8. Viburnum Venosum Britton. Veiny Arrow-Wood

Fig. 3964

Viburnum venosum Britton, Man. 871. 1901. V. venosum Canbyi Render, Rhodora 6: 60. 1904.

A shrub, 6° high or less, the bark grayish-brown, the young twigs stellate-pubescent or stellate-tomentose. Leaves ovate to orbicular, 2'-5' long, firm, coarsely and sharply dentate, glabrous or with sparse pubescence on the upper side when young, stellate-pubescent, at least on the veins, beneath, the petioles 1/4'-3/4' long; cymes long-stalked, often 3'-4' broad, stellate-pubescent or glabrate; drupe globose or short-oval, 3"-4" in diameter, nearly black.

Thickets, eastern Massachusetts to New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Shoots sometimes bear reniform, very thin subcordate leaves with minute distant teeth. June-July.

9. Viburnum Molle Michx. Soft-Leaved Arrow-Wood

Fig. 3965

V. molle Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 180. 1803. Viburnum Demetrionis Deane & Robinson, Bot. Gaz. 22: 167. pl. 8. 1896.

A shrub about 120 high, the older twigs at length grayish black, the bark exfoliating. Bud-scales acutish, ciliolate; leaves broadly ovate or nearly orbicular, short-acuminate at the apex, cordate or truncate at the base, 3'-5' long, coarsely dentate, glabrous and bright green above, soft-pubescent and paler beneath, some of the pubescence stellate; petioles 8"-20" long; stipules linear-filiform, 2"-5" long; cymes terminal, peduncled, 4-7-rayed, glandular-puberulent; calyx-teeth ciliate; drupe oblong, obtuse at both ends, about 5" long and 2 1/2" broad, much flattened, with 2 grooves when dry.

Bluffs and rocky woods, Kentucky, Missouri and Iowa. June.

9 Viburnum Molle Michx Soft Leaved Arrow Wood 6369 Viburnum Molle Michx Soft Leaved Arrow Wood 637

10. Viburnum Cassinoides L. Withe-Rod. Appalachian Tea

Fig. 3966

Viburnum cassinoides L. Sp. Pl. Ed. 2, 384. 1762. Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides T. & • G. Fl. N. A. 2: 14. 1841.

A shrub, 2°-12° high, with ascending gray branches, the twigs somewhat scurfy, or glabrous. Leaves ovate or oval, thick, pinnately veined, narrowed or sometimes rounded at the base, acute or blunt-acuminate at the apex, 1'-3' long, usually crenu-late, rarely entire, glabrous or very nearly so on both sides; peduncle shorter than or equalling the cyme; drupe pink, becoming dark blue, globose to ovoid, 3"-5" long; stone round or oval, flattened.

In swamps and wet soil, Newfoundland to Manitoba, Minnesota, New Jersey, Georgia and Alabama. June-July. False Paraguay-tea.

11. Viburnum Nudum L. Larger Or Naked Withe-Rod

Fig. 3967

Viburnum nudum L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753. Viburnum nudum var. Claytoni T. & G. Fl. N. A. 2: 14. 1841.

Similar to the preceding species, but usually a larger shrub, sometimes 150 high. Leaves oval, oval-lanceolate, or obovate, entire or obscurely crenulate, mostly larger (sometimes 9' long), narrowed at the base, acute or obtuse at the apex, more prominently veined, sometimes scurfy on the upper surface; peduncle equalling or exceeding the cyme.

In swamps, Connecticut to Florida, west to Kentucky and Louisiana. Blooms a little later than the preceding species. Bilberry. Nanny-berry. Possum- or Shawnee-haw.

11 Viburnum Nudum L Larger Or Naked Withe Rod 63811 Viburnum Nudum L Larger Or Naked Withe Rod 639