely downy, coarsely and not deeply fringed; seven-eighths of an inch wide, and an inch and a half high. Nut, lar...
-Nuts And Filberts. Synopsis Of Nuts. Part 4
Large Black Fruited (Á Gros Fruits Noir) -Husk, very dark, hairy, nearly as long as the nut, in two divisions, fitting very close to the nut, thereby giving it a bare appearance. Nut, of medium size,...
-Nuts And Filberts. Synopsis Of Nuts. Part 5
Primley Husk, shorter than the nut, downy, coarsely fringed. Nut, about medium size, oblong, pale, and prettily striated; kernel, full and of good flavour. Mr. Barron describes this under the name o...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches
I. Flowers Large * Leaves without glands. a. .Freestone. - Noblesse. Albatross Dymond Early Anne Early Savoy Early Victoria Early York Gladstone Hemskerk Malta Montauban Noblesse Princesse Marie Pu...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 2
Acton Scot Fruit, small, narrow, and depressed at the top. Skin, pale yellowish white, marbled with bright red next the sun. Suture, well marked. Flesh, pale throughout, melting, rich, and sugary. Fl...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 3
American Newington (Early Newington Freestone) Fruit, large, round, and marked with a suture, which is higher on one side. Skin, yellowish white, dotted with red in the shade, and bright red next the...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 4
Belle Chevreuse Fruit, elongated, with a bold nipple on the summit. Skin, unusually downy, yellowish, except next the sun, where it is flesh-coloured and marbled with dark red. Suture, distinct. Fles...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 5
Canary Peach Fruit, large, two and a half inches in diameter, and terminated at the apex with a sharp-pointed nipple. Skin, uniformly of a very pale warm yellow or orange, and without any trace of re...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 6
Crimson Galande (Crimson Mignonne) Fruit, large, roundish, and rather uneven in its outline, marked with a very faint suture, and pitted at the apex. Skin, almost entirely covered with very dark crim...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 7
Dymond Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, flattened at the crown, from the centre of which issues a rather deep suture, which diminishes towards the ba...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 8
Early Ascot Fruit, medium sized, roundish, and somewhat depressed, marked with a shallow suture, which is deepest towards the stalk. Skin, almost entirely covered with red, which is bright on the sha...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 9
Early Newington (Smith's Early Newington) Fruit, medium sized, rather oval. Skin, of a pale straw-colour on the shaded side, and streaked with purple next the sun. Flesh, pale yellow, tinged with lig...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 10
Early Tillotson Fruit, medium sized, round. Skin, yellowish white on the shaded side and dotted with red, but on the side next the sun it is quite covered with dark red. Flesh, white, melting, juicy ...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 11
Frogmore Golden This is one of the yellow-fleshed, or apricot peaches, raised by Mr. Ingram, gardener to Her Majesty at Frogmore. The fruit is medium sized, of a deep apricot colour, and bright red n...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 12
Gregory's Late Fruit, large, ovate, and pointed. Skin, pale green on the shaded side, and with a dark red cheek, like Royal George, on the side next the sun. Flesh, very melting, vinous, sugary, and...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 13
Hale's Early A very early American peach of recent introduction. Fruit, of medium size, round, having a deep suture, one side of which is higher than the other, and depressed on the apex. Skin, suff...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 14
Late Admirable (Judd's Melting; Motteux's Seedling) Fruit, very large, elongated, terminated with an acute swollen nipple. Skin, yellowish green, pale red and marbled, and striped with deep red next ...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 15
Malta (Belle de Paris; Italian; Malte de Normandie; Pêche de Malte) Fruit, large, roundish, flattened at the top. Skin, greenish yellow, blotched with dull purple next the sun. Suture, broad and shal...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 16
Mountaineer Fruit, large, roundish, somewhat pointed at the apex. Skin, nearly smooth, pale yellow, dotted with red on the shaded side, but dark red next the sun. Flesh, pale yellowish green, rayed w...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 17
Osprey Fruit, very large, three inches and a half wide and two inches and three-quarters high; oblate, depressed at the crown, from which issues a distinct suture towards the base. Skin, quite pale, ...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 18
Prince EugÈNE Fruit, medium sized, roundish. Skin, pale yellowish white, and when ripe of a pale waxen colour, faintly tinged with red next the sun. Flesh, melting, and somewhat deficient in flavour....
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 19
Red Magdalen (French Magdalen; Madeleine de Courson; Madeleine Rouge) Fruit, rather below medium size, round, and flattened at the stalk. Skin, pale yellowish white in the shade, fine bright red next...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 20
Royal George (Double Swalsh; Dubbele Zwohche; Griffiths Mignorme; Lockyer's Mignonne; Madeleine Rouge a Petites Fleurs; Millet's Mignonne; Superb) Fruit, large, round, and depressed. Skin, very pale,...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 21
Salwey Fruit, medium sized, round. Skin, of a deep rich yellow colour. Flesh, deep orange colour, very melting, juicy, and vinous. Flowers, small. Leaves, with kidney-shaped glands. Ripe in the end ...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 22
Stump The World Fruit, large, nine and a quarter inches in circumference, roundish, inclining to roundish oval, flattened, and rather pitted at the apex; the suture shallow, and passing a little beyo...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 23
Violette Hative (English Galande; Hardy Galande) This is evidently a variety of Bellegarde or French Galande, but is not so large in the fruit, and of a paler colour, although it also is of dark red ...
-Peaches. Synopsis Of Peaches. Part 24
Yellow Admirable (Abricotée; Admirable Jaune; Be Burai; Grosse Jaune; Grosse Peche Jaune Tardive; D'Orange; Pêche d'Abricot; Scandalie; Sandalie; Hermaphrodite; Scandalian) Fruit, very large, roundis...
-List Of Select Peaches Arranged In The Order Of Ripening
Those marked thus * are suitable for small collections. *Alexander Hale's Early Early Louise * Early Rivers Early Grosse Mignonne Dagmar *Doctor Hogg Early Victoria Rivers's Early York Early A...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears
I have for some time been working on a Classification of Pears, but from want of an opportunity of meeting with any great number of specimens, in consequence of the bad seasons we have recently had in...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 2
Abbe Edouard (Edouard's Schmalzbirne) Fruit, small, or below the medium size, two inches and a quarter broad, and two and a half high; roundish and inclining to turbinate. Skin, bright green at first...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 3
Acid Aline Emit, above medium size, three inches and a half high and two inches wide; obovate. Skin, shining, bright green at first, but changing to yellowish green as it ripens; on the side next the...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 4
Adele De ST. Denis (Adèle; Adèle de St. Ceras) Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform, more swollen on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, greenish yellow, dotted and mottled with cinnamon-colou...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 5
Alexander Fruit, medium sized; irregularly obovate, inclining to oblong, somewhat one-sided. Skin, yellowish green, dotted, striped, and splashed with russet, and slightly tinged with red next the su...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 6
Alexandrina Bivort Fruit, medium sized, three inches and a quarter high, and the same in diameter; roundish ovate. Skin, smooth, bright green, faintly coloured on the side next the sun, and irregular...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 7
Alphonse Karr Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide and about the same high; roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline, pinched in towards the stalk. Skin, entirely covered with ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 8
Amalia Fruit, rather large, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and a half wide; pyriform in shape, rounded towards the apex, and tapering gradually to the stalk. Skin, smooth, of a beaut...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 9
Ambrette D'Hiver (Ambré Gris; Ambrette Grise; Belle Gabriel; Trompe Valét; Poire d'Ambre; Trompe Coquin; Wahre Winter Ambrette; Winterambrette; Ambrette mit Dornen) Fruit, rather below medium size, t...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 10
Amiral (Cardinale; Portugal d'Eté; De Prime) Fruit, very large, three inches and a quarter wide, and three inches high; turbinate; a little uneven in its outline, and more swollen on one side than th...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 11
Ananas De Courtrai Fruit, large, three and a half to four inches long, and two and three-quarters to three inches wide; pyramidal, and often inclining to oval, undulating and bossed on its surface. S...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 12
AngÉLique De Bordeaux (Angélique; Bouge; Bens; St Martial; Crystalline; Gros Franc Real; Poire Douce; Angélique de Toulouse; Angélique de Languedoc; Angélique de Pise; Mouille Bouche d'Hiver; Charles ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 13
Angleterre D'Hiver Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and three inches and a quarter long; pyriform, and rounded at the apex. Skin, smooth, of a clear citron yellow colour, and ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 14
Archiduchesse D'Autriche (Erzherzogin) Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two high; Bergamot-shaped, or rather roundish-turbinate. Skin, green at first, but becoming yellowi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 15
Aston Town Fruit, rather below the medium size, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; roundish obovate. Skin, rather rough, pale green at first, but changing as it ripens to pale yellow...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 16
Auguste Royer Fruit, small or below medium size, from two to two and a quarter inches wide, and two and a quarter to two and a half high; obovate, even in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with war...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 17
Autumn Colmar (De Bavay) Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter long, by two and three-quarters wide; obtuse pyramidal, rounded at the apex, and narrowing obtusely towards the stalk. Skin, smooth, ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 18
D'Avril Fruit, large, pyramidal, uneven in its outline, and considerably bossed round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, of a lively dark green colour, with a dark brown tinge next the sun, and patch...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 19
Baronne De Mello (His; Phillipe Goes) Fruit, of a curved pyramidal shape, rounding towards the eye, and tapering on one side with a dipping curve towards the stalk; sometimes the surface is bossed or...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 20
Bassin (Bellissime d'Eté; Jargonelle (?); Saint Laurent; Just; Belle Corné lie) Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth and shining, of a fine rich lemon-yellow colour, strewed with large ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 21
Belle De Brissac Fruit, large, three inches wide, and three inches and three-quarters long; obloug-obovate, blunt at the stalk, which is an inch and a quarter long, curved, and inserted in a wide cav...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 22
Belle Julie (Alexandrine Helie) Fruit, medium sized, long obovate, even and regularly shaped. Skin, rather rough to the feel from the large russety specks with which it is covered. The colour is dull...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 23
Bellissime D'Automne (Petit Certeau; Vermilion; Belle et Bonne; Voir des Dames; Vermilion des Dames) Fruit, medium sized, three inches and a half long, and two inches broad; long pyriform in shape. S...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 24
Benvie Fruit, small, two inches long, and an inch and three-quarters wide; obovate. Skin, yellowish green, sometimes tinged and strewed with dull dingy red on the side next the sun, almost entirely c...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 25
Bergamotte D'Automne (Bergamotte; Bergamotte Commune; Bergamotte de Recons; Bergamotte de Helière; Bergamotte Bond d'Automne; Herfst of Laate; Bergamotte Ordinaire; Bergamot; Hol-landse Bergamot; Sopp...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 26
Bergamotte De Coloma Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a quarter high, and the same in breadth; roundish obovate. Skin, greenish yellow, becoming bright yellow when it ripens, and with ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 27
Bergamotte Heimbourg Fruit, large, three inches and three-quarters in diameter, and three inches and a half high; Bergamot-shaped, even and regular in its outline. Skin, rough to the feel, from being...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 28
Bergamotte De Jodoigne A small Bergamot-shaped fruit, with a yellow skin, dotted all over with russet dots. The flesh is tender, melting, rather gritty at the core, juicy, sweet, and with an agreeabl...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 29
Bergamotte Reinette Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; Bergamot-shaped. Skin, at first bright green, marked with large russet patches, but changing to yellow as it ripe...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 30
Bergamotte Suisse (Bergamotte Suisse Bond; Bergamotte Panachée; Bergamotte Marbré; Bonté Bergamotte; Bergamotte Bag. Schweizerbergamotte; Swiss Bergamot) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 31
Besi Garnier Fruit, large, four inches and a half long, and three wide; pyriform. Skin, rough to the feel, dark green, strongly mottled with brown russet, and finely dotted with the same colour; when...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 32
Besi Mai Fruit, large, obovate, rather uneven and irregular in its outline. Skin, yellowish green at maturity, covered with fawn and brown dots. Eye, open, placed in a very shallow basin, scarcely at...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 33
Besi Vaet (Bed de St. Waast; Besi de St. Wat; Beurré Beaumont) Fruit, above medium size; roundish, very uneven on its surface, being bossed and knobbed, the general appearance being that of a shorten...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 34
Beurre Ananas Fruit, small; pyriforin, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, yellow, with a blush of red on the side next the sun, streaked with dark crimson. Eye, very small and closed. Sta...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 35
Beurre De L'Assomption Fruit, very large, four inches long, and three and a quarter wide; pyramidal, undulating, and bossed on its surface. Skin, lemon-yellow, covered with patches and mottles of faw...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 36
Beurre Des Beguines Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two high; round and Bergamot-shaped, even and regular in its outline, somewhat larger on one side of the axis than the ot...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 37
BeurrÉ Blanc Des Capucines Fruit, large and handsome; somewhat oval, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, of a dull yellow colour, with a greenish tinge, strewed with flakes of russet, and ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 38
BeurrÉ Bretonneau (Bretonneau; Calebasse d'Hiver; Dr. Bretonneau) Fruit, large; more or less pyriform. Skin, rough, with brown russet, which considerably covers the greenish yellow ground, and someti...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 39
BeurrÉ Du Cercle (Beurré du Cercle Pratique de Rouen) Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters long; pyramidal, much larger on one side of the axis than the...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 40
BeurrÉ. Coloma Fruit, medium sized; oblong-obovate. Skin, thin and tender. At first lively green, but changing to clear yellow at maturity, and entirely covered with delicate brown russet without any...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 41
BeurrÉ Duhaume Fruit, turbinate, evenly shaped. Skin, covered with brown russet, which only admits of a little of the yellow ground colour shining through on the side next the sun, where it has a red...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 42
BeurrÉ De GhÉLin Fruit, large, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches and a half high; variable in shape, being sometimes roundish and sometimes inclining to pyramidal, but always uneve...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 43
BeurrÉ D'Hiver De Kestner Fruit, medium sized; obovate, with a very long straight stalk, which is obliquely inserted. Skin, greenish, and covered with pale russet. Eye, large. Flesh, yellowish, coars...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 44
Beurre Knox Fruit, large; oblong-obovate. Skin, smooth and shining, pale green in the shade, with a little brownish grey russet next the sun, and tinged with red. Eye, small and open, with short dry ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 45
BeurrÉ Luizet Fruit, large, three inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a half wide; pyriform. Skin, pale yellow, dotted with russet dots. Eye, open. Stalk, very long, stout, and woody, ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 46
BeurrÉ PRÉCoce Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; obovate, blunt at the stalk, even and regularly shaped. Skin, green, becoming yellowish green as it ripens, stre...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 47
BeurrÉ Robert Fruit, large, four inches long, and three and a quarter broad; obtuse pyriform, uneven in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow, strewed with russety dots, and spotted with russet towards ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 48
BeurrÉ Spence There is, perhaps, no pear about which there have been so many surmises and which has excited so much curiosity as the Beurré Spence, and, notwithstanding all the efforts that have been...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 49
BeurrÉ De Wetteren Fruit, large, roundish, inclining to turbinate, widest in the middle, and tapering obtusely towards each end, uneven in its outline. Skin, bright green and shining, dull red on the...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 50
Blackeney Red Fruit, about medium size, even and regular in its outline; turbinate or obovate. Skin, when ripe greenish yellow on the shaded side, and covered with a more or less deep red cheek on th...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 51
Bon Chretiens See Winter Bon Chretien. Bon Chretien d'Amiens. See Catillac. Bon Chretien D'Auch This pear has given rise to much discussion, some pomologists holding that it is a distinct variety...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 52
Bon Chretien Fondant Fruit, large, oblong, and regularly formed. Skin, green, covered with a considerable quantity of russet, and marked with numerous russety dots on the shaded side, but covered wit...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 53
BourdonmusquÉ (Gros Muscat Bond) Fruit, small; roundish, and flattened at the apex. Skin, smooth, at first bright green, changing to yellowish green, strewed with darker green and russety dots. Eye, ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 54
British Queen Fruit, large; obovate-pyriform, the outline undulating and bossed. Skin, smooth, and almost entirely covered with a thin coat of cinnamon-coloured russet, but on the side next the sun i...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 55
Buffum Fruit, medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; obovate, blunt at the stalk, even and regular in its outline. Skin, rather rough, with dark brown russet...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 56
Calebasse Delvigne Fruit, above medium size; pyriform. Skin, yellow, strewed with cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, open, with stout segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, short, stout, and fleshy, ob...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 57
Cambaceres Fruit, below medium size, an inch and a quarter wide, and three inches and a quarter high; pyriform, even and regular in its outline. Skin, with a fine rich yellow ground, very thickly mot...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 58
Cassante De Mars Fruit, produced in clusters, below medium size; roundish obovate. Skin, deep yellow, speckled and traced with light brown russet. Eye, large, and wide open. Stalk, about an inch long...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 59
Catherine Fruit, small, two inches wide, and two inches and a half long; pyriform. Skin, smooth and shining, fine clear yellow, with a blush of red streaked with darker red on the side next the sun, ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 60
Champ Riche D'Italie Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, smooth, bright green, changing to yellowish green, and thickly covered with brown russety dots, and patches of russet round the eye and stalk....
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 61
Charli Basiner Fruit, obovate. Skin, pale green, dotted and clouded with brown russet, and changing as it ripens to yellowish green. Eye, small and open, with sharp segments, slightly depressed. Stal...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 62
Citron Des Carmes (Gros St. Jean; Madeleine; Early Rose Angle) Fruit, below medium size; obovate. Skin, smooth and thin, at first bright green, but changing to yellowish green, and with a faint tinge...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 63
Colmar D'Aremberg (Ardente de Printemps; D'Arenberg; Colmar Artoisenet; Fondante de Jaffar; Kartoffel) Fruit, very large; obovate, uneven, and bossed in its outline. Skin, lemon-coloured, marked with...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 64
Colmar D'ÉTÉ Fruit, small, two inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a quarter wide; obovate, or roundish obovate. Skin, smooth, and rather shining, of a pale greenish yellow colour, bec...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 65
Columbia Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and three inches wide; oblong-obovate. Skin, smooth, of a fine golden yellow, dotted with large russet dots, which are interspersed with smaller o...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 66
Comte De Paris Fruit, medium sized, three inches long, and two and a half wide; oblong-obovate, blunt at the apex, even and regularly formed. Skin, rough, yellowish green, thickly dotted all over wit...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 67
Craig's Favourite Fruit, medium size; obovate-turbinate. Skin, yellowish green in the shade, almost entirely covered with thin russet, which is again covered with dots and patches of coarser russet;...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 68
Cross Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; Bergamot-shapecl. Skin, smooth, of an uniform golden colour, sprinkled with many russet dots and patches of russet, an...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 69
Dearborn's Seedling Fruit, small; turbinate. Skin, smooth, of a pale yellow colour, strewed with small russety dots. Eye, large and open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, long and slender, insert...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 70
Delices D'Hardenpont Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter long, and over two inches and a half wide; oblong-obovate, blunt at the stalk, irregular and uneven in its outline, narrowing from the bu...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 71
Desire CornÉLis Fruit, large size, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and three-quarters wide; oblong-oval, even and regularly formed. Skin, smooth, at first of a fine grass-green colour...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 72
Doctor Andry Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; roundish turbinate or Bergamot-shaped. Skin, clear bright yellow, strewed with patches and dots of fawn-c...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 73
Doctor Lentier Fruit, medium sized, three inches long, and two inches and a half wide; obovate, narrowing towards the eye, where it is flattened. Skin, smooth, pale lemon-coloured, splashed with cinn...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 74
Double Fleur (Double Blossom) Fruit, above medium size , round and flattened. Skin, smooth, green, becoming yellow at maturity, reddish brown next the sun, and strewed with small dots and markings of...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 75
Doyenne Boussoch (Albertine; Beurré de Mérode; Beurré de Westerloo; Double Philippe; Nouvelle Boussoch) Fruit, very large, three inches and a half high, and the same wide; roundish obovate, or Doyenn...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 76
Doyenne Downing Fruit, medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, even, or Bergamot-shaped. Skin, with a dull greenish yellow ground, and considerably ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 77
Doyenne Sieulle (Bergamotte Sieulle; Beurré Sieulle; Sieulle) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; roundish turbinate or Bergamot-shaped. Skin, smooth, uniform dee...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 78
Duchesse D'AngoulÊME (Duchesse; Éparonnais; De Pe-zenas) Fruit, large, sometimes very large, three inches and a half wide, and three inches and three-quarters high being the average of the larger siz...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 79
Duchesse De Brabant Fruit, medium sized; short piriform, even in its outline. Skin, very thin, smooth, and shining, greenish yellow, thickly strewed with russety dots, and with a patch of russet roun...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 80
Early Bergamot (Bergamotte Précoce) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half high, and two inches and three-quarters wide; roundish, and considerably flattened at the apex. Skin, green at first, ch...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 81
ÉChassery (Besi d'Echassery; Besi de Landry; Muscat de Vil~ landry; Viandry; Vert Longue d'Hiver) Fruit, produced in clusters of five or six, below medium size; roundish oval, smallest towards the st...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 82
Emerald Fruit, medium sized; obovate, rather uneven in its outline. Skin, pale green, with pale brownish red next the sun, and covered with russety dots. Eye, open, with short, dry segments, set in a...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 83
Esperine (Grosse Louise du Nord) Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide, and three and a quarter long; obovate and blunt at the stalk. Skin, yellow, with a greenish tinge, considerably dotted with ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 84
Figue (Inconnue Angoulême; Pistolette; Prince de Ligne; Knevett's) Fruit, medium size; long pyriform. Skin, smooth, bright green on the shaded side, changing to yellowish green as it ripens, and next...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 85
Flemish Beauty (Belle des Flandres; Belle des Bois; Beurré des Bois; Beurré de Bourgogne; Beurré Davy; Beurré Davis; Beurré d'Effingham; Beurré d'Elburg; Beurré Foidard; Beurré St. Amour; Beurré Spenc...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 86
Fondante De Charneu (Belle Excellente; Beurré des Char-neuses; Desirée Van Mons; Due de Brabant; De Legipont; Merveille de Charneu; Miel de Waterloo) Fruit, large, sometimes very large, the ordinary ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 87
Fondante De Nees Fruit, large; long obovate. Skin, of a fine deep yellow colour, mottled and dotted all over with pale brown russet. Eye, small and open, with short erect segments level with the surf...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 88
Forme De Bergamotte Fruit, large; three inches and a quarter long, and the same wide; round and Bergamot-shaped, uneven in its outline, being somewhat angular and furrowed longitudinally at the stalk...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 89
Frederic De Prusse (Fnedrich Von Preussen) Fruit, medium sized; flattened turbinate. Skin, smooth, yellow, marked and streaked with green, which is a distinguishing character of the fruit, deep gold ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 90
Gansel's Late Bergamot Fruit, exactly similar in shape to Gansel's Bergamot. Skin, green, thickly covered with russet dots and freckles, which sometimes form patches; it becomes yellowish green when...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 91
General Todleben Fruit, very large, four inches and a half long, and nearly four wide; pyriform, ribbed round the apex. Skin, yellow, covered with dots and patches of brown russet. Eye, open, set in ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 92
Golden BeurrÉ Of Bilboa (Beurré Doré de Bilbao; Beurré Gris de Bilbao; Beurré Gris de Portugal) Fruit, medium sized, three inches long, and two and a half wide; obovate, blunt at the stalk. Skin, gol...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 93
Green Chisel (Guenette) Fruit, very small, growing in clusters; roundish turbinate. Skin, green, with sometimes a brownish tinge next the sun. Eye, large and open. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch lo...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 94
Hacon's Incomparable (Downham Seedling) Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, pale yellowish green, with a mixture of brown, covered with numerous russety spots and markings of russet. Eye, small and...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 95
Henkel D'Hiver (Beurré Beauchamp of Dittrich, not of Leroy; Henkel's Schmalzbirne) Fruit, medium sized; ovate in shape, even and regular in its outline. Skin, almost entirely covered with a thin crus...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 96
Hessle (Hasel; Hazel; Hessel) Fruit, below medium size; turbinate. Skin, greenish yellow, very much covered with large russety dots, which give it a freckled appearance. Eye, small and open, slightl...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 97
Huyshe's Prince Consort Fruit, very large; oblong, uneven and bossed in its outline. Skin, grass-green, which it frequently retains, even when ripe, but becoming sometimes yellowish green; it is thi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 98
ImpÉRiale (Imperials à Feuilles de Chêne; Oak-leaved Imperial) Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, at first bright grass-green, changing successively to yellowish and bright yellow as...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 99
Jargonelle (Beau Present; Belle Vièrge; Beurré de Paris; Chopine; Cueillette; Épargne; De Fosse; Grosse Cuisse Madame; Mouille Bouche d'Eté; Sweet Summer; St. Lambert; St. Samson; De la Table des Prin...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 100
Jewess (La Juive) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches long; pyramidal or roundish obovate. Skin, of a uniform pale yellow colour, mottled with pale brown russet, and thi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 101
Jules D'Aibolles (De Liron d'Airolles) Fruit, about medium sized; pyriform. Skin, smooth, bright green, with bright red on the side next the sun, the bright green changing to greenish yellow as it ri...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 102
Lammas (Huntingdon) Fruit, below medium size; pyramidal, regular, and handsome. Skin, pale yellow, streaked with red, and covered with red on the side next the sun. Eye, open, very slightly depressed...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 103
Leon Gregoire Fruit, about medium size; pyriform in shape, somewhat like Beurré de Rance, a little undulating in its outline. Skin, yellowish green, very much clouded and mottled with dark mahogany b...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 104
Lieutenant Poidevin A large, obovate, and undulating fruit, which is only adapted for stewing. It was raised at Angers, and the tree first fruited in 1853. It was dedicated to the memory of a young o...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 105
London Sugar Fruit, below medium size; turbinate. Skin, pale green, becoming yellow when ripe, with a brownish tinge when fully exposed to the sun. Eye, small, half open, prominent, and surrounded wi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 106
Louise Bonne D'Avranches Panachee This is precisely identical with the preceding, except that it is variegated in the wood and the fruit with golden stripes. It is a very beautiful fruit, and is equa...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 107
Madame Andre Leroy Fruit, very large, four inches long, and three inches wide; oblong-obovate, or pyriform. Skin, of greenish yellow colour, entirely covered with spots of grey russet. Eye, large and...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 108
Madame Henri Desportes Fruit, roundish obovate or turbinate, like Red Doyenne, handsome and regular in its outline. Skin, rough to the feel, being covered with a thick coat of dark cinnamon-coloured ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 109
Madame Vazille Fruit, large, three inches and a half long by two inches and three-quarters broad; oblong obovate. Skin, almost entirely covered with rough russet. Eye, open, set level with the surfac...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 110
March Bergamot Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, yellowish brown, partially covered with russet. Eye, placed in a slight depression. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowi...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 111
Marechal Vaillant Fruit, very large, three inches and a half wide, and four inches long; obovate, uneven and undulating in its outline. Skin, yellowish green, mottled with patches and dots of brown r...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 112
Marie Louise D'Uccle Fruit, rather large; pyriform. Skin, marked with pale cinnamon-coloured russet, much in the way of Marie Louise. Eye, large and open, with long leafy segments, set in a considera...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 113
Maud Hogg Fruit, above medium size, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and a half wide; oblong obovate. Skin, entirely covered with a crust of warm brown russet like that of the Brown Be...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 114
Messire Jean (Chaulis; John; John Dory; Messire Jean Blanc; Messi?'e Jaune Doré; Monsieur John) Fruit, medium sized; turbinate, and sometimes slightly obovate. Skin, dark green, becoming yellowish as...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 115
Monarch (Knight's Monarch) Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, yellowish green, very much covered with brown russet, and strewed with grey russet specks. Eye, small and open, set in a shallow undula...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 116
Moorcroft Fruit, small; round, even and regular in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun; the whole surface is strewed with large a...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 117
Muscat Royal Fruit, small; turbinate, Skin, greenish yellow, entirely covered with grey russet, rather rough. Eye, small and open, without depression. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, and inserted ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 118
Napoleon III Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and two and three-quarters wide; obovate, uneven, and bossed on its surface. Skin, deep yellow, strewed with numerous dots and patches of russ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 119
Nina (Manning's Elizabeth; Elizabeth) Fruit, small, two inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a half wide; obovate or turbinate, slightly uneven in its outline. Skin, bright yellow, very...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 120
Oldfield Fruit, small, an inch and a half to an inch and three-quarters in diameter; round, even, and regularly formed. Skin, an uniform greenish yellow when ripe, covered with minute dots, and with ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 121
Orange MusquÉE (Orange Musquée d'Été; Orange Commune; Petite Orange) Orange Ronde; Orange Grise) Fruit, medium sized; round, and flattened at both ends. Skin, smooth, punctured like an orange, yellow...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 122
Passe Colmar (Beurré d'Argenson; Cellite; Chapman's; Chapman's Passe Colmar; Colmar Bonnet; Colmar Doré; Colmar Epineux; Colmar Gris; Colmar d'Hardenpont; Colmar Preul; Colmar Souveraine; Fondante de ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 123
Passe Madeleine This is a small oblong pear, with an uneven surface. Skin, green, covered with dots. The flesh is dry and very astringent, crisp, and without much flavour. An early pear; ripe in Aug...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 124
Pepin Sucre Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, Bergamot-shaped, a little uneven and bossed in its outline. Skin, quite smooth, at first of a bright grass-green...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 125
Pitmaston Duchess Fruit, large and handsome, four inches and a quarter long, and two inches and three-quarters wide; pyramidal, generally even or a little undulating in its outline, and sometimes rat...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 126
Premices D'ÉCully (Belle d' Ecully) Fruit, above medium size, three inches in diameter; round or Bergamot-shaped, somewhat bossed and uneven in its outline. Skin, yellow, with here and there patches ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 127
Princesse Charlotte Fruit, medium sized; obovato-turbi-nate, rather undulating in its outline. Skin, yellow, thickly dotted and freckled with cinnamon russet in the shade, and with a warm orange glow...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 128
De Quentin Fruit, small; roundish oval, somewhat of the shape of a swan's egg. Skin, smooth and rather shining, greenish yellow in the shade, and with a brownish red tinge on the side next the sun; s...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 129
Red Pear Fruit, quite small; round, even, and regular in its outline, inclining to turbinate. Skin, almost entirely covered with rather bright red, except round the stalk and where it has been shaded...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 130
Robine (Royale d'Été) Fruit, below medium size; roundish turbinate, like a small Bergamot. Skin, at first bright green, but becoming paler and of a yellowish tinge as it ripens, and dotted with brown...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 131
Bousselet Enfant Prodigue Fruit, above medium size; obovate, somewhat bossed and undulating in its outline. Skin, clear deep green, considerably covered with smooth brown russet. Eye, large and open,...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 132
Rousseline (Muscat à long Queue de la Fin d'Automne; Muscat long Queue d'Automne; Long-stalked late Autumnal Muscat) Fruit, below medium size; pyriform, inclining to obovate, very swollen in the midd...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 133
ST. Germain PanachÉ This is a bud sport from the St. Germain, and differs from it in no other respect than in having the fruit beautifully striped with bands of green and yellow. I received it in 184...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 134
Salviati Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, smooth, deep, waxen yellow, mottled with russety spots, and a tinge of red next the sun. Eye, small and open, set in a slight depression. Stalk, an inch ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 135
Serrurier (Serrurier d'Automne; Neuve Maison) Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and a half wide; pyramidal, even and regularly formed. Skin, smooth, of an uniform yellow c...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 136
Small Blanquet (Poire à la Perle; Petit Blanquet) Fruit, small; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, shining, and appearing tramparent; pale yellow, almost white, or of a pearl colour, from which the name ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 137
Spanish Warden (Bon Chretien d'Automne; Bon Chretien d'Espagne; Gratioli d'Automne; Gratioli de la Toussaint; Saffran d'Automne; Spanish Bon Chretien; Vandyck) Fruit, large, pyri-form, greenish yello...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 138
Suffolk Thorn Fruit, medium sized; roundish turbinate. Skin, pale lemon-yellow, covered with numerous small dots and irregular patches of pale ashy grey russet, which are most numerous on the side ne...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 139
Summer Crasanne (Crasanne d'Été) Fruit, small; roundish, and flattened. Skin, pale yellow, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, wide open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 140
Summer Portugal Fruit, quite small; pyriform. Skin, bright grass-green, with a brownish blush on the side next the sun, and dotted all over with dark green dots; when quite ripe it is clear yellow, w...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 141
Surpasse Meuris Fruit, above medium size; obovate. Skin, smooth, lively green, changing as it ripens to yellowish green, and marked with a delicate tinge and a few faint stripes of red next the sun, ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 142
Tardive De Mons Fruit, three inches and a half long, and two and a half wide; oblong-obovate, even and regularly formed. Skin, of an uniform yellow colour, paler on the shaded side, and with an orang...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 143
Thurston's Red Fruit, small; turbinate, even in its outline. Skin, greenish yellow, with a thin red cheek on the side next the sun, and a large patch of thin pale brown russet, especially round the ...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 144
Triomphe De Louvain Fruit, above medium size, three inches long, and two and a half wide; obovate, handsome, and regularly formed. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, covered with fawn-coloured...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 145
VallÉE Franche (Bonne de Kienzheim; De Kienzheim) Fruit, medium sized; obovate or obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth and shining, yellowish green, becoming yellowish as it ripens, and covered with numerou...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 146
Verte Longue (Mouille Bouche; Mouille Bouche d'Automne; New Autumn) Fruit, medium sized; pyriform, tapering both towards the eye and the stalk. Skin, smooth and shining, pale green, becoming yellowis...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 147
Vicomte De Spoelbergh (De Spoelbergh) Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches high; turbinate, very uneven and bossed in its outline, being considerably ribbed and u...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 148
Wardens This is a name applied to pears which from the firm texture of their flesh never melt, and are used only when they are cooked. The name is derived from the Cistercian Abbey of Warden, in Bedf...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 149
White Longland Fruit, about medium size; turbinate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, very thickly sprinkled with large russet dots, and lines of russet and a patch round the stalk; on the expos...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 150
Windsor (Bell Tongue; Bellissime; Figue; Figue Musquée; Green Windsor; Grosse Jargonelle; Konge; Madame; Madame de France; Summer Bell; Supreme) Fruit, large and handsome; pyri-form, rounded at the e...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 151
Winter Bon Chretien (D'Angoisse; Bon Chretien d'Hiver; Bon Chretien d'Auch; Bon Chretien de Tours; De St. Martin) Fruit, large, and very variable in shape, some irregularly pyriform, and others obova...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 152
Winter Thorn (Épine d'Hiver; Épine Rose d'Hiver) Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, smooth, of a fine green colour, becoming yellowish as it attains maturity, and irregularly covered with greyish br...
-Pears. Classification Of Pears. Part 153
ZÉPhirin Louis Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; round, even in its outline. Skin, thickly speckled all over with large dark brown r...
-Lists Of Select Pears, Arranged In Their Order Of Ripening
I. Collections Of Six Varieties For Pyramids, Bushes, Or Espaliers 1. Jargonelle, Aug. Williams's Bon Chrêtien, Sept. Urbaniste, Oct. Soldat Esperen, Nov. Catinka, Dec. Ne Plus Meuris, Jan., Apr....
-Select Pears, Arranged In Their Order Of Ripening. Continued
III. Varieties Requiring A Wall, Or Which Are Improved By Such Protection Bergamotte Esperen Beurré Bosc Beuné Diel Beurré Rance Beurré Sterckmans Brown Beurré Colmar Crasanne Duchesse d'Angoulême ...
-Pine-Apples. Synopsis Of Pineapples
I. Leaves Spineless A. Fruit roundish, oval, or cylindrical. Flowers purple. Smooth-leaved Cayenne Smooth-leaved Havannah II. Leaves With About 4 To 6 Spines In An Inch A. Fruit roundish, oval,...
-Pine-Apples. Synopsis Of Pineapples. Part 2
Charlotte Rothschild Fruit, large, cylindrical, sometimes tapering a little towards the crown; dark olive green, changing when ripe to a fine rich yellow colour. Pips, large and flat; scales half cov...
-Pine-Apples. Synopsis Of Pineapples. Part 3
Montserrat (New Ripley; Brazil; St. Vincent's Cockscomb) Fruit, cylindrical, sometimes broader at the top and narrowing downwards; dark green, and mealy, changing to pale orange tinged with copper-co...
-Pine-Apples. Synopsis Of Pineapples. Part 4
Queen (Common Queen; Old Queen) Fruit, cylindrical; pale green and mealy, changing to rich deep yellow when ripe. Pips, rather below medium size, and a little prominent, the scales covering rather mo...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums
I. Fruit Round * Summer shoots smooth. 1. Skin dark. - Nectarines. a. Free-Nectarines. - Flesh separating from the stone. Angelina Burdett Belvoir Corse's Nota Bene Damas d'Espagne Damas de Ma...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 2
AbricotÉE De Braunau (Reine Claude Braunau) Fruit, large; roundish, and slightly oval, rather flattened on the sides, and marked with a suture, which is deep towards the stalk, and higher on one side...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 3
Angelina Burdett Fruit, above medium size; round, and marked with a suture, which is deepest towards the stalk. Skin, thick, dark purple, thickly covered with brown dots and blue bloom. Stalk, about ...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 4
Belgian Purple (Bleu de Belgique) Fruit, medium sized; roundish, marked with a shallow suture, one side of which is a little swollen. Skin, deep purple, covered with blue bloom. Stalk, about an inch ...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 5
Blue ImpÉRatrice (Impératrice; Impératrice Violette; Empress) Fruit, medium sized; obovate, tapering considerably towards the stalk so as to form a neck, with a shallow suture on one side. Skin, deep...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 6
Boulouf Fruit, very large; roundish oval. Skin, red, covered with violet bloom, and dotted. Flesh, yellow, tender, juicy, with a brisk and perfumed flavour. An excellent dessert plum; ripe in the en...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 7
Bush (Waterloo) A large dark maroon-coloured plum, excellent for preserving and other culinary purposes. It will keep sound for three weeks after being gathered. It is in use from the end of Septembe...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 8
De Chypre Fruit, very large; roundish, and depressed at the apex, with a shallow suture extending the whole length of the fruit, and terminating in a small nipple. Skin, bright purple, covered with b...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 9
Cooper's Large (Coopers Large American; Cooper's Large Bed; La Delicieuse; Lady Lucy) Fruit, above medium size; oval, considerably enlarged on one side of the suture, which is broad and shallow. Ski...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 10
Czar Fruit, large; oval, or roundish oval, a little more round than Prince Engelbert, marked with a deep suture and a large style-point. Skin, dull red, but when highly ripened quite black and covere...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 11
Damas MusquÉ (De Chypre; Prune de Malthe) Fruit, small; roundish, flattened at both ends, and marked with a deep suture. Skin, deep purple, or nearly black, thickly covered with blue bloom. Stalk, ha...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 12
Dana's Yellow Gage Fruit, medium sized; oval. Skin, pale yellow, clouded with green, and covered with thin bloom. Flesh, juicy, sweet, with a sprightly and peculiar flavour. A dessert plum; ripe in...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 13
Dove Bank This bears a very close resemblance to Goliath. It is a clingstone, has downy shoots and leaves, and, in my opinion, is not distinguishable from that variety. Downton Imperatrice Fruit,...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 14
Dummer A large red plum like Magnum Bonum, grown in the Kentish orchards. It was raised by a market gardener at Canterbury, named Dummer, in 1837. I had it from Fairbeard, of Green Street, in 1844. ...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 15
Early Orleans (Grimwood Early Orleans; Hampton Court; Monsieur Hâtif; Monsieur Hâtif de Montmorency; New Orleans; W'ilmot's Early Orleans; Wilmot's Orleans) Fruit, medium sized; round, flattened at t...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 16
Fotheringham (Fotheringay; Grove House Purple; Red Fotherinqhmn; Sheen) Fruit, medium sized; obovate, with a well-defined suture, which is higher on one side than the other. Skin, deep reddish purple...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 17
Goliath (Caledonian; St. Cloud; Steers's Emperor; Wilmot's Late Orleans) Fruit, large; oblong, with a well-marked suture, one side of which is higher than the other. Skin, deep reddish purple, but pa...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 18
Guthrie's Golden (Guthrie's Apricot) Fruit, above medium size; roundish oval. Skin, yellow, strewed with crimson dots, and covered with thin bloom. Stalk, rather long, set in a small depression. Fl...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 19
Imperial Ottoman Fruit, below medium size; roundish oval, with a very faint suture. Skin, dull yellow, red on the side next the sun, and covered with a thin bloom. Stalk, over three-quarters of an in...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 20
Jefferson Fruit, large; oval, narrowing a little towards the stalk, and marked with a very faint suture. Skin, greenish yellow, becoming of a rich golden yellow, flushed with red on the side next the...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 21
Knight's Green Drying (Large Green Drying) Fruit, large; round, and marked with a shallow suture. Skin, greenish yellow, and covered with thin white bloom. Flesh, yellowish, firm, not very juicy, su...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 22
Lawson's Golden (Damas Lawson) Fruit, rather below medium size; oval, even and regular in its outline, and marked on one side with a suture, which is a mere line. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch lo...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 23
McLaughlin Fruit, large; roundish oblate. Skin, thin and tender, of a fine yellow colour, dotted and mottled with red, and covered with thin grey bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserte...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 24
Mitchelson's Fruit, above medium size; oval, not marked with a suture on the side. Skin, black when fully ripe, dotted with a few very minute fawn-coloured dots, and covered with a very thin blue blo...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 25
Nelson's Victory (Knevett's Late Orleans) Fruit, medium sized; round, and marked with a shallow suture. Skin, deep purple, speckled with russet and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long, set ...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 26
Oullins Golden (Reine Claude d'Oullins; Reine Claude Precoce) Fruit, rather large, and of a short oval shape. Skin, of a rich yellow colour, dotted with crimson on the side exposed to the sun, and co...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 27
Pond's Seedling (Farleigh Castle; Fonthill; Pond's Purple) Fruit, very large; oval, widest at the apex, and narrowing towards the stalk, marked with a wide suture. Skin, fine dark red, thickly strew...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 28
Prince's Imperial (Flushing Gage; Prince's Imperial Gage) Fruit, above medium size; oval, marked with a distinct suture. Skin, greenish yellow, marked with green stripes, and covered with thick bloo...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 29
Quetsche (Early Russian; German Prune; German Quetsche; Leipzig; Prune d'Allemagne; Sweet Prune; Turkish Quetsche; Zwetsche) Fruit, medium sized; oval, narrowing towards the stalk, flattened on one s...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 30
Red Perdrigon (Perdrigon Rouge) Fruit, small; roundish oval. Skin, fine deep red, marked with fawn-coloured dots, and thickly covered with pale blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long, stout, inserted in a r...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 31
Rivers's Early Apricot (Early Transparent Gage) Fruit, above medium size, an inch and three-quarters wide and over an inch high; roundish and oblate, marked with a very shallow suture. Skin, yellowi...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 32
Royale De Tours Fruit, large; roundish, with a well-defined suture, which extends on one side the whole of its length. Skin, light purple, strewed with small yellow dots next the sun, and of a pale r...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 33
ST. Martin's Quetsche Fruit, medium sized; ovate, or rather heart-shaped. Skin, pale yellow, covered with white bloom. Flesh, yellowish, sweet, and well flavoured, separating from the stone. A very...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 34
Suisse (Altesse; Monsieur Tardif; Sivitzer's Plum) Fruit, medium sized; round, slightly depressed at the apex, and marked with a very shallow suture. Skin, thick, separating freely from the flesh, of...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 35
Transparent Gage (Reine Claude Diaphane) Fruit, larger than the Green Gage; round, and very much flattened, marked with a shallow suture. Skin, thin, and so transparent as to show the texture of the ...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 36
Washington (Bobnar; Bolmar's Washington; Franklin; Irving's Bohnar; Parker's Mammoth) Fruit, large; roundish ovate, with a very faint suture on one side, but which near the stalk is deep and well def...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 37
White Perdrigon (Brignole; Maître Claude; Perdrigon Blanc) Fruit, medium sized; oval, narrowing towards the stalk, with a faint suture on one side. Skin, thick and membranous, pale yellow strewed wit...
-Plums. Synopsis Of Plums. Part 38
Yellow Damask (Damas Jaune) Fruit, below medium size; nearly round. Skin, yellow, with a tine white bloom. Flesh, very juicy and rich, separating from the stone. A delicious little plum; ripe in the...
-List Of Select Plums, Arranged In Their Order Of Ripening
I. For Dessert July Green Gage Rivera's Early Apricot Peach De Montfort Denniston's Superb Perdrigon violet Hâtif Green Gage Oullins Golden Huilings's Superb Bryanston Gage Purple Gage Transparen...
-The Best Dessert Plums Arranged In Their Order Of Ripening
July. Early Mirabelle Early Green Gage July Green Gage St. Etienne August Peach Rivers's Early Apricot Royale Hâtive De Montfort Oullins Golden. Mirabelle Petite Perdrigon Violet Hatif Roya...
-Quinces
Apple-Shaped Fruit, large, roundish, and very similar in shape to an apple. The skin is of a fine golden yellow colour when ripe; and the flavour of the flesh when stewed is very excellent. Pear-S...
-Raspberries. Synopsis Of Raspberries
I. Summer Bearers I. Fruit black. Black Black Cap 2. Fruit red. Barnet Baumforth's Seedling Carter's Prolific Cornwell's Victoria Crashing Fastolf Franconia Knevett's Giant Lord Bcaconsfi...
-Raspberries. Synopsis Of Raspberries. Part 2
Black Cap (American Black) This is the Rubus occidentalis, called Black Raspberry, or Thimbleberry, by the Americans. The fruit has a fine, brisk, acid flavour, and is much used in America for pies a...
-Raspberries. Synopsis Of Raspberries. Part 3
New Rochelle (Lawton; Seacor's Mammoth) An American autumn-bearing variety, having the rambling habit of growth of the common Bramble. It produces fruit in great abundance, of a large oval shape and ...
-Strawberries
Aberdeen Seedling. See Roseberry. Abd-EL-Kader Fruit, very large, sometimes enormous, usually elongated, but often regular. Skin, vermilion red. Seeds, prominent. Flesh, dark, salmon-coloured, swe...
-Strawberries. Part 2
Ambrosia Fruit, large; roundish. Skin, shining, dark crimson. Seeds, imbedded. Flesh, juicy, and richly flavoured. Amy Robsart Fruit, rather large; ovate. Skin, bright, rather pale red. Seed, num...
-Strawberries. Part 3
Brune De Gilbert A variety of the Alpine, with larger fruit than the common, and remarkable by its reddish brown colour. It is well flavoured, and the plant is an abundant bearer. Captain Cook Fr...
-Strawberries. Part 4
Doctor Hogg Fruit, very large; cockscomb-shaped. Skin, pale red. Flesh, pale throughout, sweet, and with a very rich flavour, which remains long on the palate. This is of the same class as British Q...
-Strawberries. Part 5
Eleanor (Myatt's Eleanor; Crystal Palace) Fruit, very large; conical or wedge-shaped, regular and handsome in its outline. Seeds, considerably imbedded, with prominent ridges between them, which give...
-Strawberries. Part 6
Forman's Excelsior Fruit, large, varying from a symmetrical conical shape to wide-spreading cockscomb. Skin, dark red, of uniform colour, deeply pitted with moderately-sized seeds. Flesh, firm, ting...
-Strawberries. Part 7
Highland Mary Fruit, above medium size; conical, inclining to cockscomb-shape. Skin, dark red. Seeds, small, not deeply imbedded. Flesh, white, rather hollow at the core, briskly and agreeably flavou...
-Strawberries. Part 8
King Of The Earlies Fruit, medium sized; ovate, even and regular in its outline. Seeds, rather prominent. Skin, bright red on the shaded side, and dark mahogany on the side exposed to the sun. Flesh,...
-Strawberries. Part 9
Loxford Hall Seedling Fruit, large; conical or ovate, occasionally cockscomb-shaped, and considerably corrugated. Skin, bright red next the sun, paler and frequently greenish on the shaded side. Seed...
-Strawberries. Part 10
Ne Plus Ultra Fruit, large; cylindrical or oblong, frequently fingered. Skin, very dark red. Flesh, remarkably firm and solid, with a rich pleasant flavour. This is a singular variety, many of the f...
-Strawberries. Part 11
Pioneer Fruit, medium sized; obovate or conical, sometimes wedge-shaped. Seeds, rather prominent. Skin, very dark red. Flesh, bright red, firm, of a fine rich and brisk flavour. An early variety; ra...
-Strawberries. Part 12
Prolific Hautbois (Belle Bordelaise) Fruit, below medium size; conical. Seeds, prominent. Skin, light purple in the shade, and blackish purple on the side next the sun. Flesh, firm, sweet, and with t...
-Strawberries. Part 13
Sir Harry Fruit, very large; roundish, irregular, frequently cockscomb-shaped. Seeds, large, and deeply imbedded. Skin, dark crimson, becoming almost black when fully ripe. Flesh, dark red, not very ...
-Strawberries. Part 14
The Countess Fruit, somewhat irregular in shape. Skin, of a beautiful glossy crimson, becoming darker when very ripe. Seeds, numerous, prominent. A finely flavoured fruit, raised by Dr. Roden. Plant...
-Strawberries. Part 15
Victory Of Bath Fruit, large and ovate, sometimes irregular in its outline. Skin, bright red. Flesh, white, firm and juicy, with a rich flavour. Wilmot's Prince Arthur Fruit, medium sized; conic...
-List Of Select Strawberries
Those marked * are the best for small gardens. Early, Black Prince Early Prolific Forman's Excelsior *Vicomtesse Héricart de Thury General Crop. Amateur British Queen *La Constante Due de Malako...
-Walnuts
A Bijoux. See Large Fruited. Common The common walnut being raised from seeds, there are a great number of varieties, varying in size, flavour, thickness of the shell, and fertility. To secure a v...









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