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Embroidery Stitches | by M. E. Wilkinson



In this collection of Embroidery Stitches, I have endeavoured to place before those artists who are interested in needlecraft an exposition of the most useful and artistic stitches that have formed a part of my own work during several years' study and practice of Art Embroidery. Some of these will be familiar to Needle-artists : others will serve to exemplify how, in process of working, fresh stitches may be evolved from old ones ; or how, when originality gains ground entirely new stitches become apparent and workable

TitleEmbroidery Stitches
AuthorM. E. Wilkinson
PublisherFrederic A. Stokes Co
Year1912
Copyright1912, Frederick A. Stokes Co
AmazonEmbroidery Stitches
Book Cover: Embroidery Stitches

Embroidery Stitches

By The Same Author

Art Needlework And Design

Embroidery Stitches

By M. E. Wilkinson

New York

Frederick A. Stokes Company

Publishers

The Anchor Press, Ltd., Tiptree, Essex.

Irene Dwen Pace

Irene Dwen Pace

-Preface
IN this collection of Embroidery Stitches, I have endeavoured to place before those artists who are interested in needlecraft an exposition of the most useful and artistic stitches that have formed a ...
-1. Anchor Stitch
Anchor Stitch. This stitch is similar to Horn stitch, but with a longer middle portion. To work, make two side stitches joined at the bottom ; make a Chain stitch covering the joining, fasten this Cha...
-2. Algerian Stitch
Algerian Stitch. A kind of Cross stitch somewhat akin to Cretan stitch, but worked on canvas. The stitch may either be worked very closely or openly. Bring the needle to the right side of the work. Co...
-3. All-Over Stitch
All-Over Stitch. A stroke stitch used to work groundings where no particular pattern is desired. The stitch is made in any direction and of any size. ...
-4. Alphabet Stitch
Alphabet Stitch. A species of Couching used for working monograms, etc. Lay strands of cotton or wool along the main lines of the letter, forming a padding. Work over these as in ordinary Couching. ...
-5. Applique Stitch
Applique Stitch. A stitch used in applique work to attach one material to another - in reality a kind of buttonholing, but beginning from the left hand side, and worked towards the worker, whereas cor...
-6. Back Stitch
Back Stitch. A neat stitch used to ornament linen or fine canvas. Bring the needle to the surface of the material, insert it two threads behind the working thread, take up four threads forward, bringi...
-7. Ball Stitch
Ball Stitch. A stitch used in making ornamental balls for children. Bind some loose rags tightly together into a ball. Wind string across as in the illustration, forming sections. Thread a needle with...
-8. Bar Stitch
Bar Stitch. A stitch used in lace and other open work, to connect edges by crossing over a space. Pass threads across from one edge to the other and work over these. The bars may be plain or twisted, ...
-9. Basket Stitch
Basket Stitch. This is a distinctive stitch from that used in Basket Couching (see Couching), and is a kind of Cross stitch. To work, draw two parallel lines any distance apart and mark dots at even d...
-10. Battlement Stitch
Battlement Stitch. Formed of a series of long and short stitches, making a species of fret pattern. It may be worked in any size, and either single, double, or treble lines. ...
-11. Bead Stitch
Bead Stitch. The stitch used in making representations of rows of beads. Each group consists of three Satin stitches, a central one with two side stitches. ...
-12. Berry Stitch
Berry Stitch. This stitch is used for working berries, seeds of fruit, etc. It is a small Satin stitch, worked as for bead work. It may be used padded or otherwise. The inner portion should be coloure...
-13. Boat Stitch
Boat Stitch. A long-and-short stitch arranged for insertions. To be effective it should be worked in two shades, the deeper for the outer portion. ...
-14. Branching Stitch
Branching Stitch. A series of small stroke stitches used in the representation of branchings in Natural Needlework. ...
-15. Brick Stitch
Brick Stitch. An all-over or grounding-stitch. It may be used as a Couching, or in simple series of single lines as in the illustration. ...
-16. Buckle Stitch
Buckle Stitch. This may be worked in straight lines as in (c), or with tiny satin stitches as in (b). (a) (b) ...
-17. Bullion Stitch
Bullion Stitch. A raised stitch falling in rolls on the surface of the work. The working is the same as for French knots, and the rolls may be single (a), or in groups (b). Draw three parallel lines a...
-18. Bullion-And Star Stitch
Bullion-And Star Stitch. Three or six close rows of Bullion stitches, with a branching straight stitch between. ...
-19. Button Stitches
Button Stitches. These are used in attaching plain or ornamental buttons. The stitches may be back-stitched in rings, as in (a), or crossed to form a star falling in the centre of the button, as in (b...
-20. Buttonhole Bars
Buttonhole Bars. Used in lace, embroidery and drawn-thread work. To work, pass two or three threads from side to side and work the stitches over the threads. (a) For single stitch bars work stitche...
-21. Buttonhole Stitch
Buttonhole Stitch. There are several kinds of buttonholing, all variations of the plain stitch. An ordinary buttonhole may have both ends round, both square, or one each round and square. Buttonholes ...
-22. Buttonhole Stitches
Buttonhole Stitches. Buttonhole stitch may be arranged in many ways to give variety in ornamental edges. The illustrations shew (a) Dogtooth buttonhole ; (b) Serrated buttonhole ; (c) Scalloped button...
-23. Buttonhole With Chain Stitch
Buttonhole With Chain Stitch. The buttonholing is worked first in small or large waves, and the Chain stitch is added afterwards. The size of the waves may be increased if desired, to adapt the patter...
-24. Cable Stitch
Cable Stitch. A variety of Chain stitch, but more intricate in the working. Bring the needle to the surface, hold the thread down under the left thumb ; pass the needle from left to right under the po...
-25. Cap Stitch
Cap Stitch. This may be made in three ways:(a) A long stroke with two short strokes. (b) A long stroke with two Chain stitches. (c) A long stroke with three Chain stitches. The stitch is suitabl...
-26. Capturing Stitch
Capturing Stitch is used for borders or as an all-over stitch. Bring the needle to the surface of the material. Make a small stitch, bringing out the needle a little further on (a). Put the needle in ...
-27. Carpet Stitch
Carpet Stitch. A term sometimes applied to varieties of Cross stitch or such a stitch as Cashmere stitch, and also to a Rug stitch worked with a crochet hook and thick wool. In the latter short length...
-28. Cashmere Stitch
Cashmere Stitch. A kind of Half-cross stitch supposed to represent the texture of cashmere material. To work, proceed diagonally, and take first one stitch across one thread, and then two stitches acr...
-29. Castle Stitch
Castle Stitch. Draw parallel lines to gauge correct distances, and work with straight strokes. ...
-30. Chain Stitch
Chain Stitch. So called from its resemblance to the links of a chain. Each stitch is formed by inserting the needle in the last loop made, and bringing it out a little lower than where it went in. Bri...
-31. Chain Stitch (Twisted)
Chain Stitch (Twisted). The difference between this and plain Chain stitch is, that the links are connected by a species of bar or twist. This is achieved by inserting the needle, not in the last loop...
-32. Check Stitch
Check Stitch. A stitch used in decorative darning to form an ornamental check pattern, which may be varied at will according to the number of threads taken and omitted. (See Darning.) ...
-33. Circle Stitch
Circle Stitch. A back stitch used for ornamental circles, conventional flower centres, or for attaching ornamental buttons. ...
-34. Circular Arrow Stitch
Circular Arrow Stitch. Arrow stitch arranged circularly ; suitable for embroidered costume buttons. ...
-35. Cluster Stitches
Cluster Stitches. Clusters in needlework are groups of similar stitches placed in close proximity to form a grounding or powdering, or for the centres of flowers, etc. French knots, dots, picots, etc....
-36. Cloth Stitch
Cloth Stitch. A stitch used in pillow-lace making, but which may be adapted to needle-weaving. It is formed by simply weaving a thread with a needle over and under transverse threads in regular rotati...
-37. Comb Stitch
Comb Stitch. This stitch is used for borders to give a serrated appearance. It may be wide or narrow. ...
-38. Coral Stitch
Coral Stitch. May be worked as single, double, treble, or more. Draw two parallel lines as guides. Bring the needle up to the right side of the material, hold the thread down under the left thumb, mak...
-39. Cording Stitch
Cording Stitch. A stitch very similar to Coral stitch, but worked closely, and with stitches only taken in one direction, i.e., from right to left, instead of from each side alternately. ...
-40. Cracker Stitch
Cracker Stitch. Work five parallel lines as a centre, and make branching stitches at each end. The stitch may be worked any size, and groups may be connected if desired. ...
-41. Cretan Stitch
Cretan Stitch. A stitch which, when worked closely, gives the appearance of close plaiting. To work, draw two parallel lines, bring the needle from the under to the upper surface of the material, on t...
-42. Crevice Stitch
Crevice Stitch. A stitch worked in slanting lines for borders. Lines should always be drawn as a guide to correct spacing. ...
-43. Crewel Stitch
Crewel Stitch. Sometimes called Stem stitch, the most useful of all stitches for outlines, veins, stems, etc. It may be used either in large or small form, and is adaptable to most minute curves and l...
-44. Cricket Stitch
Cricket Stitch. Similar to Five-line stitch, but with two short strands joining the bars at the top. ...
-45. Cross Stitch
Cross Stitch. A stitch adapted for working on canvas or coarse linen. It has three forms :- (a) Half-cross stitch ; (b) Whole-cross stitch ; (c) Double-cross stitch. The whole stitch forms a perfect s...
-46. Cross-And-Triangle Stitch
Cross-And-Triangle Stitch. This combination of stitches is very suitable for borders. Variety could be given by working the crosses in one colour and the triangles in another. ...
-47. Cross Stitch (Variegated)
Cross Stitch (Variegated). Ordinary Cross stitch may be variegated in numerous ways by the addition of extra stitches, to form ornamental borders, as in (a), {b), (c). (a) (b) ...
-48. Chrysanthemum Stitch
Chrysanthemum Stitch. This stitch is similar to Loop stitch, but much longer, and is used for Chrysanthemum petals. The leaves may be quite simple, as in the illustration, or each may be secured by a ...
-49. Couched Herring-Bone
Couched Herring-Bone. This makes extremely pretty borders, especially when used outside a row of ornamental darning with a fringed edge. The Couching stitch should always be a different colour from th...
-50. Couchings
Couchings. A term used to denote the attachment of loose strands of material to a foundation by means of other working threads. Couching is distinct from Applique, which is a term usually applied to t...
-54. Cup-And-Ball Stitch
Cup-And-Ball Stitch. This stitch, so called from its appearance, consists of one long upright line, with two branching strokes, between which is worked a circle in solid Chain stitch. It is suitable f...
-55. Darning
Darning. A species of weaving with the needle used in producing patterns by utilising the foundation threads of the material as warp threads. In ornamental darning little or no working shews on the un...
-56. Diagonal-And-Dot Stitch
Diagonal-And-Dot Stitch. A pretty stitch for borders, formed of long slanting lines and dots. The latter should be worked in a relieving shade. ...
-57. Diamond Stitch
Diamond Stitch. A series of short strokes forming a diamond. It could be ornamented with dots as in the illustration. This makes very pretty and useful borders, and can also be used as an all-over pat...
-58. Dot Stitch
Dot Stitch. A simple stitch used for the centres of flowers, small powderings, or groundings, etc. It is made by taking up a small portion of the material on the needle, and pulling the thread through...
-59. Dot-And-Cross Stitch
Dot-And-Cross Stitch. A pretty border stitch, useful either in single or double lines. Guiding lines should be drawn before working. ...
-60. Dot-And-Scallop Stitch
Dot-And-Scallop Stitch. This combination of stitches is the best for ornamental edges of material, and is suitable as a pretty finish for children's embroidered costumes, as well as articles for house...
-61. Double Algerian Stitch
Double Algerian Stitch. Work one row of Algerian stitch, and then another row between the first in a different colour. (See Algerian stitch). ...
-62. Double Chain Stitch
Double Chain Stitch. The ordinary Chain stitch is first worked, and after each stitch a second smaller stitch is worked inside the first. A pretty variety is to work with two needles simultaneously, o...
-63. Double Coral Stitch
Double Coral Stitch. This stitch is a species of the Coral stitch described in No. 38. It has two branchings on each side. ...
-64. Double Feather Stitch
Double Feather Stitch. The same as simple Feather stitch, but with the groups of branchings in twos at each side. ...
-65. Double Line Stitch
Double Line Stitch. For simple borders requiring little work this is useful. It may be varied with dots, or crosses, between the groups of lines. ...
-66. Double Slanting-Arrow Stitch
Double Slanting-Arrow Stitch. Double rows of Arrow stitch forming two triangular forms. (See Slanting-Arrow.) ...
-67. Double Waved-Chain-And-Dot Stitch
Double Waved-Chain-And-Dot Stitch. This variety of Chain stitch is a pleasant change from the ordinary straight form. Three or four lines could be worked if desired. The dot accentuates the waves. ...
-68. Dumb-Bell Stitch
Dumb-Bell Stitch. A series of upright or slanting lines, with a small back stitch at the top and bottom. ...
-69. Easel Stitch
Easel Stitch. A stitch suitable for working ornamental perpendicular lines of embroidery. ...
-70. Eyelet Stitch
Eyelet Stitch. This stitch is used for small eyelet-holes in embroidery. The working is usually very close overcasting, but sometimes a firm buttonhole is used instead where the material is inclined t...
-71. Faggot Stitch
Faggot Stitch. A small overcast or buttonhole stitch, used to connect groups of loose stitches. ...
-72. Fastening-Off Stitch
Fastening-Off Stitch. The stitch used in finishing a line of sewing. The illustration shews the fastening-off in seaming. At the end of the row the work is turned round and the working is continued ag...
-73. Fastening-On Stitch
Fastening-On Stitch. The stitch for beginning such work as seaming, frilling, etc. The loose end of thread is left when the needle is first inserted, and this is secured with the first few stitches. ...
-74. Feather Stitch
Feather Stitch. The ancient form was a kind of Satin stitch, so arranged that the stitches fitted into each other and covered the whole of the foundation. The modern form is an open stitch worked simi...
-75. Felling
Felling. This is the stitch used where the edges of two pieces of material are to be joined together. The edges are first turned down, and the two pieces seamed together. The work is then turned and a...
-76. Figure Stitch
Figure Stitch. This is the Satin stitch which is used for working raised figures. Strands of cotton are first laid down, following the lines of the figure, and the working is then done as in the illus...
-77. Fine-Drawing Stitch
Fine-Drawing Stitch. This is a running or darning stitch used in drawing together the edges of line material when it is not desired to hem or seam them. The needle is run lightly between the threads o...
-78. Finishing Stitch
Finishing Stitch. The last securing stitch in any kind of needlework. In some cases the thread is run along a short distance, in others an extra stitch is taken over the top of the previous one ; in k...
-79. Fire Stitch
Fire Stitch. This consists of long stitches in any direction, joined at the top but not at the bottom. So called from its resemblance to flame when worked. ...
-80. Fish-Bone Stitch
Fish-Bone Stitch. A stitch which, when worked in series, resembles the backbone of a fish. Similar to Feather stitch, but differentiated by the needle always coming up centrally between the two side l...
-81. Fish-Scale Stitch
Fish-Scale Stitch. A loose Buttonhole stitch used for working fish-scales. It is useful for working representations of fish in designs, seascapes in natural needlework, and in making ornamental pocket...
-82. Five-Line Stitch
Five-Line Stitch. Similar to Four-line stitch, but with five upright strands. Useful for borders. ...
-83. Flag Stitch
Flag Stitch. This is formed of six strokes to represent the outline of a flag. It is useful for borders. ...
-84. Flake Stitch
Flake Stitch. A small stitch like a Stroke stitch, used to ornament leaves and geometrical shapes or as a ground-work powdering. ...
-85. Florentine Stitch
Florentine Stitch. This is similar to Cashmere stitch, with the difference that the stitches are alternatively over one and two threads, slanting in the same direction ...
-86. Four-Line Stitch
Four-Line Stitch. Similar to Three-line stitch, but with four upright strands. ...
-87. French Knots
French Knots. Used for filling in centres of flowers, dot-markings on leaves, etc. Bring up the thread to the right side of the material, and hold it down under the thumb. Twist the thread three or fo...
-88. Frilling Or Whipping Stitch
Frilling Or Whipping Stitch. A species of loose overcasting which can be drawn up into a frill. It is usually worked on soft pliable material such as mull-muslin or lawn. Begin from the right, and use...
-89. Fringe Stitch
Fringe Stitch is used either in buttonholing or drawn-thread work. The thread is carried over a mesh before making the next stitch, thus forming a loop, which is secured in its place by the next stitc...
-90. Gate Stitch
Gate Stitch. This consists of series of upright lines suitable for borders. The horizontal lines may be either darned, couched, or backstitched. ...
-91. German Stitch
German Stitch. An old stitch used in attaching materials by means of one set of stitches. A small turning having been made, a stitch similar to Fine-drawing stitch is made on alternate sides, and the ...
-92. Gipsy Stitch
Gipsy Stitch. Formed of two long stitches and one shorter one, with a hook or small cross-bar. ...
-93. Gobelin Stitch
Gobelin Stitch. One of the most ancient of stitches ; formerly used in old tapestry work. The stitch is perfectly upright, and when worked on canvas is usually two threads long by one in breadth. Some...
-94. Grass Stitch
Grass Stitch. Long stitches used to represent grasses in Natural Needlework. These may be worked into a straight border as in the illustration, or may be used in conjunction with Water-stitch. ...
-95. Grounding Stitches
Grounding Stitches. Various small stitches used in embroidery to give variety in backgrounds. The most common are various kinds of Darning (see Darning), Knots (see French Knots), Dots, Rice stitch an...
-96. Hat Stitch
Hat Stitch. So called from its shape. It may be used for borders or for filling in spaces. Make the two upright strokes, join them by one across the top and a longer one at the bottom. As a grounding ...
-97. Hemstitch
Hemstitch. An ornamental stitch used in drawn-thread work to secure the edges of a hem. The stitch is in two parts. First take four or five threads on the needle, then put the needle back and hem thro...
-98. Herring-Bone Stitch
Herring-Bone Stitch. An ornamental stitch used for borders and for hemming the edges of flannel or material too thick to fold as an ordinary hem. It may be used as a Plain stitch or ornamented with a ...
-99. Hexagon Or Honeycomb Stitch
Hexagon Or Honeycomb Stitch is a useful stitch for groundings. Each line is one small back stitch, and joins two other lines. The stitch may be worked by the aid of upright lines drawn as guides. Make...
-101. Horn Stitch
Horn Stitch. A stitch somewhat similar to Wheat-ear stitch, but not joined to form a connected line. To work, make two side stitches joined at the bottom. Make a Chain stitch covering the joining, fas...
-102. Hurdle Stitch
Hurdle Stitch. This combination of lines makes a pleasing and unique border where a purely conventional pattern is required. Guiding lines should be drawn to ensure accuracy. ...
-103. Italian Stitch
Italian Stitch. This is a Square Greek stitch with the addition of Cross stitches from corner to corner. (See Square Greek stitch.) ...
-104. Interlacing Stitch
Interlacing Stitch. A stitch used where an open border is required for embroidered squares, etc. Draw out threads to give as wide a space as desired, then interlace the threads which are left by pulli...
-105. Inverted Flag Stitch
Inverted Flag Stitch. This is similar to Flag stitch, and may be used as single, double, or treble rows. ...
-106. Kensington Stitch
Kensington Stitch. Similar to Stem stitch. ...
-107. Lace Stitches
Lace Stitches. The majority of Lace stitches are founded on a species of Buttonhole. In embroidery the stitch is used to cover surfaces, and may be used as an ornament for leaves, scrolls, etc., as in...
-108. Ladder Stitch
Ladder Stitch. Ladder stitch is simply a very wide chain, but made with two strokes of the needle instead of one, to give the necessary width. ...
-109. Lattice Stitch
Lattice Stitch. A kind of interlaced Herring-bone. It may be worked on canvas or linen. Work four or five stitches slanting in the same direction. Then over these work others in the contrary direction...
-110. Leaf Stitch
Leaf Stitch. This is similar to Loop stitch. It may be used for small leaves, as a grounding, or for ornamental motifs, as in the illustration. ...
-111. Line-And-Dot Stitch
Line-And-Dot Stitch. A simple combination useful for small borders. ...
-112. Long-And-Short Stitch
Long-And-Short Stitch. This is an adaptation of Satin stitch used to accentuate floral forms when not desiring to fill them in solidly. The stitches should follow the curvature of the leaf or flower. ...
-113. Long-And-Short Chain Stitch
Long-And-Short Chain Stitch. This is a pleasing change from the ordinary Chain stitch. It may be arranged in a variety of forms according to the number and position of the short stitches. ...
-114. Loop Stitch
Loop Stitch. This stitch is used in making very small leaves, and also as a powdering. To work, bring the needle to the surface of the material, hold the thread down under the left thumb, put the need...
-115. Madeira Stitch
Madeira Stitch. The stitch used in Madeira work. The same as Eyelet-hole stitch in the working. ...
-116. Marking Stitch Or Cross Stitch
Marking Stitch Or Cross Stitch (See Cross stitch.) ...
-117. Mosaic Stitches
Mosaic Stitches. These are arrangements of stitches so placed as to give the idea of mosaic work. The stitches are taken uniformly over the threads of canvas or linen, and the beauty of the result dep...
-118. Octagon Stitch
Octagon Stitch. A small straight stitch used in making outline octagons. It may be used either for borders or groundings. ...
-119. Oriental Stitch
Oriental Stitch. A stitch forming a plait not unlike Cretan stitch, The working resembles Herring-boning, but the stitches are quite close together. The needle is always brought up into a hole it has ...
-120. Outline Or Stem Stitch
Outline Or Stem Stitch. Sometimes termed Crewel stitch. (See Crewel stitch.) ...
-121. Overcasting Stitch
Overcasting Stitch. In embroidery this is a kind of very close Satin stitch. It must be taken from side to side of the space with great regularity (a). The term is also applied to a loose stitch used ...
-122. Padding Stitch
Padding Stitch. Close Satin stitch worked over a raised or padded grounding. (See Couchings.) ...
-123. Palisade Stitch
Palisade Stitch. This stitch is useful for borders where simplicity of stitch is desirable. Guiding lines should be drawn. ...
-124. Patching Stitch
Patching Stitch. In ordinary patchwork Seaming stitch is used (a) ; in crazy patchwork, where one raw edge lies over another, Herring-bone stitch is the best to use (b) ; any other embroidery stitch...
-125. Pavement Stitch
Pavement Stitch. A useful stitch for diapers or grounding patterns. It is similar to Brick stitch, but larger. ...
-126. Pearl Stitch
Pearl Stitch. Insert the needle as for Bullion stitch (a). Twist the thread twice round the point (6). Draw the needle through, insert again close by the first half of the stitch, twist the thread twi...
-127. Pencil Or Ring Stitch
Pencil Or Ring Stitch. This stitch is used for making ornamental buttons. Wind several strands of thick crochet cotton round a pencil, slip all off together, keeping the ring intact, and buttonhole ro...
-128. Persian Stitch
Persian Stitch. A species of Cross stitch. The upper part of the stitch is always half the size of the lower. ...
-129. Picots
Pcots. Small ornamental knotted stitches used in embroidery to decorate edges or borders, (a) Bullion Picot, founded on Bullion stitch. - Make a Bullion roll in the usual way. Draw the needle through ...
-130. Piping Stitch
Piping Stitch. A row of piping gives a raised effect to a border for embroidered cushions, etc. A piping-cord, or three or four strands of knitting cotton are placed in position, the material folded o...
-131. Plaited Stitch
Plaited Stitch. A term applied to any stitch which presents a plaited appearance. Cretan stitch is the best example in embroidery. The term is also applied to the woven stitch of which lace braids are...
-132. Plush Stitch
Plush Stitch. This is in reality the same as Picot (Thorn) stitch, being formed of a loop made by passing the working thread over a large pin, or mesh, securing it with a Cross or Buttonhole stitch. T...
-133. Point De Reprise
Point De Reprise. A stitch much used to form bars in lace or embroidery, and often termed under-and-over stitch. Two or more strands of thread are passed across an open space and a thread is darned ...
-134. Prince's Stitch
Prince's Stitch. To work, hold the thread down with the left thumb and make a small back stitch. Draw the needle through, still holding the loop in its place. This is the middle Loop. Make another loo...
-135. Queen Stitch
Queen Stitch. A species of Cross stitch used in marking. The stitches from each corner and side are all taken into the centre hole. ...
-136. Quilting Stitch
Quilting Stitch. A stitch used for quilting purposes. Generally the stitch is plain running (a), but sometimes a chain stitch is used to give a more ornamental effect (b). The quilted silk lining of e...
-137. Railway Stitch
Railway Stitch. The same as Loop stitch, but with longer loops and sometimes an extra line along the centre of the stitch. It is suitable for small leaves and such flowers as the daisy. ...
-138. Raised Stitch
Raised Stitch. This is the same as Padding stitch. (See also Couching.) ...
-139. Rake Stitch
Rake Stitch. So called from its similarity to a rake. It is formed of successions of straight strokes, and is suitable for borders. ...
-140. Reticella Stitch
Reticella Stitch. The chief stitch is Buttonhole stitch, with Point de Reprise for bars, and Picots for ornaments. ...
-141. Rice Stitch
Rice Stitch. Similar to Dot and Flake stitch, but the strokes are longer, to represent grains of rice. It is used as a powdering or grounding stitch. ...
-142. Ribbon Stitch
Ribbon Stitch. A Satin stitch which gives the appearance of narrow ribbon. Overcast closely and then backstitch each edge very evenly. ...
-143. Ring Stitch
Ring Stitch. Ornamental rings may be made of (a) Buttonhole, (b) Stem, or (c) Chain stitch. ...
-144. Ring-And-Dot Stitch
Ring-And-Dot Stitch. One of the Ring stitches given above is here adapted for a grounding pattern, with the addition of dots. The other stitches may be similarly used. ...
-145. Rope Stitch
Rope Stitch. Almost like Stem stitch but worked slightly wider. ...
-146. Ruching Stitch
Ruching Stitch. A loose running or gathering stitch used in making frillings or ruchings. The running is worked midway between the edges, and when drawn up gives a frill on both sides. Suitable for fr...
-147. Rug Stitch
Rug Stitch. (See Carpet stitch.) (a) (b) ...
-148. Run-And-Loop Stitch
Run-And-Loop Stitch. This is the ordinary Loop stitch alternating with a small running stitch. It makes a pretty grounding stitch, and the lines may be cither wide, as at (a), or closer, as at {b). ...
-149. Running Stitch
Running Stitch. Running consists of straight stitches taken along the material without any turning back. 150. SAILOR STITCH. An ornamental stitch forming a small triangle with a staff. It is ...
-151. St. Andrew's Stitch
St. Andrew's Stitch. The same as Queen stitch, but without the side stitches. (See Queen stitch.) It is most suitable for canvas and other open material. ...
-152. Sampler Stitch
Sampler Stitch. The stitch chiefly used in sampler work. (See Cross stitch.) ...
-153. Satin Stitch
Satin Stitch. A stitch like very wide overcasting. A favourite stitch in embroidery to cover surfaces with quickly worked stitches. The needle is simply passed across, in at one edge of the design and...
-154. Seaming Stitch
Seaming Stitch. The stitch used to join two pieces of material together. The edges must first be turned in to avoid fraying. ...
-155. Shovel Stitch
Shovel Stitch. Somewhat similar to Greek stitch, but with an additional stroke. Bring out the needle at (a), insert at (b) and bring out at (c), insert at (b) again, bring out at (d), in at (c) and ou...
-156. Signal Stitch
Signal Stitch. This stitch makes pretty borders. The. seven small strokes at the top are all taken into one hole. ...
-157. Slanting-Arrow Stitch
Slanting-Arrow Stitch. This is Arrow stitch placed in a slanting direction, and may be worked in single or double lines. ...
-158. Smocking Stitch
Smocking Stitch. Sometimes termed Honeycomb stitch. The stitch itself is a small back stitch, but when applied to material arranged to fall in gathers or diamond-shaped folds it bears the above name. ...
-159. Smyrna Or Rug Stitch
Smyrna Or Rug Stitch. (See Carpet stitch). ...
-160. Snailtrail Stitch
Snailtrail Stitch. A useful stitch for stems and outlines in which a broken effect is required. Bring up the needle to the right side of the work. Hold the thread down under the left thumb ; pass the ...
-161. Spanish Stitch
Spanish Stitch is a Cross stitch so worked as to form a Cross stitch within a square. The back of the stitch is the same as the front. The stitch is akin to Square Greek stitch. Sometimes termed Itali...
-162. Spike Stitch
Spike Stitch. A pretty little stitch made with one stroke of the needle. It makes pleasing borders and small ornamental groups of lines. ...
-163. Split Stitch
Split Stitch. A stitch in which much of the old embroidery was done, To work, begin at the lower end of the line and work upwards as in Stem stitch : every time the needle comes out, bring it through ...
-164. Souare-And-Circle Stitch
Souare-And-Circle Stitch. This may be worked large or small for borders. Draw parallel lines to gauge distances. If large, work the squares and circles in Satin stitch ; if small, simple outline stitc...
-165. Souare Greek Stitch
Souare Greek Stitch. Used in old Greek work. The stitch is a series of squares on the right side, and two parallel lines connected by slanting stitches on the wrong. To work, draw two parallel lines, ...
-166. Star-And-Arrow Stitch
Star-And-Arrow Stitch. This combination is extremely pretty, either for borders or all-over patterns. The stars and arrows should be two different colours. ...
-167. Star-And-Flag Stitch
Star-And-Flag Stitch. Similar to Flag stitch, but with ornamental stars, as in (a) or (b). ...
-168. Star Stitches
Star Stitches, as the name implies, are stitches used in forming star shapes. They are generally short strokes. Stars may also be formed of Loop, Bullion, Railway stitches, etc., being so worked as to...
-169. Stem Stitch
Stem Stitch. (See Crewel stitch.) ...
-170. Stile Stitch
Stile Stitch. This stitch is used chiefly to fill up spaces where a few detached groups of lines are required. ...
-171. Stroke Stitch
Stroke Stitch. Similar to Rice stitch, but generally rather larger. Some designs may be worked entirely in Stroke stitch, as in the illustration. ...
-172. Tacking Stitch
Tacking Stitch. The stitch used to secure the edges of turned-down hems, seams, etc., and to keep the different portions of embroidery flat on the material. Long running loose stitches with an occasio...
-173. Tambour Stitch
Tambour Stitch. A Chain stitch made by means of a tambour or crochet needle (a). Tambour work must always be done in a frame, as the material requires to be stretched quite tightly. The round embroide...
-174. Tapestry Stitch
Tapestry Stitch. Usually termed Gobelin stitch. (See Gobelin stitch.) ...
-175. Tassel Stitch
Tassel Stitch. For this stitch make a heading of three or four parallel stitches. Add long stitches to represent the tassel shape. ...
-176. Telegraph Stitch
Telegraph Stitch. A pretty border stitch of long and short lines, effective in two colours. ...
-177. Tent Stitch
Tent Stitch. A stitch much used in old tapestries, sometimes referred to as Petit stitch. It is a Half-cross stitch, worked over one thread of the canvas. ...
-178. Thorn Stitch
Thorn Stitch. One of the methods of making Picots. (See Picots.) (a) (b) ...
-179. Three-Line Stitch
Three-Line Stitch. A simple stitch worked in straight lines. This stitch is very pretty with a different colour for the centre line of each group. ...
-180. Three-Point Stitch
Three-Point Stitch. A stitch formed of three stroke stitches, and suitable for powdering. The strokes need not necessarily be equidistant. ...
-181. Treble-Dot Stitch
Treble-Dot Stitch. This is Dot stitch arranged for a grounding or powdering. Groups of four, five, or more dots may be similarly used. ...
-182. Treble Feather Stitch
Treble Feather Stitch. This is Feather stitch with clusters of three strokes each. (See Feather stitch.) ...
-183. Tree Stitch
Tree Stitch. A stitch used in working small branches, or in representing the roughened bark of trees in Natural Needlework. Bring the needle to the upper surface of the material. Take up as much as de...
-184. Triangle Stitch
Triangle Stitch. Three stroke stitches forming a triangular stitch for borders. ...
-185. Trilby Stitch
Trilby Stitch. Insert the needle as for French knots. Wind the thread six times round the point of the needle, then six times round the head, then once round the point again. Hold the stitches firmly ...
-186. Trinity Stitch
Trinity Stitch. Three stitches for one complete stitch. Useful for powderings. ...
-187. Triple Arrow Stitch
Triple Arrow Stitch. This is Arrow stitch placed in upright and slanting positions to form borders. ...
-188. Tufted Stitch
Tufted Stitch. The working of this is the same as for Plush stitch, which see for description. ...
-189. Upright Diamond Stitch
Upright Diamond Stitch. This is useful for work on open canvas where the threads may be readily counted. ...
-190. Veining Stitches
Veining Stitches. The stitches used for the veining of leaves may be either Stem, Split, Chain, or any other stitch which makes a good and even line. (a) (b) (c) ...
-191. Variegated Flag Stitch
Variegated Flag Stitch. This stitch is similar to Flag stitch, but more ornamental. ...
-192. Watchguard Stitch
Watchguard Stitch. This is the stitch used for making embroidered watch-guards. Procure small rings, and work round and round in close Buttonhole stitch with strong silk. Add fresh rings where require...
-193. Water Stitch
Water Stitch. A stitch used to represent water. It consists of irregular long stitches with an occasional short one. ...
-194. Waved Chain Stitch
Waved Chain Stitch. The waving of the line affords a pleasing change from the ordinary straight line of Chain stitch. The waves may be of any width. ...
-195. Waved Ruching Stitch
Waved Ruching Stitch. This is the same stitch as for ordinary ruching, but the running being done in waves gives variety in the niched edge when completed. ...
-196. Weaving Stitch
Weaving Stitch. A term applied to the stitches used in pillow-lace, and also to needlework stitches where the needle executes any kind of weaving, e.g., darning. ...
-197. Wheat-Ear Stitch
Wheat-Ear Stitch. So called from its resemblance to wheat. The stitch is formed of two rows of spikes with a Chain stitch between. To work, draw three parallel lines as a guide. Bring up the needle on...
-198. Whip Stitch
Whip Stitch. See Frilling stitch. ...
-199. Wheel Stitches
Wheel Stitches. Wheels are made in various ways, according to the kind of needlework of which they form a part : (a) Buttonhole wheel - a circle surrounded by Button-hole stitch. (b) Bullion wheel ...
-200. Zigzag Stitch
Zigzag Stitch. Guiding lines should be drawn for this stitch, which is very suitable for borders. ...









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