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The Volatile Oils Vol2 | E. Gildemeister



416 essential oils are covered in detail in this volume. The essential oils are enumerated in the order in which the respective plants appear classified by A. Engler in his "Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien". This second volume presents the oils up to and including those of the Zygophyllacese and of part of the Rutacese.

TitleThe Volatile Oils Vol2
AuthorE. Gildemeister
PublisherJohn Wiley And Sons
Year1916
Copyright1916, E. Gildemeister
AmazonThe Volatile Oils
The Volatile Oils Vol2: Book Cover

The Volatile Oils. By E. Gildemeister And Fr. Hoffmann.

Second Edition

E. Gildemeister.

Written under the auspices of the firm of Schimmel & Co., Miltitz Near Leipzig.

Authorized translation by

Edward Kremers

Madison, Wis.

Second Volume.

With Four Maps, Three Tables And Numerous Illustrations.

John Wiley And Sons, Inc., 432, Fourth Avenue, New York.

1916.

All rights reserved.

Schimmcl & Co.'s Printing Office, Miltitz near Leipzig.

-Preface To The Second Volume
In the preface to the first volume of the second edition it was pointed out that the individual essential oils would be dealt with in the second volume. As, however, in the course of compilation it wa...
-1. Oil Of Trentepohlia Jolithus
Division: Chlorophyceae. Family: Chroolepidaceae. Trentepohlia Jolithus, (L.) Wallr. (Chroolepus Jolithus, Ag.), an alga belonging to the family Chroolepidaceae, has a strong odor reminding of viole...
-2. Oil Of Trametes Suaveolens
Division: Eumycetes. Family: Polyporaceae. The Weidenschwamm, or bracket fungus growing on willow, Trametes suaveolens, Fr. (Boletus suaveolens, L), formerly official as Fungus suaveolens or Fungus ...
-3. Oil Of Boletus Edulis
The edible boletus, Boletus edulis, Bull., owes its pleasant odor to a volatile oil. Upon distillation of the dried fungus, H. Hsensel2) obtained 0,056 p. c. of a dark brown oil which melts at 34...
-4. Oil Of Amanita Muscaria
Family: Agaricaceae. The petroleum ether extract of the comminuted fly agaric Amanita muscaria, L. (Fam. Agaricaceae) contains, in addition to a fatty oil, a volatile oil characterized by a strong od...
-5. Oil Of Evernia Prunastri
Family: Parmeliaceae. Under the name of Lichen quercinus viridis, Muscus arboreus, Muscus Acaciae, French Mousse de chene or Mousse odorante, German Eichenmoos, the lichen Evernia prunastri, L. (Fam....
-6. Oil Of Iceland Moss
The so called Iceland moss, a lichen, Cetraria islandica, L., yields upon distillation 0,051 p. c. of a brownish oil3) from which crystals separate upon standing. d15 0,8765; A. V. 72; S. V. 98; aD in...
-7. Oil Of Mastigobryum Trilobatum
Division: Embryophyta Asiphonogama. Family: Jungermanniaceae. The oil of Mastigobryum trilobatum, L. (Fam. Jungerman-niaceee or liverworts) was first prepared by C. E. Lohmann4), later in somewhat l...
-8. Oil Of Leioscyphus Taylori
Dried at 100, the powdered livermoss; Leioscyphus Taylori, Hook. (Fam. Jungermanniaceae) yielded, upon distillation with water vapor, 1,6 p. c. of a viscid, bluish-green volatile oil1). This oil ...
-9. Oil Of Madotheca Laevigata
The air-dried Madotheca laevigata, Schrad. (Fam. Junger-manniaceae) yields 0,9 p. c. of a relatively limpid, orange-yellow oil1), which has a pleasant odor; d16 0,856; [a]D + 72,74; S. V. 5,56. T...
-10. Oil Of Alicularia Scalaris
The oil1) of Alicularia scalaris, Corda (Fam. Jungerman-niacead) is lemon-yellow in color. Its odor reminds of that of the forests; d18. 0,965; [a]D - 33,49-). ...
-11. Oil Of Malefern
Family: Polypodiaceae. Origin. The rhizome of malefern, Nephrodium filix mas, Stremp. (Aspidium filix mas, L.) (Fam. Poly podiaceae) owes its vermifuge properties in part to small amounts of a volati...
-12. Oil Of Polypodium Phymatodes
Polypodium phymatodes, L. (Pleopeltisphymatodes, F. Moore) (Fam. Polypodiaceae) contains a volatile oil) which is used by the South Sea Islanders for flavoring cocoanut oil. ...
-13. Oil Of Angiopteris Evecta
Family: Maratt1aceje. The fern Angiopteris evecta, Hoffm. (Fam. Marattiaceae) contains a volatile oil2) which is used by the South Sea Islanders for the same purpose for which they use that of Polypo...
-14. Oil Of Pherosphaera Fitzgeraldi
Division: Embryophyta Siphonogama. Family: Tax Aceae. Pherosphaera Fitzgeraldi, F. v. M.3) occurs in the mountains of New South Wales. The leaves, distilled in February, yielded 0,108 p.c. of oil. T...
-15. Oil Of Dacrydium Franklinii
The conifer Dacrydium Franklinii, Hook.) is restricted to Tasmania where it is known as Huon pine. From the leaves 0,5 p. c. of volatile oil was obtained: d170/150 0,8667; aD + 20,5; nD25o1,4815...
-16. Oil Of Phyllocladus Rhomboidalis
The occurrence of the conifer, known as celery top pine Phyllocladus rhomboidalis, Rich.4) appears to be restricted to Tasmania. Distilled in July, the leaves, or, more correctly, the phyllocladia yie...
-17. Oil Of Kauri Copal
Family: Pinaceae. Kauri copal obtained from Agathis australis, Salisb. (Dam-mara australis, Lamb.) contains a volatile oil which can be obtained by distillation with water vapor, either directly or a...
-18. Oil Of Manila Copal
Manila copal, derived from Agathis alba, Lam.:5) yields its volatile oil but difficultly to direct distillation with water vapor. A more complete separation can be accomplished by first neutralizing t...
-19. Oil Of Agathis Robusta
The conifer Agathis (Dammara) robusta, C. Moore1), which is found along the coast of Queensland and which is known as Queensland Kauri or Dundathu pine, yields an oleoresin from which 11,64 p. c. ...
-20. Oil Of Araucaria Cunninghamii
Araucaria Cunninghamii, Ait.'2) grows along the Northern coast of Australia, in New South Wales and in Queensland, and is known as the Hoop, Colonial, or Moreton bay pine. The leaves distilled in Nove...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana
When the older stems of Araucaria brasiliana, Lamb, are wounded, they yield a water-white gum resin3) which is known in Brasil as Resina de pinhero. It yields about 6. p. c of oil, but nothing is know...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 2
General Properties. Freshly distilled oil of turpentine is a colorless, mobile liquid, the peculiar odor of which varies somewhat according to its source. Thus the French oil reminds of juniper, and h...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 3
It is noteworthy that the angle of rotation decreases with age. Comp. p. 26, footnote 1. Refraction. Concerning the index of refraction, or nD, of turpentine oils only a few reliable data are availab...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 4
A comparison of the course of careful fractionations of American and French turpentine oil, has been made readily possible by two tables published by B. Ahlstrom and 0. Aschan3). These tables reveal n...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 5
The higher acid content observed in connection with old, resinified turpentine oils, is due to formic acid resulting as a product of oxydation. Composition. The first elementary analysis of turpentin...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 6
Hence, while fenchene may not be regarded as one of the constituents of turpentine oil, the presence of camphene can be assumed with relative certainty. The presence of the laevo-gyrate modification o...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 7
The situation has been cleared up by the work of C. Engler6). He showed that the action of atmospheric oxygen or pure oxygen on turpentine oil results in the formation of a peroxide-like oxidation pro...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 8
Worstall 1) sets aside 0,1 g. of oil with 40 ccm. of Hubl's iodine solution in a glass-stoppered flask over night and then titrates back the excess of iodine. The theoretical iodine value demanded by ...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 9
The zinc iodide-starch test solution is prepared by triturating 4 to 5 g. of starch with a little water to a milky liquid and adding this mixture in small amounts and while stirring to a boiling solut...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 10
Nitric Acid Method. For the quantitative determination of petroleum, the turpentine oil is oxidized with fuming nitric acid and the residual mineral oil is weighed. According to Burton2) 100 cc. of oi...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 11
Sulphuric Acid Method. It may be pointed out in advance that the differences of opinion regarding this method are as great as those concerning the nitric acid method. The idea to utilize the stability...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 12
The Mercurous Acetate Method. This method of Nicolardot and Clement3) depends on the same principle on which the detection of petroleum or benzene by means of nitric acid or sulphuric acid depends. Th...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 13
1) Chem. Ztg. 29 (1905), 807. 2) Ibidem 31 (1907), 1145. Marcusson1) recommends the above reaction as serviceable. According to Grimaldi2), Halphen's reaction can likewise be applied to the fraction...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 14
So far as the color reactions are concerned, it should be noted that in many instances rosin essences and rosin oils behave like pine tar oil. This is not surprising since products of the dry distilla...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 15
For the approximately quantitative determination of the benzene hydrocarbons, sulphuric acid of the specific gravity 1,6 is added to the reaction mixture. As a result of the increase of the specific g...
-21. Oil Of Araucaria Brasiliana. Part 16
1) Corresponds to about 50 gallons the capacity of the American barrels. Expressed in cents per gallon, the market price in Savannah was as follows for the years indicated: 1911 1910 ...
-22. American Oil(Spirits) of Turpentine
Oleum Terebinthinae Americanum. - Amerikanisches Terpentinol. - Essence de Terebenthine Americaine. Origin. The turpentine forests of the southern states consist principally of three species of Pinus...
-22. American Oil(Spirits) of Turpentine. Part 2
The turpentine collected during the first two or three months is almost colorless and is known as virgin dip, the best commercial variety. It enters the market as water white (W. W.), the next bes...
-22. American Oil(Spirits) of Turpentine. Part 3
The total output of a turpentine farm, of the size given on p. 61, for the period of 4 years averaged 120000 gals, turpentine oil, 5200 bbls. of rosin of first quality, 4000 bbls. of second grade, a...
-23. French Oil Of Turpentine
Oleum Terebinthinae gallicum. - Franzosisches Terpentinol. - Essence de Terebenthine Francaise. Origin. The pine growing on the dunes (Landes) of Southwestern France and used for the production of ...
-24. Austrian("Neustaedter") Oil of Turpentine
Origin and Production. The Austrian turpentine industry is located principally in Lower Austria, in the neighborhood of Wiener Neustadt. The area covered begins south of Voeslau, extends southward to ...
-25. Spanish Oil Of Turpentine
For a number of years Spanish oil of turpentine has been a regular article of commerce. At the beginning of the present century the principal producers of turpentine in Spain united to form a corporat...
-26. Greek Oil Of Turpentine
Origin and Properties. Like the Spanish oil of turpentine, the Greek oil has acquired a certain commercial significance only in recent years4). Turpentine is produced in all of the provinces of Greece...
-27. Russian Oil Of Turpentine
Origin and Production4). In the governments Archangelsk and Wologda, forests of Pinus silvestris, L. cover an area of 1 000000 ha. For the production of oleoresin, the forests are divided into section...
-28. Algerian Oil Of Turpentine
Origin and Production. As in Greece, so in Algeria the Aleppo pine, Pinus halepensis, Mill, is used for the production of turpentine. Experiments made since 1905, have revealed that turpentine can be ...
-29. Mexican Oil Of Turpentine
The threatened exhaustion of the turpentine forests in the United States has directed the attention of Americans to the large pine forests of Mexico. Experiments made in a turpentine orchard in Moreli...
-30. Indian Oil Of Turpentine
Origin and Production. The constantly increasing consumption of turpentine oil induced the English Government as early as 1888 to try out in Dehra Dun1) (Northwest Provinces) the common Pinus Iongifol...
-31. Burma Turpentine Oil
Origin and Production. The distillates of two pines that are indigenous to Burma and there widely distributed, viz. .Pinus Khasya, Royle and Pinus Merkusii, Jungh. et de Vriese, have been examined by ...
-32. Japanese Turpentine Oil
From Japanese turpentine, from Pinus Thunbergii, M. Burchardt4) obtained 10 p. c. of a volatile oil. Upon fractionation the bulk of the oil distilled at 165, the fractions coming over between the...
-33. East Indian Turpentine Oil
An East Indian turpentine of unknown botanical origin has been examined by G. Weigel1). It was tenaceously viscid, brownish-yellow in color and had the characteristic odor of pinene: A. V. 145,45; S. ...
-34. Philippine Turpentine Oil
In the north of Luzon, Pinus insularis, Endl. occurs in the Province of Benguet. It closely resembles the American Pinus ponderosa, Dougl. and the Indian P. Khasya, Royle. According to the observation...
-35. Turpentine Oil From Picea Excelsa
The so-called Jura turpentine is obtained in the Swiss jura from Picea excelsa, Lk. (Pinus Picea, Duroi, Picea vulgaris, Lk., Ger. Rottanne or Rotfichte)5). The fresh oleoresin yields readily upon dis...
-36. Turpentine Oil From Strassburg Turpentine
Origin and Production. As is the case with Abies balsamea, Mill., the turpentine of Abies alba, Mill. (Abies pectinata, D. C, Pinus Picea, L, Ger. Weisstanne or Edeltanne) is secreted in small contain...
-37. Turpentine Oil From The Turpentine Of Abies Cephalonica
Abies cephalonica, Lk., which occurs on mount Aenos in the Greek Island of Cephalonia, yields an oleoresin which, in that section, is used as a popular remedy: internally as cathartic and externally i...
-38. Turpentine Oil From Venetian Or Larch Turpentine
Origin and Production. Venice turpentine is obtained from the larch, Larix decidua, Mill. (Larix europaea, DC, Pinus Larix, L), which grows in the mountainous sections of central Europe. It is collect...
-39. Canada Balsam Oil
Origin and Production. Canada balsam, known in North America as balsam of fir and as balsam of Gilead, is used principally for mounting microscopic sections. It is obtained from Abies balsamea, Mill. ...
-40. Oregon Balsam Oil
Origin. The so-called Oregon balsam, which closely resembles the Canada balsam, was first mentioned in pharmaceutical literature in 18711). It is obtained principally from the Douglas fir, Pseudotsuga...
-41. Turpentine Oil From Pinus Resinosa
From the Norway pine, Pinus resinosa, (Torr.?) which occurs widely distributed through the northern and western United States G. B. Frankforter2) obtained a turpentine by the box method, also by extra...
-42. Turpentine Oil From Pinus Murrayana
From the turpentine collected from living trees of Pinus Murrayana, (Balf.) A. Murr., W. C. Blasdale1) obtained an oil with turpentine-like odor which distilled between 158 and 160; d 0,8640; aD ...
-43. Turpentine Oil From Abies Concolor Var. Lowiana
The turpentine of Abies concolor var. Lowiana is light yellow in color and resembles Canada balsam. According to W. C. Blasdale1) it yields 20 p. c. oil; b. p. 155 to 160; d 0,8578; aD - 79'...
-44. Turpentine Oil From Pinus Serotina
From the turpentine of the pond pine, Pinus serotina, Sudworth, Herty and W. S. Dickson2) obtained an oil by distillation. It is a clear liquid with a pleasant odor reminding of limonene, possessing t...
-45. Turpentine Oil From Pinus Sabiniana
Origin. The turpentine of the Digger pine or nut pine, Pinus Sabiniana, Douglas3), which is indigenous to the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada in California, yields upon distillation an oil that is...
-46. Turpentine Oil From Pinus Jeffreyi
Origin. Like Pinus Sabiniana, P. Jeffreyi, Murray occurs in the Sierra Nevada of California, but is found at higher altitudes. The turpentines of both pines resemble each other closely, and the oils a...
-47. American Wood Turpentine Oil
Production1). As early as 1841 attempts were made to utilize the light wood, which name presumably owes its origin to the use made of it as torches 2), by subjecting it to destructive distillation. ...
-47. American Wood Turpentine Oil. Continued
An examination in the laboratory of Schimmel & Co.1) revealed that in addition to terpineol, the oil contains a number of other substances previously not observed in the oils of the Abietinead. The c...
-49. Russian Or Polish Pine Tar Oil
Origin and Production1). In Russia also pine tar oil is only a by-product in the charcoal and tar industry. This industry is widely distributed throughout Russia wherever there are large pine forests....
-50. Swedish Pine Tar Oil
Properties. Swedish pine tar oil has the same properties as the other oils obtained by the destructive distillation of pine stumps. The constants obtained thus far from five samples only, are as follo...
-51. Finland Pine Tar Oil
Origin and Production. Inasmuch as the Finnish language makes no distinction between turpentine oil and pine tar oil, and since pine tar oil only is produced in that country, the latter is always impl...
-52. American Pine Tar Oil
Origin and Production2). The oldest method employed in the United States for the utilization of pine wood viz., destructive distillation, is still employed to a considerable extent to-day. The cylindr...
-53. Needle Oil From Abies Alba
The Edeltannennadelol is obtained by distillation of the needles and twigs of Abies alba, Mill. (Abies pectinata, DC, Abies excelsa, Lk., Ger. Edeltanne, WeiBtanne or Silbertanne) principally in Switz...
-54. Cone Oil From Abies Alba
Origin and Production. The oil from the cones of Abies alba, Ger. Templinol is distilled in Switzerland, e. g. in the Emmental, and in several regions of the Oberland, also in the Thuringian forest. T...
-55. Seed Oil From Abies Alba
Whereas, the seeds of this conifer are as a rule distilled with the cones, Schimmel & Co.1) on one occasion, distilled them by themselves. Inasmuch as the cones owe their oil principally to the seeds ...
-56. Needle Oil From Picea Excelsa
Origin. The German Fichtennadelol proper is distilled from the fresh needles and shoots of the Norway spruce, Picea excelsa, Lk. (Picea vulgaris, Lk., Ger. Fichte or Rottanne). So far as is known, how...
-57. Cone Oil From Picea Excelsa
From the one-year-old fruit cones of Picea excelsa, Lk. (Ger. Fichte or Rottanne) obtained from Thuringia, Schimmel & Co.6) distilled an oil which, when rectified, possessed the following properties: ...
-58. Needle Oil From Pinus Montana
Origin and Production. The so-called Latschenkieferol or Krummholzol is obtained by steam distillation from the fresh needles, twigs and younger branches of Pinus montana, Mill. (Pinus Pumilio, Haenke...
-59. Needle Oil Of Pinus Silvestris
Origin. The needle oils of Pinus silvestris, L. (Ger. Kiefer or Fohre) differ in their properties according to their geographical source. Hence they will be discussed separately according to countries...
-60. Siberian Fir Needle Oil
Origin and Production. This oil is distilled in north eastern Russia from the needles and young twigs of Abies sibirica, Ledeb. (Abies Pichta, [Fisch.] Forb.; Ger. sibirische Edeltanne). The principal...
-61. Aleppo Pine Needle Oil
Upon distillation of the fresh shoots of the Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis, Mill., Pinus maritima, Mill.) collected in southern France, E. Belloni1) obtained 0,681 p. c, and upon distillation of the d...
-62. Needle Oil From Swiss Stone Pine
Upon distillation with steam of the needles (without branches) of the Siberian cedar (Pinus Cembra, L, Ger. Arve, Zirbelkiefer) F. Flawitzky2) obtained 0,88 p. c. of volatile oil. It deviated polarize...
-63. Cone Oil From Abies Reginae Amaliae
The cones of Abies Reginae Amaliae, Heldr. (Abies cepha-lonica, Lk.) growing in the forests of Arcadia contain so much volatile oil that it exudes upon the application of pressure. Upon distillation o...
-64. Needle Oil From Pinus Laricio
Two oils, reported to have been distilled from Pinus Laricio, Poir. (Ger. Schwarzkiefer), that had been sent to the firm of Schimmel & Co.1) possessed the following properties: a) d15o0,8646; aD +8&de...
-65. Hemlock Needle Oil
True hemlock oil is the distillate from the young twigs of Abies canadensis, Michx. (Tsuga canadensis, Carr.; Ger. Spruce-, Hemlock-, or Schierlings-lanne) which is widely distributed over the America...
-66. Needle Oil From Black Spruce
The oil of the black spruce, Picea nigra, Lk., already referred to in connection with the previous oil, is almost identical with hemlock oil. Sp. gr. 0,9228 at 20; aD20o - 36,367. Upon fract...
-67. Balsam Fir Needle Oil
The fresh twigs and young cones of the Canada balsam fir, Abies balsamea, Mill. (Balm of Gilead fir) yield upon distillation with steam an oil closely resembling the two previous ones. Properties and...
-68. White Pine Needle Oil
From the leaves of the white pine, Pinus Strobus, L. (Ger. Weymouthkiefer) collected during January in Wisconsin, E. Kremers1) obtained 0,09 p.c. of volatile oil that boiled between 155 and 285. ...
-69. Douglas Fir Needle Oil
The Douglas fir or red fir is one of the most common and most valuable trees of North America and constitutes a principal factor in the extensive coniferous forests of the Northwest of the United Stat...
-70. Needle Oil From Pinus Ponderosa
On the Pacific coast the oil from the needles of the Oregon yellow pine, Pinus ponderosa is distilled as a by-product in the manufacture of so-called forest wool which is used in mattresses1). The yie...
-71. Several Of The Less Common American Needle Oils
The oils from the needles, cones and twigs of several American conifers, which however cannot be identified satisfactorily because the botanical author's names are not recorded, have been distilled by...
-72. Oil Of Pinus Excelsa
An Oil of pine cone sent to Schimmel & Co.1) from India, where it had been distilled from the cones of the Indian blue pine, Pinus excelsa, Wall., was of a pale yellow color and had the following co...
-73. Larch Needle Oil
The needles of the European larch, Larix decidua, Mill. (Larix europsea, DC.) yield upon distillation but 0,22 p. c. of an oil, sp. gr. 0,878; aD + 022'2). It is soluble in 5 and more parts of 90...
-74. Lebanon Cedar Oil
Genuine cedar wood from Cedrus Libani, Barr. (Pinus Cedrus, L., Abies Cedrus, Poir., Larix Cedrus, Mill.) yields upon distillation 1) about 3,5 p. c. of a lemon-yellow oil that possesses an agreeable ...
-75. Atlas Cedar Oil
Origin and Production. In Algeria the Atlas cedar oil is distilled from the wood of Cedrus atlantica, Manetti2), which is closely related to the Lebanon cedar. The yield varies between 3 and 5 p. c. T...
-76. Sequoia Oil
Upon distillation of the needles of Sequoia gigantea, Torr. (Wellingtonia gigantea, Lindl.), the giant of California, obtained from a tree cultivated in Zurich, G. Lunge and Th. Steinkauler1) obtained...
-77. Oil Of Athrotaxis Selaginoides
Athrotaxis selaginoides, Don.2) occurs in Tasmania where it is known as King William pine. The leaves distilled in June yielded an oil characterized by the following properties: d 16/15oo 0,8765; aD +...
-78. Oil Of Cryptomeria Japonica
Origin. The wood of the Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica, Don. {Cupressus japonica, L.) owes its pleasant odor to a volatile oil which can be obtained, with a yield of 1,5 p. c.2), upon distillati...
-79. Oil Of Taxodium Mexicanum
The Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mexicanum, Carr.; T. Montezumae, Decne.; T. mucronatum, Ten.) known as Sab/no in Mexico occurs at altitudes of from 1600 to 2300 m. It is not widely distributed, bu...
-80. Oil Of Taxodium Distichum
Oil From The Wood. From the sawdust of the southern cypress, Taxodium distichum, Rich, growing in the swamps of Virginia, A. P. Odell3) obtained with 95 p. c. alcohol an extract which, upon distillati...
-81. Oil Of Actinostrobus Pyramidalis
The leaves of Actinostrobus pyramidalis, Miq. (Callitris actinostrobus, F. v. M.)1), which occurs in isolated localities in western Australia, when distilled in July yielded 0,256 p.c. of volatile oil...
-82. Sandarac Resin Oil
Origin and Production. Upon steam distillation of African sandarac from Callitris quadrivalvis, Vent. (Thuja articulata, Desf.) 0,262) to 1 p.c.3) of volatile oil are obtained. Th. A. Henry4) obtained...
-83. Sandarac Wood Oil
Upon distillation of the sawdust from the wood of Callitris quadrivalvis, E. Grimal5) obtained 2 p.c. of a reddish-brown volatile oil with a phenol-like odor. It is soluble in all proportions in 80 p....
-84. Oil Of Callitris Robusta
The leaves of Callitris robusta, R. Br.2) (C. Preissii, Miq.; C Suissii, Preiss; Frenela robusta, A. Cunn.), which occurs in Western Australia, when distilled in July yielded 0,261 p.c. of oil that po...
-85. Oil Of Callitris Verrucosa
Callitris verrucosa, R. Br.1) (Frenela verrucosa, A. Cunn.), known as cypress or turpentine pine, occurs principally in New South Wales, but is also found in the interior of Australia and in West Aust...
-86. Oil Of Callitris Propinqua
Callitris propinqua, R. Br.3) (Frenela Moorei, Parlat.), known as cypress pine, occurs in New South Wales, South Australia and in the Kangaroo islands. 1) Baker and Smith, loc. cit. p. 101. 2) Journ...
-87. Oil Of Callitris Glauca
Callitris glauca, R. Br.1) (C Preissii, Miq.; C. Huegelii, ined.; Frenela crassivalvis, Miq.; F. canescens, Parlat.; F. Gulielmi, Parlat.) is known as white, cypress or Murray river pine. It grows ove...
-88. Oil Of Callitris Arenosa
Callitris arenosa, A. Cunn.2) (Frenela robusta, A. Cunn. var. microcarpa, Benth.; F. Moorei, Parlat.; F. arenosa, A. Cunn.; F. microcarpa, A. Cunn.; F. columellaris, F. v. M.) occurs in isolated spots...
-89. Oil Of Callitris Intratropica
The occurrence of Callitris intratropica, Benth. et Hook.1) (Frenela intratropica, F. v. Muell.; F. robusta, A. Cunn. var. microcarpa, Benth.) appears to be restricted to Northern Australia and to its...
-90. Oil Of Callitris Gracilis
Callitris gracilis, R. T. Baker2), known as cypress or mountain pine, occurs only in the vicinity of Rylstone, New South Wales. Upon distillation, the leaves yielded 0,723 p.c. of volatile oil with t...
-91. Oil Of Callitris Calcarata
Callitris calcarata, R. Br.3) (C sphaeroidalis, Slotsky; C fruticosa, A. Br.; Frenela calcarata, A. Cunn.; F. Endlicheri, 1) Baker and Smith, loc. cit. p. 172. 2) Ibidem, loc. cit. p. 181. 3) Ibide...
-92. Oil Of Callitris Rhomboidea
Callitris rhomboidea, R. Br.2) (C.(?) cupressiformis, Vent.; C. arenosa, Sweet; Frenela rhomboidea, Endl.; F Ventenatii, Mirb.; F arenosa, A. Cunn.; F triquetra, Spach; F. attenuata, A. Cunn.; Cupress...
-93. Oil Of Callitris Tasmanica
Callitris Tasmanica, Baker et Smith1) (Frenela rhomboidea, R. Br. var. Tasmanica, Benth.) occurs in Tasmania, also locally in Victoria and New South Wales. In Tasmania it is known as Oyster Bay pine. ...
-94. Oil Of Callitris Drummondii
Callitris Drummondii, Benth. et Hook, fil.2), (Frenela Drum-mondii, Parlat.) grows in West Australia. Like C. arenosa, C. glauca, C. intratropica and C. gracilis it is known as cypress pine. 1) Baker...
-95. Oil Of Callitris Muelleri
Callitris Muelleri, Benth. et Hook, fil.1), (Frenela fruticosa, A. Cunn.; F. Muelleri, Parlat.) is known as Illawarra pine and occurs in isolated localities of New South Wales. The oil from the leave...
-96. Oil Of Callitris Oblonga
The occurrence of Callitris oblonga, Rich.2) (C Gunnii, Hook.; Frenela austral is, R. Br.; F. Gunnii, Endl.; F variabilis, Carr.; F macrostachya, Gord.) is restricted to Tasmania where it is known as ...
-97. Oil Of Callitris Macleayana
In New South Wales, Callitris Macleayana, F. v. M.1) (C. Par-latorei, F. v. M.; Frenela Macleayana, Parlat.; Octoclinis Mac-leayana, F. v. M.; Leichhardtia Macleayana, Shep.) is known as stringy bark ...
-98. Thuja Oil
Oleum Thujae. - Thujaol. - Essence de Thuya. Origin and Production. Thuja oil is obtained by distillation of the leaves and twigs of the arbor vitae or Thuja occidentalis, L, known in North America a...
-99. Thuja Root Oil
The oil from the root of Thuja orientalis, L. is dark brown in color and possesses an odor reminding of thymoquinone. Sp. gr. 0,979. Yield 2,75 p. c.6). ...
-100. Oil Of Thuja Plicata
Origin. The American arbor vitae or Washington cedar is known botanically by a number of synonyms: Thuja plicata, Lamb, non Don, Th. gigantea, Nutt., Th. Menziesii, Dough, 777. Doug/asii, Nutt. and 77...
-101. Oil Of Cypress
Oleum Cupressi. - Cypressenol. - Essence de Cypres. Origin and Production. Cypress oil is distilled from the leaves and young twigs of Cupressus sempervirens, L., (C. fasti-giata, DC). According to t...
-102. Oil Of Cypress Fruits
An oil distilled in southern France from the fruits of Cupres-sus sempervirens, L. had the following properties: d15o0,8686; aD -+-3048'; A. V. 0; E. V. 6,74; E. V. after saponification 11,78; so...
-103. Oil Of Cupressus Lambertiana
The leaves of Cupressus Lambert/ana, Carr. (C. macrocarpa, Hartw.), a tree often met with in the gardens of the Riviera, yield upon distillation about 0,1 p.c. of oil; d1600,8656; aD + 3153'; A. ...
-104. Oil Of Cupressus Lusitanica
Cupressus lusitanica, Mill. (C. glauca, Lamk.; C. pendula, l' Herit.; C Uhdeana, Gord.; C. sinensis, Hort.) is cultivated in the gardens of Portugal, Spain and Italy. It is reported to have been broug...
-105. Hinoki Oil
The white wood of the hinoki tree, Chamaecyparis obtusa, Endl. (Retinospora obtusa, Sieb. et Zucc.) is cultivated in japan and is used in the construction of Shinto temples and in the manufacture of l...
-106. Oil Of Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana
The oil from Charmecyparis Lawsoniana, Parl. (Cupressus Lawsoniana, A. Murr.) which is frequently cultivated in the gardens of Germany, has been distilled by Schimmel & Co.-). The material for distill...
-107. Juniper Oil
Oleum Juniperi. - Wacholderbeerbl. - Essence de Genievre. Origin and Production. Juniperus communis, L, the common juniper, is distributed throughout Europe. It occurs more abundantly in the northern...
-108. Oil Of Juniper Leaves
The twigs of Juniperus communis, L. deprived of their berries were distilled by R. E. Hanson and E. N. Babcock5) in May. They obtained 0,15 to 0,18 p. c. of a light yellow oil (d20o 0,8531), which had...
-109. Oil Of Juniper Wood
The so-called oil of juniper wood is now a days used only in veterinary practice and as an external remedy in domestic medication. It is mostly a turpentine oil that has been distilled over juniper wo...
-110. Juniper Oil From Juniperus Oxycedrus
Oil From The Fruits. The reddish-brown fruits of Juniperus Oxycedrus, L, which grows along the Mediterranean, yield 1,3') to 1,5 p. c.2) of an oil that has a turpentine-like and but faintly juniper-li...
-111. Cedar Oil From Hayti
A cedar wood received by Schimmel & Co.4) from Hayti yielded 4,33 p. c. of a lemon-yellow oil with an odor that resembled that of the ordinary cedar oil from Juniperus virginiana, L. Nothing definite ...
-112. Oil Of Red Cedar Wood
Oleum Ligni Cedri. - Cedernholzol. - Essence de Bois de Cedre. Origin and Production. The red or Virginia cedar, Juniperus virginiana, L. is a shrub or tree that attains a height of 15 m. It is distr...
-113. Cedar Leaf Oil
Oleum Foliorum Cedri. - Cedernblatterol. - Essence des Feuilles de Cedre. Origin. According to observations made in the laboratory of Fritzsche Bros.2), the cedar leaf oil of the American market is n...
-114. Oil Of Juniperus Chinensis
According to the investigations of H. Kondo 4) the oil of Juniperus chinensis resembles chemically that of Juniperus virginiana. Both the cedrol and the cedrene isolated from the oil were chemically i...
-115. East African Cedarwood Oil
Juniperus procera, Hochst. is a tree that is found in the mountains of Abyssinia and Usambara also on the Kilimandjaro and Kenia. It grows at an altitude of 1500 to 3000 m. and in Usambara constitutes...
-116. Oil Of Savin
Oleum Sabinae. - Sadebaumol. - Essence de Sabine. Origin. The savin, Juniperus Sabina, L. is a tree-like shrub-) that grows wild in the mountains of Central and Southern Europe and that is occasionall...
-117. Oil Of The Leaves Of Juniperus Phoenicea
Origin. It was first pointed out by ). C. Umney and C.T.Bennett1) that the French savin oil of commerce is not a distillate from Juniperus sabina, but in the main is obtained from the tips of branches...
-118. Oil Of The Berries Of Juniperus Phoenicea
A lot of red juniper berries imported from Smyrna and presumably referable to Juniperus phoenicea, L. yielded upon distillation 1 p. c. of oil with a specific gravity of 0,859 and an optical rotation ...
-119. Oil Of Juniperus Thurifera
On account of their similarity, Juniperus thurifera var. gallica, De Coincy, a shrub that is widely distributed in southern France, is readily confounded with /. Sabina. Hence, like J. phoenicea, it i...
-120. Oil Of Juniperus Species(Kaju garu)
From a Kaju garu [Kajoe garoe4] = scented wood] of Macassar, the botanical origin of which was unknown, Van Rom1) Bull. Soc. chim. IV. 1 (1907), 493. 2) Report of Schimmel & Co. October 1895, 30. 3)...
-121. Pandanus Oil
Family: Pandanaceae. In India, Arabia and Persia, the flowers of Pandanus odora-tissimus, L. (Fam. Pandanaceae) are highly esteemed because of their fragrance and supposed medicinal virtue1). An infu...
-122. Palmarosa Oil
Oleum Palmarosae seu Geranii Indicum. - Oil of East Indian Geranium. - Essence de Geranium des Indes. - Palmarosabl. Origin. Palmarosa oil, also known as Indian grass oil, rusa oil, Indian or Turkish...
-122. Palmarosa Oil. Part 2
For the past eighty years the oil has been distilled as it is to-day. Concerning the oil distilleries in the Amraoti district, J. H. Burkill1) has issued an interesting report based on his own observa...
-122. Palmarosa Oil. Part 3
Properties. Palmarosa oil is colorless or light yellow, occasionally it is colored green by copper. It has a pleasant odor reminding of roses. Its sp. gr. is 0,887 to 0,90. Its optical properties vary...
-123. Gingergrass Oil
Gingergrasol. - Essence de Gingergrass. Origin and Production. Only a comparatively short time ago 1) gingergrass oil was regarded as a poorer quality of palmarosa oil, more particularly since it...
-124. East Indian Lemongrass Oil
Lemongrass Oils Malabar, Travancore or Cochin Lemongrass Oil. - Oleum Andropogonis citrati. - Ostindisches Lemongrasol. - Essence de Lemongrass. - Essence de Verveine des Indes. Origin and Producti...
-124. East Indian Lemongrass Oil. Part 2
For the distillation the freshly collected grass tops, tied in bundels, are transferred into the still both through the lateral opening and from above until it is about 3/4 full. For such a charge 100...
-124. East Indian Lemongrass Oil. Part 3
In the first fractions of lemongrass oil, Barbier and Bou-veault1) found a methylheptenone which, according to their opinion, differed from the substance obtained by Wallach2) from cineolic acid. Howe...
-125. West Indian Lemongrass Oil
Origin. The designation West Indian lemongrass oil was adopted at a time when its botanical origin was unknown in order to distinguish it from the regular lemongrass oil of commerce. Repeatedly oils...
-125. West Indian Lemongrass Oil. Continued
In order to ascertain the oil content in the several stages of development and thus to learn the most favorable time for harvest and distillation, A.W. K. de Jong1) has made a series of investigations...
-126. Root Oil Of Cymbopogon Citratus
In Buitenzorg2) oils have been distilled both from the root tubers and the rhizomes of Andropogon citratus the properties of which are recorded in the following table: Oil from tubers ...
-127. Northern Bengal Lemongrass Oil
An oil distilled by ). H. Burkill (Calcutta) in North Bengali had the properties of West Indian lemongrass oil, hence the plant was supposed to be Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf3). Later, however, the gra...
-128. Vetiver Oil
Oleum Andropogonis muricati. - Vetiverol. - Essence de Vetiver. Origin and Production. Vetiver oil is obtained by the distillation of vetiver root. It is derived from Vetiveria zizanioides, Stapf (An...
-128. Vetiver Oil. Part 2
Composition. The statements recorded with regard to the composition of vetiver oil vary considerably and cannot always be harmonized. This is due in part to the difficulty of the investigation because...
-128. Vetiver Oil. Part 3
After several distillations in vacuum, fractions A and B yielded a fraction 173 to 180 (13 mm.), from which vetivenol could be removed by means of phthalic acid anhydride. It would seem therefore...
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil
Cultivation. Valuable statements concerning the citronella oil industry are contained in a paper by B. Samaraweera3) which was read by A. Jayasuriya at a meeting of the Agricultural Society of Ceylon....
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil. Part 2
As fuel the exhausted grass is used after it has been dried in the sun. Inasmuch as the Southern Province is poor in wood for fuel, the campaign comes to an end with the rainy season, since the exhaus...
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil. Part 3
Simultaneously with citronellal there passes over during the fractional distillation a substance that solidifies in the receiver and that has been identified as l-borneo/1) (m. p. of phenyl-urethane 1...
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil. Part 4
Citronella oil is not characterized by a definite saponification value, since the citronellal is slowly decomposed by prolonged boiling with the alkali. Examination. The quality of citronella oil is ...
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil. Part 5
1) Report of Roure-Bertrand Fils April 1912, 3. The authors recommend their method for the direct determination of geraniol. As a matter of fact all of the alcohols contained in the citronella oil are...
-129. Ceylon Citronella Oil. Part 6
For the detection of smaller amounts of petroleum, the presence of which is not revealed by the test just described, Schimmel & Co.1) have recommended their modified, more rigid Schimmel's test. This ...
-130. Java Citronella Oil
Cultivation. The necessary information concerning the botanical origin of the Javanese citronella grass has already been recorded on p. 217. Its cultivation has been discussed by S. Smith'2) who had v...
-131. Citronella Oils From Different Sources
It is but natural that the commercial importance of a citronella oil has led to numerous attempts at the cultivation of citronella grass. Judging from the properties of the oils obtained, these experi...
-132. Mana-grass Oil
Origin. According to O. Stapf1), mana-grass is in all probability the mother plant of the citronella-grass. There are two varieties, the Cymbopogon Nardus var. Linnaei (typicus) and C. Nardus var. con...
-133. Java "lemon olie"
For the sake of completeness, reference may here be made to an oil of which samples have repeatedly been sent to Schimmel &Co.1) under the designation of Java lemon olie. As to its botanical origin ...
-134. Camel-grass Oil
Origin. Camel-grass, Cymbopogon Schoenanthus, Spreng. (Andropogon Schoenanthus, L.; A. laniger, Desf.; A. Iwarancusa subsp. laniger, Hook, f.)2), has been known since early times and has found numerou...
-135. Delft-grass Oil
Delft-grass, Cymbopogon polyneuros, Stapf (Andropogon polyneuros, Steud.; A versicolor, Nees; A. Schcenanthus var. versicolor, Hack.; A. nardoides B minor, Nees ex Steud.)3), which is characterized by...
-136. Oil Of Cymbopogon Coloratus
Cymbopogon coloratus, Stapf (Andropogon coloratus, Nees; A. Nardus var. coloratus, Hook. f.), occurs in the Tinnevelly district to the Anamalai mountains, also in the province of Kar-natik (Madras Pre...
-137. Oil Of Cymbopogon Caesius
Kamakshi grass4) derived from Cymbopogon caesius, Stapf (Andropogon caesius, a et B, Nees; A. Schoenanthus var. caesius, 1) O. Stapf, Kew Bull. 1906, 321. 2) Bull. Imp. Inst. 8 (1910), 145. 3) Ibidem...
-138. Oil Of Cymbopogon Sennaarensis
From the Soudan the Imperial Institute in London received an oil said to be derived from Cymbopogon Iwarancusa1). A more careful investigation revealed the source to be Cymbo-pogon sennaarensis, Chiov...
-139. Oil Of Andropogon Odoratus
Andropogon odoratus, Lisb.3), a grass which is used as a domestic remedy by the natives of the coast of western India, yields upon distillation as much oil as does the palmarosa-grass. Properties. Ac...
-140. Oil Of Andropogon Schoenanthus Subspec. nervatus
From the Kolonialwirtschaftliches Komitee in Berlin, Schimmel & Co.3), received a small lot of grass obtained from the Sudan, which Dr. Giessler, Custodian at the Botanical Institute in Leipzig, rec...
-141. Oil Of Andropogon Intermedins
In the Botanical Institute at Buitenzorg4) an oil was distilled from Andropogon intermedins (R. Br.?) which had a specific gravity of 0,889 (26) and an optical rotation of aD - 21 52'. Anot...
-142. Andropogon Oils Of Unknown Species
An oil obtained from an Andropogon species cultivated in the Botanical Garden of Buitenzorg (Java) has been examined by Schimmel & Co.6). As to appearance and odor it resembled palmarosa oil, but had ...
-143. Mumuta Oil
From Samoa, Schimmel & Co.3) obtained the tuberous roots of the mumuta grass, an Andropogon species, from which they . obtained upon steam distillation 1,05 p.c. of a brown volatile oil, the odor of w...
-144. Oil Of Saw Palmetto
Family: Palmae. Origin. Oil of saw palmetto is obtained from the berries of Saba/ serrulata, R. et Sen., which grows in the southern United States, more particularly in Florida. Apparently it was fir...
-145. Volatile Cocoa-nut Oil
Origin and Production. In order to render palatable the crude expressed cocoa nut oil of Cocos nucifera, L. (family Palmae) it must be deprived of its malodorous constituents, principally fatty acids,...
-146. Calamus Oil
Family: Araceae. Oleum Calami. - Calmusol. - Essence de Calamus (acore). Origin and Production. The root of Acorus Calamus, L. (family Araceae), which occurs well-nigh throughout Europe, Asia and No...
-147. Oil Of Calamus Herb
The fresh green parts of Acorus Calamus, L. yield upon distillation with water an oil closely resembling that from the root: d15o0,964; aD+2044'5). 1) Schimmel's Bericht April 1S89, 7. 2) Apoth...
-148. Sabadilla Seed Oil
Family: Li Li Aceae. The volatile oil of sabadilla seed1) is obtained by distillation of either the comminuted seed of Sabadilla officinalis, Br. (Schoenocaulon officinale, A. Gray, family Liliaceae)...
-149. Oil Of Aloe
The aloe plant owes its faint but characteristic odor to a very small amount of volatile oil. Upon the distillation of 500 lbs. of Barbadoes aloes (from Aloe vulgaris, Lam.; A. barbadensis, Mill.; A....
-150. Xanthorrhcea Resin Oil
Upon distillation of the Australian yellow xanthorrhaea resin (acaroid resin, or yellow grass tree gum) from Xanthorrhaea hastilis, R. Br. (family Liliaceae) Schimmel & Co.3) obtained 0,37 p. c. of a ...
-151. Garlic Oil
Upon distillation of the entire garlic plant, Allium sativum, L., (family Liliaceae) 0,005 to 0,009 p.c. of a volatile oil2) are obtained. It has a yellow color and possesses an intense, very unpleasa...
-152. Onion Oil
The common onion, Allium Cepa, L, owes its pungent, persistent odor to a volatile oil which, when distilled from the entire plant, is obtained with a yield of 0,046 p. c.8). 1) An interesting compila...
-153. Oil Of Allium Ursinum
All parts of Allium ursinum, L. (Ger. Barlauch), leaves, flowers and bulb have a most penetrating, garlic-like odor. Upon distillation of the entire plant, 0,007 p. c. of a strongly refractory oil of...
-154. Oil Of Hyacinth
A volatile oil has been prepared by Spalteholz1), of Haarlem, from the hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis, L., family Liliaceae). Immediately after picking, the flowers were transferred to zinc container...
-155. Oil Of Asparagus Root
From the dry roots of asparagus, Asparagus officinalis, L. (family Liliaceae), H. Haensel1) obtained 0,0108 p. c. of a dark brown oil of an intensely acid odor. d23o 0,8777; A.V. 33; E.V. 68. It conta...
-156. Lily Of The Valley Leaf Oil
Upon distillation with water vapor, the leaves of Convallaria majalis, L. (family Liliaceae), yield 0,058 p. c. of a greenish-brown oil which has a pleasant odor2) and melts at 40,5. It begins to...
-157. Oil Of Buphane Disticha
Family: Amaryllidaceae. According to F. Tutin3), the alcoholic extract of the bulb of Buphane disticha, Herb., a South African Amaryllidacea, yields a small amount of volatile oil containing furfurol...
-158. Tuberose Oil
Origin and Production. The fragrant flowers of Polianthes tuberosa, L. (family Amaryllidaceae), which is native to Central America and which is cultivated extensively in southern France1), yield upon ...
-159. Saffron Oil
Family: Iridaceae. Upon distillation with water in a current of carbon dioxide, R. Kayser1) obtained from saffron, the stigmata of Crocus sativus, L. (family Iridaceae), a small amount of a limpid oi...
-160. Oil Of Orris
Oleum Iridis. - Irisol. - Essence d' lris concrete. Beurre de Violettes. Origin and Production. Of the genus Iris (Ger. Schwertlilie), belonging to the family Iridaceae, three species contain a fragr...
-160. Oil Of Orris. Continued
The odor of irone is pungent, and in the concentrated condition apparently totally different from that of the violet. However, the violet-like odor becomes very distinct when the irone is dissolved in...
-161. Oil Of Iris Versicolor
The oil of the North American Iris versicolor, L. was prepared from the dry root by F.B.Power and A. H.Salway2) with a yield of 0,025 p.c. It is yellow, of a somewhat unpleasant pungent odor: d20/20/o...
-162. Turmeric Oil
Family: Zingiberaceae. Origin and Production. The curcuma plant, Curcuma longa, L. (family Zingiberaceae), is indigenous to southern Asia and is cultivated in India, also in southern and eastern Chin...
-163. Zedoary Oil
Oleum Zedoariae. - Zitwerwurzelol. - Essence de Zedoaire. Origin and Production. The rhizomes of Curcuma Zedoaria, Roscoe (Curcuma Zerumbet, Roxb., family Zingiberaceae) enter commerce primarily from...
-164. Oil Of Hedychium
The oil from the flowers of Hedychium coronarium, L. var. maximum, Eichler (family Zingibe raceae), which is cultivated in Java, has a pleasant and delicate, but faint odor. Sp.gr. 0,869; aD - (0o 28 ...
-165. Oil Of Kaempferia Rotunda
The Rhizoma Zedoariae rotundae of the apothecary shops was formerly obtained from Kaempferia rotunda, L. (family Zingiberaceae). Upon distillation the root yields 0,2 p.c. of an oil3) of a light yello...
-166. Oil Of Kaempferia Galanga
Kaempferia Galanga, L, is cultivated by the natives of Java for medicinal and culinary purposes. Its rhizome contains a volatile oil which has been examined by P. van Romburgh5). Upon distillation of ...
-167. Oil Of Galangal
Oleum Galangae. - Galgantol. - Essence de Galanga. Origin and Production. Alpinia officinarum, Hance, of the family Zingiberaceae, is originally indigenous to the Chinese island of Hai-nan, where it ...
-168. Oil Of Alpinia Galanga
The rhizome of Alpinia Galanga, Willd., which formerly entered commerce as Rhizoma s. Radix Galangae majoris, yields upon distillation 0,04 p.c. (fresh root) of oil. An oil obtained from A. J. Ultee i...
-169. Oil Of Alpinia Malaccensis
The fresh rhizome of Alpinia malaccensis, Roscoe (Ladja goah), which grows wild in Java, yields upon distillation about 0,25 p.c. of oil of a pleasant odor. Its specific gravity fluctuates between 1,0...
-170. Oil Of Alpinia Nutans
The root of Alpinia nutans, Roscoe, contains a volatile oil1): d29o0,95. When distilled, a large part thereof passes over below 230. From fraction 255 to 265, saponification with methyl alco...
-171. Ginger Oil
Oleum Zingiberis. - Ingwerol. - Essence de Gingembre. Origin and Production. The original home of Zingiber officinale, Roscoe (Amomum Zingiber, L.), is southern Asia. On account of its spicy rhizome,...
-172. Oil Of Gastrochilus Pandurata
According to Dr. A. j. Ulte'e of Salatiga, Java, the rhizome of Gastrochilus pandurata, Ridl.2) (family Zingiberaceae), is known to the natives as temu-kuntji and used by them as a medicine and as a s...
-173. Malabar Or Ceylon-Malabar Cardamom Oil
Oleum Cardamomi. - Cardamomenol. - Essence de Cardamome. Origin and Production. Up to the beginning of this century, the official Malabar cardamoms from Elettaria Cardamomum, Maton (var. a minor) wer...
-174. Oil Of The Long Ceylon Cardamom
Origin and Production. Up to the close of last century, cardamom oil of commerce was not distilled from the official cardamoms obtained from Elettaria Cardamomum, Maton, but from the long Ceylon carda...
-175. Siam Cardamom Oil
Origin. From time to time the seeds of Siam cardamoms, from Amomum Cardamomum, L. make their appearance in the London market, where they are known as camphor seeds because of their camphor-like odor. ...
-176. Oil From Amomum Mala
Origin. The comminuted fruits (seeds and shells of Amomum Mala, K. Schum., a zingiberaceous plant which is widely distributed in the forests of German East Africa, have been distilled in the Biologic-...
-177. Grains Of Paradise Oil
Origin. The seeds of Amomum Melegueta, Roscoe (family Zingiberaceae), are indigenous to the coast of tropical West Africa. Formerly they were used extensively as a spice and were known in the apotheca...
-178. Bengal Cardamom Oil
Origin. Bengal cardamoms derived from Amomum aromati-cum, Roxb.4), yield upon distillation 1,12 p.c. of volatile oil. Properties. The oil5) of Bengal cardamoms is light yellow in color, possesses a d...
-179. Oil Of Aframomum Angustifolium
Aframomum angustifolium, K. Schum.1), is a kind of cardamom indigenous to German East Africa but it also occurs in Madagascar and the Seychelles islands. From the seeds of this plant which were sent t...
-180. Cameroon Cardamom Oil
Under the name of Cameroon cardamoms, the fruits of several closely related species of Aframomum appear to have entered commerce. The statement made by Sadebeck3) (Kultur-gewachse der deutschen Koloni...
-181. Korarima Cardamom Oil
Korarima cardamoms, formerly called Cardamomum ma/us, are of the size and shape of a little fig. They originate from the countries to the south of Abyssinia and but rarely enter European commerce. The...
-182. Oil Of Cardamom Root
From cardamom root shipped from Indo-China, the botanical origin of which could not be ascertained, Schimmel & Co.1) obtained upon distillation 0,64 p. c. of a lemon-yellow oil with a peculiar spicy o...
-183. Oil Of Orchis Militaris
Family: Orchidaceae. By extraction with ether or alcohol, Crouzel') obtained from Orchis militaris, L., a small amount of oil, yellowish in color and of a pleasant, strong odor. The oil could not be ...
-184. Oil Of Vanilla
Origin and Production. Vanillin is the principal aromatic substance of the vanilla, good vanilla beans containing about 2p.c. However, the value of vanilla cannot be judged alone by its vanillin conte...
-185. Oil Of Black Pepper
Family: Piperaceae. Oleum Piperis. - Pfefferol. - Essence de Poivre. Origin. The unripe, picked and dried berries of Piper nigrum, L. (family Piperacese), a climbing shrub, which was originally indi...
-186. Oil Of Long Pepper
Origin. The berries, arranged in dense spikes, of two species of Piper or Chavica, viz., Piper officinarum, DC. (Chavica offici-narum, Miq.) and Piper longum, L. (Chavica Roxburghii, Miq.) are known a...
-187. Oil Of Piper Ovatum
The leaves of Piper ovatum, Vahl, contain a terpene4) in addition to other constituents. ...
-188. Oil Of Piper Clusii
According to Herlant5), the fruits of Piper Clusii, C. DC, Ger. Aschantipfeffer, contain 11,5 p. c. of volatile oil. 1) Pharmaceutical Archives 4 (1901), 61. 2) Pharm. Ztg. 50 (1905), 412. 3) Schim...
-189. Oil Of Cubebs
Oleum Cubebarum. Cubebenol. - Essence de Cubebe. Origin. The berry-like fruits of Piper Cubeba, L. (Cubeba officinalis, Miq., family Piperaceae), a climbing shrub, mostly enter commerce from Batavia ...
-190. Oil Of False Cubebs
From spurious cubebs1), characterized by a striking mace odor and derived from an unknown species of Piper, J. C. Umney and H. V. Potter2) obtained 4 p.c. of an oil which had a distinct odor of mace: ...
-191. Oil Of Piper Lowong
The fruits of Piper Lowong, BI. are also known as spurious cubebs. Upon distillation with water vapor K.Peinemann3) obtained 12,4 p.c. of an almost colorless oil, sp.gr. 0,865. By means of distillati...
-192. Oil Of Piper Volkensii
Piper Volkensii, C. DC. occurs abundantly in the moist woods of Usambara. According to R.Schmidt and K. Weilinger1) the leaves yield 0,3 p.c. of a volatile oil light-brown in color, of a strong but pl...
-193. Matico Oil
Oleum foliorum Matico. - Maticool. - Essence de Matico. Origin. Piper angustifolium, Ruiz et Pavon (Artanthe elon-gata, Miq.), the matico tree, which is indigenous to South America, is regarded as th...
-194. Oil Of Piper Angustifolium
From matico leaves which were pronounced by Gilg and C. de Candolle as undoubtedly genuine, and from Piper angusti-folium, Ruiz et Pavon, Schimmel & Co. distilled an oil which was examined by Thorns1)...
-195. Oil Of Piper Angustifolium Var. Ossanum
According to H. Thorns2), the oil of Piper angustifolium var. Ossanum, C. DC. (yield 0,87 p.c), contains only traces of phenol ether. When distilled in vacuum, a camphor mixture separated, which melte...
-196. Oil From Piper Camphoriferum 2)
The species Piper camphoriferum, C. DC, heretofore unknown, was described by C. de Candolle in 1909. Its oil was distilled by H. Thorns with a yield of 1,11 p.c. and had the following properties: d20o...
-197. Oil Of Piper Lineatum
From the leaves of Piper lineatum, Ruiz et Pavon, H. Thorns1) obtained 0,44 p.c. of a volatile oil (9,5 g.). Under 15 mm. pressure it boiled chiefly between 140 and 160, and appeared to consist m...
-199. Oil Of Artanthe Geniculata
The leaves of Artanthe geniculata, Miq. (Piper genicula-tum, Sw.), a shrub known in Brazil as false jaborandi, yields a small amount of light-green volatile oil with a spicy, somewhat mint-like odor...
-200. Oil Of Betel Leaves
Oleum foliorum Betle. - Betelol. - Essence de Betel. Origin. The custom of betel chewing, which is common throughout India, the entire Malay archipelago, also in Southern China, consists in chewing a...
-201. Oil Of Kissi Pepper
According to A. Barille3), the seeds of Piper Famechoni, Heck., indigenous to French Guiana, yield, upon extraction with ether, 4,47 p. c. of a volatile oil of an agreeable odor. The bulk of it boils ...
-202. Oil Of Potomorphe Umbellata
The fresh leaves of Potomorphe umbellata, Miq. (Piper umbellatum, L, family Piperaceae) contain 0,05 p.c. of an oil1) the odor and taste of which remind one of pepper. ...
-203. Oil Of Ottonia Anisutn
12 kilos of the wild jaborandi, Ottonia Anisum, Spreng. (O. Jaborandi,Vell.; Serronia Jaborandi, Guill., family Piperaceae) yielded 10,54 g. (=0,088 p.c.) of a viscid, volatile oil with a sp.gr. of 1,...
-204. Oil Of Poplar Buds
Family: Salicaceae. Origin. The leaf-buds of the black poplar, Populus nigra, L. (family Salicaceae) were formerly kept in apothecary shops under the name of Oculi Populi, and were used in the prepar...
-205. Oil Of Dutch Myrtle Leaves
Family: Myricaceae. Upon the distillation of the fresh leaves of Myrica Gale, L. (Ger. Gagelblatter, family Myricaceae), Rabenhorst3) obtained 0,65 p. c. of a brownish-yellow oil, the specific gravit...
-206. Oil Of Dutch Myrtle Flowers
From the catkins of Myrica Gale, C. j. Enklaar1) distilled 0,4 to 0,6 p.c. of volatile oil (d16o 0,899; aD - 536'). The lowest boiling fraction (b. p. 162 to 163 under 760 mm.; d16o 0,862; a...
-207. Bayberry Oil
Myrica cerifera, L. (Ger. Wachsmyrte), is a North American shrub that grows to a height of 1 to 3 metres. Its leaves contain 0,021 p.c. of a volatile oil2) of a greenish color and a very agreeable, ar...
-208. Sweet Fern Oil
The leaves of the North American Myrica asplenifolia, Endl. (Comptonia asplenifolia, Ait.), yields upon distillation 0,08 p. c. of a volatile oil. It has a strong spicy, cinnamon-like odor. Sp. gr. 0,...
-209. Oil Of Walnut Leaves
Family: Juglandaceae. The aromatic odor of the fresh leaves of Juglans regia, L. (family Juglandaceae), is due to a volatile oil which they contain. Upon distillation, fresh German leaves yield 0,012...
-210. Oil Of Sweet Birch
Family: Betulaceae. Oleum Betulae lentae. - Birkenrindenol (Wintergrunol). - Essence de Betula. Origin and Production. Sweet birch, black birch or cherry birch, Betula lenta, L. (family Betu/aceae),...
-210. Oil Of Sweet Birch. Continued
1) In connection with oils prepared by himself, Ziegelmann observed d15o 1,1578 to 1,1786 (d25o 1,1502 to 1,171), which low densities are probably due to some extraordinary circumstance in the prepara...
-211. Oil Of Birch Buds
Origin and Production The resinous leaf buds of the white birch, Betula alba, L, contain a relatively large amount of an agreeably smelling, balsamic oil, which was first prepared by H. Haensel'). Upo...
-212. Oil Of Birch Leaves
Upon the distillation of birch leaves from Betula alba, L., H. Hsensel5) obtained 0,04 to 0,049 p.c. of an oil which was liquid at higher, but solid at lower temperatures. d35o 0,9074 and d80o 0,8683;...
-213. Oil Of White Birch Bark
Like the buds and leaves, so the bark of the white birch, Betula alba, L., contains a volatile oil which has been obtained with a yield of 0,052 p.c.1). Its odor resembles that of the bud oil), it is ...
-214. Oil Of Hazel Nut Leaves
The leaves of Cory/us Avellana, L., a shrub belonging to the family Betu/aceae, contain a volatile oil with a spicy odor, which has been distilled with a yield of 0,0425 p.c, computed with reference t...
-215. Oil Of Celtis Reticulosa
Family: Ulmaceae. The wood of Celtis reticulosa, Miq. (family Ulmaceae), is classed with the odoriferous woods of Java3), since it is utilized as an ingredient of fumigating mixtures and face powders...
-216. Oil Of Hops
Family: Moraceae. Oleum Humuli Lupuli. Hopfenol. - Essence de Houblon. Origin and Production. Oil of hops is obtained by distillation of hops, i. e. the female inflorescences, also from the lupulin,...
-217. Oil Of Hemp
The several statements concerning the composition and properties of hemp oil vary considerably. In this connection it should be remembered that the investigations were conducted partly with common hem...
-218. Pilea Oil
Family: Urticaceae. Origin. The oil distilled in the island of Reunion from an unknown species of Pilea (family Urticaceae) was first described by Schimmel & Co.1). Properties. Two samples of the oi...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood
Family: Santalaceae. Oleum ligni Santali. - Sandelholzol, Ostindisches Sandelholzol. Essence de Santal. Origin. Santalum album (family Santa/aceae), a tree 6 to 10 m. high, is indigenous to the moun...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood. Part 2
The best grades of sandal wood are used in India, more particularly in Kanara, for artistic carving, especially of idols, cupboards, tables, canes, chests, etc. In religious rites, especially as incen...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood. Part 3
The solid alcohol regenerated from the acid phthalate has the odor of borneol and camphor and boils between 196 and 198. M. p. about 58 to 62. Its phenyl urethane is liquid. Upon oxidation w...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood. Part 4
Santalene employed Recovered hydrocarbon d20o 0,9034; aD - 9 13' d90o 0,8973; aD - 115'. 11. Santalol, C15H240. To the extent of over 90 p.c, oil of sandal wood consists of santalol, which ...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood. Part 5
According to von Soden and Muller1) sandal wood oil contains, in addition to the constituents already enumerated, strong and unpleasantly smelling phenols, also lactones with a fruity odor. The presen...
-219. Oil Of Sandal Wood. Part 6
It is reported that the oil distilled in India is occasionally adulterated with castor oil or with the fatty oil from the seeds of the sandalwood tree which is used as a lamp oil. Admixtures of sesame...
-220. New Caledonian Sandal Wood Oil
Origin. Upon distillation, the wood of Santalum austro-caledonicum, Vieillard, which is indigenous to New Caledonia, yields an oil very similar to that obtained from Santalum album and the principal c...
-221. Fiji Sandal Wood Oil
The wood of Santalum Yasi, Seem.) obtained from the Fiji islands was exhibited at the Colonial Exhibition in South Kensington in 1886. Upon distillation it yielded 61/2 p.c. of a volatile oil, the od...
-222. West Australian Sandal Wood Oil
The wood of Fusanus spicatus, R. Br. (Santalum cygnorum, Miq.) is shipped from Fremantle, Western Australia, and is sold in the Singapore market as Swan river sandal wood. In India and China it is use...
-223. South Australian Sandal Wood Oil
Fusanus acuminatus, R. Br. (Santalum Preissianum, Miq.; 5. acuminatum, A. DC; 5. cognatum, Miq.; 5. lanceolatum, Schlecht.), known as Quandong in Australia, bears edible fruits which are known as na...
-224. Osyris Oil
Upon distillation with water vapor of so-called East African sandal wood, which, as was ascertained by a botanical investigation, probably originated from a species of Osyris, presumably tenuifolia, E...
-225. African Sandal Wood Oil
The botanical origin of the oil is not known. The sandal wood from which the oil was distilled was dark brown in color, decidedly hard and tough and had been brought to Europe from Tamatave, Madagasca...
-226. Oil Of Asarum Europaeum
Family: Aristolochiaceae. Oleum Asari europaei. - Haselwurzol. - Essence d'Asaret. Origin and Properties. The root of Asarum europseum, L. (family Aristolochiaceae), which grows in the shady hardwoo...
-227. Oil Of Canada Snakeroot
Oleum Asari canadensis. - Canadisches Schlangenwurzelol. - Essence de Serpentaire du Canada. Origin and Production. Asarum canadense, L. is known in the United States by the popular names of Canada s...
-228. Oil Of Asarum Arifolium
Origin and Production8). The leaves and more particularly the roots of the American Asarum arifolium, Michx. contain a volatile oil of which from 7 to 7,5 /o are obtained upon distillation with w...
-229. Oil Of Asarum Blumei
According to Y. Asahina1), the Chinese drug To-ko consists of the entire plant (herb, rhizome and rootlets) of Asarum Blumei, Duch. It contains 1,4 p. c. of a volatile oil of a yellow color and an odo...
-230. Oil Of Virginia Snakeroot
Origin and Production. The roots of Aristolochia Serpen-taria, L. as well as those of A. reticulata, Nutt. are official in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia as Serpentaria. Not only are the roots of the two pla...
-231. Oil Of Aristolochia Cletnatitis
The oil from the roots of Aristolochia Cletnatitis, L. was prepared by Winckler1) and Frickhinger2). The former obtained 0,4 p. c. from the dry roots. Walz3) distilled the entire plant and obtained a ...
-232. Oil Of Micania Guaco
The South American drug Micania Guaco4) is obtained either from Aristolochia Sellowiana, Duch. or A. macroura, Gom. According to O. Tunmann, it is to be designated Rhizoma Aristo-lochias Paraguay for ...
-233. Rhaponticum Oil
Family: Polygonaceae. The comminuted root of Rheum Rhaponticum, L. (family Polygonaceae) yields upon distillation 0,0041 p.c. of an intensely yellow, concrete oil that melts at 25,5. It contains...
-234. Oil Of Polygonum Persicaria
During the investigation of the constituents of Polygonum Persicaria, L. (Ger. Knoeterich), the herb of which is much used in Russia as a popular remedy, P. Horst1) obtained 0,053 p. c. of volatile oi...
-235. American Wormseed Oil
Family: Chenopodiaceae. Oleum Chenopodii anthelmintic!. - Amerikanisches Wurmsamenol. - Essence de semen-contra d'Amerique; Essence d'Anserine vermifuge. Origin. In the neighborhood of Baltimore the...
-235. American Wormseed Oil. Continued
The principal constituent of the oil, the ascaridol4) C10H16O2 has a disagreeable, benumbing odor and a disagreeable taste; d15o 1,0079; aD - 4 14'; nD20o1,4731; b.p. 83 (4 to 5 mm.). Under ...
-236. Oil of Chenopodium ambrosioides, L
The seeds of Chenopodium ambrosioides, L, which are closely related to C. ambrosioides, L., var. anthelminticum, are used by the people of Brazil as anthelmintic. According to Th. Peckolt1) they conta...
-237. Oil Of Camphorosma Monspeliaca
According to Cassan1) the herb of Camphorosma monspeliaca, L. (family Chenopodiaceae), which was formerly officinal as tierba Camphorated, upon distillation with water vapor yields about 0,2 p.c. of a...
-238. Oil Of Herniaria Glabra
Family: Caryophyllaceae. Upon distillation of the flowering herb of Herniaria glabra, L. (family Carvophyllaceae), which was formerly officinal as Herba Herniariae, H. Hasnsel4) obtained 0,585 p.c. o...
-239. Oil Of Pasonia Moutan
Family: Ranuisculaceae. Origin and Production. The root bark of Paeonia Moutan, Sims (family Ranunculaceae), a drug that is used extensively in japan and China, contains on its inner surface as well ...
-240. Oil Of Nigella Sativa
The oil of the seeds of Nigella sativa, L. (Ger. Schwarz-kiimmel, family Ranunculaceae) (yield 1,4 p.c.) is yellow in color, does not fluoresce and has an unpleasant odor. d15o 0,875 to 0,877; aD+1o26...
-241. Oil Of Nigella Damascena
Origin, Production and Properties. The seeds of Nigella damascena, L, known occasionally as Schwarzkummel, yield upon distillation 0,4 to 0,5 p. c. of an oil with a beautifully blue fluorescence, whic...
-242. Oil Of Ranunculus Ficaria
The dry herb (with few flowers) of Ranunculus Ficaria, L. (family Ranunculaceae) yields upon distillation'2) 0,02 p.c. of a dark brown oil with a tobacco-like odor. d24o 0,9101; b.p. 150 to 310. ...
-243. Colombo Root Oil
Family: Menispermaceae. From the officinal root of Jatrorrhiza palmata, Miers (family Menispermaceae), H. Haensel1) obtained a volatile oil of a dark brown color: d15o 0,9307; aD, so far as the dark ...
-244. Oil Of Magnolia Glauca
Family: Magnol1aceae. According to F. Rabak2), the leaves of the North American tree Magnolia glauca, L. (Magnoliaceae) contain 0,05 p. c. of a light yellow, ethereal oil: d25o0,9240; [a]D + 3,96...
-245. Kobuschi Oil
Origin and Production3)4)5). The oil distilled, with a yield of about 0,45 p.c, from the fresh leaves and twigs of the kobuschi tree, Magnolia Kobus, DC. (family Magnoliaceae), which occurs in the int...
-246. Magnolia Oil
A Japanese oil designated as magnolia oil5) but concerning the origin of which nothing was known, was a limpid liquid, light yellow in color and possessed the following properties: d15o0,9100; aD + 14...
-247. Champaca Flower Oil
Genuine Champaca Flower Oil1). The genuine champaca tree, Michelia Champaca, L. (family Magnoliaceae), which is characterized by its yellow flowers, occurs throughout tropical Asia, particularly in J...
-248. Oil Of Michelia Longifolia
According to Schimmel & Co.2), the oil distilled from the fresh flowers of Michelia longifolia, Blume, a tree growing in Java, is almost water-white, very limpid, and its odor reminds vividly of that ...
-249. Staranise Oil
Oleum Anisi stellati. - Sternanisol. - Essence de Badiane1)Origin. The several species of Illicium are native to the middle and northern portions of western Asia, japan and the islands of the Chinese ...
-249. Staranise Oil. Part 2
There is no essential difference in the apparatus employed in the neighboring Chinese provinces. However, the construction of the receiver is somewhat different. In China the receiver consists of two ...
-249. Staranise Oil. Part 3
12. Anise ketone. According to Tardy1), staranise oil con-tains a substance C6H4H J,n H (b.p. 263; d 1,095) which he designated anise ketone (acetone anisique), the oxime of which melts at ...
-249. Staranise Oil. Part 4
On the other hand, unadulterated oils with normal behavior as to specific gravity and solubility may be inferior because of their lower anethol content. Inasmuch as the value of the oil increases with...
-250. Staranise Leaf Oil
In the course of an investigation which Ph. Eberhardt5) undertook with the object of rendering the staranise trees of Tonkin more productive, he studied the internal morphology of the tree. He found t...
-251. Japanese Staranise Oil
Oil of the Fruits The poisonous fruits of the Japanese staranise tree Illicium religiosum, Sieb. contain 1 p.c. (with reference to the dry fruit4)) of a volatile oil. Its odor is very disagreeable) ...
-252. Winter's Bark Oil
According to P. N. Arata and F. Canzoneri1) the genuine Winter's bark of Drimys Winteri, Forst (family Magnoliaceae) contains 0,64 p. c. of a dextrogyrate volatile oil. In the main it consists of win...
-253. Ylang-Ylang Oil and Cananga Oil
Family: Anonaceae. Oleum Anonae. - Oleum Canangae. - Ylang-Ylangol. - Canangaol. - Essence d'YIang-Ylang. - Essence de Cananga. Origin2). Cananga odorata, Hook. f. et Thomson (Uvaria axillaris, Roxb...
-253. Ylang-Ylang Oil and Cananga Oil. Part 2
Production. When the flowers are distilled, traces of terpenes and the more readily volatile oxygenated and ester constituents pass over first. These are the bearers of the fragrance, whereas the late...
-253. Ylang-Ylang Oil and Cananga Oil. Part 3
In addition to the two acids already mentioned, viz., acetic acid and benzoic acid (m. p. 122)8), salicylic acid9) has been found, combined with methyl alcohol (methyl iodide)8) and benzyl alcoho...
-253. Ylang-Ylang Oil and Cananga Oil. Part 4
E. V. 113,2; E. V. after acetylation 160,2. Nossi-Be5): d15o.0,9622 to 0,9737; aD - 3915' to -4314'; nD20o1,50689 to 1,50974; A. V. 0,9 to 1,4; E. V. 134,5 to 159,1; soluble in 0,5 to 1 vol....
-254. Oil Of Monodora Myristica
The seeds of Monodora Myristica, Dunal (family Anonaceae), which are esteemed as spice and medicament by the natives of the west coast of Africa, contain, in addition to fat, a volatile oil of which 5...
-255. Oil Of Monodora Grandiflora
Upon the distillation of the seeds of Monodora grandiflora (author?) (family Anonaceae), which grows wild in Africa, R.Leim-bach) obtained about 30 p.c. of oil with the following constants: d15o0,857...
-256. Oil Of Mace. Oil of Nutmeg
Family: Myristicaceae. Oleum Macidis. Oleum Nucis moschati. - Macis- und MuskatnuBol. - Essence de Macis. Essence de Muscade. Origin. The nutmeg tree Myristica fragrans, Houtt. (Myristica officinali...
-257. Nutmeg Bark Oil
In Buitenzorg3) an oil has been distilled from the bark of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans, Houtt. with a yield of 0,14 p.c. Its density was 0,871 (26c), its optical rotation -12 14' in a 10 ...
-258. Nutmeg Leaf Oil
The oil from the leaves of Myristica fragrans, Houtt. (d2.o 0,861 to 0,863) boils principally at 1654). According to P. van Romburgh5) it contains u-pinene (m.p. of nitrosochloride 108). *)...
-259. Paracoto Bark Oil
Family: MonimlAce^E. Origin. Paracoto bark of commerce is the bark of an unknown species of the Monimiacead from Bolivia1). The oil, which is obtained as a byproduct in the production of cotoin, was ...
-260. Coto Bark Oil
A bark which, like the genuine coto bark, is obtained from Bolivia, is known as new coto bark1). Its botanical origin is likewise unknown. According to O. Hesse2), it contains methyl benzoate to which...
-261. Boldo Leaf Oil
The dried boldo leaves which are obtained from Peumus Boldo, Mol. (family Monimiaceae)3), a fragrant tree that is native to Chili, yielded about 2 p.c. of a volatile oil upon distillation. Its odor is...
-262. Laurel Leaf Oil
The strongly fragrant leaves of Laurelia aromatica, juss. (Laure/ia sempervirens, Tul.) (family Monimiaceae), a tree which is known in Chile as laurel, is utilized in that country as a kitchen spice. ...
-263. Atherosperma Oils
The bark of Atherosperma moschatum, Lab. (family Moni-miaceae) yields 1 p.c. of volatile oil upon distillation3). Because of its sassafras-like odor, the tree is also known as sassafras of Victoria or...
-264. Oil Of Citrosma Oligandra
Citrosma oligandra, Jul. (Siparuna obovata, A. DC.) is a tree of the family Monimiaceae. Because of its disagreeable odor it is known in Brazil as Negra mina, Catinga de negra or Catingueira. The leav...
-265. Oil Of Citrosma Cujabana
In Brazil Citrosma cujabana, Mart. (Siparuna cujabana, A. DC.) is known as Limoeiro domato and Limoeiro bravo or wild lemon tree. The fresh leaves yield 0,18 p.c. of volatile oil, the fresh twigs 0,07...
-266. Oil Of Citrosma Apiosyce
Citrosma Apiosyce, Mart. (Siparuna Apiosyce, A. DC.) is known in Brazil as Limoeiro bravo, as Cidreira Melisse or as Cafe bravo, wild coffee tree. All parts of the shrub, more particularly the leaves ...
-267. Ceylon Cinnamon Oil
Family: Lauraceae. Oleum Cinnamomi zeylanici. - Ceylon-Zimtdl. - Essence de Cannelle de Ceylan. Origin and Production. The genus Cinnamomum of the family Lauraceae consists of evergreen, aromatic tr...
-267. Ceylon Cinnamon Oil. Continued
Cuminic aldehyde1) (m. p. of semicarbazone 201 to 202; m. p. of cuminic acid 114 to 116). \-LinalooIl) (oxidation to citral; m. p. of citryl-?-naphthocin-choninic acid 197). l) Report...
-268. Cinnamon Leaf Oil
Oleum foiiorum Cinnamomi. Zimtblatterol. - Essence de Feuilles de Cannelle de Ceylan. Origin. For a time the oil from the leaves of the genuine cinnamon shrub, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Nees, entered th...
-269. Cinnamon Root Oil
The oil distilled from the root bark of the cinnamon shrub is a colorless liquid with a strong odor of camphor. Upon standing, even at room temperature, some of the camphor2) separates out. This is id...
-270. Cassia Oil
Oleum Cinnamomi Cassia-. - Cassiaol, Chinesisches Zimtol, Zimtblu'tenol. Essence de Cannelle de Chine Origin and Production. Although the plant, the Cinnamomum Cassia, Blume, from which the cassia o...
-270. Cassia Oil. Part 2
The same investigators also discovered the unstable compound C9H8On03h mentioned above, which results upon the addition of nitric acid to cinnamic aldehyde in the cold and which is characterized by it...
-270. Cassia Oil. Part 3
After cooling, the flask with the residue is weighed. In the case of good oils, the latter is thick, of tough consistence and amounts to from 6 to 8, or at most 10 p. c. of the original oil. The resid...
-270. Cassia Oil. Part 4
1) Report of Schimmel & Co., October 1892, 14. 1. Oil of cassia bark, the Cassia lignea of commerce. Yield 1,2 p. c; d15o1,035; aldehyde content 88,9 p. c. 2. Oil of so-called cassia buds, the Flore...
-271. Japanese Cinnamon Oil
The various parts of Cinnamomum Loureirii, Nees1) are used in japan as cinnamon. The tree, known as Nikkei, grows in the hottest part of japan, namely in the provinces Tosa and Kii. Oils have been dis...
-272. Oil Of The Bark Of Cinnamomum Kiamis
From massoy bark from Cinnamomum Kiamis, Nees (C. Bur-manni, Blume), Bonastre8) distilled an oil which separated into a light and a heavy oil and from which a camphor separated. The light oil was almo...
-273. Culilawan Oil
The oil from culilawan bark from Cinnamomum Culilawan, Blume, was first prepared by Schloss1) in 1824. He describes it as an oil the odor of which resembles that of cloves and cajeput. The yield amou...
-274. Oil Of Cinnamomum Wightii
The bark of Cinnamomum Wightii, Meissn. which grows in the mountainous regions of Southern India yielded 0,3 p.c. of oil upon distillation. It boiled between 130 and 170 and had a specific gravit...
-275. Oil Of Cinnamomum Oliveri
From the bark of Cinnamomum Oliveri, Bail., a tree known in Australia as black, brown or white sassafras, R.T.Baker1) obtained 0,75 to 1 p.c. of oil upon distillation with steam. The oil had a golden ...
-276. Oil Of Cinnamomum Pedatinervium
According to E. Goulding2), the bark of Cinnamomum pedatinervium, Meissn., a tree3) that is indigenous to the Fiji islands, yields upon distillation 0,92 p. c. of a yellowish-brown oil of an agreeable...
-277. Oil Of Cinnamomum Tamala
Like other Cinnamomum species, Cinnamomum Tamala, Nees et Eberm., a medium-sized tree widely distributed throughout Southern Asia, yields the so-called Mutterzimt, the Cassia lignea, Xylocassia or Hol...
-278. Oil Of Cinnamomum Mindanaense
Cinnamomum mindanaense, Elmer, which is closely related to Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is fairly common in the vicinity of Mindanao, Philippine Islands2). The bark yields 0,4 p.c. of volatile oil with the ...
-279. Oil Of Cinnamomum Parthenoxylon
From 15,82 kg. of the wood of Cinnamomum Parthenoxylon, Meissn. 124 cc. of oil were distilled in Buitenzorg3). The oil was heavier than water and, as ascertained by van Romburgh, it consisted principa...
-280. Oil Of Cinnamomum Glanduliferum
Oil of the Leaves From the leaves of the Nepal sassafras or Nepal camphor tree, Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Meissn., a lauraceous tree growing in the southern districts of the Himalaya mountains, R. S....
-281. Oil Of Cinnamomum Mercadoi
According to Bacon1), Cinnamomum Mercadoi, Vid. is widely distributed in the Philippine islands. Calingag is the Tagaloc name of the tree. 25 kg. of the bark of a tree from the Lamao region, Bataan pr...
-282. Oil Of Cinnamomum Pedunculatum
The volatile oil of the stem bark of Cinnamomum pedunculatum, Presl. (Nees) (C. japonicum, Sieb.), which tree is known in Japan as Yabunikkei, has been examined by Keimazu and Asahina1). The oil which...
-283. Oil Of Cinnamomum Sintok
From the stem bark of Cinnamomum Sintok, Blume5) there has been obtained by distillation a good yield of volatile oil, the odor of which reminds one of cloves and nutmeg; d27,5o1,008. After removal of...
-284. Lawang Oil
From the bark which is exported from Dutch East India under the name of Lawang, E.W.Mann4) obtained 0,5 p.c. of an oil the odor of which reminded one of nutmeg, sassafras and cloves, and which had the...
-285. Camphor Oil
Campherol. - Essence de Camphre. Origin. The camphor laurel, Cinnamomum Camphora, Nees et Ebermayer (Laurus Camphora, L, family Lauracea?) is a stately forest tree, the home of which is in southern C...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 2
3) West Indian Bulletin 9 (1908), 275; Report of Schimmel 7 Co. April 1909,25. 4) 1. Giglioli, La canfora italiana. Rome 1908 (300 pages); Report of Schimmel & Co. October 1908, 35. 5) ). K. Nock, C...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 3
The cultivation of camphor trees in the Malay States was begun in 1904 in Batu-Tiga, Selangor. For this purpose the seeds had been obtained from Yokohama. The plants flourished and in 1909 the first c...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 4
Fig. 39. Frequently a third small box, 0,80 m. long, 0,54 m. broad and 0,25 m. high is placed on top of the upper one. This box is also open on the lower side, standing in water 10 cm. deep. The si...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 5
As becomes apparent from the above account, the process is one of sublimation with water vapor rather than one of distillation proper, for according to this method no camphor oil whatever is obtained....
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 6
16. A-MenthenoneS (m.p. of semicarbazone 224 to 226; of oxaminooxime 166)1). The same substance has been found by Schimmel & Co.4) in Japanese peppermint oil. 17. Carvacrol. When the oil is...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 7
In Europe and North America the oils 2 and 3 are further fractionated, safrol being obtained as principal product. The resulting by-products enter commerce as light (low boiling), heavy (high boiling)...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 8
1) Comp. the accompanying map. Owing to the importance of both articles to the several branches of industry, the statistical material covering the production and export of camphor and camphor oil...
-285. Camphor Oil. Part 9
8) Footnote 4, p. 473. 4) Berichte uber Handel u. Industrie 10 (1907), 605; Report of Schimmel & Co. October 1907, 22. 5) Diplomatic and Consular Reports No. 4768, August 1911; Report of Schimmel & ...
-287. Oil Of Persea Gratissima
Persea gratissima, Gaertn., a tree indigenous to tropical America, is now cultivated everywhere in the tropics for its edible fruit known as Avocato or Agnacate. It does well as far north even as Nort...
-288. Oil Of Persea Pubescens
Swamp red bay or simply swamp bay are the names commonly applied to Persea pubescens, (Purch.) Sarg (P. caro-linensis, Nees), family Lauraceae, which is indigenous to the middle belt, of North Ame...
-289. Cayenne Linaloe Oil
Cayenne-Linaloeol. - Essence de Bois de Rose femelle. - Essence d'Azelia. Origin. The linaloe wood of French Guiana, or Cayenne linaloe wood is known as Likari kanali by the natives and as Bois de ro...
-290. Oil Of Ocotea Usambarensis
Oil of the Bark Ocotea usambarensis, Engl, is a tree that is also known as the Ibean camphor tree. From the bark there was distilled a volatile oil at the Imperial Biological-Agricultural Institute i...
-291. Ocotea Oil Or Laurel Oil From Guiana
An oil obtained from Demerara, British Guiana, and designated laurel oil was examined by Stenhouse1). According to Christison the oil was obtained from a tree of the genus Ocotea by making incisions...
-292. Venezuela Camphorwood Oil
Through Professor H. H. Rusby3) of the Mew York College of Pharmacy, Fritzsche Brothers of New York City were supplied with some wood, the botanical origin of which had not been determined, but which ...
-293. Mountain Laurel Oil
Origin. All parts of the mountain laurel of California, Umbellularia californica, Nutt. (Oreodaphne californica, Nees, Tetranthera californica, Hook, et Am., also known as California bay tree)1), cont...
-294. Pichurim Bean Oil
The volatile oil of the cotyledons of Nectandra Puchury-major, Nees, and of Nectandra Puchury-minor, Nees, the pichurim beans of the drug market, was first prepared by Robes1) in 1799 and again by Bon...
-295. Caparrapi Oil
According to F. j. Tapia1), the oil of Nectandra Caparrapi, family Lauracead, has long been known in Columbia as caparrapi oil. The tree which yields this oil is popularly known as canelo, probably be...
-296. Clove Bark Oil
The bark of the Brazilian Dicypellium caryophyllatum, Nees (Persea caryophyllata, Mart.) formerly found a place in the apothecary shops as Cortex caryophyllatus. It is also known as Cassia caryophylla...
-297. Massoy Bark Oil
Origin. The massoy barks of commerce originate from several plants. The genuine massoy bark is derived from Massoia aromatica, Beccari, (Sassafras Gcesianum, T. et B.). It is a native of New Guinea. C...
-298. Sassafras Oil
Oleum Sassafras. - Sassafrasbl. - Essence de Sassafras. Origin and History. The sassafras tree, Sassafras officinale, Nees., family Lauraceae, is widely distributed over the American continent from C...
-299. Sassafras Leaf Oil
So far as is known, the oil of sassafras leaves has been distilled but once. From fresh leaves Power and Kleber1) obtained 0,028 p.c. of an oil with an exceedingly pleasant odor reminding of lemons: d...
-300. Trawas Leaf Oil
The leaves of Litsea odorifera, Valeton, one of the Lauraceae of Java, are known there as trawas leaves and are sold as a popular remedy. According to van Romburgh1) they yield a volatile oil of the f...
-301. Tetranthera Oil
Origin. Tetranthera polyantha var. citrata, Nees (family Lauraceae) is a shrub which grows in the Himalayas and in the Indian archipelago, more particularly in Java where it is known as ryi-Lemo/o. It...
-302. Oil Of Cryptocaria Moschata
Cryptocaria moschata, Nees et Mart, is a Brazilian tree, 10 to 15 m. high. It is known popularly as Nos moscato do Bras/I or Brazilian nutmeg. The ripe fruits are somewhat smaller than nutmegs and hav...
-303. Oil Of Cryptocaria Pretiosa
Cryptocaria pretiosa, Mart. (Mespilodaphne pretiosa, Nees et Mart; Ocoteapretiosa, Benth. et Hook.5); Ger. Mispellorbeer; family Lauraceae) is a tree 5 to 15 m. high and a native of northern Brazil. I...
-304. Kuro-Moji Oil
Oleum Kuromoji. - Kuromojiol. - Essence de Kuro-moji. Origin. Lindera sericea, Bl. (family Lauracead) is a shrub that occurs in all of the mountainous regions of Japan2). All parts contain volatile o...
-305. Spicewood Oil
Benzoin odoriferum, Nees (Laurus Benzoin, L., Lindera Benzoin, Meissn., Ger. Benzoelorbeerstrauch) is known in North America as spicewood, spicebush, and feverbush. It contains volatile oil in all of ...
-306. Oil Of Laurel Leaves
Oleum Lauri foliorum. - Lorbeerblatterol. - Essence de Laurier. Origin. The laurel oil of commerce is distilled from the leaves of the laurel, Laurus nobilis, L. According to the quality of the leave...
-307. Laurel Oil From The Berries
Origin. The oil obtained by pressure from the fruits of the laurel tree consists of a mixture of fatty oil with about 2,5 p.c. of volatile oil6). It finds application in the drug stores under the desi...
-308. Guiana Sandalwood Oil
From a lot of sandalwood from Guiana, about the botanical origin of which nothing could be ascertained, P. Jeancard and C. Satie1) distilled several oils the constants of which fluctuated between the ...
-309. Shiu Oil
Origin. Under the designation shiu oil (Ger. Schiuol), the Japanese have offered, as a substitute for linaloe oil, an oil rich in linalool, which is distilled in Formosa and said to be derived from a ...
-310. Oil Of Celandine
Family: Papaveraceae. Upon steam-distillation of the dry herb of Chelidonium majus, L. (family Papaveraceae), H. Haensel2) obtained 0,013 p.c. of a brown oil with a pleasant odor which congealed in t...
-311. Oil Of Garderi'Cress
The oil of common-cress was first prepared by F. Pless'2) in 1846. He observed that the herb and seeds of Lepidium ruderale, L., also the seeds of Lepidium sativum, L. and Lepidium campestre, R. Br. (...
-312. Oil Of Thlaspi Arvense
According to F. Pless3), an oil is obtained if the herb or seeds of Thlaspi arvense, L. are covered with cold water, allowed to stand for some time and then distilled. This oil is colorless, possesses...
-313. Oil Of Spoonwort
Oleum Cochlearia?. - Loffelkrautol. - Essence de Cochlearia. Origin. Spoonwort, Cochlearia officinalis, L, family Cruci-ferae, flourishes in the wild state in the proximity of the sea coasts of the n...
-314. Oil Of Horse Radish
The pungent taste of horse radish, the root of Cochlearia Armoracia, L. is due to an oil. According to the investigations of). Gadamer3), this oil in all probability owes its origin to the presence of...
-315. Oil Of Hedge Garlic
From the roots of Alliaria officinalis, Andr. (Sisymbrium Alliaria, Scop.) (Ger. Lauchhederich), T. Wertheim4) obtained upon distillation 0,033 p. c. of an oil that could not be distinguished from mus...
-316. Oil Of Eruca Sativa
According to S. Hals and ). F. Gram6), the seeds of Eruca sativa, Lam., when treated with water and subsequently distilled, yield a volatile oil which contains nitrogen and sulphur and which differs f...
-317. Mustard Oil
Oleum Sinapis. - Senfol. - Essence de Moutarde. Origin. Black mustard is the designation applied to the seeds of Brassica nigra, Koch (Sinapis nigra, L.) and Brassica juncea, Hooker fil. et Thomson (...
-317. Mustard Oil. Continued
According to Greenish and Bartlett, the addition of sodium fluoride, recommended by Brioux2), acts very favorably, 0,4 p.c. of the fluoride being sufficient. The sodium fluoride does not interfere wit...
-318. Mustard Oil From White Mustard Seed
Corresponding to the sinigrin of the black mustard, the white mustard (Sinapis alba, L; Brassica alba, Boiss.) contains the glucoside sinalbin. It was first prepared by Robiquet and Boutron-Charlard2)...
-319. Oil Of Brassica Napus
Symptoms of poisoning having been observed in feeding colza cakes to animals, B. Sjollema1) examined the oil obtained from the seeds of Brassica Napus, L. (B. campestris, L). After the bulk of the fat...
-320. Oil Of Brassica Rapa Var. rapifera
Upon distilling the shells of Brassica Rapa var. rapifera, Metzger (Ger. Wasserriibe, Stoppeirube), M. Kuntze1) obtained a very small amount of a volatile oil, the odor of which resembled that of Card...
-321. Oil Of Spanish Radish
Upon distillation with water, the roots and seeds of Raphanus sativus, L. (Ger. Rettich, fam. Cruciferae) yield a small amount1) of a colorless oil which contains sulphur and is heavier than water. It...
-322. Oil Of Barbarasa Praecox
According to the investigations of J.Gadamer2), the so-called American or perennial winter-cress, Barbaraea praecox, R. Br. contains the glucoside gluconasturtiin, also found in Nasturtium officinale,...
-323. Oil Of Water-Cress
A. W. Hofmann3) prepared the oil of Nasturtium officinale, L. in the following manner: The aqueous distillate (600 kg.) of 600 kg. of herb, which had not been comminuted, was shaken out with petroleum...
-324. Oil Of Cardamine Amara
Upon the distillation with water vapors of the comminuted fresh, but not flowering, herb of Cardamine amara, L., K. Feist4) obtained a brown liquid with a decided odor of water-cress. 1) Arch, der Ph...
-325. Oil Of Erysimum Perofskianum
From the seed of Erysimum Perofskianum, Fisch. et Mey. (family Cruciferae) W. Schneider and H. Kaufmann2) obtained a sulphone mustard oil, C6H1102Ns2, named erysolin. It is a homologue of cheirolin, C...
-326. Oil Of Wallflowers
Upon extraction of the flowers of Cheiranthus Cheiri, L. (Ger. Goldlack, family Cruciferae) with low boiling solvents, Kummert-E.3) obtained a dark colored extract of salve-like consistence. When trea...
-327. Oil Of Wallflower Seed
From the seeds of Cheiranthus Cheiri, L. (Ger. Goldlack), P. Wagner2) obtained a sulphur-containing compound which he named cheirolin. Somewhat later this compound was examined by W. Schneider1) who r...
-328. Oil Of Mignonette Flowers
Family: Resedaceae. Upon distillation of fresh mignonette flowers from Reseda odorata, L. (family Resedaceae), a yield of but 0,002 p.c. of oil is obtained. Noteworthy is the decided formation of hyd...
-329. Oil Of Mignonette Root
Upon distillation of fresh mignonette root with water-vapor 0,014 to 0,035 p.c. of oil were obtained. The oil of mignonette root is light brown in color and has an odor very much like that of Spanish...
-330. Black Currant Oil
Family: Saxifragaceae. From the buds of the black currant (Ribes nigrum, L, Ger. Schwarze Johannisbeere, family Saxifragaceae) Schimmel & Co. 2) obtained a volatile oil with a yield of 0,75 p. c. It ...
-331. Oil Of Pittosporum Undulatum
Family: Pittosporaceae. According to F. B. Power and F. Tutin1), the crushed fruits of Pittosporum undulatum, Vent, (family Pittosporaceae), which is indigenous to south-eastern Australia, yields 0,4...
-332. Oil Of Pittosporum Resiniferum
Because of their petroleum-like odor, the fruits of Pittosporum resiniferum, Hemsl., a tree that is widely distributed throughout the Philippines, are known as petroleum nuts. Even the green, fresh fr...
-333. Oil Of Pittosporum Pentandrum
The small, ground fruits of Pittosporum pentandrum (Blanco), Merrill, which grows principally in the lowlands of the Philippines, yielded upon distillation1) an oil (210 cc. from 16 kg.) which boiled ...
-334. Oil Of Storax
Family: Hamamelidaceae. Oleum Styracis. Storaxbl. - Essence de Styrax. Origin. The oriental storax, Liquidambar orientate, Mill. (Ger. Styraxbaum, family Hamamelidaceee), which resembles the plane a...
-335. Oil Of American Storax
Origin. Liquidambar styracifluum, L, a tree belonging to the family Hamamelidaceae, grows in the southern United States, in Mexico and Central America. The resinous balsam which is of honey-like consi...
-336. Rasamala Wood Oil
Upon the distillation of rasamala1), a wood obtained from the Dutch East Indies, Schimmel & Co.-) obtained 0,17 p. c. of volatile oil. At ordinary temperature rasamala wood oil forms a light brown, c...
-337. Honduras Balsam Oil
According to A. Tschirch4), Honduras balsam, which occasionally is met with in the market, is derived from a species of Liquidambar. The properties of such a balsam were as follows): 1) A. Tschirch ...
-338. Oil Of Hamamelis Virginiana
When the twigs of witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, L. are subjected to distillation on a large scale, the distillate separates small quantities of a green, fatty substance with a decided odor which,...
-339. Spiraea Oil
Family: Rosaceae. Oil from the flowers Upon distillation of the flowers of Spiraea Ulmaria, L. (family Rosaceae), Pagenstecher1) in 1835 obtained a heavy oil that sank in water and which he gave to ...
-340. Apple Oil
If fresh apple peelings from Pirus Malus, L. are covered with water and then distilled with steam, according to C.Thomae1) but little solid substance passes over. Occasionally oily drops are formed wh...
-341. Oil Of Mountain Ash Berries
In the preparation of malic acid from mountain ash berries, the fruits of Sorbus Aucuparia, Gsertn. (Ger. Vogelbeere, family Rosaceae), a pungent odor is noticed that is due to a substance volatile wi...
-342. Raspberry Oil
From the press-cakes of the raspberry, Rubus Idaeus, L. (Ger. Himbeere, family Rosaceae), H. Haensel3) obtained a small amount of an oil that had the odor of fermented raspberries: d15o0,8833; aD + 2&...
-343. Oil Of Water-Avens Root
The volatile oil from the roots of Geum urbanum, L. (Ger. Nelkenwurzel, family Rosaceae) was examined as early as 1818 by Trommsdorff4) and again in 1844 by Buchner5). However, they did not determine ...
-344. Oil Of Rose
Oleum Rosarum. - Otto of Rose. - Attar of Rose. - Rosenol. Essence de Rose. Origin. Only a few of the more than 7000 horticultural varieties of the rose are used in the production of the oil. So far ...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 2
1) Bericht von Roure-Bertrand Fils October 1911, 72. 2) Report of Schimmel & Co. April 1900, 39. 3) Berichte von Roure-Bertrand Fils October 1902, 24. 4) Chemist and Druggist 70 (1907), 815. 5) Re...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 3
Fig. 49. Bulgarian Giulapana. Family: RosaceaE. According to the author of the dissertation referred to in foot-note 1, p. 555, several rose oil distilleries on a factory scale with boiler exist a...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 4
On account of the difficultly soluble paraffins which it contains, oil of rose yields turbid solutions only, even with very large amounts of 90 p.c. alcohol; from these solutions the stear-optene sepa...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 5
In connection with a Spanish oil distilled at Chinchilla, Schimmel & Co. observed the following properties: d30o0,8247; aD-123'; nD26o 1,45212; congealing point +27; A. V. 3,3; E. V. 10,7; E...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 6
5) Journ. f. prakt. Chem. II. 50 (1894), 472. 6) Berl. Berichte 29 (1896), 922. It was discovered simultaneously by two investigators, though independently of each other, viz., by H. von Soden and W...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 7
On the other hand the product obtained by the distillation of 2500 kilos of roses with 1 kilo of geraniol8) cannot be differen1) E. Gildemeister and K. Stephan, Arch, der Pharm. 234 (1896), 321. *) G...
-344. Oil Of Rose. Part 8
Detection of Specific Adulterants. In Bulgaria guaiac wood oil from Bulnesia Sarmienti with its agreeable tea-rose-like odor is also used as adulterant2). Its presence can be recognized microscopicall...
-345. Oil Of Haw
The dried fruit of the rose (Ger. Hagebutte), when deprived of its seeds, yielded upon distillation 0,038 p. c. of an oil the odor of which strongly resembled of that of the haws1). d20o0,90733; aD19o...
-346. Bitter Almond Oil
Oleum Amygdalarum amararum. - Bittermandelol. - Essence d'Amandes Ameres. Origin. The almond tree, Prunus Amygdalus, Stokes (Amyg-dalus communis, L), which belongs to the family of Rosaceae, is culti...
-346. Bitter Almond Oil. Continued
It is claimed that the amygdalin is brought into solution better by treating the bulk of the almond powder with boiling water. The emulsin of one part of the almond powder suffices to hydrolyze the am...
-347. Cherry Laurel Oil
Oleum Laurocerasi. - Kirschlorbeerol. - Essence de Laurier-Cerise. Origin and Production. Prunus Laurocerasus L., a native of Persia and the Caucasus, is frequently cultivated in moderate climates, m...
-348. Oil From Cherry Pits
Ground cherry stones (pits and hard shells), after maceration yielded 0,016 p.c. of volatile oil which had the following properties: 1) Chem. Zentralbl. 1910, II. 892. 2) Fileti, Gazz. chim. ital. 8...
-349. Wild Cherry Bark Oil
The bark of Prunus virginiana, Mill. (Prunus serotina, Poir.), a native of North America has long been used in the preparation of aromatic beverages and of domestic remedies. It was made official in t...
-350. Oil Of Primus Sphaerocarpa
When distilled the bark of Prunus sphadrocarpa, Ser. (family Rosaceae), a tree rather common in most of the Brazilian states, yields, according to Th. Peckolt2), 0,046 p.c. of a volatile oil with the ...
-351. Oil Of Cassie Flowers From Acacia Farnesiana
Family: Leguminosae. Origin. Acacia Farnesfana,Willd., which is probably indigenous to the West Indies3) and probably likewise to West Africa4), is a leguminous shrub which is at present widely distr...
-352. Cassie Flower Oil From Acacia Cavenia
Origin and Production. In addition to Acacia Fames/ana, described on p. 588, Acacia Cavenia, Hook, et Arn.2) is likewise cultivated in southern France. This species demands less care and yields a larg...
-353. Oil Of Copaiba
Oleum Balsami Copaivae. - Copaivabalsamol. - Essence de Baume de Copahu. Origin. Copaiba balsam, known in Europe since the beginning of the 16. century, is yielded by a number of species of Copaifera...
-353. Oil Of Copaiba. Continued
However, none of these investigations revealed a true insight into the composition of the oil. Wallach4) was the first to demonstrate that the bulk of the oil consists of caryophyllene, a sesquiterpen...
-354. African Copaiba Balsam Oil
The Illurin balsam or African copaiba balsam, which first made its appearance in the London market, is obtained from western Africa, more particularly from the Niger countries, it is said. The botan...
-355. Bubimbi Bark Oil
The bark of Scorodophloeus Zenkeri, Harms (family Legu-minosae) is used as a spice by the natives of Kamerun. Its odor is very strong, persistent and, in the long run, unbearable. It reminds one of th...
-356. Hardwickia Balsam Oil
Kingiodendron pinnatum (Roxb.), Harms (Hardwickia pinnata, Roxb.4), family Leguminosae) is a stately tree closely related to the Copaifera species. It is native to India. The balsam obtained from it i...
-357. Cativo Balsam Oil
Upon the distillation of the balsam of Prioria copaifera Grisebach with water vapor, G. Weigel2) obtained 2 p. c. of a volatile oil that distilled with difficulty and probably consisted of higher boil...
-358. Supa Balsam Oil
Sindora Wallichii, Benth. (family Leguminosae), the plant from which the supa balsam3) is derived, is found all over the Philippine Islands. A freshly wounded tree yields about 10 1. . of balsam. This...
-359. Copal Oils
In the course of the investigation of copals derived from leguminous plants1) their volatile oils were also prepared. However, the information concerning them is very meagre. As to their composition n...
-360. Sappan Leaf Oil
According to van Romburgh, the leaves of Caesalpinia Sappan, L., the leguminous tree which supplies the sappan wood used for dyeing, yields 0,16 to 0,2 p. c. of an almost colorless volatile oil: d28o0...
-361. Tolu Balsam Oil
Oleum Balsami Tolutani. - Tolubalsamol. - Essence de Baume de Tolu. Origin and Production. The viscid balsam that exudes from incissions into the trunk of the tolu balsam tree, Myroxylon (Toluifera) ...
-362. Peru Balsam Oil
Oleum Balsami peruviani. - Perubalsamol. - Essence de Baume de Perou. Origin. Peru balsam, which is used extensively in pharmacy and perfumery, is obtained from artificial wounds of a tree which, acc...
-363. Oil Of Myroxylon Peruiferum
From the leaves of Myroxylon peruiferum, L., a leguminous tree closely related to the Peru balsam tree, Th. Peckolt4) obtained a small amount of oil with a faint but pleasant and peculiar odor the spe...
-364. Quino-Quino Balsam Oil
Quino-Quino balsam resembles Peru and tolu balsams. It has been described by C. Hartwich and A. jama5). The resin which had been obtained in Florida and Pampa grande (Bolivia) by Dr. Herzog, was deriv...
-365. Cabriuva Wood Oil
Myrocarpus fastigiatus, Fr. All. is a leguminous tree that attains a height of 8 m. or more, which is a native of Brazil. It is called cabriuva. The yellowish-white flowers arranged in the form of a c...
-366. Myrocarpus Balsam Oil Or Cabureiba Balsam Oil
Myrocarpus balsam is one of the obsolete balsams of the older pharmacopoeias. E. Schaer2) is of the opinion that it is identical with the Cabureiba balsam described by the Dutch physician Willem Piso ...
-367. Oil Of Cyclopia Genistoides
Upon the distillation of the leaves of Cyclopia genistoides, R. Br. (family Leguminosae) H. Haensel4) obtained 0,101 p.c. of a light brown oil with an intense odor. At room temperature, the oil was pe...
-368. Broom Oil
The dried flowering herb of Genista tinctoria, L. (family Leguminosae) yielded upon distillation 0,0237 p.c. of an oil that was solid at ordinary temperature and which melted at 36: d33o 0,8980. ...
-369. Carqueja Oil
This oil is supposed to be obtained from Genista tridentata (family Leguminosae) a plant that grows wild in Brazil and is used as a popular remedy in a variety of ways2). Carqueja oil is yellowish an...
-370. Oil Of Spartium Scoparium
The dried, flowering herb of Spartium scoparium, L. (Ger. Besenginster, family Leguminosae) yields upon distillation 0,031 p.c. of a dark brown oil with a strong odor which when cooled to 0 conge...
-371. Commock Oil
From the air-dried roots of Ononis spinosa, L. (Ger. Hau-hechel, family Leguminosae) H. Haensel1) obtained 0,0066 p.c. of a liquid oil with an acid reaction. d15o0,9917. From the aqueous distillate ad...
-372. Fenugreek Oil
According to H. Hasnsel2), the comminuted seeds of Trigo-nella Foenum-graecum, L. (family Leguminosae) yield 0,014 p.c. of a brown oil with an intense odor: d13,2o0,870; aD in 10 p.c. alcoholic soluti...
-373. Melilot Oil
Upon distillation the dried flowers of Melilotus officinalis, Desr. (family Leguminosae) yield 0,0133 p.c. of volatile oil which contains coumarin (m. p. 67)3). ...
-374. Clover Oils
1. Oil From The Flowers Of Trifolium Incarnatum The flowers of Trifolium incarnatum, L. have been distilled by H. Rogerson4) who obtained 0,029 p.c. of a pale yellow oil with reference to the dried c...
-375. Oil Of Psoralea Bituminosa
More particularly when rubbed the herb of Psoralea bitu-minosa, L. (family Leguminosae) gives off a strong asphalt-like odor. The leaves were formerly officinal as Herba trifolii bitu-minosi and were ...
-376. Oil Of Amorpha Fruticosa
According to Vittorio Pavesi2), the leaves and fruits of Amorpha fruticosa, L. (family Leguminosae) which is frequently cultivated in gardens for decorative purposes, contain two distinct oils. Upon d...
-377. Indigofera Oil
According to van Romburgh, the leaves of Indigofera galegoides, DC. (family Leguminosae) contain a substance (probably amygdalin) which reacts with emulsin forming hydrocyanic acid and benzaldehyde. U...
-378. Oil Of Robinia Pseudacacia
Verschaffelt3) had pointed out that the odor of the flowers of Robinia Pseudacacia, L. (family Leguminosae) indicated the presence of methyl anthranilate. That the flowers contain this ester was demon...
-379. Licorice Oil
Upon the distillation of the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, L. (family Leguminosae) H. Haensel1) obtained a small amount of volatile oil. From the Spanish root a yield of 0,03 p.c. and from the Russian r...
-380. Oil Of Dalbergia Cumingiana
As kaju laka the wood of Dalbergia Cumingiana, Benth. (family Leguminosae) plays an important role in Dutch East India-). At first it is colorless, but that of older trees becomes red and heavier. The...
-381. Rose Geranium Oil
Family: Geran1aceae. Oleum Geranii. - Geranium- or Pelargoniumol. - Essence de Geranium Rose. Origin. For the purpose of distillation three species of the genus Pelargonium and their cultural variet...
-381. Rose Geranium Oil. Part 2
According to estimate, Spain produces in Valencia and Andalusia about 600 to 1000 kg. of oil annually. Under favorable climatic conditions 2 to 3 harvests are possible. Properties. Oil of rose gerani...
-381. Rose Geranium Oil. Part 3
The presence of linalool, which was suspected by Barbier and Bouveault2), was proven by Schimmel & Co.3)4) by means of its phenylurethane melting at 65 to 66. The fraction used for the preparatio...
-382. Oil Of Garden Nasturtium
Family: Tropaeolaceae. The odor of Tropaeolum ma/us, L (Ger. Kapuzinerkresse, family Tropaeolaceae), having an odor similar to that of the cress, induced A. W. Hofmann2) to examine the oil3). For the...
-383. Oil Of Coca Leaves
Family: Erythroxylaceae. From time immemorial the coca leaves have been used for chewing by the natives of the South American Cordilleras3). It is only in recent times, however, that, because of thei...
-384. Oil From Erythroxylon Monogynum
The bastard sandal, Erythroxylon monogynum, Roxb., is a shrub or small tree which grows in the western parts of the East Indies and in Ceylon. From the wood the natives prepare an oil which they obtai...
-385. Guaiac Wood Oil
Family: Zygophyllaceae. Oleum Ligni Guajaci. - Guajakholzol. - Essence de Bois de Gayac. Origin and Production. According to Grisebach3), Bulnesia Sarmienti, Lor., is a tree 40 to 60 ft. high which ...
-386. Guaiac Resin Oil
From the officinal guaiac resin from Guaiacum officinale, L, (family Zygophyllaceae) O. Doebner and H. Lucker1) obtained 0,66 p.c. of an volatile oil which gradually became solid. By distilling the r...
-387. Japanese Pepper Oil
Family: Rutaceae. The fruits of Xanthoxylum piperitam, DC. (family Rutaceae) known as Piper japonicum (Japanese sansho) yield 3,16 p.c. of a volatile oil when distilled with water vapor. It is of a y...
-388. Oil Of Xanthoxylum Hamiltonianum
According to Helbing1), the seeds of Xanthoxylum Hamilton-ianum, Wall. (Fagara Hamiltoniana [Wall.], Engl.)2) yielded 3,84 to 5 p.c. of a volatile oil with a specific gravity of 0,840. It is colorles...
-389. Oil Of Xanthoxylum Ochroxylum
According to M. Leprince3) the bark of Xanthoxylum ochroxylum, DC. (family Rutaceae), known in Venezuela as Bosuga blanca, yields, when extracted with petroleum ether, 6 p.c. of an oil with a density ...
-390. Wartara Oil
In India the fruits of Xanthoxylum acanthopodium, DC. and X. alatum, Roxb. are known as wartara4) seeds. According to the Pharmacographia Indica of Dymock, Warden and Hooper (vol. I, p. 257) this dru...
-391. Oil Of Xanthoxylum Alatum
Origin and Production. In the London market the fruits of Xanthoxylum alatum, Roxb., are offered under the name of Chinese wild pepper. The shrub which belongs to the family Rutaceae occurs in north...
-392. Oil Of Xanthoxylum Aubertia
Origin and Production. Xanthoxylum Aubertia, DC. (Fagara Aubertia, DC, Evodia Aubertia, Cordem.) is known in Reunion as Catafaille blanc. It is highly esteemed for wounds and is also used as diaphoret...
-393. Oil Of Xanthoxylum Peckoltianum
Upon distillation, the leaves of Xanthoxylum Peckoltianum {Fagara Peckoltiana, Engl.) yield 0,068 to 0,079 p. c. of an oil with a rue-like odor and a sp. gr. of 0,8942). ...
-394. Oil Of Fagara Xanthoxyloides
1. Oil Of The Fruits The fruit coatings of Fagara xanthoxyloides, Lam. (Xanthoxylum senegalense, DC.)3), yield upon distillation with water vapor 0,37 to 2,4 p.c. of a volatile oil4) which is brownis...
-395. Oil Of Fagara Octandra
The oil2) obtained from the wood of Fagara octandra, L. (family Rutaceae), a Mexican tree, is light yellow in color and possesses a linalool-like odor. d15o0,922; aD + 230'; E. V. 6,09; soluble i...
-396. Philippine Fagara Oil
According to Bacon3) the leaves of an unknown species of Fagara (Rutaceae) which grows in the northern provinces of the Philippines, yields upon distillation a small amount of oil. It contains limonen...
-397. Oil Of Evodia Simplex
From the Syndicat du Geranium Bourbon, the firm of Schimmel & Co.5), received an oil of Evodia simplex, Cordem. (family Rutaceae) which is a native of Reunion. From which part of the plant the oil is ...
-398. Oil Of Evodia Hortensis
The usi leaves of Samoa are obtained from Evodia horten-sis, Forst. and their aqueous infusion is used by the natives as a remedy against headache. Upon steam distillation they yield 0,09 p.c. of ligh...
-399. Oil Of Pelea Madagascarica
From Prof. Heckel, of Marseilles, Schimmel & Co.2) obtained a small lot of fruits with an anise-like odor. They were reported as coming from Madagascar and as being probably derived from Pelea madagas...
-400. Oil Of Rue
Oleum Rutae. - Rautenol. - Essence de Rue. Origin. The oil of rue of commerce is obtained from several species of the genus Ruta (family Rutaceae). According to A. Birckenstockl) and to H. Carette2),...
-401. Boronia Oil
Boron/a polygalifolia, Sm. (family Rutaceae) is distributed throughout eastern and southern Australia. An oil1) distilled in Victoria had a sweetish odor reminding of esdragon and somewhat of rue. d 0...
-402. Oil Of Buchu Leaves
Oleum Buccu foliorum. - Buccublatterol. - Essence de Feuilles de Bucco. Origin. The genus Barosma (family Rutaceae) is represented in southern Africa by about 15 species2). The leaves known as bucco,...
-403. Oil Of Barosma Pulchella
Origin. According to E. M. Holmes3), the leaves of Barosma pulchella, (L.) Bartl. et Wendl., which are occasionally admixed with those of B. betulina and with which they are occasionally confounded, d...
-404. Oil Of Barosma Venusta
From the dry leaves of Barosma venusta2), Eckl. et Zeyh., H. R. Jensen3) distilled 1,1 p.c. of a volatile oil with the following properties: d15.5/15.5o0,8839; aD20o + 030'; nD20o1,4967; A. V. 2,...
-405. Oil Of Diosma Succulenta
A new kind of false buchu leaves has been described by C. Edward Sage4). They are known as karroo buchu and l) Tiemann records 81,5 to 82,5 as melting point. -) Comp. Chemist and Druggist 78 (1...
-406. Oil Of Empleurum Serrulatum
The leaves of Empleurum serrulatum, Ait., which species grows in Cape Colony, are occasionally found admixed with buchu leaves. They yield 0,64 p. c. of a volatile oil1), the odor of which reminds of ...
-407. Jaborandi Leaf Oil
Oleum foliorum Jaborandi. - Jaborandiblatterbl. - Essence de Feuilles de jaborandi bark contains but very little volatile oil. Jaborandi Upon distillation the genuine jaborandi leaves2), from Piloca...
-408. Angostura Bark Oil
Origin and Production. Genuine angostura bark comes from Venezuela and the upper Orinoco and is derived from Cusparia trifoliata, Engl. (Galipea Cusparia, St. Hil., G. officinalis, Hancock3), family R...
-409. Oil Of Casimiroa Edulis
From the alcoholic extract of the seeds of Casimiroa edulis, La Llave (Rutaceae) F. B. Power and T. Callan1) obtained 0,021 p.c. (computed with reference to the dry seeds) of a volatile oil with the f...
-410. Toddalia Oil
Toddalia aculeata, Pers. (T. asiatica, L. [Kurz], family Rutaceae) is a shrub that grows wild in the Nilgiri country (India), where it is known as wild orange tree. All parts of the plant have a pun...
-411. Oil Of Acronychia Laurifolia
198 kg. of leaves of Acronychia laurifolia, Bl., a rutaceous plant known as Kisarira, when distilled at Buitenzorg2), yielded 133 cc. of oil of the following properties: d26o0,915; aD + r52'; S. V. ...
-412. Oil Of Hortia Arborea
From the fresh bark of Hortia arborea, Engl., Th. Peckolt3) obtained 0,054 p. c. of volatile oil. d18o1,069. ...
-413. Oil Of Clausena Anisum-olens
According to Bacon4), the leaves of Clausena Anisum-olens, (Blanco) Merrill, which have an odor of anise, are used in the preparation of liqueurs as is also their alcoholic extract. From the leaves of...
-414. Oil Of Clausena Willdenowii
A sample of oil1) from Clausena Willdenowii, obtained from French India, was a reddish, difficultly mobile liquid of a peculiar odor. It contained 11 p.c. of ester (computed as C10H17Ococh3) and 6,2 p...
-415. Oil Of Murraya Koenigii
The fruits of Murray Koenigii, Spr., which grows in India, yield upon distillation, 0,76 p.c. of an oil2) with a neroli-like odor and a pepper-like taste, but leaves an agreeable sensation of coolness...
-416. Oil Of Aegle Marmelos
According to a communication by Ritsema3), the leaves of the modjo tree, Aegle Marmelos, Corr. (family Rutaceae) are used by the natives of the island of Madura as a remedy against the hoof-and-mouth-...









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