This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and flattened. Skin, of a fine rich pale yellow colour, tinged with a blush of beautiful red on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, pretty large and closed, set in a round, even, and rather deep basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, short, conical. Stalk, short, inserted in a deep and round cavity. Flesh, white, tender, brisk, and pleasantly acid. Cells, ovate.
The tree is a vigorous grower, and an abundant bearer.
An American apple. It is highly esteemed in the neighbourhood of Philadelphia, and considered one of the best culinary apples in America; it is also much used for drying, for which purpose it is considered the best. It is not, however, held in great repute in this country, its size and colour being its chief recommendation.
Fruit, small; roundish oblate, very regular in its outline. Skin, deep bright crimson over the entire surface, and wonderfully beautiful when growing on the tree. Eye, with long, pointed, somewhat connivent segments, which are reflexed at the tips, set in a shallow depression. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped or conical.
Stalk, long, slender. Flesh, whitish, tinged with pink, firm, and rather dry, but sweet and pleasant. Cells, open, obovate; abaxile.
In use from October till December. The tree has a tine habit of growth, and is very productive, seeming one mass of scarlet when full of fruit. Highly worthy of cultivation as an ornamental variety.
This was received from Russia by the Royal Horticultural Society.
Male Carle. See Mela Carla.
Malingre d'Angleterre. See Calrille Malingre.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish and flattened, with prominent angles, which terminate in bold ridges round the eye. Skin, smooth, deep yellow when ripe, and with a lew faint broken streaks of red on the shaded side, but bright red, streaked with deeper red, on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, with connivent segments, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Flesh, yellow, tender, sweet, and agreeably flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, closed, sometimes slightly open.
An excellent culinary apple; in use from October till December. The tree is a free grower, and great bearer. It is much grown in Nottinghamshire.
Mammoth. See Gloria Mundi.
Fruit, medium sized; conical, and slightly angular. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow at first, but changing as it ripens to clear pale yellow, tinged with rich orange red on the side next the sun, but sometimes, when fully exposed, assuming a clear bright red cheek. Eye, small and closed, set in a small, plaited, and pretty deep basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, more or less fleshy, sometimes straight, but generally obliquely inserted, and isionally united to the fruit by a fleshy protuberance on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, brisk, juicy, and slightly perfumed. Cells, obovate; abaxile.
A very valuable early culinary apple, of first-rate quality; it is ripe in the beginning of August, and continues in use till November.
The tree is very hardy and healthy, but not a large grower. It is a very early and abundant bearer, young trees in the nursery quarters generally producing a considerable quantity of fruit when only two years old from the grafts. It is well suited for planting in exposed situations, and succeeds well in shallow soils. It forms a beautiful little tree when grafted on the paradise stock, and is well adapted for espalier training.