Silvery, tinged with red: no golden crescent between the eyes; no black spot on the shoulder.
Pagrus vulgaris, Cuv. et Val. Poiss. torn. vi. p. 104. pl. 148. Le Pagre de la Mediterranee, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 182. Becker, Couch in Linn. Trans, vol. xiv. p. 79. Braize, or Becker, Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. i. p. 102.
(Form). Snout obtuse, like that of the S. Aurata, but the nape less elevated, and the body more elongated than in that species: head one-fourth of the entire length; depth a little more: eyes large and round: opercle more than twice as high as broad: four strong pointed teeth at the extremity of each jaw, with a group of small card-like teeth behind them; beyond these a row of five teeth obtusely conical, and four or five round ones; within, and parallel to this series, another row of five or six teeth all round: pharyngeans strong and card-like: lateral line more strongly marked than in the Gilt-head: scales on the upper part of the head and on the gill-covers smaller; those on the body larger in proportion: number in a longitudinal line nearly sixty; in the depth twenty: dorsal when laid back almost entirely-concealed in a deep groove; the spinous rays compressed, and somewhat flexible; the longest not one-third the depth of the body: anal answering to the soft portion of the dorsal; the three spinous rays sensibly stronger than those of that fin; along its base a slight scaly projection partly concealing it: pectorals pointed, contained three times and a half in the entire length, and reaching when laid back to the third spinous ray in the anal fin: ventrals only half the length of the pectorals; the spinous ray one-sixth shorter than the first soft one:
B. 6; D. 12/10; A. 3/8; C. 17; P. 15; V. 1/5.
Number of vertebra twenty-four. (Colours). Silvery, tinged with red: no semilunar mark between the eyes, as in the last species, and no dark patch on the shoulder, as in the S. centrodontus. Cuv.
So much confusion and misunderstanding prevails with respect to the species of this family, that it is not easy to attach to each correctly its proper synonyms. The present one appears to be the Becker of Mr. Couch, which is stated by that gentleman to approach the Cornish coasts during the Summer and Autumn. There is very little respecting it, at least on which any dependence can be placed, in other British writers. The Pagrus vulgaris of Fleming (the Red Gilt-head of Pennant) is probably only the Pagellus centrodontus of Cuvier and of this work. According to Cuvier, the present species is found in the Mediterranean, along with two others belonging to the same sub-genus.
(3. Pagellus, Cuv).