books



previous page: Progressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of Needlework | by Catherine F. Johnson
  
page up: Needlework Books
  
next page: A Girl's Problems In Home Economics | by Mabel B. Trilling

Tapestries; Their Origin, History And Renaissance | by George Leland Hunter



To me personally tapestries are the most interesting and delightful form of art, combining as they do picture interest with story interest and texture interest. If to some slight degree I have succeeded in expressing this interest on the pages of my first book, so that it shall please even the casual reader, my labour will not have been in vain.

TitleTapestries; Their Origin, History And Renaissance
AuthorGeorge Leland Hunter
PublisherJohn Lane Company
Year1912
Copyright1912, John Lane Company
AmazonTapestries; Their Origin, History, And Renaissance

With Four Illustrations in Color and 147 Halftone Engravings

New York - John Lane Company

London - John Lane - The Bodley Head

Toronto - Bell & Cockburn

MCMXII

Copyright, 1912, by John Lane Company

Publishers Printing Company, New York, U. 8. A.

-Preface
Among those to whom I am especially indebted for assistance in the preparation of this book are the Metropolitan Museum, of Art, and its President, Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan, whose gifts and loans have d...
-List Of Illustrations
Colour plate no. I Vertumnus and Pomona . . Frontispiece Colour plate no. II A Flemish Garden Party . . . Opposite 32 Colour plate no. III The Bridal Chamber of Herse . . Opposite 76 Colour plate no....
-List Of Illustrations. Continued
Ambassador..........263 Children Playing. Enghien Verdure......265 The Triumph of the Virgin, a Gothic Tapestry given to the Louvre by Baron Davillier.........269 Cleopatra, Brussels XVII Century....
-Chapter I. The Renaissance Of Tapestries. Prices Of Tapestries. Gothic, Renaissance, X VII And X VIII Century Tapestries
The renaissance of tapestries is an accomplished fact. After being neglected for over a hundred years, they are again held in highest esteem. Again the art world has become sufficiently intelligent to...
-The Renaissance Of Tapestries. Prices Of Tapestries. Gothic, Renaissance, X VII And X VIII Century Tapestries. Continued
The De Somzee sale totalled 88 tapestries at $160,000. The same tapestries to-day are worth much more, despite financial conditions unfavourable during the past ten years to rapid increase of price, a...
-The Golden Age Of Tapestry
The Golden Age of Tapestry was the Gothic-Renaissance Transition. Then the weaver was all-powerful. Sketches and cartoons he interpreted freely into tapestry technique, using them rather as suggestion...
-Flemish Garden Party
Especially interesting in design, composition, and texture, is this Late Gothic tapestry 8 feet 9 by 13 feet 1, woven in Brussels in the first quarter of the XVI century, and lent to the Metropolitan ...
-Chapter II. Gothic Tapestries
The Golden Age of Tapestries was the Gothic-Renaissance Transition - the last half of the XV century and the first half of the XVI century - the hundred years during which Renaissance tapestries began...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 2
About the origin of these tapestries we fortunately have the most complete information. The Duke of Anjou, brother of Charles V, who was King of France from 1364 to 1380, had them made to hang in the ...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 3
Of tapestries woven at Arras, however, there remains only one set that can be positively identified, the Story of Saint Piat and Saint Eleuthère at the Cathedral of Tournai in Belgium. But as if to ma...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 4
Of these Gothic verdures with personages, I know of none more fascinating than the Lady with the Unicorn, a set of six at the Cluny Museum (See plate no. 49). What the story is no one knows. There is ...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 5
Even more interesting from the human and daily life point of view are five Late Gothic fragments in a New York private collection, which picture sheep-shearing scenes below and hunting scenes above, w...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 6
Plate no. 59. The Siege of Troy, a Gothic tapestry in the Victoria and Albert Museum. The illustration shows one of three fragments purchased in 1887 by the Museum for £1200 from the heirs of M. Ach...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 7
These tapestries have no borders, but the edges are marked with columns or foliage. Lenoncourt was evidently a great amateur of tapestries, for he also presented the Cathedral of Reims with a set of ...
-Gothic Tapestries. Part 8
Plate no. 69. The Circumcision of Christ. French Late Gothic tapestry in the church of Notre Dame de Beaune. The whole series consists of 17 scenes in 5 pieces of tapestry picturing the Story of the...
-Bridal Chamber Of Herse
This tapestry is one of two picturing the Story of Herse lent to the Metropolitan Museum by Mr. George Blu-menthal. Of all the Renaissance tapestries with which I am acquainted, none pleases me more t...
-Chapter III. Renaissance Tapestries
The most famous tapestries in the world are the Acts of the Apostles set at the Vatican. The most famous tapestry cartoons in the world are the Acts of the Apostles set in the Victoria and Albert Muse...
-Renaissance Tapestries. Part 2
The occasion of the weaving of this set of tapestries was the founding of a chapel, in the Brussels church Notre Dame du Sablon, by Francis de Taxis, imperial postmaster-general, whose death in 1517, ...
-Renaissance Tapestries. Part 3
Orders for duplicate sets at once began to pour into Brussels. For three pieces that totalled 73 3/8 aunes (about 38 square yards) Francis I, in 1534, paid the enormous price of 50 golden ecus per aun...
-Renaissance Tapestries. Part 4
Plate no. 91. Raphael's Acts of the Apostles. Above, the Miraculous Draft of Fish, one of a set of eight in the Beauvais Cathedral, signed by Behagle proprietor of the Beauvais Tapestry Works at t...
-Chapter IV. Flemish And Burgundian Looms
The principal Flemish cities famous for tapestry weaving were Arras, Brussels, Tournai, Bruges, Enghien, Oudenarde, Middlebourg, Lille, Antwerp, Delft. Of these Arras and Lille are now in France, Delf...
-Chapter V. Mortlake, Merton, And Other English Looms
The success of Henri IV of France in importing low-warp weavers from Flanders, and establishing the industry at Paris in 1607, stirred England to imitation. A copy of the agreement made by Henri IV wi...
-Mortlake, Merton, And Other English Looms. Part 2
The first set of Vulcan and Venus, in nine pieces, woven plain without gold, except in the piece of Apollo and for the letters, 16 oz. at 6s. the ounce, amounting to a total of £4 16s., had cost Cha...
-Mortlake, Merton, And Other English Looms. Part 3
The Restoration of 1660 did not help matters much at Mortlake. Not until 1662 were the proposals of Sir Sackville Crow to Charles II for the revival of the industry acted on. In that year he received ...
-Mortlake, Merton, And Other English Looms. Part 4
Acts of the Apostles. A set of low-warp tapestry of wool and silk enriched with gold, made in England, design of Raphael, representing the Acts of the Apostles, in a border with red ground and with c...
-Mortlake, Merton, And Other English Looms. Part 5
Vulcan - another set of very fine low-warp tapestry hangings of wool and silk enriched with gold, made in England, composed of nine pieces, in which is represented the Story of Vulcan, having a large...
-The Morris Tapestry Works At Merton
William Morris (1834-96) who founded the tapestry works at Merton near London in 1881, was a genius. He had more influence on the industrial arts, I believe, than any other man in the world's history....
-The Royal Windsor Tapestry Works
The organisation of the Royal Windsor Tapestry Works in 1876 was due to Mr. H. Henry, art director of a London decorative firm, and to Prince Leopold. While Mr. Henry was on a professional visit to Bo...
-Other English Looms
During the XIV, XV, XVI centuries, tapestry weaving in England was not an important industry. The English were content, with a few sporadic exceptions, to ship wool to Flanders and get back arras (tap...
-Other English Looms. Continued
Mars, Venus, and Apollo, 12 feet long. Vulcan and the Gods, 10 feet long. Neptune and Vulcan, 8 feet 9 inches long. Vulcan drawing the Net, 8 feet 6 inches long. Vulcan forging, 8 feet 6 inches long. ...
-Chapter VI. French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson
For two and a half centuries the name most famousln tapestry weaving has been the Gobelins; since September, 1667, when Colbert, as it is put in French by the inscription on the right of the entrance ...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 2
Part of the inscription on the right of the entrance gate of the Gobelins has already been quoted. The rest reads: April, 1601, Marc de Comans and François de la Planche, Flemish tapestry weavers, in...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 3
The tapestry part of the plant was not created new or imported from Flanders. It was a combination of the various tapestry works described above - those of Planche and the Comans, of the Trinité and t...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 4
The Child Gardeners, in six pieces, is in an entirely different spirit, light and gay and full of the fascinations of out-of-doors and of children. This was a very popular set and in twenty years it w...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 5
Among the various sets were the Chambers of the Vatican copied after Raphael's paintings there, the Sujets de la Fable after Giulio Romano, the Sujets de la Fable after Raphael, the Fruits of War afte...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 6
The frames of these Don Quixote tapestries were quite as important as the pictures, and take up a great deal more room. Indeed the pictures are but miniatures set in a decorative mat that is framed in...
-French Looms, The Gobelins: Beauvais: Aubusson. Part 7
Vertumnus Plate no. 181. Vertumnus and Pomona, designed for the Gobelins by François Boucher after he became chief inspector there. The picture is interesting to compare with the far superior Vertu...
-The Beauvais Tapestry Works
While the Furniture Factory of the Crown at the Gobelins was a State institution organised by Colbert to produce tapestries and other art objects for the King, the business at Beauvais was a private o...
-The Beauvais Tapestry Works. Continued
Especially interesting from the historic, as well as from the tapestry point of view, is the set of 4 pieces in the Royal Swedish Collection woven for the King of Sweden, under the direction of Cron-s...
-Aubusson Looms
A set of Aubusson tapestries to cover five pieces of furniture - sofa, two arm-chairs, two side chairs - weighs ten pounds, measures nine square yards, and costs in the United States from $1,000 to $5...
-An Aubusson Chair Back
Tapestry with or without personages is a perfect furniture covering. It is both beautiful and durable. The first cost is high, but with use the value increases. The Aubusson chair back on the opposite...
-Chapter VII. Other Looms. American, Italian, German, Spanish, Russian
The late William Baumgarten was a man of strong personality and great executive ability. In a lecture held before the Society of Antiquarians at the Art Institute, Chicago, March 25, 1897, he told the...
-The Herter Looms
Four years ago, in February, 1908, to be exact, Albert Herter established on East 33d Street in the heart of New York City, the looms that bear his name, and started to weave tapestries of the kind wo...
-Other American Looms
Among other American tapestry looms, the most important are those established two years ago on Lexington Avenue in New York City by Pottier & Stymus. ...
-Italian Looms
Tapestries and rugs are, for Italians, an acquired taste, not made necessary by the climate of Italy, where frescoes and mosaics are the natural and obvious ornamental coverings for walls and floors. ...
-German Looms
German tapestry looms were among the first to become active, as we have already seen in the chapter on Gothic Tapestries. But no German city ever became an important centre of tapestry-weaving. Among ...
-Spanish Looms
In 1720 Philip V of Spain encouraged Jacques Vandergoten of Antwerp, with his four sons, to start in Madrid the Santa Barbara factory that is still in operation. The Vandergotens began by copying old ...
-Russian Looms
The Imperial Tapestry works, founded by Peter the Great in St. Petersburg in 1716, with workmen from Beauvais under Béhagle the younger, produced a number of important tapestries in the XVIII century,...
-Peasant Tapestries
An idea of the extent to which tapestry weaving - of a rustic but not uninteresting type - has been taken up by museums and arts-and-crafts associations in different parts of Europe, particularly in N...
-Chapter VIII. The Texture Of Tapestries. Arras Tapestries. Greek And Roman Tapestries. High Warp And Low Warp. The Process Of Weaving
Arras tapestries have a more wonderful and fascinating texture than any other material. I say arras tapestries because I wish definitely to limit the statement to wall hangings with horizontal woven r...
-High Warp And Low Warp
Tapestry is a broad word. It means one thing in a wall-paper shop and another in a carpet and rug store. One thing among makers of painted tapestry and another among makers of embroidered tapestry. On...
-The Process Of Weaving
The process of tapestry weaving is most interesting. The loom and tools necessary are surprisingly simple. In fact for a tiny tapestry a square embroidery frame with needles and comb is sufficient. Bu...
-Chapter IX. Designs And Cartoons. Portraits In Tapestries. Counterfeit Arras. Animals In Tapestries. Verdures
The best tapestry designs for a century and a half - I almost wrote three centuries - are those produced by Burne-Jones and Morris and Dearie for the works at Merton (See chapter IX (Designs And Carto...
-Designs And Cartoons. Portraits In Tapestries. Counterfeit Arras. Animals In Tapestries. Verdures. Continued
In the case of Raphael's Acts of the Apostles, and Mantegna's Triumphs of Caesar, the grands patrons appear to have been the handiwork of the painter himself. But more often in the XV and XVI centurie...
-Chapter X. Tapestry Signatures And Makers. Tapestry Captions. Tapestry Borders. Tapestry Shapes And Sizes And Measurements
The majority of Gothic tapestries are anonymous as regards both maker and designer. It was a rare bit of good fortune - and brilliant investigative work on the part of M. Jules Guiffrey - that determi...
-Tapestry Signatures And Makers. Tapestry Captions. Tapestry Borders. Tapestry Shapes And Sizes And Measurements. Continued
Modern Gobelin mark. Mark of the Baumgarten works at Williams-bridge, with date below the shield. Nicolas Karcher, Florence XVI century. Mortlake mark, the shield of Saint George. Alexan...
-Chapter XI. The Bible In Tapestries
Rich and wonderfully interesting are the tapestry illustrations of the Bible and the Lives of the Saints. For tapestries, unlike paintings, are best when large and in sets and crowded with romantic de...
-The Bible In Tapestries. Part 2
Especially popular in the XVI century was the Story of Abraham, of which there is a set of ten in the Imperial Austrian Collection signed by Willem Van Pannemaker, a set of seven in the Royal Spanish ...
-The Bible In Tapestries. Part 3
Other Old Testament tapestries in the Imperial Austrian Collection are a Brussels XVI century set of eight, with Latin inscriptions, picturing the Story of Joshua (See plate no. 291), all illustrated ...
-Chapter XII. History And Romance In Tapestries
Tapestries are one of the most effective forms of literary expression the world has ever known. Through them the stories of Homer's Iliad and of Homer's Odyssey were made vivid to the Greeks. Through ...
-History And Romance In Tapestries. Part 2
Clovis Plate no. 209. One of two Story of Clovis tapestries at the Cathredal of Reims, picturing the Coronation of Clovis and the Battle of Soissons. Originally there were six used to decorate one ...
-History And Romance In Tapestries. Part 3
Colonel Astier gives photographic illustrations, from the Louvre petits patrons or from tapestries, of all of these scenes except nos. 1 and 7. He also makes an exhaustive study with illustrations of ...
-Chapter XIII. The Tapestry Point Of View
Gothic and Renaissance points of view were diametrically opposed. The purpose of Gothic pictorial art was to tell the story beautifully and effectively. The purpose of Renaissance pictorial art - a pu...
-Chapter XIV. The Care Of Tapestries
As a rule, tapestries should hang loose and free. Only then do they succeed in telling their complete story in their own way. And then only are they safe in case of fire, because easy to take down and...
-Chapter XV. Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Inventories, Sales, Books
In order to know tapestries, it is necessary to study not only actual examples, but also the illustrations contained in books on tapestry and in catalogues of sales and collections. It is also necessa...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 2
Plate no. 327. Gothic Concert with verdure (mille fleur) ground, a masterpiece of design and weave, in a private collection. Wonderfully different this and infinitely superior to Renaissance and lat...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 3
Plate no. 331. Two XVII century tapestries: one made in Paris, the other in Brussels. The former pictures a scene from the story of Constantine after Rubens, signed with a Paris mark P and a fleur...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 4
Calvary Plate no. 339. Calvary, Renaissance tapestry after Barend Van Orley, sold at the Berwick and Alba sale in 1877 for $5000, at the Dollfus sale in 1912 for $60,000 besides charges. Woven in B...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 5
Martin Le Roy contains 14 large photographic illustrations of tapestries, with most elaborate and learned descriptions by J. J. Marquet de Wesselot. Kann Collection 1907. Description and photographic ...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 6
Plate no. 353. Italian Renaissance Grotesque tapestry in the Florence Tapestry Museum, designed by Bachiacca and woven by Nicolas Karcher (See chapter VII (Other Looms. American, Italian, German, Sp...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 7
Champeaux Tapestry is one of the South Kensington handbooks published in 1878. While now out of date, it was most helpful at the time, containing an index, and a descriptive list of the principal publ...
-Tapestry Museums, Collections, Expositions, Books. Part 8
Forma Spanish. The Spanish Magazine Forma, in no. 19 (1907), contains a short article in French by Jose Ramon Medida on the Mercury and Herse set of eight Brussels Renaissance tapestries belonging to ...
-Chapter XVI. Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum
Five years ago the Metropolitan Museum had few tapestries. To-day it has many - some on loan and some acquired by gift or purchase - and shows forty of them magnificently. The eye at once groups them...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 2
The three panels, the Baillée des Roses, now in the rear hall of the Decorative Arts Wing, purchased in 1909 from the income of the Rogers fund, formerly belonged to the famous Bardac collection. When...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 3
The tapestry before us is called the Mazarin tapestry, because tradition tells us that it once belonged to the famous tapestry collection of the famous Cardinal. It was purchased at a sale of his neph...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 4
Gathering Grapes Plate no. 387. Children Gathering Grapes, a Renaissance tapestry in the Royal Spanish Collection, signed with the monogram of Willem Van Pannemaker. An exquisite design exquisitely...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 5
Plate no. 393. Saint Paul before Agrippa and Berenice, a Renaissance tapestry in the Royal Spanish Collection. The Latin inscription in the top border on the left reads: Paul before Judge Festus and ...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 6
In No. 4, the Triumph of Cupid, the central figure high upon a pedestal that rises from an altar red with curling flames, is the winged and blindfolded God of Love (cupido). He is in the act of loosin...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 7
A perfectly fascinating tapestry, also lent from the Hoentschel Collection, shows Esther before Ahasu-erus, and is attributed to Brussels under date of 1450. There are woven inscriptions in Latin. The...
-Tapestries At The Metropolitan Museum. Part 8
Which, translated, reads: The rock obedient to the blows of Moses shames the heart of man, stubborn against the blessings of God. The signature in the bottom selvage is that of Bernardino Van Assel...
-Vertumnus And Pomona Tapestry
This is the most perfect Beauvais-Boucher tapestry I have ever seen, and the illustration is singularly fortunate in suggesting - though not in reproducing - the exquisite tones of the original. It ...









TOP
previous page: Progressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of Needlework | by Catherine F. Johnson
  
page up: Needlework Books
  
next page: A Girl's Problems In Home Economics | by Mabel B. Trilling