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Clothing And Health. An Elementary Textbook Of Home Making | by Helen Kinne



This volume treats largely of the clothing problems and of the elementary work in sewing which precedes garment making. It also includes the subject of the leading textile materials, - where they are grown and how they are manufactured ready for our use. Such topics as the hygiene of clothing, buying materials and clothing wisely, the clothing budget, the use of the commercial pattern, the care and repair of clothing, color combinations, and attractiveness in dress, are woven in with the lessons on sewing and textiles, in a very simple and elementary way.

TitleClothing And Health. An Elementary Textbook Of Home Making
AuthorHelen Kinne
PublisherThe Macmillan Company
Year1916
Copyright1916, The Macmillan Company
AmazonClothing And Health

Clothing And Health

An Elementary Textbook Of Home Making

By Helen Kinne Professor Of Household Arts Education, Teachers College Columbia University, Author Of " Food And Household Management" And "Shelter And Clothing"

And

Anna M. Cooley, B.S. Assistant Professor Of Household Arts Education, Teachers College Columbia University, Author Of " Food And Household Management " And " Shelter And Clothing "

New York The Macmillan Company

All rights reserved

Copyright, 1916, By The Macmillan Company.

Set up and electrotyped. Published September, 1916. Norwoood Press J. S. Cushing Co. - Berwick & Smith Co. Norwood, Mass., U.S.A. -

Clothing And HealthIn Olden Times The Women Prepared All The Textile Yarns At Home

In Olden Times The Women Prepared All The Textile Yarns At Home

The Home Making Series

-Preface
This volume, like its companion, Food and Health, is intended for use in the elementary schools in those sections of the country where the home life is of the type described. It is hoped that both vol...
-Chapter I. The Pleasant Valley Girls Learn To Sew
Our clothes are important for they help to keep us well. Shall we learn how to choose the materials for them, and how to make some useful articles of clothing? Sewing is an art which all girls sho...
-Lesson I. Toweling And Other Cotton Samples
Marjorie sent for samples of toweling materials. She also went to the town store to see what it had to offer, and to look for materials for petticoats and aprons. One day at school all the girls wrote...
-Lesson 2. The Story Of Cotton Growing
Do you know that our country produces three-fourths of the cotton of the world? Where is it grown? Have you heard the story of cotton? Let us learn about it. While the girls of Pleasant Valley school...
-Lesson 3. The Hemming Stitch
Let us begin to make the dish towels. What must we think about in order to hem them very neatly? Why is the hemming stitch useful? The hemming stitch is a very useful one to learn, for it can be used...
-Lesson 4. The Stitching Stitch Shall We Try To Make A Potholder And Learn Another New Stitch ?
Holders are very useful to the housekeeper. Mrs. Stark has a bag with pockets hanging near the kitchen stove and says it makes such a convenient place to keep holders, for they are always at hand read...
-Lesson 5. The Overhanding Stitch
A new game and a new stitch. Let us make the bags with the new stitch before we learn to play the game. Perhaps, instead of a potholder, you had rather make iron holders or bean bags for your League ...
-Lesson 6. Planning To Make An Apron
The girls of Pleasant Valley school decided to make caps and aprons. They help every day with the preparation of the school lunch. The aprons will keep their dresses clean, so the girls will look neat...
-Lesson 7. Using The Running And Back Stitch On The Apron
A new stitch called running and back stitch is very useful for seams (Fig. 25). It is a quick stitch, and it is strong. Let us learn to make it on the seams of the aprons. We shall need it later for o...
-Lesson 8. Making And Attaching The Apron Yokes
The yokes are to be seamed at the shoulders. There are two yokes; one is for the lining. Let us sew them together and attach them to the skirt of the apron. To make the yoke. Pin the two back portion...
-Lesson 9. How To Make A Buttonhole
The apron is now entirely finished, except for fastenings. Shall we learn to make a buttonhole, and how to sew on buttons? The Pleasant Valley girls had a contest. Barbara Oakes won a prize at the Pl...
-Lesson 10. The Use Of The Commercial Pattern
Have you ever bought a real pattern and tried to use it? Mar-jorie Allen says she thinks sometimes it is quite like a puzzle. Let us learn how to cut our petticoats from a real pattern. Can you cut a...
-Lesson 11. Taking Measurements And Cutting Out The Petticoat
We understand our skirt patterns. Let us take our skirt measures, front and back, and, if it is necessary to change our pattern, we will decide how much to add or take off before cutting the garments....
-Lesson 12. Making The Petticoats Let Us Begin To Sew The Petticoats
Notice all the notches which were marked lightly with pencil, and follow all the steps carefully: 1. Place the two back portions so that they join the front as the notches indicate. 2. Pin from the ...
-Chapter II. The Girls Of Pleasant Valley School Learn To Make Simple Garments
This year the girls of the Sewing League of Pleasant Valley will receive credit for the garments they make. Miss James will help the girls to start the garments at school and will give full credit ...
-Lesson I. Some Cotton Materials Suitable For Underwear
Suppose you order the muslin for your nightdress and, while waiting for it to arrive, learn about the cotton materials which can be used for underwear. Can you add a whole page of white materials to y...
-Lesson 2. Selecting Pattern And Cloth For Nightdress
Suppose you decide about the pattern for your nightdresses, and send for the cloth and pattern. A kimono nightdress. Miss James has a book of patterns; perhaps your teacher has. Let us look at them. ...
-Lesson 3. How Cotton Cloth Is Woven
Not long ago we learned how the cotton plant furnishes us with cotton for clothing. There are many people who help in changing the cotton from fiber to cloth. While you are waiting for the cotton mate...
-Lesson 4. The Spinning Of Cotton Into Yarn
How the manufacturer turns the cotton into yarn ready for the weaver. This is called spinning. Shall we study how it is done? Perhaps there is some one in your class who has visited a spinning mill a...
-Lesson 5. Cutting Out A Nightdress
The patterns and muslin have probably arrived. Suppose you cut out your nightdress. Miss James kept a memorandum of the amounts of material needed by each girl for her gown, and she has divided the c...
-Lesson 6. The Parts Of A Sewing Machine
Shall we examine the new machine to-day and learn to run it? You must practice before sewing your seams. Do you know that sewing machines were invented less than one hundred years ago? Our great-gra...
-Lesson 7. Practice In Threading And Running The Machine
Let us learn to thread the double thread machine and practice stitching. This requires much care, but is not difficult. The Pleasant Valley girls enjoyed this lesson very much. As we learned, there a...
-Lesson 8. The French Seam And Its Use
What kind of seams shall we make on our nightdresses? How shall we finish the bottom? The Pleasant Valley girls did most of this at school in one lesson, but finished at home. Making French seams on ...
-Lesson 9. Protection For The Body At Night
Do you know that clothes help to keep us well? Mollie Stark wishes to know what kind of clothing should be worn at night. What should be done about clothing at night? We have learned that, in order t...
-Lesson 10. Laces And Their Use
We must finish the sleeves of our nightdresses, and also the neck. Shall we use some lace? Do you know that there are many kinds of lace? How shall we sew it to the gown ? Do you know that there are ...
-Lesson 11. Trimming The Nightdress
A new way to sew on lace by hand, and an inexpensive way to trim the nightdress. Did you find it very difficult to turn the narrow hem around the neck of your nightdress? Jane Smith almost cried; but...
-Lesson 12. Choosing A Pattern And Material For A White Petticoat
Do you think you can send for the cotton material and for a pattern for a petticoat? What kind of cloth will you use? Perhaps you would prefer to make a slip instead of a skirt. Who can remember the ...
-Lesson 13. Learning To Make The Petticoat
The girls of Pleasant Valley have had so much practice that the petticoat will not be a difficult task. Do you think you will find it easy too ? Mollie Stark is delighted to make the petticoat, for s...
-Lesson 14. How To Make A Corset Cover
The new problem of corset cover is not difficult, if one has learned all the preceding lessons. Let us study how to trim this garment or the waist of a slip. Some of the girls of Pleasant Valley will...
-Chapter III. Learning To Make Some Attractive Gifts For Christmas Or For A Birthday Present
Perhaps you would like to surprise mother or father at Christmas time or to make a birthday gift for grandmother or auntie. All the Pleasant Valley School girls have made plans for Christmas. Makin...
-Lesson I. The Story Of How Silk Is Produced
Do you know that a tiny little worm gives us our silk dresses, hair ribbons, neckties, gloves, stockings, and many other useful things? Do you know how the worm makes the silk? It is a very wonderful ...
-Lesson 2. Simple Articles Easily Made From Silk Scraps
There are so many things which can be made from silks. Suppose you start with something easy. Miss James had some good suggestions. The little pin-case or the sewing-case are both useful (Figs. 68 and...
-Lesson 3. The Names And Uses Of Several Silks Are Discussed
To-day we shall study again about silks. Let us look at those in Miss James' piece bag; and, also, see how many different kinds we have for our gifts. Perhaps your teacher has some too. Such a variet...
-Lesson 4. More Useful Gifts And How To Make Them
Two more useful gifts : a workbag of silk, and a sewing apron. Which will you chose to make ? The workbag. Barbara Oakes has a very complete little workbag (Fig. 74) which grandmother made for her la...
-Lesson 5. Cousin Ann Tells How Silk Is Made Into Cloth
Last summer Marjorie Allen's Cousin Ann visited her. She lives at Paterson, New Jersey, where there are many silk mills. She told the girls of the Sewing League about the way silk is made into cloth. ...
-Lesson 6. The Blanket Stitch Can Be Used In Many Ways
Did you ever hear of a stitch called the blanket stitch? It is very useful for decoration. We can make some attractive gifts if we know how to make it. Would you like to try to-day ? Did you ever not...
-Lesson 7. Learning To Make The Cross-Stitch
Did your grandmother ever tell you how she learned to sew when she was a girl? Have you seen her sewing sampler? Shall we learn the stitch she used on her sampler? Before the days of sewing machines,...
-Lesson 8. How To Make The Hemstitch
Do you know that some girls are often confused and call the hemstitch, the hemming stitch? Barbara Oakes used to, but understands now. You have learned the hemming stitch; now you will try the hemstit...
-Lesson 9. Another Useful Gift And A New Stitch
Have you ever noticed how convenient it is to have a place for the clothespins, on wash day? Would you like to learn to make a clothespin bag ? How to make another gift. A very useful clothespin bag ...
-Lesson 10. The Darning Stitch
Did you know that sometimes darning is used for decoration instead of just on the stocking? Let us make a gift using it. The darning stitch is nothing but fine running stitches placed alternately und...
-Chapter IV. The Pleasant Valley Girls Learn To Care For Their Clothes And To Help Repair The Household Linen
Have you ever noticed that some houses where you visit are always neat and look well cared for, and that the towels and table linen are carefully darned or patched? Have you seen what a difference ...
-Lesson I. Care Of Clothes
What are some of the things to learn in order to care for one's clothes ? Marjorie Allen's Cousin Ann, who lives at Paterson, New Jersey, spends her summer vacation with Marjorie at Pleasant Valley. ...
-Lesson 2. Learning To Darn Straight Tears
What threads of the cloth are torn, in a square tear? in a straight tear? How can we replace these threads and prevent the article from tearing further ? There is always a collection of garments need...
-Lesson 3. Darning Stockings
We all have stockings to darn each week as they come from the laundry. Do you mend the small holes at once, or let them grow larger ? It is always a saving of time and energy to take care of the smal...
-Lesson 4. Patching Saves Clothing And Other Articles
Some holes are too large to darn; they are, then, repaired with a patch. Would you like to learn how to patch ? How to make the hemmed patch. A patch is a piece of cloth cut larger than the worn hole...
-Lesson 5. The Story Of How Linen Is Grown
What is the story of our linen materials ? Where do they come from? Would you like to know ? Mollie's Stark's Uncle John has just come to Pleasant Valley. He is her father's brother and has been in ...
-Lesson 6. Common Linen Materials Are Identified
Can we learn to identify at least eight of the common linen materials ? To-day we shall study about the different linen materials, and then see what we have to mount on our school chart. If you prefe...
-Lesson 7. Removing Common Stains From Table Linen
Some of the common stains one finds on table linen are coffee, tea, fruit, rust, or grass stains. Do you know how to remove them ? When should stains be removed? A good housekeeper always looks over ...
-Lesson 8. Learning To Wash And Iron Table Linen Or Bed Linen
We have studied many things about cleanliness, and we all know how much cleanliness of clothing and household linen adds to our comfort. We have learned that sometimes we can wear our underclothes wit...
-Lesson 9. The Story Of The Manufacture Of Linen Yarn Into Cloth
To-day we are going to study again about our linen tablecloths and napkins, and learn how the flax fiber is made into cloth after it has been cleaned at the scutching mill. Combing and spinning flax....
-Lesson 10. A Talk About Buying Linens
Have you ever gone shopping with mother? There are some important things to remember when buying table linen or other household materials. What are they? Marjorie goes with her mother once a year to ...
-Chapter V. The Pleasant Valley Girls Learn To Make More Garments
Would you like to learn to make some useful garments? Perhaps, then, you can help with the family sewing and make some useful garments for your sister or mother. Some day you may wish to be a seams...
-Lesson I. The Pattern Of The Bloomers
Let us study the pattern which your teacher has brought to school. You have learned to read patterns. You must also calculate how much material to order, and what kind. Let us open the pattern and st...
-Lesson 2. The Story Of Where Wool Is Grown
While you are waiting for the samples of wool serges, galatea, and sateen, let us study about wool. Wool is the most important textile fiber. All girls should know about it, whether you will use wool ...
-Lesson 3. Some Of The Most Common Materials Made From Wool
There are many materials made from wool. Let us learn to-day about those which are used most commonly. Perhaps some one in the class will sort the pieces in the surprise box. Mollie Stark sorted thos...
-Lesson 4. Making A Pair Of Bloomers Let Us Begin To Make The Bloomers To-Day
First, we shall lay the pattern. Some girls have probably chosen serge for their bloomers, and some have ordered galatea or sateen. The black or the blue are serviceable. Suppose you cut them out to-d...
-Lesson 5. The Story Of How Wool Is Made Into Cloth
The Pleasant Valley boys and girls learned how wool is made into cloth after it has been sheared from the sheep. Would you like to know ? First, the wool is sorted. Wool sometimes travels a long dist...
-Lesson 6. Some Facts To Remember In Purchasing Wool Clothing
Why does the manufacturer use woolen yarn in weaving some materials and worsted yarn for others? If one knows this, it will be a guide in purchasing wool materials. The Pleasant Valley girls know. Th...
-Lesson 7. The Clothing Budget
Have you ever thought how much your clothing costs father and mother every year? Marjorie Allen and Barbara Oakes tried to figure the cost one day. Girls must begin to learn how to spend wisely, for t...
-Lesson 8. Planning To Make A Dress Skirt Of Cotton Material Let Us Begin To Make Our Dress Skirts
Open the pattern carefully and examine it. How did you order it, by age or by waist measure? The pattern books usually say order by age for a girl unless she is large or small for her age; then order ...
-Lesson 9. Clothing In Relation To Health
Do you know that clothes help to keep us well? The Pleasant Valley girls learned how, and we are to study, too. Well people are usually happy people and they can do many more things for themselves an...
-Lesson 10. More Health Problems In Choosing Clothes
Clothes help to keep us well. Let us study about the wise selection and use of them. Buying shoes. When Barbara Oakes goes to buy a pair of shoes what do you suppose she thinks about besides the fact...
-Chapter VI. Choosing And Wearing Clothes
Have you ever thought that being properly and attractively dressed helps towards achieving success in life? Marjorie's Cousin Ann says she knows that the neat, tidy girls who come to the factory lo...
-Lesson I. What It Means To Be Well Dressed
The Pleasant Valley girls have decided that it is worth while learning about suitable and attractive dress. They are anxious to begin this study. Suppose we learn some of the things one must think abo...
-Lesson 2. The Choice Of Colors For Clothing
Color is important in choosing or making our clothes. We too must learn if we would choose as wisely as the Pleasant Valley girls. Miss James thinks that the Pleasant Valley girls have learned so muc...
-Lesson 3. Selecting A Hat
What can you learn about the care and arrangement of your hair. Do you know how to choose a hat ? Jane Smith says that some day she expects to be a milliner. Perhaps she will be. Miss James says she ...
-Lesson 4. Making The Middy Blouse
The Pleasant Valley girls will make middy blouses and so complete their gymnasium suits. Will you not wish to complete your suits too ? The girls have found their bloomers and skirts very useful, and...
-Lesson 5. Suggestions For Buying Garments Of Wool And Silk
Miss Travers from the State College talks to the girls of Pleasant Valley School about buying clothing, especially of wool or silk. You, too, will wish to know what Miss Travers said. Have you ever c...
-Lesson 6. Learning To Use Some Simple Textile Tests
Miss James and the girls of Pleasant Valley tried some simple tests for materials. Perhaps you would like to try them too ? The Pleasant Valley girls became so interested in Miss Travers' talk about ...
-Lesson 7. How Pattern Is Made In Cloth
Barbara said she never could quite see how pattern is made in cloth. There seem to be so many different kinds of patterns. Miss James explained about this. She said there are several ways of making pa...









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previous page: School Needlework. A Course of Study in Sewing Designed For Use In Schools | by Olive C. Hapgood
  
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