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Progressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of Needlework | by Catherine F. Johnson



The system of instruction in needlework, as given in this book, is the result of many years' study of the subject, and of practical application of the methods in the public schools of Brookline, Massachusetts. Experience has shown that careful preparation can make sewing as educational as any other subject of school instruction.

TitleProgressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of Needlework
AuthorCatherine F. Johnson
PublisherD. C. Heath & Co., Publishers.
Year1893
Copyright1893, Catherine F. Johnson
AmazonProgressive Lessons In The Art And Practice Of Needlework
Progressive Lessons In The Art and Practice of NeedleworkD C Heath and Co
-Introductory Note
It gives me much pleasure to say that I have seen the method of teaching the theory and practice of sewing, as set forth in this book, grow up in the public schools of Brookline, Mass., and can testif...
-Preface
During several years' experience in teaching sewing, I felt the need of a text-book which would explain needlework from its rudiments and give directions for practical demonstration in class work. For...
-Introduction
The system of instruction in needlework, as given in this book, is the result of many years' study of the subject, and of practical application of the methods in the public schools of Brookline, Massa...
-Chapter I. First Year's Sewing
In the first year must come the drill in position, as also a drill in using the fingers and all implements of sewing. Thoroughness in this and in all details of the work is important. Class Drill. Pr...
-First Year's Sewing. Part 2
5. Cut a 2 1/2 in. paper square, using rule and pencil. Make this exact by placing the diagonally opposite corners on each other, measuring and paring. This is for a pattern for a canvas patch. Descr...
-First Year's Sewing. Part 3
Fig . 3 - Sampler No. I. 5. What is the back of the thimble? Ans. The back of the thimble is that part which covers the back of the finger. 6. Why is the needle pressed against the back of the thi...
-Chapter II. Second Year's Sewing
The second year sampler is made of coarse unbleached cotton for the following reasons:The threads are large and easily seen without straining the eyes. It is softer than bleached cloth of the same qu...
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 2
A patch well matched is less conspicuous hemmed to the outside of most garments; on white and many other kinds of cloth, it is better to sew the patch to the wrong or under side, as described in answe...
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 3
A metal measure of the shape here shown (Fig. 11) will be found very useful. It combines measurements of the various tucks and hems used in samplers. Description Of Sampler No. 2. Materials Required....
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 4
6. What length of thread should be used? Ans. A thread 10 in. long should be used on the unbleached sampler. (Memorandum to Teacher. Make plain to the pupils how time is wasted by drawing a long threa...
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 5
1/2 in. from the end of the finger, held in place with the thumb and second finger (Figs. 16, 17, 18). Sew with the needle pointing to the middle of the edge of the left thumb-nail (Fig. 19). Make the...
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 6
Fig. 28. - Worn place cut out; the cloth prepared for a stitched-in patch. Fig. 27. - Representing a hole in a garment. Fig. 29. - Patch basted on, ready for stitching. Fig. 30. - Patch stitc...
-Second Year's Sewing. Part 7
Fie. 42. - Cloth basted to the band. 67. How should a buttonhole be cut? Ans. A buttonhole should be cut in double cloth, the end generally 1/4 in. from the edge of the cloth, and as long as the di...
-Chapter III. Third Year's Sewing
In the third year the sampler is made of fine white cotton. For this and the work of succeeding years on bleached cotton, the yard wide Fitchville or Masonville cloths have been found most desirable f...
-Third Year's Sewing. Part 2
XIV Make a handkerchief hem on the ends of the second piece of Lonsdale, then make a 1/4 in. hem on one side of it. Above this hem make three tucks the same width as the hem, using No. 90 cotton and ...
-Third Year's Sewing. Part 3
Fig. 54. 13. How are the corners darned? Ans. The lines of running stitches are made slanting instead of straight, so that they all come together at the corner of the inside basting. (Illustrate on t...
-Third Year's Sewing. Part 4
Fig. 55. Fig. 56. 36. How is the flannel prepared for the embroidery edge stitch? Ans. The flannel is prepared for the embroidery edge stitch by first marking out on card-board scallops of the req...
-Third Year's Sewing. Part 5
Fig. 60, B. - Hemstitching. 51. How should the thread be fastened in finishing? Ans. The thread should be run between the stitch and the canvas on the under side, for the length of three stitches, ...
-Chapter IV. Fourth Year's Sewing
When the fine white cotton sampler has not been finished in the third year, it must be completed as early as possible in the fourth year, to give the necessary time for advanced work. The work laid o...
-Fourth Year's Sewing. Part 2
For darning woollen material, use a ravelling of the same if possible. Otherwise, use a fine worsted thread, splitting it if necessary and matching the color of the cloth (see Fig. 65). In darning on...
-Fourth Year's Sewing. Part 3
To make the opening at the side, from A cut down the fold 8 in. from the top. For binding, take a strip 17 in. long, selvedge way of the cloth, and bind the opening. Baste the binding on both sides of...
-Chapter V. Fifth Year's Sewing
From the paper patterns cut in the fourth year the pupils may now cut and make undergarments of fine white cotton. Flannel skirts are cut and made, either lengthwise or widthwise of the flannel; the s...
-Pattern For A Tier
This pattern consists of five pieces: one-half of the front, one-half of the back, upper and under part of sleeve, and neck band. Pattern Of The Front Of Tier, Having Chest Measure Of 29 In. And Leng...
-Sleeve Pattern For Tier
This pattern consists of two pieces ; they are called upper and under parts of the sleeve. The upper part is much larger than the under part, that the two seams (the inner seam and the outer seam) may...
-Basting And Making A Sleeve
When the cloth has been cut from this pattern, place the lower edges of the inner seam evenly together and baste from this point to the top; place the lower edges of the back seam evenly together and ...
-Ornament
In this year a pleasing arrangement can be made from their drawing lessons (Fig. 77) for a design to embroider in couching, French knot, and outline-stitch, not alone for ornament, but to lead the pup...
-Chapter VI. Sixth Year's Sewing
The training of previous years should have taught pupils the best way of preparing and finishing work, so that the time in this year may be used in gaining a practical knowledge of cutting, fitting, a...
-Sixth Year's Sewing. Part 2
Fig. 80 - Pattern of a basque. To pin the lining to the model form: From one end of the fold of the hem, measure vertically 4 1/2 in. From the same end, measure horizontally 2 in. Cut the curve from ...
-Sixth Year's Sewing. Part 3
In cutting the dress goods, be careful to have the corresponding pieces for the two sides of the waist correct. If both are cut together, the cloth must be folded so that the right sides lie together....
-Appendix
The following papers, prepared by the pupils, are added to show the relation of drawing and language to needlework; demonstrating a lesson in this way makes the work educational as well as practical. ...









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