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A Girl's Problems In Home Economics | by Mabel B. Trilling



Healthful clothing, dress design, clothing construction, interior decoration, household textiles, care of the home

TitleA Girl's Problems In Home Economics
AuthorMabel B. Trilling
PublisherJ. B. Lippincott Company
Year1926
Copyright1926, J. B. Lippincott Company
AmazonA Girl's Problems in Home Economics

By Mabel B. Trilling, A.M. Assistant Professor Of Home Economics, University Of Chicago

And Florence Williams, A.M. Instructor In Art, University Of Chicago 148 Illustrations In The Text

A Girl s Problems In Home Economics 1
-Suggestions To Teachers
This book is designed for use as a text-book in the junior high school or the beginning high school grades. The material can be covered in two or three years' work, depending on the age of the student...
-Chapter I. To The Girls Who Use This Book
Your Clothing and Housekeeping Problems. - Every girl has certain problems in regard to her own clothing. She wishes to dress attractively and to keep her clothing clean and in good order, she desir...
-Chapter II. The Sewing Machine And Some Things To Make
Every girl knows how a needle is pushed through cloth, drawing a thread after it, in order to make the stitches used in ordinary hand sewing. She has also watched sewing machines in operation and can ...
-The Sewing Machine And Some Things To Make. Part 2
5. Start treadling, being careful to keep the thread smooth with no loops. If you can not wind the bobbin without leaving loose loops of thread, it means you can not treadle correctly. The bobbin shou...
-The Sewing Machine And Some Things To Make. Part 3
Practice retracing the ends of the line of stitching for one-half inch so as to make a neat and strong finish. This retracing should be done at the beginning and at the finish of each line of stitchin...
-The Sewing Machine And Some Things To Make. Part 4
Fig. 6. There are different ways of looping the upper thread around the lower thread. One way is shown in Fig. 6. As the needle takes the upper thread down it makes a loop as in the first pic...
-Things With Straight Edges To Make On The Sewing Machine
Some girls may already know how to do the things described in the remainder of this chapter. If so you need not make any of these articles and can prove your skill by making a perfect score on the tes...
-Sewing Machine Contest
If you have learned the important things about the use of the sewing machine you will be able to make a perfect score in the following contest. Read each statement and copy on your paper the answer wh...
-A Test On Hems And Seams
Some of the following statements are true and some of them are false. Read the first sentence. If you think it is true, write the word True on your paper, or if you think it is false write the word Fa...
-Chapter III. What You Can Make From The Kimono Pattern
The Kimono Pattern. - There are several garments that can be made from the kimono pattern. Some of these, a kimono, nightgown and apron dress, are shown in the pictures in Fig. 14. If you understand h...
-What You Can Make From The Kimono Pattern. Part 2
1. Decide how many patterns and what sizes will be required for your class. 2. Appoint a committee to purchase the patterns before the next lesson. Selecting Your Material. - The best way to select ...
-What You Can Make From The Kimono Pattern. Part 3
Fig. 19. Ordering Your Material. - Each girl should decide what material it will be best for her to buy. Remember when you buy material: 1. This is a beginning problem and it would not be wise f...
-What You Can Make From The Kimono Pattern. Part 4
5. Baste about one-quarter inch from the fold. Stitch the seam as near the basting as possible. Warning: If great care is not taken in trimming the edges, in making the fold, and in stitching, the ra...
-What You Can Make From The Kimono Pattern. Part 5
1. The facing always turns back flat on one side of the cloth. How does a binding differ from this? See Fig. 25. 2. Is a binding or a facing more like a hem? 3. The first step in putting the edge of...
-General Inspection For Speeding Up
1. Each girl should report on the amount accomplished up to date. 2. Can you find out why certain girls have been able to accomplish more than others? 3. Can you suggest how certain girls can speed...
-Final Check-Up On The Kimono Type Of Garment
There are certain things that you should have learned while working on this garment. You should know certain things about patterns, certain things about buying cotton material and certain things about...
-For The Girls Who Work Fast
When you have time to do extra work at school or at home there are other garments which you will like to make. These garments are similar to the ones you have just made. You might like to make a dress...
-Chapter IV. How Our Clothing Keeps Us Healthy
Fig. 34. Above are two pictures, one showing how your great-grandmother dressed, with her big, full skirts sweeping the floor as she walked. Her waist was pulled in very tightly because it was co...
-How Our Clothing Keeps Us Healthy. Part 2
Fig. 37. Next place your shoe on a piece of paper and trace around it with a pencil. Cut out the shape of the shoe and lay it over your pedigraph to see if the shoe is the right size and shape fo...
-How Our Clothing Keeps Us Healthy. Part 3
Sometimes we hold up our stockings by wearing garters around the leg or by rolling the top of the stocking. This is injurious if it is so tight as to interfere With the circulation of the blood in the...
-How Our Clothing Keeps Us Healthy. Part 4
2. How would you dress to go skating on a cold, windy day? The Fiber That Keeps You Warm. - The kind of fiber from which a garment is made also has much to do with the saving of heat. This is especia...
-How Our Clothing Keeps Us Healthy. Part 5
Something to Do. - 1. Make a cartoon story about two girls. One of these girls was careless about wearing her rubbers and raincoat and carrying her umbrella. The other girl always remembered to wear t...
-Check-Up On Healthful Clothing
Write the answers to the following questions. If you answer all the questions correctly it proves that you understand this unit of work. I. List six things that show how the up-to-date girl dresses i...
-A Survey Of My Clothing And My Health Habits
It is not enough to know what is healthful clothing but it is necessary to put these ideas into practice. If you can honestly say, Yes to each of the questions below you have good clothing habits. ...
-Chapter V How To Make Bloomers
Fig. 42. In comparing the up-to-date girl with the old-fashioned girl we found that the modern girl spends much of her time playing tennis, hockey, basket ball and in taking long hikes. This makes ...
-Chapter V How To Make Bloomers. Part 2
3................ 4................ Dress bloomers 1. Gingham 2. Percale 3................ 4................ Undergarment bloomers 1. Sateen 2................ 3................ 4...............
-Chapter V How To Make Bloomers. Part 3
1. Examine your pattern to see if the diagram shows how to lay your pattern on the material. 2. Are the seams allowed on your pattern? 3. Can you find the marks which show how the garment should be ...
-Chapter V How To Make Bloomers. Part 4
You have already learned how to make a hem and Fig. 53 shows you how to leave an opening to insert the elastic. How would you finish the lines of stitching in order to make them strong? A second way ...
-Chapter V How To Make Bloomers. Part 5
5. The needle should be pushed through the cloth with the thimble. 6. When the needle becomes crowded push the cloth back with the fingers without taking the needle out. See Fig. 56. 7. Keep the sti...
-Making Other Garments Similar To Bloomers
It is important that every girl in the class should understand all types of bloomer construction. Then she will be able to make other garments at home without the help of her teacher. Two garments tha...
-Chapter VI. How To Dress In Good Taste
What Is Meant by Good Line? - When one goes to a shop and tries on ready-made dresses, the saleswoman is likely to say, Here is a dress that has good lines. Do you know what she means when she say...
-Good Spacing Or Proportion In A Dress
Harmonious line is by no means all that is necessary in order to have an attractive dress. Good proportion or good spacing as it is sometimes called is equally important with good line. In Fig. 70 the...
-A Study Of Color
Color Everywhere. - The world is full of color. Everywhere you turn you see color, color in the trees, the greens of the leaves, the grayish browns of the trunks, the browns of the earth, color in pas...
-A Study Of Color. Continued
There are other ways of producing complementary harmonies but it will be helpful to you to remember the three ways described above. Further illustrations of these three methods of producing color harm...
-Other Things Necessary To Be Well-Dressed
No matter how good the line, nor how beautiful the color, we do not appear well-dressed if our dress is covered with lint and lacking a button or two. It is not truly artistic to be careless or untidy...
-Personal Hygiene Necessary To Be Well-Dressed
No matter how attractive your clothing may be, you can not be well-dressed unless the body is also well cared for. This means that the hair, skin, teeth, and hands all contribute to a well groomed, at...
-Chapter VII. Fabrics That We Use Every Day
Every day we use many different kinds of textile materials. In the morning we use cotton or linen washcloths and towels, we dress in knitted or muslin underwear, we put on dresses that are made of cot...
-How Can You Recognize The Fiber From Which The Cloth Is Made?
A Plan for Studying Your Materials. - It is a good plan for three or four girls to put their samples together and work with each other while they are studying about materials. Is it not easy for you t...
-How Can You Recognize The Fiber From Which The Cloth Is Made?. Continued
Fig. 8i. An Extra Problem. - The life of the silkworm is an interesting story. If any girl has time to read about it she can make a report to the class. There is a list of references at the end...
-How Cloth Is Made: Woven And Knitted
The Plan for Studying Your Samples. - You have learned that one way in which materials differ depends on the fiber from which cloth is made. A second way in which materials differ is according to the ...
-How Cloth Is Made White Or Colored
We have already learned that materials differ from each other, first, because of the fiber from which they are made and second, because of the weave by which they are constructed. A third way in which...
-How Materials Differ Because Of Finish
When you examine your cotton samples you can see that even if they should all be of the same color and made with the same weave, they still may differ in appearance. Some of them may be fuzzy in textu...
-Some Ways To Judge Quallty In Material
We have learned about the fibers from which cloth is made, how it is woven, how it is colored and how it is finished. What we have learned about these things should help us to judge quality in any cot...
-Some Ways To Judge Quallty In Material. Continued
4. Boil a piece of the sample for five minutes in a solution of household lye. To make the solution put two teaspoonfuls of the household lye in a pint of water. All the wool will be destroyed and the...
-Shoes And Stockings
Before we have made a complete study of the fabrics that we wear and use every day we must make a study of shoes and stockings and how they are made. To know how they are made will help us to purchase...
-What Have You Learned About Textiles?
If you can answer these questions you will be sure that you have learned what has been told about textiles. Part I 1. What finishing process is necessary in order to give a per manent lustrous textu...
-Chapter VIII. Making A Dress
Since you have already made a garment with kimono sleeves you should choose for this dress a pattern with set-in sleeves. This will give you a new problem in garment construction. Your success in maki...
-Making A Dress. Part 2
Amount of Material Needed. - In order to determine the number of yards of material needed for a dress, one often buys the pattern and reads the table to see what amount is specified. However, it is we...
-Making A Dress. Part 3
2. The armhole should be properly adjusted as to size. If it is too large it can be taken up at the underarm seam or the shoulder seam as the case requires. If it is too small it can be made larger by...
-Making A Dress. Part 4
5. Are the ends finished neatly? Fig. 102. Making the Sleeves. - Generally a French seam is used for putting the sleeve together. The length of the sleeve should be determined by basting it into t...
-What You Should Have Learned While Making Your Dress
1. How to fit a onepiece dress. 2. How to put on collars and cuffs. 3. How to put in sleeves. 4. How to make a belt. 5. The hemming stitch. 6. The overcasting stitch. 7. How to estimate the amou...
-Chapter IX. A Plan For Buying Your Clothing
What You Are Wearing To-day. - Did you ever realize how many dollars' worth of clothing you wear to school every day? Girls often do not think about their clothing in just this way. Such was the case ...
-A Plan For Buying Your Clothing. Part 2
It will be a good plan to put this inventory in a notebook or some form of record book which is kept especially for this purpose as you will probably continue to use the book for a number of years. Th...
-A Plan For Buying Your Clothing. Part 3
Planning to Get All the Things You Need. - When one has a limited amount of money to spend, one must plan not to spend too much for any one thing. This is illustrated by the following incident. A girl...
-A Plan For Buying Your Clothing. Part 4
Sometimes a dress that has only been worn for a year is somewhat out of style, but the material is still good. It seems extravagant to throw away a dress like this because it is out of style. People w...
-To Test Our Judgment In Clothing Problems
Having completed your study of clothing up to this point, you will be aware of the many problems in connection with one's clothing. To solve the following problems correctly will require the knowledge...
-Chapter X. What Is Your Share In Helping To Keep House?
Have you ever thought what your share is in helping your mother to keep house? There are many ways in which a girl may help her mother, but caring for her own room is a special responsibility which ev...
-What Is Your Share In Helping To Keep House?. Part 2
The most convenient closets have rods extending from side to side upon which to place hangers. This makes it unnecessary to hang one garment over another on the same hook, which is very inconvenient. ...
-What Is Your Share In Helping To Keep House?. Part 3
After you have had your schedule criticized, experiment every morning until you have worked out the most satisfactory schedule. The Weekly Cleaning. - You will find that if you have followed the dail...
-What Is Your Share In Helping To Keep House?. Part 4
6. Did you remember to clean under the radiator? 7. Can you think of any way in which you can save time next week and yet do as thorough a piece of cleaning? Washing Windows and Mirrors. - Sometimes ...
-Your Share In Caring For Other Rooms
What other things do you do as your share of housekeeping besides taking care of your own room? Every thinking girl realizes that it is her responsibility to do a share of the housekeeping. In any goo...
-Your Share Of Housekeeping In The Community
Have you ever thought what your responsibility is for order and cleanliness in your school and your neighborhood? Do you ever do things at school that you would not do in your own home? Do you throw p...
-Check-Up On The Hygiene Of Housekeeping
Hygiene is the science of the preservation of health, and hygienic housekeeping means keeping house so as to secure healthful living conditions. Can you answer these questions on hygienic housekeeping...
-Chapter XI. Caring For Clothing As Part Of Your Housekeeping
Have you ever noticed how much time your mother spends in taking care of the clothing that belongs to the different members of your family? When you were a very little girl someone had to take care of...
-How To Patch And Darn
How to Care for Your Stockings. - It will not be necessary to mend our stockings so frequently if we take good care of them. For example, perspiration from the feet sometimes causes the threads in you...
-How To Remove Spots And Stains From Clothing
It is most unfortunate and annoying to get a spot on a garment that is otherwise clean and new. It seems a pity to send the garment to a cleaning establishment because it has one small spot on it. We ...
-The Dry Cleaning Of Garments
If a garment becomes much spotted and soiled it is useless to try to clean it by this method of removing spots. If it is a garment that can not be laundered, it must be cleaned by the process called d...
-What You Should Know About Laundering Your Clothes
It is needless to say that clean, well laundered clothing is necessary if we are to be well dressed and attractive. You will remember that soiled, untidy clothing was one reason that the girl who want...
-What You Should Know About Laundering Your Clothes. Continued
An Experiment to Do. - Have you ever boiled a garment and found that it became covered with a scum and tiny particles of dirt? This probably happened because the garment was boiled in hard water witho...
-Proper Storage Of Your Clothing
If you are intelligent about caring for your clothing properly you will store your winter clothes carefully during the summer. There is always danger that woolen garments may be ruined by moths. The l...
-Some Things To Do And Some Questions To Answer
If you have understood the problems in caring for clothing that have been discussed in this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions and do the following exercises. Part I 1. Why ...
-Chapter XII. Some Labor-Saving Devices For Cleaning
There are many ways of making housekeeping easier. Some of them are simple little things that require no expenditure of money. There are other things that do require expenditure of money, but they pro...
-Some Labor-Saving Devices For Cleaning. Continued
It is also a great convenience to have a small closet for cleaning tools. Did you ever wish that there was a better place in your house to keep the broom, dust mop and carpet sweeper ? Is there any pl...
-Chapter XIII. Arranging Your Bedroom So It Is Attractive And Convenient
You have already learned that one very important thing in making a room attractive is to keep it clean and orderly. However, the appearance of the clean and orderly room can often be improved by rearr...
-Arranging Your Bedroom So It Is Attractive And Convenient. Continued
This is more easily explained when one thinks of how boys playing on a see-saw manage to balance each other. When two boys who are of the same weight sit at each end of the see-saw they have no troubl...
-Chapter XIV. Furnishing Your Own Room: Furniture, Walls, Lighting
Sometime it may be possible for you to do more than rearrange the things in your room. You may have the opportunity to buy some new furniture and rugs, to have the walls refinished and to buy new curt...
-Furnishing Your Own Room: Furniture, Walls, Lighting. Continued
Oak is a very hard, strong wood and is best used for heavy, strong pieces of furniture. It is finished in varying colors, one of these being a light yellowish brown known as golden oak. Many people th...
-Attractive Walls
How to finish the walls of a room is sometimes very much of a puzzle and an interesting one to solve. In order to know what is best for the walls of your room you must study the different kinds of fin...
-Good Lighting In Your Bedroom
Good lighting is always arranged so that it is most convenient to use. The common arrangement which is to have only one central light which hangs from the ceiling is bad for two reasons. If you are wo...
-To Test What You Have Learned About Furniture, Walls And Lighting. Part I
Find three pictures of chairs, tables or other pieces of furniture. One of these is to be the best design that you can find, the second is to be average in the quality of design and third is to be poo...
-Chapter XV. Furnishing Your Own Room: Curtains, Rugs, Bedding
Have you ever realized that the rug on your floor, the curtains at your windows, and the sheets and blankets on your bed are all textile materials? Each of these materials is made in a particular way ...
-Choosing Your Rug
Before you read the following paragraph, stop and think what you learned about artistic walls and curtains. Can you think how the same ideas can be applied to floor and rugs. Write your ideas on a pie...
-Selecting Your Bedding
A Study of Bed Coverlets. - Choosing the bed cover is part of the art problem in furnishing your room attractively. It makes a large spot of color and should be in harmony with the other colors in the...
-To Test What You Have Learned About Curtains, Rugs And Bedding. Part I
1. What six points will you keep in mind in buying curtain material? 2. What process is the same in the making of the tapestry Brussels rug and the velvet rug? 3. List seven points to remember in se...
-Books
Clothing For Women By LAURA I. BALDT, A.M., Teachers College, Columbia University. 454 Pages, 7 Colored Plates, 262 Illustrations in Text. Second Edition. Successful Canning And Preserving By OLA P...









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previous page: Tapestries; Their Origin, History And Renaissance | by George Leland Hunter
  
page up: Needlework Books
  
next page: Household Textiles | by Charlotte M. Gibbs