Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals | by Thomas Joseph Dwyer
The author has been constantly associated in every conceivable way
with the hardy fruits and ornamentals for over thirty years. He has
thought, talked and written about them daily during that period;
moreover, he has lived in their midst all this time, has handled and
cared for them from the bud and scion to the fruit and flower. For
some time past he has longed for an opportunity to tell the story that
|Title||Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals|
|Author||Dwyer, Thomas Joseph|
|Publisher||T. J. Dwyer & Son, Cornwall, N. Y.|
who was all Love
- The author has been constantly associated in every conceivable way
with the hardy fruits and ornamentals for over thirty years. He has
thought, talked and written about them daily during that period;
- Tree Fruits | Preparation Of The Soil
- Land that has been previously cropped with fruits, grains or
vegetables is admirably adapted to the planting of the Apple and other
Tree Fruits; also land that is in sod can, with proper and persisten...
- Tree Fruits | Holding Stock Over
- It sometimes happens that parties are not ready to plant their trees,
plants and vines as soon as received. When this is the case, the stock
should be heeled in the ground; this is done by making a ...
- Tree Fruits | How To Plant
- Where the conditions are right and suitable you can make deep furrows
singly or crosswise of the field with the use of the team and soil
plow which will save considerable labor in the digging of the h...
- Tree Fruits | When To Plant
- Plant your trees in the Spring as early as possible -- the earlier the
better after you can get your ground in proper condition for tilling
or preparing the soil. You cannot do this work too early, bu...
- Tree Fruits | Cultivation
- We wish we were able to show clearly and plainly in this
little work the absolute necessity of doing this important task at the right
- Tree Fruits | After Pruning
- This must be attended to annually with unfailing regularity; it is
absolutely indispensable to success. There is no iron-clad rule that
can be applied intelligently to all kinds of tree fruits, or in ...
- Tree Fruits | Other Spraying Formulas
- The separate sprays hereafter named are to be used for many
purposes. When their use is necessary on any of the trees, plants,
vines or shrubs they will be referred to, and we will name the heading
- Tree Fruits | Formula For San Jose Scale
- The San Jose Scale is a deadly fruit tree pest, minute in size
inconspicuous in color, and remarkably prolific. It often escapes
notice until it is present in dangerous numbers. This insect attacks
- Tree Fruits | Thinning The Fruit
- A quarter of a century ago this was practically unknown and practiced
by very few fruit growers, either amateurs or professionals. Today it
is considered one of the paramount and first requirements to...
- Tree Fruits | The Use Of Clover
- We want to advise the use of the Clovers as enrichers of the soil. We
have found nothing so valuable to bring up worn out lands. Where one
has an impoverished piece of ground that is needed for fru...
- The Apple | Suitable Soils
- This King of the Tree Fruits will grow and, with proper care and
cultivation, give good results on a variety of soils and in various
climates. Most any kind of farm land that will produce a good cro...
- The Apple | Suitable Situations And Exposures
- Most any other situation or exposure except those objectionable ones
referred to above will be desirable for the apple orchard. We prefer the
northern exposure, but believe when other conditions are e...
- The Apple | Summer Varieties For Commercial Purposes.
- * Early Harvest...
- The Apple | Summer Varieties For Home Use
- From the preceding list the Red Astrachan, Yellow Transparent, Early
Harvest and Sops of Wine are the best for the private garden. ...
- The Apple | Autumn Varieties For Commercial Purposes
- * Alexander...
- The Apple | For Home Use
- Of the foregoing autumn varieties we recommend for home use Fall
Pippin, Gravenstein, Maiden's Blush, Fameuse (or Snow), Bismarck,
Porter, Autumn Sweet Bough, Catshead....
- The Apple | Winter Varieties For Commercial Purposes.
- * Baldwin
- The Apple | Winter Varieties For Home Use
- From the preceding list of twenty-six Winter Varieties we select the
sorts hereafter named as the most desirable for the home use. Baldwin,
Grimes' Golden, Newtown Pippin, Winesap, Spitzenberg (Esopus...
- The Apple | Dwarf Apples
- These should be planted in the same way as the Standard Varieties,
except that they can be planted eight or ten feet apart, then they can
be set in any odd corner of the. garden. They are of course mo...
- The Apple | Crab Apples
- These should be pruned, planted and cared for in the same way as the
standard apples, however, as they are not near as strong and
vigorous. Twenty-five feet is far enough to set them apart. They are
- The Pear
- Probably no fruit has grown as much in importance for several years as
the Pear. It is now considered quite as necessary a fruit as the
apple; it is right that it should be so, too, for it is a grand,...
- The Pear | Proper Distances To Plant Pears
- Twenty feet apart each way, is the right distance for the Standard
Pear Trees. They are often planted in the orchard in connection with
the small fruits like strawberries currants, gooseberries, raspb...
- The Pear | Summer Varieties Of Pears.
- * Osband's Summer...
- The Pear | Autumn Varieties Of Pears.
- * Worden Seckel...
- The Pear | Winter Varieties Of Pears.
- * Beurre Clairgeau...
- The Pear | Dwarf Pears
- These should be planted eight to ten feet apart, and deep enough to
cover the union of the stock and scion. The trees: should be started
with the branches one foot from the ground. They need to have t...
- Peach Trees
- No single family of fruits of the tree, bush and vine has grown in
importance for the last ten years like the Peach. It is the fact that
during this period the consumption of all fruits has increased ...
- The Peach | Varieties Of Peaches
- There is an almost endless assortment of Peaches; our aim is to reduce
the list as far as possible to cover the entire season for fruit and
make what we consider the best selection for commercial orch...
- Apricot Trees
- Where this fruit can be grown, in some few favored localities and in
some especially sheltered warm gardens it is a great success and an
interesting valuable fruit, coming into bearing a short time af...
- Apricot Trees | European Varieties Of Apricots.
- * Acme
- Apricot Trees | Russian Varieties Of Apricots
- Russian Varieties Of Apricots are valuable acquisitions and are quite
distinct from the European varieties. Their leading characteristics,
are extreme hardiness, early bearing, productiveness, and fre...
- Plum Trees
- The ground should be prepared for these, the same as for the other
fruit trees, such as Apples and Pears, and as fully explained in the
opening chapter of this book. The Plum is very important, valuab...
- Plum Trees | Plums -- Japan Varieties
- This comparatively new family has revolutionized plum growing for some
years past. They are in many essential ways different and preferable
to our European sorts. The trees are hardier and will endure...
- Plum Trees |Japan Plums -- Leading Varieties
- * America
- Plum Trees | Plums For Profit
- The author has for several years fruited many varieties of the Japan
Plums in a large way, having several hundred trees under
cultivation. They have been a satisfactory and profitable crop at all
- Plum Trees | European Plums
- These should, like the Japan sorts, be planted twenty feet apart and
should be treated in the same way. Under similar conditions they are
not as vigorous growers as the Japs and, of course, do not nee...
- This is a very valuable and interesting fruit, but like the Apricot,
it requires some special warm, sheltered place and thorough tillage in
order to thrive and produce fruit; then it will give astonis...
- Cherry Trees
- Most any kind of land is suitable for the Cherry, excepting ground
that is excessively moist or where water remains on the surface any
great length of time after a rain storm. It should be remembered,...
- Cherry Trees | The Heart And Bigarreau Cherries
- These are commonly called sweet cherries, and
are large, vigorous growers and make a magnificent tree with large, open,
spreading heads. They are ornamental and the foliage remains on the trees the
- Varieties Of Cherries: Heart And Bigarreau
- One of the things that we have reason to be grateful for in
horticulture is the rather limited list of varieties of cherries as
compared with other fruits. The disseminators of new fruits have not
- Varieties Of Cherries: Duke And Morrello Cherries
- These should be planted fifteen feet apart, and should be treated much
the same as the Heart and Bigarreau. The trees are not near as large
as the last mentioned family and can be planted closer toget...
- Quince Trees
- This is a very valuable fruit and profitable when well grown and cared
for. It is of late years being planted quite extensively. The Quince
succeeds on most any kind of land, over a wide territory, an...
- The Mulberry
- This tree is not extensively grown and cultivated for its fruit, which
is not popular with the classes, probably because we have such a
quantity of fruit at its season of ripening that is richer and o...
- Nut tree planting has become very popular of late. We have been
importing annually over two million dollars worth of nuts that we
have learned of late years can be grown just as easily in our own
- Nuts | Chestnuts
- * Paragon
- Nuts | Pecans
- * Pecan
- Nuts | Hickory Nuts.
- * Shellbark...
- Nuts | Walnuts
- Japan Walnut (Sieboldiana)...
- The Strawberry
- Queen of the Small Fruits. My life has been more closely associated
with the Strawberry than with any other fruit. At this period and
after a protracted and uninterrupted experience of thirty-five y...
- Varieties Of Strawberries
- We have in the past twenty-five years fruited many hundreds of
varieties of strawberries. For one reason or another nearly all of
them have been discarded. It will probably surprise some of our
- The Cost To Get An Acre Of Strawberries In Bearing
- We have been asked this question so often, and as it is so generally
discussed, the writer has thought best to give his readers at least an
approximate idea. While the cost will vary somewhat under di...
- Any land that will grow a crop of grain or vegetables will do for
Raspberries. There are four families of these, namely: The Reds,
The Blacks, The Pinks, and The Yellows, all requiring the sam...
- Raspberries | Red Varieties.
- * Cuthbert
- Raspberries | Black Varieties
- * Cumberland...
- Raspberries | Pink Varieties
- * Cardinal
- Raspberries | Yellow Varieties
- * Caroline
- Plant the same as the Blackberry....
- Dwarf Juneberry
- Plant in rows four feet apart and cultivate and prune the same as for
the Currant. A very desirable fruit that we consider a valuable
acquisition to the garden fruits; the bushes resemble the Currant ...
- Japanese Wineberry
- Plant and cultivate the same as Raspberries. ...
- The writer has cultivated this fruit in a large way for several years,
harvesting many thousand quarts during the fruiting season. They have
always sold to good advantage, the price ranging from ten t...
- There is perhaps no other specie of the small fruit family, with the
possible exception of the Strawberry, that is so generally adaptable
to our varied conditions of soil and climates as the Currant a...
- Red Varieties Of Currants.
- * Cherry
- White Varieties Of Currants
- * White Dutch...
- Black Varieties Of Currants
- * Black Champion...
- This is quite a desirable and valuable fruit and used for many
purposes by the housewife, and a few bushes should be in every well
provided home garden. We know some few fruit growers who grow this
- American Varieties Of Gooseberries.
- * Downing
- English Varieties Of Gooseberries
- This family of Gooseberries: are much more susceptible to mildew than
the American sorts, they are, however, fine, large fruit of high
quality and command the highest market prices....
- Hardy Grapes
- Within a radius of twenty miles of the writer's home the grape is
cultivated very extensively, perhaps more largely than in any other
section of the country. The growers here in this fruit growing re...
- Varieties Of Grapes
- There is a large and extended list of varieties of grapes. We will,
however, as with the other fruits, cut down this list as far as
possible, naming only those that are especially valuable over a wide...
- Black Varieties of Grapes.
- * Bacchus
- Red Varieties Of Grapes
- * Agawam (Roger's No. 15.)...
- White Varieties Of Grapes
- * Duchess
- This is one of the choicest and most desirable of all the fruits and
vegetables, and one of the simplest to grow. A bed once established
will, with proper care, last for fifteen to twenty years withou...
- Varieties Of Asparagus
- The writer has had considerable experience in growing the Asparagus
and experimenting with the different varieties. His belief is that on
the whole the success or failure of this vegetable is as we wi...
- Rhubarb -- Pie Plant
- This is a grateful vegetable and the first in the spring to remind us
of the good things that are to follow, it is one of the easiest
vegetables grown. It can be successfully produced in most any corn...
- Varieties Of Rhubarb.
- * Early Scarlet...
- Ornamental Trees Plants And Vines
- In order to successfully beautify our home grounds we should begin
with the primary considerations and allow the details to come along
naturally. Therefore, it is my intention to impress my readers in...
- The Best Ornamental Flowering Trees
- Although there are many other flowering trees in cultivation, I have
from personal observation selected the following as the most desirable
from many points of view, requiring no special treatment, al...
- Weeping Deciduous Trees
- The following are the most valuable and ornamental of the Weeping
Trees and should have a place on every lawn. They are almost
indispensable to the landscape gardener, possessing a character of
- Japan Maples
- The Japan Maples are so distinct in size, foliage and growth from the
other maples and ornamental trees that we place them in a group by
themselves. They are an exceedingly beautiful and interesting ...
- For Street Planting
- We must consider the location in which we are going to plant. There
are many shade trees that will thrive and do well on the home grounds, but when
employed for street planting are complete failures. ...
- Hardy Ornamental Flowering Shrubs
- We are all fully aware of the necessity of flowering shrubs in the
beautification of the rural home grounds and the great quantities of
species of this family we have to select from. having made a car...
- The Euonymus
- The Euonymus are indispensable in the decoration of the lawn on
account of their varied colored flowers and fruit, also the peculiar
form and growth of bark which is characteristic of each variety. Th...
- Hedging Plants.
- * How to Plant...
- Evergreen Hedging Trees
- The three species that follow below are the best of all the evergreens
for Hedges. They should be planted in single rows, in trenches four
feet in width and fifteen inches deep; the trees should be t...
- This is universally acknowledged to be the finest and most showy hardy
evergreen plant grown. The broad evergreen foliage, with its glossy
richness would alone entitle it to the first rank, but when i...
- The Hardy Border
- There is perhaps nothing so beautiful and valuable in the landscape
and nothing so easily and cheaply obtained as a border of ornamental
shrubs. Be your place large or small, there is always an opport...
- Evergreen Trees
- Evergreen trees produce an effect in ornamental planting not to be
obtained in any other way. It is inexpressible how much they add to
the beauty and comfort of a country residence at all seasons of ...
- Dwarf Evergreens
- Why They Should be Grown on Home Grounds. ...
- Best Varieties Of Dwarf Evergreens For General Planting
- * Thuya Globosa (Globe Headed Arbor Vitae)....
- Hardy Hybrid Perpetual Roses
- It is almost impossible to complete the adornment of the lawn without
planting a bed of the Hardy Hybrid Perpetuals. Blooming as they do at
intervals from June to September adds materially to their gr...
- Best Rose Varieties For General Planting.
- * Baroness Rothschild...
- Tea And Hybrid Tea Roses
- This class of roses can be wintered safely. All that is necessary is
to give them the same protection as the Hardy Hybrids....
- Rambler Roses
- This is the most remarkable group of Roses introduced for many
years. They are varieties of extraordinary value, notably the Crimson
and Yellow Ramblers. Among climbing roses these are most beautiful ...
- Hardy Running Or Climbing Roses
- When it is desired to cover walls, unsightly buildings, etc., with
roses, none will be found to do this work so efficiently as this class
- Tree Roses
- These beautiful novelties are without question the most pleasure and
beautiful of anything ever offered in the rose line. There is nothing
in the history of floriculture that is more beautiful than th...
- Tree Roses | Wichurajana Roses
- This most distinct and hardy rose has been found to be one of the most
useful roses, from its being essentially unique in its manner of
growth and in its general appearance. Its habit of growth is one...
- Tree Roses | Rugosa Roses
- These handsome Ramonas or Rugosa Roses still maintain the prestige to
which their admirable qualities entitle them. They are rapid growers
of neat, uniform, compact and sturdy habit, attaining a heigh...
- Hardy Creeping Vines
- We cannot successfully adorn the home grounds without employing some
specie. s of this family. They can be used to advantage for so many
purposes. The varieties we describe require no special soil and...
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Honeysuckle
- This is one of the grandest, most cheerful and interesting of the
family of climbing vines. If we we're restricted to but one flowering
plant or vine we should select the Honeysuckle. It begins bloomi...
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Clematis
- * Jackmanni...
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Wistaria
- This is one of the most popular of our hardy vines, growing very
rapidly, climbing to a height of 50 feet or more. When in bloom it is
truly magnificent. It flowers in early Spring resembling in size ...
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Akebia Quinata
- A perfectly hardy, fast growing Japan vine, with magnificent foliage,
producing flowers in large clusters of chocolate purple color;
possessing a most delicious perfume; unsurpassed for covering
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Bignonia Or Trumpet Flower
- * Tecoma Radicans (American Climbing Trumpet Vine)....
- Hardy Creeping Vines | Aristolochia.
- * Aristolochia Sipho (Dutchman's Pipe)...