March Bergamot

Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, yellowish brown, partially covered with russet. Eye, placed in a slight depression. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, buttery, slightly gritty at the core, but very rich and excellent.

A dessert pear of the highest merit; in use in March, and will keep even beyond that time. The tree is particularly hardy, will succeed well as a standard, and in cold climates may be advantageously grown against a wall.

It was raised by T. A. Knight, Esq.

Marchioness. See Marquise.

Maréchal Decours. See Maréchal de Cour.

MarÉChal De Cour (Bó de la Cour; Beau de la Cour; Con-seiller de la Cour; Duc d' Orleans; Grosse Marie; Maréchal Decours)

Fruit, large, sometimes very large, being near four inches and a half long, and three inches and three-quarters wide; oblong pyriform, pretty even in its outline, but slightly undulating. Skin, thickly covered with cinnamon-coloured russet, so much so as to be encrusted with it, and permitting only very little of the pale yellow ground to show through it. Eye, large and open, with long, stout, and somewhat woody segments, set in a moderate depression. Stalk, from an inch to an inch and a quarter long, inserted on the wide, blunt apex of the fruit without depression. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, melting, and buttery, with an abundant richly flavoured juice, which is sweet, sprightly, and with a fine perfume.

This is one of the finest pears in cultivation, and ripens about the end of October and beginning of November. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and an abundant bearer, forming fine pyramids and standards. Mr. R. D. Blackmore says it is "a very fine pear. Coarse from a wall. I have grown it to weigh 18 oz."

A seedling of Dr. Van Mons, of which he sent grafts to M. Bivort in April, 1842, with the name "Marechal de Cour, gain de 1841, la meilleur existante." In the early editions of this work, I described this fruit under the name of Conseiller de la Cour, which was that under which I received it from M. Papeleu in 1847, and under which M. Bivort had also distributed it; but as that now adopted is the original name given it by Van Mons himself, a sense of propriety recommends its adoption.

Marechal Dillen (Dillen d'Autcmne)

Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and three inches wide; oblong obovate. Skin, greenish yellow, mottled and dotted with pale brown russet. Eye, open, slightly depressed. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, inserted in a wide, deep cavity, one side of which is higher than the other. Flesh, tender, juicy, very melting, with a sweet, vinous, and sprightly flavour, and a delicate musky perfume.

An excellent dessert pear; ripe in October and November. The tree attains the middle height, is healthy and an abundant bearer, forming handsome pyramids.

It was raised by Van Mons, in 1818, and was, at the request of the King of Wurtemberg, dedicated to Marechal Dillen, Chancellor of the kingdom.