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The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation



This volume's objective was to prepare a convenient manual of reference for amateur fruit-growers, nurserymen, and professional gardeners, and to condense in a space as small as possible all useful information respecting the varieties of fruits mentioned.

TitleThe Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation
AuthorRobert Hogg
PublisherLondon: Cottage Gardener Office
Year1860
Copyright1860, Robert Hogg
AmazonThe Fruit Manual

The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions & Synonymes Of Fruits And Fruit Trees Commonly Met With In The Gardens & Orchards Of Great Britain, With Selected Lists Of Those Most Worthy Of Cultivation.

By Robert Hogg, Ll.D., F.H.S., Secretary To The Fruit Committee Of The Horticultural Society Of London, Author Of "British Pomology," "The Vegetable Kingdom And Its Products," And Co-Editor Of "The Cottage Gardener."

London: Cottage Gardener Office,

162, Fleet Street, E.C.

MDCCCLX.

-Preface
Fifteen years ago I published a Manual of Fruits, which at the time included most of the varieties found in nurseries and private gardens. This being favour- ...
-Apple Varieties: A
[D. signifies that varieties so marked are to be used only for the dessert; K, for kitchen purposes; C, for cider-making. Those marked K.D. are applicable ...
-Apple Varieties: B
Baron Ward. Fruit below medium size, ovate. Skin smooth and shining, of a fine uniform deep yellow colour. Eye slightly open, and not much depressed. Stalk ...
-Apple Varieties: C
Clissold's Seedling. See Lodgemore Nonpareil. Calville, Winter White, k. (White Calville). -Large and flattened, marked on its sides with pro-minent ribs. Skin ...
-Apple Varieties: D
Duke of Devonshire. Fruit medium sized, roundish-ovate. Skin of uniform lemon-yellow colour, with a dull red cheek; the surface veined with russet. Eye large ...
-Apple Varieties: E
Early Crofton. See Irish Peach. Early Harvest, d. {Yellow Harvest). Medium sized, round. Skin clear pale yellow. Eye small and closed. Stalk half an inch long, ...
-Apple Varieties: F
Fearn's Pippin, k.d. (Ferris' Pippin, Clifton Nonesuch). Medium sized, round, flat at the ends. Skin greenish yellow, russety round the stalk, and bright red ...
-Apple Varieties: G
Garnon's. See Court Pendu Plat. Garret Pippin. See Borsdorffer. Girkin Pippin. See Wyken. Gloria Mundi, k. (Baltimore, Mammoth, Ox Apple, Monstrous Pippin. Of ...
-Apple Varieties: H
Hall Door, d. Medium sized, roundish. Skin greenish yellow in the shade, and streaked with red on the side next the sun. Eye small, and set in a rather deep ...
-Apple Varieties: I-J
Ingestrie Red, d. Small, oblong ovate. Skin bright yellow, tinged with red next the sun, speckled with dots. Eye in a round, wide basin. Stalk short and ...
-Apple Varieties: K
Keddleston Pippin, d. Small, conical, and regularly formed. Skin of a uniform yellow colour, with veinings and specks of russet. Eye half open, set in a ...
-Apple Varieties: L
Lady De Grey's. See Kentish Pill Basket. Lamb Abbey Pearmain, d. Medium sized, conical, slightly flattened at the ends. Skin yellowish green; orange, streaked ...
-Apple Varieties: M
Maclean's Favourite, d. Medium sized, roundish. Skin yellow. Flesh crisp and richly flavoured, resembling the Newtown Pippin. An abundant bearer, and of the ...
-Apple Varieties: N
Nanny, d. Medium sized, roundish, angular and ribbed round the eye. Skin greenish yellow, streaked with crimson, and often with a deep red cheek. Eye open.
-Apple Varieties: O
Oldaker's New. See Alfriston. Old Maid's. See Knobbed Russet. Orange Pippin. See Isle of Wight Pippin. Ord's Apple, d. Medium sized, conical, with promi-nent ...
-Apple Varieties: P
Pearmain. See Winter Pearmain. Pearson's Plate, d. Small, roundish, and flattened. Skin greenish yellow, red next the sun. Eye open and shallow. Stalk half an ...
-Apple Varieties: R
Ravelston Pippin, d. Medium sized, roundish, irregularly shaped, and ribbed. Skin greenish yellow, covered with red streaks. Eye closed. Stalk short and thick.
-Apple Varieties: S
Sack Apple. See Devonshire Quarrenden. Sack and Sugar, d. Below medium size, roundish, inclining to oval, with prominent ridges round the eye. Skin pale yellow, ...
-Apple Varieties: T
Thorle Pippin. See Whorle Pippin. Toker's Incomparable, k. Large, ovate, broad, and flattened at the base. Skin yellowish green, with a tinge of red next the ...
-Apple Varieties: W-Y
Wadhurst Pippin, k. Above medium size, sometimes large, conical, and angular. Skin yellow, and mottled with brownish red on the side next the sun. Eye closed ...
-Apples of I. Southern Districts Of England and not extending
Further north than the river trent. 1. Summer Apples Dessert. Sack and Sugar Borovitsky Summer Golden Pippin Devonshire Quarrenden Kitchen. Early Harvest ...
-Apples of II. Northern Districts Of England Extending From The
River Trent To The River Tyne. 1. Summer Apples Dessert. Whorle Devonshire Quarrenden Kitchen. Early Harvest Carlisle Codlin Irish Peach Keswick Codlin ...
-Apples of III. Border Counties Of England And Scotland, and the
warm and sheltered situations in other parts of Scotland 1. Summer and Autumn Apples Dessert. Sir Walter Blackett's Bess Pool Summer Pearmain Cellini Summer ...
-Apples of IV. Northern Parts Of Scotland, and other exposed
situations in england and scotland. 1. Summer and Autumn Apples Those marked * require a wall. Dessert. Summer Strawberry Devonshire Quarrenden Kitchen. Early ...
-Apples V. For Espaliers, Or Dwarfs.
These succeed well when grafted on the Paradise or Doucin stock; and, from their small habit of growth, are well adapted for that mode of culture. Adams' ...
-Apples VI. For Orchard Planting As Standards.
These are generally strong-growing or productive varieties, the fruit of which being mostly of a large size, or showy appearance, they are, on that account, ...
-Apricot Varieties: A
Alberge de Montgamet. See Montgamet. D'Alexandrie. See Masch Musch. Alsace. This is a variety of the Moorpark, and is of a very large size, with a rich and ...
-Apricot Varieties: B-E
Black (Noir; Purple). About the size and shape of a small Orleans plum, to which it bears some resemblance. Skin of a deep black-purple colour next the sun, ...
-Apricot Varieties: G-M
Gros d'Alexandria See Large Early. Gros Commun. See Roman. Gros Peche. See Peach. Gros Precoce. See Large Early. Gros Rouge. See Large Bed. Hemskerk. Rather ...
-Apricot Varieties: N-P
De Nancy. See Peach. Noir, See Black. Oldaker's Moorpark. See Moorpark. Peach (Peche; Gros Peche; De Nancy; De Wirtem-berg; Royal Peach). Large, oval, and ...
-Apricot Varieties: R-S
Red Masculine. Small, roundish. Skin bright yellow on the shaded side; deep orange, spotted with dark red, next the sun. Suture well defined. Flesh yellow, ...
-Apricot Varieties: T-W
Tardive d'Orleans. This is a late variety, ripening a fortnight after the Moorpark. Temple's See Moorpark. Turkey. Medium size, nearly round, not compressed.
-List Of Select Apricots
I. For The Southern Counties Of England Extending As Fab North As The River Trent. For Walls. Hemskerk Peach Kaisha Large Early Large Red Moorpark Pine Apple ...
-Berberries.
Berberries, though, not cultivated to any extent, may be enumerated among the British fruits. The Common Berberry is found wild in hedgerows, and is also ...
-Cherries. Synopsis Of Cherries.
In the following arrangement I have endeavoured to classify all those varieties of cherries that are most nearly allied to each other, for the purpose of ...
-Cherries I. Geans.
Branches rigid and spreading, forming round-headed trees. Leaves long, waved on the margin, thin and flaccid, and feebly supported on the footstalks. Flowers ...
-Cherries II. Griottes.
Branches either upright, spreading, or more or less long, Blender, and drooping. Leaves flat, dark green, glabrous under- neath, and borne stiffly on the ...
-Cherry Varieties: A
Adams' Crown. Medium sized, obtuse heart-shaped, and slightly compressed on one side. Skin pale red, mottled with yellow. Stalk two inches long. Flesh white, ...
-Cherry Varieties: B
Baramdam. See Paramdam. Baumann's May (Bigarreau de Mai; Trempee Pre-coce). Medium sized, ovate, inclining to cordate, and irregular in its shape. Skin of a ...
-Cherry Varieties: C
Carnation (Nouvelle d'Angleterre; De Villenne; Rouge pale; Wax Cherry). Large, round, and flattened, inclining to oblate. Skin thin, light red at first, but ...
-Cherry Varieties: D
Dauphine. See Belle de Choisy. Delicate. Large, roundish, and flattened. Skin thin and translucent, fine rich amber coloured, quite covered with mottling of ...
-Cherry Varieties: e
Early Amber (Early Amber Heart; Rivers Early Amber Heart). Above medium size, heart-shaped. Skin pale amber, with a flush of red next the sun. Stalk two inches ...
-Cherry Varieties: F
Flanders. See Cluster. Flemish. Pomologists have fallen into great mistakes with regard to this cherry, particularly those who make it synonymous with Gros ...
-Cherry Varieties: g
Gascoigne's Heart (Bleeding Heart; Herefordshire Heart; Red Heart). Above medium size, heart-shaped, broad at the stalk, and terminating at the apex in an ...
-Cherry Varieties: h
Harrison's Heart (White Bigarreau). Very large, distinctly heart-shaped, and uneven in its outline. Skin at first of a yellowish white, but becoming all over ...
-Cherry Varieties: I-K
Indulle. See Early May. Jeffreys' Duke (Cherry Duke of Duhamel; Jeffreys' Royal; Royale). Medium sized, round, and a little flattened, produced upon stalks of ...
-Cherry Varieties: L
Lacure. See Black Heart. Lady Southampton's. This is a medium sized, yellow, heart-shaped cherry, of the Bigarreau class, with firm, but not juicy, flesh. It ...
-Cherry Varieties: M-N
Mammoth (Kirtland's Mammoth). Very large, often an inch and an eighth in diameter; obtuse heart-shaped. Skin clear yellow, flushed and marbled with red. Stalk ...
-Cherry Varieties: O-Q
Ohio Beauty. Large, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin pale yellow, overspread with red. Mesh pale, tender, brisk, and juicy. Beginning of July. Osceola. Above medium ...
-Cherry Varieties: R
Ratafia (Brune de Bruxelles). Medium sized, round, and a little flattened at both ends. Skin dark brown, nearly black, and very shining. Stalk an inch and a ...
-Cherry Varieties: S
St. Margaret's. See Tradescant's Heart. Seize a la Livre. See Heine Hortense. Shannon Morello. Above medium size, round, and flattened at the stalk. Skin dark ...
-Cherry Varieties: T
Tardive de Mans (Merveille de Septembre). Small, ovate, flattened at the stalk. Skin smooth and shining, clear red in the shade, and mottled with purplish red ...
-Cherry Varieties: V-W
Virginian May. See Kentish. Ward's Bigarreau. See Monstrous Heart, Waterloo. Large, obtuse heart-shaped, depressed at the apex, and flattened on one side. Skin ...
-List Of Select Cherries, Arranged According To Their Order Of
Ripening. I. For Gardens. These all succeed well in the open ground, or as espaliers; and those for dessert use are all worthy of being grown against a wall, ...
-Chestnuts.
We can hardly call the chestnut a British fruit. It is true, that in some situations in the southern counties it ripens fruit, but that is generally so very ...
-Crabs.
These are grown mainly for ornament. Their fruit, being generally very highly or delicately coloured, contribute to the decoration of shrubberies in the autumn; ...
-Cranberries.
Though these cannot be grown so generally as the other kinds of fruits, there are some who, having devoted their attention to the subject, have succeeded in ...
-Currants.
Black Grape. See Ogden's Black. Black Naples (New Black). Bunches short, but pro-duced in great abundance. Berries larger than any other variety, frequently ...
-List Of Select Currants.
Black. Long-bunched Red Black Naples Raby Castle Ogden's Mack Red Dutch Red Cherry White Knight's Large Red White Dutch
-Figs. Synopsis Of Figs
I. Fruit Round, Roundish, Or Turbinate. Skin dark. Flesh red. Black Bourjassotte Early Violet Black Genoa Malta Black Ischia Pregussata Brown Ischia Skin pale.
-Figs: A-B
Angelique (Melitte; Madeleine; Coucourelle Blanche). Below medium size, about two inches long and an inch and three quarters broad; obovate. Skin yellow, ...
-Figs: C-L
Chestnut-coloured Ischia. See Brown Ischia. Clementine. See Brunswick. Common Purple. See Brown Turkey. Cyprus. See Yellow Ischia. Early. See Brown Turkey.
-Figs: M-N
Madeleine. See Angelique. Madonna. See Brunswick. Malta (Small Brown). Small, roundish-turbinate, compressed at the apex. Skin pale brown, when fully ripe.
-Figs: P-R
(Eil de Perdrix. Small. Skin yellowish, with a brownish tinge, having a small, bright red circle under the surface round the eye: hence the origin of the name.
-Figs: S-Y
Savantine (Cordelliere). Fruit round, marked along its length with prominent nerves. Skin pale yellow. Flesh pale red. Singleton. See White Ischia. Small Blue.
-List Of Select Figs.
I. For Standards. Black Ischia Brown Ischia Brown Turkey II. For Walls. Black Genoa Brown Turkey Black Ischia Brunswick Brown Ischia Marseilles III. For ...
-Synopsis Of Gooseberries. I. Skin Red.
Round or Roundish. a. Skin smooth. Ironmonger Prince Regent (Boardman's) Lancashire Lad (Hartshorn's) Small Red Globe Raspberry Rifleman (Leigh's) B. Skin ...
-Synopsis Of Gooseberries. I. Skin Yellow.
Mound or Roundish. A. Skin smooth. C. Skin hairy. Yellow Ball Rockwood (Prophet's) Yellow Ball Sulphur B. Skin downy. Yellow Champagne Golden Drop Yellow ...
-Synopsis Of Gooseberries. III. Skin Green.
Mound or Roundish. A. Skin smooth. Joke (Hodkinsons's) Glory of Kingston Perfection (Gregory's) Green Gage (Horsefield's) C. Skin hairy. Green Gascoigne B.
-Synopsis Of Gooseberries. IV. Skin White.
Hound or Roundish. A. Skin smooth. c. Skin hairy. Crystal Hedgehog White Rasp Royal White B. Skin downy. Snowball (Adams') Early White Oblong, oval, or ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: A-C
Abraham Newland (Jackson's), l.p. Large and oblong. Skin white and hairy. Highly flavoured and excellent. Bush erect. Amber (Yellow Amber; Smooth Amber).
-Gooseberry Varieties: D-F
Dr. Davies' Upright. See Bed Champagne. Double Bearing. See Red Walnut (Eckersley's). Duck Wing (Buerdsill's), l.p. Large and obovate. Skin yellow, and smooth.
-Gooseberry Varieties: G
Glenton Green (York Seedling). Medium sized, oblong, narrowest at the base. Skin rather thick, very hairy, green, and with whitish veins. Of a sweet and an ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: H-J
Hairy Amber. See Yellow Champagne. Hairy Black. See Ironmonger. Hairy Bed (Barton's). Small and roundish. Skin thick, red, and slightly hairy. Briskly and well ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: K-O
Keens' Seedling (Keens' Seedling Warrington). Medium sized, oblong. Skin brownish red, hairy. Of first-rate quality. Bush pendulous; a great bearer, and ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: P-Q
Pastime (Bratherton's), l.p. Large and roundish. Skin dark red, and hairy. Of second-rate quality. The fruit is often furnished with extra bracts attached to ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: R
Raspberry (Old Preserver; Nutmeg). Fruit small, roundish-oblong. Skin thick, dark red, and hairy. Richly flavoured and sweet. Ripens early. Bush spreading, and ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: S-T
Scotch Nutmeg. Medium sized, roundish. Skin red, hairy, or downy. Flavour second-rate. Bush erect. Shakespere (Denny's), l.p. Large and roundish. Skin red, and ...
-Gooseberry Varieties: V-Y
Victory (Lomas'), l.p. Large and roundish. Skin red, and hairy. Of second-rate flavour, but much esteemed for cooking. Bush pendulous. Victory (Mather's), l.p.
-Select Gooseberries. Desert and Exhibition
For Dessert Use Red. Ironmonger Red Warrington Keens' Seedling Rough Red Miss Bold Scotch Nutmeg Raspberry Small Rough Red Red Champagne Turkey Red Red Globe ...
-Synopsis Of Grapes. I. Berries Round, Or Nearly So.
* Black or Purple. A. Muscats Bidwill's Seedling August Muscat Black Corinth Black Frontignan Black Damascus Caillaba Black July Early Black Muscat Black ...
-Synopsis Of Grapes. II. Berries Oval, Or Nearly So.
* Black or Purple. a. Muscats. Black Prince Black Muscat of Alexandria Blussard Noir Isabella Burchardt's Prince Muscat Hamburgh Cambridge Botanic Garden Gros ...
-Grape Varieties: A
Aiga Passera. See Black Corinth. Aleppo (Striped Muscadine; Variegated Chasselas; Chasselas Panache; Morillon Panache; Raisin d'Alep; Raisin Suisse). Bunches ...
-Grape Varieties: B
Black Monukka. Bunches very large, and well set; ovate, and broadly shouldered. Berries of an oblong-ovate shape, like those of the Finger Grape, dark red or ...
-Grape Varieties: C
Caillaba (Caillaba Noir Musquee). Bunches long. Berries rather below medium size, round. Skin thin, but membranous, black. Flesh tender, juicy, and sweet, with ...
-Grape Varieties: D-E
Dutch Hamburgh (Wilmot's Hamburgh). Bunches medium sized, compact, and rarely shouldered. Berries very large, roundish-oblate, uneven and hammered. Skin thick, ...
-Grape Varieties: G
Finger Grape. See Cornichon Blanc. Flame-coloured Tokay. See Lombardy. Frankenthal. See page 121. Froc de la Boulaye. See Prolific Sweetwater. Fruher Leipziger.
-Grape Varieties: H-J
Hampton Court. See Black Hamburgh. Horsforth Seedling. See Morocco. Isabella. Bunches large. Berries large and oval. Skin thin, of a dark purple colour, almost ...
-Grape Varieties: K-L
Kempsey Alicante. Bunches six to eight inches long, not shouldered, and rather thickly set. Berries very large, from an inch to an inch and a quarter long, and ...
-Grape Varieties: M
Macready's Early White. See St. John's. Madeira Muscat. Bunches of medium size, rather compact. Berries above medium size, round. Skin red-dish-purple. Flesh ...
-Grape Varieties: N-O
Negropont Chasselas (Chasselas de Negrepont). This is a variety which, in the bunches and foliage, re-sembles the Royal Muscadine. The berries are at first of ...
-Grape Varieties: P
Palestine. See Syrian. Panse Musque. See Muscat of Alexandria. Parsley-leaved. See Ciotat. Passe Musque. See Muscat of Alexandria. Passolina Nera. See Black ...
-Grape Varieties: R
Raisin d'Alep. See Aleppo. Raisin d'Autriche. See Ciotat. Raisin de Calabre. See Calabrian Raisin. Raisin des Carmes. See West's St. Peter's. Raisin de Cuba.
-Grape Varieties: S
St. Jean. See Black July. St. John's (Raisin de St. Jean; Joannec; Joannenc; Blanche; Lashmar's Seedling; Macready's Early White). Bunches about five inches ...
-Grape Varieties: T-U
Terre de la Promise. See Syrian. Teta de Vaca. See Cornichon Blanc. Tokai Musque. See Chasselas Musque. Tokay. The Hungarian wine, called Tokay, is not ...
-Grape Varieties: W
Weisser Riessling. See White Rissling. West's St. Peter's (Black Lombardy, Money's St. Peter's; Poonah; Raisin des Carmes; Raisin de Cuba). Bunches large, ...
-List Of Select Grapes.
For small establishments those marked should be chosen. I. For Walls In The Open Air Muscats. Early Malingre Early Black Muscat Early White Malvasia Early ...
-Medlars.
Broad-leaved Dutch. See Dutch. Dutch (Broad-leaved Dutch; Gros Fruit; Gros Fruit Monstrueux; Large Dutch). This is by far the largest and most generally grown ...
-Mulberries.
The only variety cultivated in this country for its fruit is the Black Mulberry (Morus nigra), and it is only in the southern counties where it attains ...
-Nectarines
SYNOPSIS OF NECTARINES. I. FREESTONES Flesh separating from the stone. * Leaves without glands. A. Flowers large. b. Flowers small. Bowden Hunt's Tawny ...
-Nectarine Varieties: A-B
Anderdon's. See Old Newington. Aromatic. See Violette Hative. Balgowan (Balgone). Fruit very large, roundish, inclining to ovate. Skin pale green, mottled with ...
-Nectarine Varieties: D-E
Downton. Fruit rather larger than Violette Hative, roundish oval. Skin pale green in the shade, but deep red next the sun. Flesh pale green, reddish at the ...
-Nectarine Varieties: F-I
Fairchild's. Fruit small, round, slightly flattened at the top. Skin yellowish-green, bright red next the sun. Flesh yellow to the stone, dry, and sweet. Stone ...
-Nectarine Varieties: L-N
Large Scarlet. See Violette Hative. Large White. See White. Late Green. See Peterborough. Late Melting. This appears to be a variety of Peterborough, but the ...
-Nectarine Varieties: O-P
Oatlands. See Elruge. Oldenburg. Fruit medium sized, ovate. Skin pale yellow on the shaded side, but very much covered with very dark red on the side next the ...
-Nectarine Varieties: R-S
Red Roman. See Roman. Rivers' Orange. This is a seedling raised from Pit-maston Orange, and differs from its parent in having kidney-shaped instead of round ...
-Nectarine Varieties: T-W
Temple. See Elruge. Vermash. See Peterborough. Violet. See Violette Hative. Violette de Courson. See Violette Grosse. Violette Grosse (Grosse Violette Hative; ...
-List Of Select Nectarines.
Those marked * are suitable for small collections. *Balgowan Pitmaston Orange Downton * Rivers' Orange Early Newington * Roman * Elruge Stanwick * Hardwicke ...
-Nuts And Filberts
Synopsis Of Nuts I. nuts. The husk shorter than, or as long as, the Nut. Bond Downton Square Cob Pearson's Prolific Cosford II.. filberts. Husk longer than the ...
-Synopsis Of Peaches.
I. FREESTONES. Flesh separating freely from the stone. * Leaves without glands. A. Flowers large. Red Magdalene Early Anne Sulhamstead Early Savoy Vanguard ...
-Peache Varieties: A
Abec. Fruit of medium size and roundish, pitted at the apex, one side of which is higher than the other, and with a shallow suture, which is also higher on one ...
-Peache Varieties: B
Barrington (Buckingham Mignonne; Colonel Ansley's). Fruit large, roundish-ovate. Skin downy, yellowish-green, marbled with red next the sun. Suture well de- ...
-Peache Varieties: C-D
Catherine. Fruit large, roundish, elongated, swollen on one side of the suture, and terminated by a small nipple. Skin yellowish-green, dotted with bright red ...
-Peache Varieties: E
Early Admirable (Admirable). Fruit large, roundish. Skin fine clear light yellow in the shade, and bright red next the sun. Suture distinct. Flesh white, pale ...
-Peache Varieties: F-G
Flat Peach of China (China Peach; Java Peach). Fruit small, so much depressed at both ends as to form a deep hollow on each; in the top one is set a broad, ...
-Peache Varieties: H-K
Hardy Galande. See Violette Hative. Hative de Ferrieres. Fruit medium sized, roundish, marked with a shallow suture, which is higher on one side than the other.
-Peache Varieties: L-M
Late Admirable (Judd's Melting; Motteux' Seedling). Fruit very large, elongated, terminated with an acute swollen nipple. Skin yellowish-green, pale red and ...
-Peache Varieties: N-O
Neil's Early Purple. See Grosse Mignonne. New Royal Charlotte. See Royal Charlotte. Nivette(Dorsetshire; Veloutee Tardive). Fruit round, elongated, depressed ...
-Peache Varieties: P
Padley's Early Purple. See Grosse Mignonne. Pavie Camu. See Pavie de Pompone. Pavie Monstrueuse. See Pavie de Pompone. Pavie de Pompone (Gros Malecoton; Gros ...
-Peache Varieties: R
Red Alberge. See Yellow Alberge. Red Avant. See Red Nutmeg. Red Magdalen (French Magdalen; Madeleine de Courson; Madeleine Rouge). Fruit rather below medium ...
-Peache Varieties: S-T
St. Laurent Jaune. See Rosanna. Salway. Fruit medium sized, round. Skin of a deep rich yellow colour. Flesh deep orange colour, very melting, juicy, and vinous.
-Peache Varieties: V-W
Vanguard. This is a variety of Noblesse, and so similar to it that the fruits cannot be distinguished the one from the other. The only apparent distinction is ...
-List Of Select Peaches
Arranged in the order of ripening. Small Mignonne Early Grosse Mignonne Early York Abec Crawford's Early Grosse Mignonne Royal George Noblesse Bellegarde ...
-Pear Varieties: A
Abbe Mongein. See Uvedale's St. Germain. Abondance. See Amour. Achan (Black Achan; Black Bess; Red Achan; Winter Beurre). Fruit medium sized, obovate, ...
-Pear Varieties: B
Badham's. See Brown Beurre. Bancreif. See Crawford. Banneux. See Jaminette. Baronne de Mello (Adele de St. Denis; Beurre Van Mons; His). Fruit large, of a ...
-Pear Varieties: B2
Beurre Benoit (Auguste Benoit; Benoit). Fruit medium sized, obovate. Skin pale yellow, strewed with patches and dots of pale brown russet. Eye open, placed in ...
-Pear Varieties: B3
Bezi de Bretagne. This is very similar in appearance to Passe Colmar, to which race it evidently belongs. The flesh is crisp, breaking, and very coarse-grained, ...
-Pear Varieties: C
De Cadet. See Bergamotte Cadet. Caillot Rosat (English Caillot Rosat; King Pear). Fruit above medium size, pyriform. Skin smooth, greenish-yellow in the shade, ...
-Pear Varieties: D
Davy. See Flemish Beauty. Dean's. See White Doyenne. Dearborn's Seedling. Fruit small, turbinate. Skin smooth, of a pale yellow colour, strewed with small ...
-Pear Varieties: E
Early Beurre. See Ambrosia. Early Catherine (of America). See Early Rousselet. Early Charnock. See Charnock. Early Rose Angle. See Citron des Carmes. Early ...
-Pear Varieties: F
Fanfareau. See Hampden's Bergamot. Figue d'Alencon {Bonnissime de la Sarthe; Figue d'Hiver. Emit medium sized, pyriform. Skin greenish-yellow, strewed with ...
-Pear Varieties: G
Gagnee a Heuze. See Flemish Beauty. Galston Moorfowl's Egg. Fruit below medium size, short obovate. Skin greenish-yellow,entirely covered with thin pale brown ...
-Pear Varieties: H
Hacon's Incomparable (Downham Seedling). Fruit above medium size, roundish. Skin pale yellowish-green, sometimes with a brownish tinge on one side, and strewed ...
-Pear Varieties: I-J
Imperatrice de Bois. See Flemish Beauty. L'Inconnue (L'Inconnue Van Mons). Fruit large and pyriform. Skin rough to the feel, greenish-yellow, covered with ...
-Pear Varieties: K-L
King Edward's (Jackman's Melting). Fruit very ]arge, the size and shape of Uvedale's St. Germain. Skin smooth and shining, of a beautiful grass-green colour, ...
-Pear Varieties: M
Mabile. See Napoleon. Madame. See Windsor. Madame Durieux. Fruit medium sized, bergamot-shaped. Skin greenish-yellow, mottled with large patches of russet, ...
-Pear Varieties: N
Napoleon (Bonaparte; Bon Chretien NapoLeon; Beurre Napoleon; Captif de St. Helene; Charles X., Gloire de l'Empereur; Liard; Mabile; Medaille; Napoleon d'Hiver; ...
-Pear Varieties: O-P
Ognonet. See Summer Archduke. Ognonet Musque. See Summer Archduke. Oken d'Hiver. See Winter Oken. L'Orpheline. See Beurre d'Aremberg. L'Orpheline d'Enghein.
-Pear Varieties: R
Rameau (Surpasse Reine). Fruit large, oblong-oval, and uneven in its outline. Skin lemon-yellow, mottled and dotted with russet. Eye open, slightly depressed.
-Pear Varieties: S
Saffran d'Automne. See Spanish Bon Chretien. SafFran d'Ete. See Summer Bon Chretien. St. Denis. Fruit small, turbinate, and uneven in its outline. Skin pale ...
-Pear Varieties: T
Table des Princes. See Jargonelle. Tardif de Mons. Fruit oblong-obovate, even and regularly formed. Skin of a uniform yellow colour, paler on the shaded side, ...
-Pear Varieties: U-V
Union. See Uvedales St. Germain. Urbaniste (Beurre Drapiez; Beurre Picquery; Louise d'Orleans; Picquery; St. Marc; Serrurier d'Automne; Virgalieu Musquee).
-Pear Varieties: W-Z
Warwick Bergamot. See White Doyenne. Welbeck Bergamot. Fruit above medium size, roundish, uneven in its outline, and bossed about the stalk. Skin smooth and ...
-Lists Of Select Pears
Arranged in their order of ripening. I. Collections Of Six Varieties For Pyramids, Bushes, Or Espaliers. 1. Jargonelle Soldat Esperen Williams' Bon Chretien ...
-Synopsis Of Plums. I. Fruit Round.
* Summer shoots smooth. Prince of Wales A. Freestones. Suisse Angelina Burdett Corse's Nota Bene 2. Skin pale. Damas de Mangeron Italian Damask A. Freestones.
-II. Fruit Oval.
Summer shoots smooth. 1. Skin dark. 2. Skin palb. A. Freestones. A. Freestones. D'Agen Autumn Gage Autumn Compote Damas Dronet Cooper's Large Dunmore Early ...
-Plum Varieties: A
Abricotee Blanche. See Apricot. Abricotee de Braunau. Fruit about medium size, roundish, and marked with a deep suture. Skin green, like the Green Gage, ...
-Plum Varieties: B
Battle Monument. See Blue Perdrigon. Becker's Scarlet. See Lombard. Beekman's Scarlet. See Lombard. Belgian Purple (Bleu de Belgique). Fruit medium sized, ...
-Plum Varieties: C
Caledonian. See Goliath. De Catalogue. See White Primordian. Catalonian. See White Primordian. Cerisette Blanche. See White Primordian. Chapman's Prince of ...
-Plum Varieties: D
Damas Blanc. See White Damask. Damas Blanc Gros. See White Damask. Damas Blanc Hatif Gros. See White Damask. Damas Dronet. Fruit small, oval, and without any ...
-Plum Varieties: E-F
Early Damask. See Morocco. Early Favorite (Rivers' Early Favorite; Rivers' No. 1). Fruit rather below medium size, roundish-oval, and marked with a shallow ...
-Plum Varieties: G
General Hand. Fruit very large, roundish-oval, marked with a slight suture. Skin deep golden yellow, marbled with greenish-yellow. Stalk long, inserted in a ...
-Plum Varieties: I
Ickworth's Imperatrice (Kniglit's No. 6). Fruit large, obovate. Skin purple, marked with yellow streaks. Stalk stout, an inch or more in length. Flesh greenish- ...
-Plum Varieties: J-K
Jaune de Catalogue. See White Primordian. Jaune Hative. See White Primordian. Jefferson. Fruit large, oval, narrowing a little towards the stalk, and marked ...
-Plum Varieties: L
Large Green Drying. See Knight's Green Drying. Late Green Gage (Heine Claude d October; Heine Claude Tardive). Fruit of the same shape but smaller than the ...
-Plum Varieties: M
McLaughlin. Fruit large, roundish-oblate. Skirt thin and tender, of a fine yellow colour, dotted and mottled with red, and covered with thin grey bloom. Stalk ...
-Plum Varieties: N-O
Nectarine (Howell's Large; Jenkins Imperials Peach; Prune Peche). Fruit large,roundish, and hand-somely formed. Skin purple, covered with fine azure bloom.
-Plum Varieties: P
Parker's Mammoth. See Washington. Paterson's. See Gisborne's. Peach. Fruit large, roundish, inclining to oblate, marked with a shallow suture on one side. Skin ...
-Plum Varieties: Q-R
Queen Claudia. See Green Gage. Queen Mother (Pigeons Heart). Fruit below medium size, round, and marked with a slight suture. Skin dark red next the sun, but ...
-Plum Varieties: S
St. Barnabe. See White Primordian. St. Catherine. Fruit medium sized, obovate, tapering towards the stalk, and marked with a suture which is deepest at the ...
-Plum Varieties: T-V
Tardive de Chalons. Fruit rather small, round, inclining to oval, and marked with a well-defined suture. Skin brownish-red, thinly strewed with minute dots.
-Plum Varieties: W-Z
Washington {Bolmar; Bolmar's Washington; Franklin; Irving's Bolmar; Parker's Mammoth). Fruit large, roundish-ovate, with a faint suture on one side. Skin of a ...
-Lists Of Select Plums,
Arranged in their order of ripeniny. I. For Dessert. July Green Gage Abricotee de Braunau Peach Jefferson De Montfort Kirke's Denniston's Superb Topaz ...
-Synopsis Of Raspberries
I. Summer Beabers. 2. Fruit Bed. Barnet Northumberland Fillbasket Carter's Prolific Prince of Wales Corn well's Victoria Bed Antwerp Cushing Bound Antwerp ...
-Raspberry Varieties: A-B
American Black. See Black Cap. D'Anvers a Fruits Ronds. See Hound Antwerp. Autumn Black. This is a variety raised by Mr. Rivers from the new race of Black ...
-Raspberry Varieties: C-N
Carter's Prolific. Fruit large and round, of a deep red colour, with a firm flesh of excellent flavour. A summer-bearing variety. De Chili. See Yellow Antwerp.
-Raspberry Varieties: O-Y
October Red (Merveille de Quatre Saisons Rouge.) The fruit of this variety produced from the old canes left in spring is small and inferior; but the suckers ...
-List Of Select Raspberries.
Autumn Black October Yellow Carter's Prolific Rogers' Victoria Fastolf Round Antwerp October Red Sweet Yellow Antwerp
-Strawberry Varieties: A-B
Aberdeen Seedling. See Roseberry. Adair. Fruit medium sized, roundish-ovate, even and regular in its shape. Skin of a uniform dark red colour. Seeds not deeply ...
-Strawberry Varieties: C-D
Captain Cook. Fruit large, roundish-ovate, and irre-gular. Skin deep scarlet, and frequently greenish at the point. Flesh pale scarlet, solid throughout, juicy ...
-Strawberry Varieties: E-G
Eleanor (Myatt's Eleanor). Fruit very large, conical or wedge-shaped, regular and handsome in its outline. Seeds considerably embedded, with prominent ridges ...
-Strawberry Varieties: H-K
Highland Mary. Fruit above medium size, conical, and inclining to cockscomb shape. Skin dark red. Seeds small, not deeply embedded. Flesh white, rather hollow ...
-Strawberry Varieties: M-N
Mammoth (Hyatt's Mammoth). Fruit immensely large, flattened, deeply furrowed and ribbed, irregular and uneven in its outline. Seeds small and very slightly ...
-Strawberry Varieties: O-R
Old Pine (Black Pine; Carolina; Scarlet Pine). Fruit medium sized, ovate, even and regular, and with a glossy neck. Seeds prominent. Skin deep red. Flesh pale ...
-Strawberry Varieties: S-W
Scarlet Pine. See Old Pine. Seedling Eliza. See Rivers Eliza. Sir Charles Napier. Fruit very large, ovate, flattened, and wedge-shaped. Seeds not deeply ...
-List Of Select Strawberries.
Black Prince Highland Chief British Queen Keens' Seedling Carolina Superba Myatt's Eliza Deptford Pine Oscar Duchesse de Trevise Princess Royal of England ...
-Walnut Varieties
A Bijoux. See Large Fruited. Common. The common walnut being raised from seeds there are a great number of varieties among those grown in this country, varying ...
-Horticultural and Gardening Books
Published Weekly, Price Threepence; Stamped Fourpence; And In Monthly Parts, Illustrated with, numerous highly-finished Engravings, Country Gentleman, AND ...









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