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Encyclopedia Of Practical Receipts And Processes | by William B. Dick



The original design of the compiler of this work was to prepare a collection of popular and domestic receipts, to contain only those whose practical utility had been established, either by actual trial or by the guaranty of undoubted authorities, thus excluding the mass of untried, and, consequently, unreliable information to be found in Receipt Books, compiled with a view to quantity rather than quality. As the work progressed, it was found, in many cases, no easy matter to draw a line between the simple or practical and the artistic or scientific. To meet this difficulty, it was determined to enlarge its scope, increasing the usefulness of the former by the additional light of scientific research, and rendering the latter easy of application by reducing the formulae and technicalities of scientific writers to plain language, so as to be understood by the uninitiated.

TitleEncyclopedia Of Practical Receipts And Processes
AuthorWilliam B. Dick
PublisherNew York: Dick and Fitzgerald, Publishers
Year1872
Copyright1872, William B. Dick
AmazonDick's encyclopedia of practical receipts and processes: Containing over 6400 receipts embracing thorough information, in plain language, applicable to ... : or, How they did it in the 1870's

Encyclopedia Of Practical Receipts And Processes.

Containing Over 6400 Receipts

Embracing Thorough Information, In Plain Language, Applicable To Almost Evert Possible Industrial And Domestic Requirement.

By William B. Dick.

New York: Dick and Fitzgerald, Publishers.

-Preface
The original design of the compiler of this work was to prepare a collection of popular and domestic receipts, to contain only those whose practical utility had been established, either by actual tria...
-Preface. Continued
Observe When searching for anything contained in this book, always refer to the Index, noting the directions given on page 565. The Receipts are classified, as far as practicable, under the headings...
-Authorities Quoted And Consulted
American Chemist. American Dispensatory, 6th Edition. American Journal of Science and Arts. Annales de Chimie et de Physique. Beach's American Practice and Family Physician. , Beasley's Drugg...
-Definitions
1. Manipulations 1. Manipulations. Under this heading will be found a brief description of the various methods of chemical manipulation, constantly employed in this work. This is deemed ...
-Definitions. Part 2
6. Table exhibiting in degrees of Fahrenheit the Boiling Heat of different liquids 6. Table exhibiting in degrees of Fahrenheit the Boiling Heat of different liquids. Ether.............................
-Definitions. Part 3
10. Decantation 10. Decantation. The operation of pouring off the clear portion of a liquid from its sediment. This is performed either by gently inclining the vessel, or by means of a sy...
-Definitions. Part 4
14. Elutriation 14. Elutriation. In chemistry, the operation of washing insoluble powders with water, to separate them from foreign matter, or the coarser portion. It is usually performed by grinding...
-Definitions. Part 5
17. Filtration 17. Filtration. The word filtration is absolutely synonymous with straining; but, in the language of the laboratory, the former is usually applied to the operation of rend...
-Definitions. Part 6
18. Gun-cotton as a Filter 18. Gun-cotton as a Filter. Gun-cotton, carefully prepared, is scarcely acted on by the most energetic chemical agents at ordinary temperatures. It may therefo...
-Definitions. Part 7
25. Pulverization 25. Pulverization. The reduction of any substance to dust or powder is generally performed by means of a pestle and mortar, or, on a larger scale, by stamping, gri...
-Definitions. Part 8
27. Saturation 27. Saturation. A liquid is said to be saturated with some other substance when it ceases to dissolve any more of it. An acid is saturated with an alkali when sufficient o...
-Definitions. Part 9
30. Sublimation 30. Sublimation. The process by which volatile solid substances are reduced to the state of vapor by heat, and again condensed in solid form. It differs from ordinary d...
-Preparations
Preparations. The following methods of preparing decoctions, extracts, tinctures, etc., are from the best practical sources. Other directions for making extracts, essences, attars, etc., for the speci...
-Preparations. Part 2
35. To Prepare Tinctures 35. To Prepare Tinctures. Tinctures are solutions of vegetable and animal drugs, and sometimes of mineral substances, in spirituous liquids. The spirit most commonly employed...
-Preparations. Part 3
36. To obtain Tinctures by Infusion, Maceration, and Digestion 36. To obtain Tinctures by Infusion, Maceration, and Digestion. In order to extract the soluble principles of substances which cannot be...
-Preparations. Part 4
39. Maceration 39. Maceration. When an infusion is made without the aid of heat it is termed maceration. This takes a much longer time than an infusion, properly so called; it rarely req...
-Preparations. Part 5
42. Proportion of Ingredients used for making Tinctures 42. Proportion of Ingredients used for making Tinctures. Tho following are the proportions usually employed for the most important perfume t...
-Preparations. Part 6
44. To Prepare Extracts 44. To Prepare Extracts. The process of obtaining an extract of a substance involves two distinct operations: First, the production of a solution of the soluble portion of the...
-Preparations. Part 7
45. To obtain Vegetable Juices by-Expression 45. To obtain Vegetable Juices by-Expression. The juices of plants are obtained by bruising the fresh leaves in a marble mortar, or in a mill...
-Specific Gravity
Specific Gravity. Specific Gravity is the density of the matter of which any body is composed, compared with the density of another body, assumed as the standard, or 1.000. This standard is pure disti...
-Specific Gravity. Continued
49. To find the Specific Gravity of a Liquid or a Gas 49. To find the Specific Gravity of a Liquid or a Gas. Weigh it in a specific gravity bottle, glass flask, or other vessel of known ...
-Alcoholmetry
Alcoholmetry. The percentage of absolute alcohol in any spirituous liquid may be given either by volume or weight, but as liquors are sold by measure, not weight, it is generally preferred to know the...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 2
55. Table to find the true percentage of Absolute Alcohol 55. Table to find the true percentage of Absolute Alcohol by volume in a liquid at 60 from the observed percentage indicated by a Glass ...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 3
56. Table to find the true percentage of Absolute Alcohol / Glass Hydrometer 56. Table to find the true percentage of Absolute Alcohol in a liquid of any temperature from the observed percentage indi...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 4
57. Table of Comparison between the per cent, of Alcohol by volume at 60 (Tralles') and per cent, by weight 57. Table of Comparison between the per cent, of Alcohol by volume at 60 (Tralles...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 5
58. Gendar's Hydrometer 58. Gendar's Hydrometer. Annexed we give a comparative view of the scales of Tralles and Gendar, the former used by the revenue officers of the United States for imported liqu...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 6
59. Tralles' Table of Percentage of Alcohol 59. Tralles' Table of Percentage of Alcohol. When the temperature of the spirit is 60 Fah., the first column of the table on page 26 gives at once the...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 7
60. Table for reducing the strength of Alcohol 60. Table for reducing the strength of Alcohol. The following Table given by Booth, shows the quantity of water that must be added to alcohol of a given...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 8
61. Baum'es Hydrometer for Liquids Lighter than Water 61. Baum'es Hydrometer for Liquids Lighter than Water. In Baum'e's hydrometer for liquids lighter than water, the instrument is pois...
-Alcoholmetry. Part 9
63. Baum'e's Hydrometer for Liquids Heavier than Water 63. Baum'e's Hydrometer for Liquids Heavier than Water. In the hydrometer for liquids heavier than water, the position of the fixed...
-Degrees of Baum'e
Degrees of Baum'e. 66. To Convert Degrees Baum'e into Specific Gravity 66. To Convert Degrees Baum'e into Specific Gravity. I. For liquids heavier than water. - Subtract the degree o...
-Acetimetry
Acetimetry. The art of deter-mining the strength of acetic acid and vinegar. Several methods arc employed for the purpose, based onthe quantity of acid required for saturation;- the specific gr...
-Acetimetry. Continued
74. To find the strength of Acetic Acid by Saturation without an Acidimeter 74. To find the strength of Acetic Acid by Saturation without an Acidimeter. The foregoing method can also be ...
-Acidimetry
Acidimetry. The estimation of the quantity of an acid contained in any given sample. The methods used are founded chiefly on the capacity of acids to saturate or neutralize alkaline bases; and, in...
-Acidimetry. Continued
81. Table of Equivalents of Acids 81. Table of Equivalents of Acids. This table is based on the foregoing table of alkalis; so that, for instance, 1 equivalent (17 grains) of pure ammoni...
-Alkalimetry
Alkalimetry. The method of estimating the strength of alkalis. The processes used are the same as in acidimetry; only that the unknown quantity sought is an alkali, and the test applied is an acid....
-The Thermometer
The Thermometer. In Fahrenheit's Thermometer, which is universally employed in this country and Great Britain, the freezing point of water is placed at 32, and the boiling point at 212 and t...
-The Art of Dyeing
The Art of Dyeing. The art of fixing coloring matters uniformly and permanently in the fibres of wool, silk, linen, cotton, and other substances. Dyeing is a chemical process, and the mode of its perf...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 2
95. To prepare Annotto 95. To prepare Annotto. Into 2 gallons of water put 1 pound of Annotto, 4 ounces of pearlash, and 2 ounces of soft soap, and apply heat, stirring until the whole i...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 3
102. To make Caustic Soda 102. To make Caustic Soda. For every gallon water add 1 pound soda ash, or 2 pounds crystallized soda (washing soda); boil and proceed by adding slaked lime, an...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 4
109. Yellow Spirits 109. Yellow Spirits are prepared in the same way, only substituting sulphuric acid for the nitric acid. This is used for the same purposes as red spirits, with the advantage of th...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 5
116. Nitrate of Iron 116. Nitrate of Iron is used in the dye-house for various purposes. Its principal use is for dyeing Prussian Blue, and is obtained as follows : Take 4 parts nitric a...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 6
121. To make Solutions for Dyeing 121. To make Solutions for Dyeing. In making solutions of copperas, blue stone, chrome, etc.., there is no fixed rule to be followed. A quantity of the ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 7
125. To Bleach Cotton Cloth 125. To Bleach Cotton Cloth. After undergoing the rot steep, boil for 3 hours in caustic lye, of the strength of 1 gill of stock lye (see No. 101 (To make Cau...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 8
130. Indigo Blue Dye for Yarn 130. Indigo Blue Dye for Yarn. The vats used for dyeing indigo blue are usually wine pipes or other large casks, sunk in the ground to a depth convenient fo...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 9
133. Royal Blue 133. Royal Blue. This is dyed in the same manner as Napoleon Blue, but the liquors are stronger - using 2 pints iron solution, 2 gills hydrochloric acid, and 4 ounces tin...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 10
139. Jet Black 139. Jet Black. The goods are dyed in the same manner as the last receipt; but along with the logwood is added 1 pound fustic. In both the above receipts if 3 pints iron ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 11
147. Catechu Brown 147. Catechu Brown. Work the goods at a boiling heat for 2 hours in 2 pounds of catechu prepared according to No. 96; wring out, and then work for half an hour in a ho...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 12
155. Scarlet 155. Scarlet. For 1 pound of goods, boil 13/4 ounces cream of tartar in water in a block-tin vessel; add 13/4 ounces tin spirits, made according to the first receipt in N...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 13
162. Fustic Green on Cloth 162. Fustic Green on Cloth. Work the goods in red liquor (see No. 100 (To make Red Liquor)) diluted to 4 Baum'e, and dry in a hot chamber; then wet in hot...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 14
169. Lilac or Puce 169. Lilac or Puce. Work for an hour in red spirits (see No. 108 (Red Spirits)) at 11/2 Baum'e; wring out and wash; then work half an hour in a decoction of 3 po...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 15
178. Olive Drab 178. Olive Drab. Work for 15 minutes in 1/2 pound sumach; lift, and add 1 ounce copperas, and work 15 minutes more; wash in water, then work for 20 minutes in water with ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 16
187. Deep Amber Yellow 187. Deep Amber Yellow. Put into a tub of water 1 pound acetate of lead, and to this add gradually caustic potassa or soda, until the precipitate formed be re-...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 17
190. Violet 190. Violet. Dye a turkey red (see No. 189 (French Process for Dyeing Turkey-Red)), and then pass through the blue vat. (See No. 130 (Indigo Blue Dye for Yarn).) 191. ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 18
195. Crimson 195. Crimson. Work in a bath for one hour with 1 pound cochineal paste, 6 ounces dry cochineal, 1 pound tartar, and 1 pint pro-tochloride (single chloride) of tin; wash ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 19
203. Orange 203. Orange. Work for 40 minutes in 2 pounds sumach, 3 ounces dry cochineal, 1 pound fustic, 8 ounces tartar, and 1 pint red spirits (see No. 108 (Red Spirits)); wash and ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 20
214. Properties of Dye-woods 214. Properties of Dye-woods. Peach-wood reddens, madder gives the drab tint, fustic supplies yellowness, and logwood induces a slate hue. 215. Stone ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 21
221. Chrome Dyes for Woolen Goods 221. Chrome Dyes for Woolen Goods. The quantities given in the following receipts are for dyeing 5 pounds of woolen goods, unless otherwise stated. It must be ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 22
229. Purple 229. Purple. Work the goods half an hour in a bath with 1 ounce bichromate of potassa, 1 ounce alum; lift out and wash in cold water; and then work half an hour in a bath ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 23
234. Black 234. Black. Work for an hour in a solution of 8 ounces copperas; wash well out in cold water; then work in a decoction of 4 pounds logwood, adding to it \ pint chamber ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 24
242. Red Brown 242. Red Brown. Dye a deep annotto orange (see No. 159 (Annotto Orange)); then work for 15 minutes in plumb liquor (see No. Ill); wash well and dry. Particular tints can ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 25
250. Mixture for Dyeing Common Reds 250. Mixture for Dyeing Common Reds. Make a strong decoction by boiling 1 pound limawood or brazilwood to each gal-on of water. Let the wood ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 26
257. Royal Blue 257. Royal Blue. Into a vessel of cold water add 2 pints nitrate of iron; then take 1 pint water and 1/2 pint of hydrochloric acid, and add to it 3 ounces crystals of ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 27
262. Violet, Lilac, Wine Color, etc. 262. Violet, Lilac, Wine Color, etc.. Work the goods for 20 minutes in plumb liquor (see No. Ill) in a copper pan or stoneware vessel; wash out ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 28
271. Orange 271. Orange. Work the silk for 15 minutes in a strong warm solution of annotto (see No. 95 (To prepare Annotto)); wash out in warm water and dry. 272. Yellow Drab 272.&...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 29
280. Bottle Green 280. Bottle Green. Proceed exactly as for common green (see No. 276 (Common Green)) with the addition of 1 pound logwood to the 6 pounds fustic. The addition of a ...
-The Art of Dyeing. Part 30
287. To Dye Mixed Fabrics one Color 287. To Dye Mixed Fabrics one Color. If the mixed fabrics are required to be dyed one uniform color, the double process has often to be adopted, ...
-Goods
Goods. First dye the woolen according to No. 192; then, after steeping the goods in sumach, dye the cotton by receipt No. 139. 289. Brown on Cotton and Woolen Goods by one Process 289. &nbs...
-Goods. Continued
297. To Detect Cotton in Linen 297. To Detect Cotton in Linen. Take a small piece of the cloth, boil in water and dry; then take 3 parts, by weight, of sulphuric acid, and 2 parts of ...
-Family Dyeing Receipts
Family Dyeing Receipts. The following receipts and directions are excellent for dyeing on a small scale, and especially adapted for family use. The ingredients required can be obtained at any color st...
-Family Dyeing Receipts. Part 2
310. Fawn Drab for Silk 310. Fawn Drab for Silk. Hot water, 1 gallon; annotto liquor (see No. 95 (To prepare Annotto)), 1 wine-glassful; 2 ounces each of sumach and fustic. Add copperas ...
-Family Dyeing Receipts. Part 3
320. Plum Color for Worsted, Silk or Cotton 320. Plum Color for Worsted, Silk or Cotton. Water, 1 gallon; sulphuric acid, 1 tea-spoonful; glauber salts, in crystals, 2 table-spoonfuls; ...
-Family Dyeing Receipts. Part 4
333. Aniline Blue 333. Aniline Blue. To 100 pounds of fabric dissolve 11/4 pounds aniline blue in 3 quarts hot alcohol; strain through a filter and add it to a bath of 130 Pah.; ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc
To Remove Stains, Spots, etc.. The following receipts embrace directions for cleaning, and removing stains of every kind, from clothing, linen, etc., and articles pertaining to the household. Receipts...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 2
342. To Remove Wax Spots from Cloth 342. To Remove Wax Spots from Cloth. Remove, by scraping with a knife, as much of the wax as you can without injury to the fabric; drop benzine on ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 3
347. To Remove Grease from Cloth 347. To Remove Grease from Cloth. Take 1 quart lime; add thereto as much water as will dissolve the lime and leave about 1 quart clear water after it ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 4
353. To Remove Grease Spots from Silk 353. To Remove Grease Spots from Silk. Grease spots may be taken from silks in the following manner: Upon a wooden table lay a piece of woolen ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 5
360. Methods of Removing Various Stains 360. Methods of Removing Various Stains. Fruit-stains, wine-stains, and those made by colored vegetable juices, are often near-ly indelible, and ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 6
363. The Choice of Re-Agents for Restoring Color 363. The Choice of Re-Agents for Restoring Color. The choice of re-agents is not a matter of indifference; vegetable acid (Decolorized ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 7
369. To Remove Claret or Port Wine Stains 369. To Remove Claret or Port Wine Stains. Apply a little table salt to the spot stained, and also moisten it with sherry. After washing, no ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 8
376. To Remove Iron Mould 376. To Remove Iron Mould. The part stained should be remoistened with ink, and this removed by the use of muriatic acid diluted with 5 or 6 times its weight ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 9
383. To Extract Mildew 383. To Extract Mildew. Mix soft soap with powdered starch, half as much salt, and the juice of a lemon, and lay on with a brush. Let it lay on the grass day and ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 10
389. To take Ink Stains out of Mahogany 389. To take Ink Stains out of Mahogany. Put a few drops of spirits of nitre (nitric acid) in a tea-spoonful of water, touch the spot with a ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 11
398. How to Clean Marble 398. How to Clean Marble. The following is an excellent way of cleaning marble: First, brush the dust off the piece to be cleaned, then apply with a brush a ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 12
405. To Remove the Varnish from Oil Paintings, etc. 405. To Remove the Varnish from Oil Paintings, etc.. Varnish and dirt can be removed by washing over with a weak solution of ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 13
410. To take Grease Stains out of Wall Papers 410. To take Grease Stains out of Wall Papers. Oil marks, and marks where people have rested their heads, can be taken from the paper on ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 14
417. To Clean Looking Glasses 417. To Clean Looking Glasses. Take part of a newspaper, fold it small, dip it in a basin of clean cold water, and when it is thoroughly wet squeeze ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 15
422. To Preserve Knives and Forks in Good Condition 422. To Preserve Knives and Forks in Good Condition. Wipe the knives and forks as soon as possible after being used, as the longer ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 16
427. To Scour Boards 427. To Scour Boards. Lime, 1 part; sand, 3 parts; soft soap, two parts. Lay a little on the boards with a scrubbing-brush, and rub thoroughly. Rinse with clean ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 17
435. To Clean Paint 435. To Clean Paint. There is a very simple method to clean paint that has become dirty, and if our housewives should adopt it, it would save them a great deal of ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 18
440. To Re-Distill and Purify Benzine 440. To Re-Distill and Purify Benzine that has been used for Cleaning Kid Gloves. If the operation of distilling the benzine is disagreeable to the glove maker, ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 19
441. To Refine Ox-gall for Fixing Chalk and Pencil Drawings, and Removing Grease 441. To Refine Ox-gall for Fixing Chalk and Pencil Drawings, and Removing Grease. Allow fresh ox-gall to ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 20
444. To Clean Carpets 444. To Clean Carpets. Carpets may be cleaned as follows: Take them up and shake and beat them, so as to render them perfectly free from dust. Have ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 21
447. To Sweep Carpets 447. To Sweep Carpets. Before applying the broom, scatter over the carpet the refuse tea-leaves from the tea-pot. These should be set apart and saved in a pot kept ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 22
451. To Clean Worsted Reps 451. To Clean Worsted Reps. Worsted rep sofas, and worsted furniture of any kind, are freshened by dusting damp Indian meal over them, and rubbing off with a ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 23
455. To Clean White Satin Shoes 455. To Clean White Satin Shoes. White satin shoes may be cleaned by rubbing them with stone blue and flannel, and afterwards cleaning them with bread. ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 24
461. To Raise the Nap on Cloth 461. To Raise the Nap on Cloth. Soak in cold water for 1/2 an hour, then put on a board, and rub the threadbare parts with a half-worn hatter's card, ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 25
467. To Wash White Silk Stockings 467. To Wash White Silk Stockings. Heat some rain or soft water, and while on the fire cut into it slices of good yellow soap, to make a lather; put ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 26
472. To Wash White Silk Lace or Blond 472. To Wash White Silk Lace or Blond. Take a black bottle covered with clean linen or muslin, and wind the blond round it (securing the ends with ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 27
476. To Stiffen Silk for Trimmings 476. To Stiffen Silk for Trimmings. Sponge the surface of the silk with a weak solution of gum arabic, or with equal parts of ale and water, and iron, ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 28
480. Bingham's Patent Wash Mixture 480. Bingham's Patent Wash Mixture. Take 5 pounds of bar soap, shave fine, add 1 quart of lye, 1/4 ounce pearlash, dissolved over a slow fire. When ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 29
486. To Wash Colored Muslins 486. To Wash Colored Muslins. In washing colored muslins and linens, there are several very essential points to be observed, whereby the colors are ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 30
489. To Prepare Ox-gall for Washing Colored Articles 489. To Prepare Ox-gall for Washing Colored Articles. Empty the gall in a bottle, put in it a handful of salt, and keep it closely ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 31
494. To Shrink Flannel 494. To Shrink Flannel. Flannel should be soaked in cold hard water before making, and hung up to drain and dry without any squeezing or handling in the ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 32
499. To Make Starch for Colored Articles 499. To Make Starch for Colored Articles. For starching muslins, ginghams, and calicoes, dissolve and add to every pint of starch, a piece of ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 33
504. To Restore Scorched Linen 504. To Restore Scorched Linen. It is almost needless to premise that if the tissue of linen is so much burnt that no strength is left, it is useless to ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 34
508. How to Whiten Flannel and Woolen Hose 508. How to Whiten Flannel and Woolen Hose. Wet the flannel yarn or hose (whatever you wish to whiten) in weak suds; wring out. Then ...
-To Remove Stains, Spots, etc. Part 35
516. To Remove Copper Spots from Marble 516. To Remove Copper Spots from Marble. Copper spots may be removed by diluted sulphuric acid and ammonia, and subsequently with water and ...
-The Art of Soap-Making
The Art of Soap-Making. Soap is a chemical combination of a fatty substance with caustic lye, the base of which is either potash or soda; the former producing soft, and the latter, hard soaps. 519....
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 2
522. Common Yellow Soap 522. Common Yellow Soap. Common yellow hard soap consists of soda, with oil or fat and resin. Resin is a feeble acid, capable of combining with alkali, but ...
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 3
530. To Deodorize Fat for Making Perfumed Soap 530. To Deodorize Fat for Making Perfumed Soap. Boil for 10 minutes 100 pounds of the fat with about 35 pounds water containing 6 ounces ...
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 4
536. To Preserve Grease 536. To Preserve Grease. Boil all the scraps, rinds, and bones, in a weak lye, and the purer grease in clear water. Let the mixture cool, take off the cake of ...
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 5
540. Tallow Resin Soap 540. Tallow Resin Soap. About 15 per cent, of resin can be mixed with tallow without injuring the color and firmness of the soap. A larger proportion deteriorates ...
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 6
546. Chemical Soap 546. Chemical Soap. Powdered fuller's earth, 1 ounce; just moisten with spirits of turpentine; add salt of tartar, 1 ounce; best potash, 1 ounce; work the whole into ...
-The Art of Soap-Making. Part 7
551. To Make Home-made Soap 551. To Make Home-made Soap. Fill an iron kettle two-thirds full of the concentrated lye prepared according to the last receipt; add to it melted fat, ...
-Toilet Soaps
Toilet Soaps. To this class belong the finer kinds of scented soaps, which have emollient properties. They are rarely made direct by the perfumer, the body or basis being a well-selected white soap, s...
-Toilet Soaps. Part 2
556. To Marble Soap 556. To Marble Soap. The mottled or marble appearance is usually given to soap, on the large scale, by watering the nearly finished soap with a strong lye of crude ...
-Toilet Soaps. Part 3
563. Rose Soap 563. Rose Soap. This is made from a mixture of olive oil soap, 60 pounds; and curd soap, 40 pounds; colored with 1 pound of finely bolted vermilion. The perfume ...
-Toilet Soaps. Part 4
570. Glycerine Soap 570. Glycerine Soap. Any mild toilet soap (as the basis of bouquet, rose, or Windsor soap) with which about 1/25 to 1/20 of its weight of Price's glycerine has been ...
-Toilet Soaps. Part 5
576. Mottled Soap Balls 576. Mottled Soap Balls. Cut the soap (recently prepared, and not too dry) into dice, or small square pieces, roll them in colored powder (see below), and then ...
-Soap by the Cold Process
Soap by the Cold Process. Although the commoner kinds of soap are usually made by boiling, they can be made by the cold process if desired; and the fatty substances employed are substantially the same...
-Soap by the Cold Process. Part 2
587. To Find the Percentage of Carbonated Alkali in a Caustic Soda or Pot-ash 587. To Find the Percentage of Carbonated Alkali in a Caustic Soda or Pot-ash. Dissolve 100 grains of the ...
-Soap by the Cold Process. Part 3
590. To Test Lye 590. To Test Lye. In testing the strength of lyes with a hydrometer, an exact result could be obtained if the caustic alkali employed by soap-makers and dyers ...
-Soap by the Cold Process. Part 4
598. Washing Soap 598. Washing Soap. A mixture of either 60 pounds tallow - or 30 pounds each of tallow and palm oil - with 40 pounds of cocoa-nut oil, treated by the cold process with ...
-Soft Soaps
Soft Soaps. These differ from the hard soaps in having potash in place of soda as their alkaline base. They are all more or less pasty or gelatinous; and they may be made either by the boiling or cold...
-Soft Soaps. Part 2
608. To Make Good Common Soft Soap 608. To Make Good Common Soft Soap. For a barrel of soap take 12 pounds of potash to 14 pounds of grease. Dissolve the potash over night in 2 pailfuls ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 3
612. To Make Soft Soap 612. To Make Soft Soap. Break up 8 pounds potash into small lumps, and put it into an iron pot with about 3 gallons boiling water; melt in another iron pot 8 ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 4
618. To Test Soap 618. To Test Soap. The readiest way to find whether soap will injure the delicate skin of women or children is to test it with the tongue. Good soap, in which ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 5
624. Table showing the different Areo-metric Degrees 624. Table showing the different Areo-metric Degrees resulting from a mixture of 10 pounds of soda lye, of 36 degrees Baum'e, with quantities of ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 6
626. Table showing the different Areo-metric Degrees 626. Table showing the different Areo-metric Degrees resulting from a mixture of 10 pounds of soda lye, of 30 degrees Baum'e, with quantities of ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 7
628. Schiff's Table 628. Schiff's Table, showing the percentage of Crystallized and Anhydrous Soda in Solutions of Carbonate of Soda. Specific Weight. Per cent, of Crystallized Soda. ...
-Soft Soaps. Part 8
629. Table showing the percentage of Anhydrous Potassa in Caustic Po-tassa Lye 629. Table showing the percentage of Anhydrous Potassa in Caustic Po-tassa Lye. Specific Gravity. Potassa ...
-To Make Home-made Tallow Candles
To Make Home-made Tallow Candles. Tallow candles are made in. two different forms; the mould candle is the easiest to make, but involves the expense of a mould made expressly for the purpose; the di...
-Tanning
Tanning. When the skin of an animal, carefully deprived of hair, fat, and other impurities, is immersed in a dilute solution of tannic acid, the animal matter gradually combines with the acid as it pe...
-Tanning. Part 2
646. To Tan Sheep's Pelts with the Wool On 646. To Tan Sheep's Pelts with the Wool On. Wash the pelts in warm water, and remove all fleshy matter from the inner surface; then clean the ...
-Tanning. Part 3
650. To Clean Furs 650. To Clean Furs. Furs may be cleaned as follows: - Strip the fur articles of their stuffing and binding, and lay them as much as possible in a flat position. ...
-Tanning. Part 4
655. To Clean Ostrich Feathers 655. To Clean Ostrich Feathers. Cut some white curd soap in small pieces, pour boiling water on them, and add a little pearlash. When the ...
-Imitation Liquors
Imitation Liquors. The li-quors generally met with for sale and consumption are, it is well known, rarely genuine; and even if genuine, are often adulterated with water and various deleterious compoun...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 2
675. How to Prepare Essence of Cognac 675. How to Prepare Essence of Cognac. Take 1 ounce oil cognac - the green oil is the best; put it in 1/2 gallon 95 per cent, spirits. Cork ...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 3
680. Imitation Brandy 680. Imitation Brandy. Take 40 gallons French spirit; add to it 1 pint tincture of raisins (see No. 665 (Raisin Flavoring for Liquors)), 1 quart prune flavoring (...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 4
687. Imitation Copper - Distilled Bourbon Whiskey 687. Imitation Copper - Distilled Bourbon Whiskey. Dissolve 1 drachm sulphate of copper in 1/2 pint water, filter, and add it to 40 gallons proof ...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 5
695. To Plaster Brandy Pipes 695. To Plaster Brandy Pipes. First notch over the bottom of the casks with a hatchet or adze; then, for the bottom of a 1/8 pipe mix 1/4 gallon plaster ...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 6
703. To Make Spirit Finings 703. To Make Spirit Finings. Pulverize 1 pound ordinary crystals of alum, divide into 12 equal portions, and put up in blue papers marked No 1. Next take 6 ...
-Imitation Liquors. Part 7
710. To Make Rum Punch 710. To Make Rum Punch. Dissolve in 1 pint 95 per cent, alcohol, 3 drachms oil of lemon, and 1/2 drachm oil of cloves; infuse 3 ounces ground allspice for 10 days ...
-Champagne
Champagne. The process of ma-Viking American and imitation French champagne is one requiring great care, especially in producing a not only clear, but bright wine. Full directions are given below for ...
-Champagne. Continued
718. To Charge Champagne with Gas 718. To Charge Champagne with Gas. Matthews' apparatus is the one usually adopted in the United States for generating the gas and charging ...
-Home-Made Wines
Home-Made Wines. The various processes in domestic wine-making resemble those employed for foreign wine, and depend upon the same principles. The fruit should be preferably gathered in fine weather, a...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 2
729. General Receipt for Making Wine from Dry Saccharine Fruit 729. General Receipt for Making Wine from Dry Saccharine Fruit. I. Dry fruit, 41/2 pounds; soft water, 1 gallon; cream of ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 3
733. Honey or Mead Wine 733. Honey or Mead Wine. Honey, 20 pounds; cider, 12 gallons; ferment, then add rum, 1/2 gallon; brandy, 1/2 gallon; red or white tartar (dissolved), 6 ounces; ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 4
735. Ripe Gooseberry Wine 735. Ripe Gooseberry Wine. Put the ripe and well picked red gooseberries into a tub or pan, bruise the fruit well, and leave it uncovered for 24 hours. Squeeze ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 5
740. Simple Receipt for Making Grape Wine 740. Simple Receipt for Making Grape Wine. Put 20 pounds of ripe, fresh-picked, and well selected grapes into a stone jar, and pour on ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 6
742. To Fine Wine Difficult to Clarify, or Thick in Consequence of an Imperfect Fermentation 742. To Fine Wine Difficult to Clarify, or Thick in Consequence of an Imperfect Fermentation....
-Home-Made Wines. Part 7
748. To Decolor Wine 748. To Decolor Wine. The color of wine is subject to change; naturally it is precipitated by age and exposure to the light; artificially it is removed by the ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 8
751. To Remedy Sour Wine 751. To Remedy Sour Wine. The souring of wine is produced by various circumstances, sometimes from its having been kept in a warm cellar where it has been ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 9
756. Remedy for Decomposition in Wines 756. Remedy for Decomposition in Wines. As soon as discovered add tartaric acid in the proportion of 13/4 ounces to every 20 gallons of the wine, ...
-Home-Made Wines. Part 10
761. Parent's Method of Preserving Wine 761. Parent's Method of Preserving Wine. This consists in the addition of a small quantity of tannin or tannic acid to the wine, which perhaps ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs
Cordials or Liqueurs. The materials employed in the preparation of cordials are rain or distilled water, white sugar, and clean, perfectly flavorless spirit. To these may be added the substances from ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 2
771. To Make Curacoa 771. To Make Curacoa. Slice the outside peel very thin from 60 bitter oranges; infuse for 15 days with 4 drachms bruised cinnamon, and 2 drachms bruised mace, in 5 ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 3
777. Curacao 777. Curacao. 2 ounces each essence of bitter oranges and neroli; 1/4 ounce essence of cinnamon; 3 drachms mace infused in alcohol. Dissolve the above essences in 1 gallon ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 4
786. Imperial Peach Brandy 786. Imperial Peach Brandy. Take 41/2 ounces powdered bitter almonds, 31/4 gallons of 95 per cent, alcohol, 51/4 gallons of water. Mix together, and ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 5
794. To make Cherry Bounce (Second Quality) 794. To make Cherry Bounce (Second Quality). To 12 gallons cherry juice, add 30 gallons 80 per cent, spirit; 30 gallons Catalonia or ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 6
798. Absinthe by Distillation 798. Absinthe by Distillation. This is made in the same manner as in the former receipt, with the following ingredients: - 40 gallons 75 per cent, spirits, ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 7
802. Boitard's Anisette 802. Boitard's Anisette. Charge of the still, water-bath: 20 pounds green anise (washed in river water), 3 pounds star anise (being careful to break the stars ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 8
808. Fining with Eggs for Cordials 808. Fining with Eggs for Cordials. Take the whites of 4 eggs, beat them to a stiff froth, add a little alcohol, and mix it gradually with 20 gallons ...
-Cordials or Liqueurs. Part 9
813. Imitation Peach Brandy 813. Imitation Peach Brandy. Take i gallon honey dissolved in water; 33/4 gallons alcohol; 1/2 gallon Jamaica rum; 1 ounce catechu, bruised to a paste; 1 ...
-Bitters
Bitters. Bitters are considered as tonic and stomachic, and to improve the appetite when taken in moderation. The best time is early in the morning, or an hour before meals. An excessive use of bitter...
-Bitters. Continued
819. Stoughton Bitters 819. Stoughton Bitters. To 12 pounds dry orange peel, 3 pounds Virginia snake-root, 1 pound American saffron, 16 pounds gentian root, add 1 pound red saunders. ...
-Cider
Cider. To make good cider the apples should be allowed to hang on the tree as long as the wind and frosty nights will let them. The riper they are, the better the cider. They are picked up and placed ...
-Cider. Part 2
835. To Preserve Cider 835. To Preserve Cider. Strictly speaking, we suppose the sweet juice of the apple is not cider, any more than the sweet juice of the grape is wine. It is ...
-Cider. Part 3
836. Rules for Making Good Pure Cider 836. Rules for Making Good Pure Cider. Always choose perfectly ripe and sound fruit. Pick the apples from the tree by hand. Apples that have been on the ground ...
-Cider. Part 4
837. To Make Good Fermented Cider 837. To Make Good Fermented Cider. To make good fermented cider that will keep a year or more without turning too sour to be used for anything but ...
-Cider. Part 5
839. To Prepare Casks for Cider 839. To Prepare Casks for Cider. Cider should never be put into new casks without previously scalding them with water containing salt, or with water in ...
-Cider. Part 6
844. Champagne Cider 844. Champagne Cider. Good cider, pale, 1 hogshead; spirit, 3 gallons; honey or sugar, 20 pounds. Mix and let them rest for 2 weeks, then fine with skimmed milk, i ...
-Cider. Part 7
851. Cheap-made Cider 851. Cheap-made Cider. Take of good cider and water, 1 hogshead each; molasses, 50 pounds; alum, dissolved, 1/2 pound. Brimstone matches to stop fermentation, by ...
-Brewing
Brewing. The art of brewing is simply and easily understood, cleanliness and attention being the principal points to be considered. It consists of five operations, namely: mashing, boiling, cooling, f...
-Brewing. Part 2
859. Boiling 859. Boiling. As soon as the water is taken from the copper for the table-beer, damp the fire with ashes or cinders, and put in the wort. For every bushel of malt used, ...
-Brewing. Part 3
862. Cleansing 862. Cleansing. In cleansing ale or beer, the yeast should be skimmed from the top, and the liquor drawn off gently, so as not to disturb the bottoms. The casks should be ...
-Brewing. Part 4
864. Flavoring Beer 864. Flavoring Beer. There are several simple and innoxious articles which can be used for this purpose by the private brewer-namely, Spanish liquorice, liquorice ...
-Brewing. Part 5
867. The Acetous Fermentation 867. The Acetous Fermentation may arise from premature fermentation, through the mashing heat being taken too low, when it may commence in the tun, ...
-Brewing. Part 6
872. To Ascertain Whether Malt Liquor may be Clarified by Fining 872. To Ascertain Whether Malt Liquor may be Clarified by Fining. In some bad sorts of beer, isinglass will have ...
-Brewing. Part 7
878. To Remedy Flatness in Beer 878. To Remedy Flatness in Beer. Stir a few pounds of moist sugar into each hogshead; fermentation will ensue in a few days, and the liquor become brisk. ...
-Brewing. Part 8
886. To Make Wood's Spruce Beer 886. To Make Wood's Spruce Beer. Boil 1/2 pint essence of spruce, 5 ounces each of bruised pimento and ginger, and 5 or 6 ounces hops in 3 gallons water ...
-Brewing. Part 9
892. To Make Ottawa Root Beer 892. To Make Ottawa Root Beer. Take 1 ounce each sassafras, allspice, yellow dock, and wintergreen; 1/2 ounce each wild cherry bark and coriander; 1/4 ...
-Brewing. Part 10
899. Lemon Beer 899. Lemon Beer. Put into a keg 1 gallon water, 1 sliced lemon, 1 table-spoonful ginger, 1 pint good syrup, and 1/2 pint yeast. In 24 hours it will be ready for use. If ...
-Brewing. Part 11
907. Effervescing Lemonade, without a Machine 907. Effervescing Lemonade, without a Machine. Put into each bottle 2 drachms of sugar, 2 drops of essence of lemon, 1/2 drachm bicarbonate ...
-Brewing. Part 12
914. To Keep Lemon Juice 914. To Keep Lemon Juice. Buy lemons when cheap and keep them in a cool place two or three days; roll them to make them squeeze easily. Squeeze the juice in a ...
-Brewing. Part 13
921. Claret Punch 921. Claret Punch. Take 11/2 tablespoonfuls of sugar, 1 slice of lemon, 2 or 3 slices of orange. Fill the tumbler with shaved ice, and then pour in the claret, shake ...
-Brewing. Part 14
930. Corking 930. Corking. Little can be said with regard to the corkingofbot-tles, beyond stating the fact that common, cheap corks, are always dear; the best corks Fig.1. ...
-Brewing. Part 15
932. How to Prepare Yeast for Rye Whiskey or New England Bum 932. How to Prepare Yeast for Rye Whiskey or New England Bum. To prepare yeast for 80 gallons mash, take 2 pounds of wheat ...
-Brewing. Part 16
937. Distillation with or without a Heater 937. Distillation with or without a Heater. Distillers usually employ a heater to hasten the process of distillation. When the heater is ...
-Perfumery
Perfumery. The receipts in this department embrace a great variety of odorous essences, extracts, tinctures, oils, pomades, cosmetics, dentifrices, and other articles of the toilet, and are all derive...
-Perfumery. Part 2
941. Essences 941. Essences. The term essence is generally very loosely applied to a preparation of almost any kind, that is supposed to contain in a high degree the essential or ...
-Perfumery. Part 3
943. Essence of Almonds; Essence of Bitter Almonds; Essence of Peach-kernels; Almond Flavor 943. Essence of Almonds; Essence of Bitter Almonds; Essence of Peach-kernels; Almond Flavor. ...
-Perfumery. Part 4
948. Essence de Frangipane; Ex-trait de Frangipane; Frangipanni 948. Essence de Frangipane; Ex-trait de Frangipane; Frangipanni. Take of neroli, 2 Imperial fluid drachms; essence royale,...
-Perfumery. Part 5
955. Essence of Lemons 955. Essence of Lemons. From oil of lemon, as essence of almonds. (See No. 943 (Essence of Almonds; Essence of Bitter Almonds; Essence of Peach-kernels; Almond ...
-Perfumery. Part 6
960. Essence Royale 960. Essence Royale. Take of ambergris, 40 grains avoirdupois; grain-musk (pure), 20 grains; civet and carbonate of potassa, of each 10 grains ; oil of ...
-Perfumery. Part 7
965. Fine Essence of Vanilla 965. Fine Essence of Vanilla. Take 1/2 pound avoirdupois finest vanilla, and rectified spirit, 1 Imperial quart; proceed as for essence of musk. (See No. ...
-Perfumery. Part 8
973. Essence of Lavender 973. Essence of Lavender. Take 1 ounce avoirdupois oil of lavender (Mitcham) and 1/2 Imperial pint strongest rectified spirit; mix with agitation; a few drops ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits
In preparing eau de Cologne, it is essential that the spirit be of the purest description, both tasteless and scentless, and that the oils be not only genuine, but recently distilled; as old oils, esp...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 2
981. Goufife's Eau de Cologne 981. Goufife's Eau de Cologne. Take 1/2 ounce each essences of lemon, bergamot, and citron; 4 ounce essence of rosemary; 1/8 ounce essence of neroli. ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 3
986. Fine Cologne Water 986. Fine Cologne Water. Take of pure 95 per cent. Cologne spirits, 6 gallons; oil of neroli, 4 ounces; oil of rosemary, 2 ounces; oil of orange, 5 ounces; oil ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 4
994. Eau d'Ambre Royale; Eau Royale 994. Eau d'Ambre Royale; Eau Royale. Take of essence of ambergris and essence of musk, of each 1 Imperial fluid drachm; eau d'Ambrette and eau de fleurs d'oranges,...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 5
999. Esprit de Bergamotte 999. Esprit de Bergamotte. Take 5 Imperial fluid drachms oil of bergamot (finest, recent); oil of rose-geranium and oil of verbena, each 1/2 fluid drachm; essence of ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 6
1008. Rose Water 1008. Rose Water. The ordinary best rose-water of the stores, particularly of the wholesale druggists who deal largely in the article, is generally made as follows:- ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 7
1017. Alcoholate of Roses 1017. Alcoholate of Roses. Macerate 2 pounds fresh roses in 2 quarts alcohol of 95 and 1 pint water for 12 hours; then distill by means of a water-bath. ...
-Cologne Water and Per-fumed Spirits. Part 8
1027. To Make Imitation Bay; Bum 1027. To Make Imitation Bay; Bum. The genuine bay rum is made by digesting the leaves of the. Bay plant (an aromatic plant which grows in the West ...
-To Prepare Flavoring Extracts
To Prepare Flavoring Extracts. The following excellent receipts, taken from the American Journal of Pharmacy, are by Prof. W. Procter, Jr. 1031. Lemon Extract 1031. Lemon Ext...
-Artificial Fruit Essences
Artificial Fruit Essences are composed chiefly of compound ethers, which possess the odor and flavor of certain fruits. In some of the following receipts, where tartaric, oxalic, succinic or benzoic a...
-Extraits; Extracts
Extraits; Extracts. In French perfumery these are, appropriately, strong spirituous solutions, either simple or compound, of the essential oils and odorous principles of plants and other substances, o...
-Aromatic, Odoriferous, or Perfumed Waters, etc
These are strictly pure water charged by distillation with the volatile, aromatic, and odorous principles of plants; or they are solutions of these principles, chiefly the essential oils, in distilled...
-Aromatic, Odoriferous, or Perfumed Waters, etc. Part 2
1073. Directions for Distilling Perfumed Waters 1073. Directions for Distilling Perfumed Waters. The following directions are, in the main, those given by the thoroughly practical ...
-Aromatic, Odoriferous, or Perfumed Waters, etc. Part 3
1074. To Remove the Burnt Smell of Freshly Distilled Waters 1074. To Remove the Burnt Smell of Freshly Distilled Waters. The burnt smell of waters, frequently arising from careless stilling, is ...
-Aromatic, Odoriferous, or Perfumed Waters, etc. Part 4
1078. Vanilla Water 1078. Vanilla Water. Macerate 1 pound vanilla in coarse powder, and 5 pounds salt in 21/2 gallons water for 24 hours. Then distill over rapidly 1 gallon. ...
-Aromatic Vinegar - Vinaigre Aromatique
Aromatic Vinegar - Vinaigre Aromatique. This is a compound of strong acetic acid with certain powerful essential oils. To produce the finer qualities of aromatic vinegar, glacial acetic acid must a...
-Smelling Salts
Smelling Salts. Sesquicarbon-ate of ammonia commonly passes under this name, and, with the addition of a few drops of essential oil, is frequently employed to fill smelling bottles. Its pungency, howe...
-Smelling Salts. Continued
1094. Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia 1094. Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia. Take of carbonate of ammonia, 8 ounces avoirdupois; strong liquor of ammonia (.882) 4 Imperial fluid ounces; volatile ...
-Perfumed Powders and Rouges
Perfumed Powders and Rouges. Powders for the hair and skin have almost gone out of use. The basis of perfumed powders is either orris, or fine pearl starch. The perfume of the finest kinds is imparted...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion
Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. The preparations under this head are designed to soften the skin and beautify the complexion. We annex receipts for the more important. The heating medium in the...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 2
1122. Freckle Balsam 1122. Freckle Balsam. To the balsam of honey prepared as directed in the last receipt, add pure citric acid, 3 drachms. Used to prevent and remove freckles and ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 3
1130. Rose Glycerine Cream 1130. Rose Glycerine Cream. Spermaceti, 1/2 ounce; oil of sweet almonds, 2 ounces; white wax, 1 ounce; glycerine, 4 ounces: mix the spermaceti, white wax and ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 4
1139. Crème de Pistache 1139. Crème de Pistache. Pistachio nuts, 3 ounces; green oil, palm soap, wax, and spermaceti, each 1 ounce; orange-flower water, 31/4 pints; essence of neroli, ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 5
1145. Lotion of Bichloride of Mercury 1145. Lotion of Bichloride of Mercury. Take corrosive sublimate (in coarse powder), 10 grains avoirdupois; distilled water 1 Imperial pint; agitate ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 6
1150. Fragrant Glycerine Lotions 1150. Fragrant Glycerine Lotions. Any of the foregoing glycerine lotions may be rendered fragrant and more agreeable by employing rose water or ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 7
1152. Caution About Glycerine 1152. Caution About Glycerine. The property which has caused most annoyance in the use of glycerine is its strong affinity for water. Although glycerine ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 8
1156. Lotion of Borax, for Sore Gums and Nipples 1156. Lotion of Borax, for Sore Gums and Nipples. Take 5 drachms powdered borax; distilled water, 1/2 pint; mix. An effective wash for ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 9
1163. Pomade de Ninon de l'Enclos 1163. Pomade de Ninon de l'Enclos. Take of oil of almonds, 4 ounces avoirdupois; hog's lard, 3 ounces; spermaceti, 1 ounce; melt, add of expressed ...
-Cosmetics for the Skin and Complexion. Part 10
1171. Rose Lip Salve 1171. Rose Lip Salve. As the above, but using only 11/2 drachms balsam of Peru, and replacing the oil of cloves with a few drops of attar of roses, or sufficient to ...
-Washes for Failing Hair or Baldness
Washes for Failing Hair or Baldness. Liniments or washes to make the hair grow, can. always be employed, with greater or less success, so long as there is any vitality left in the hair follicles or ro...
-Washes for Failing Hair or Baldness. Part 2
1180. Morfit's Hair Tonic 1180. Morfit's Hair Tonic. Scald black tea, 2 ounces, with 1 gallon boiling water; strain, and add 3 ounces glycerine; tincture cantharides, 1/2 ounce; ...
-Washes for Failing Hair or Baldness. Part 3
1188. Barbers' Shampoo Mixture 1188. Barbers' Shampoo Mixture. Shampooing is a term used for cleansing the head and hair. Salts of tartar (carbonate of potassa) is the principal ...
-Hair Dyes
Hair Dyes. The numerous preparations vended, under different names, as hair dyes, have generally a basis of lead or silver, and possess a sameness of composition which scarcely occurs, to an equal ext...
-Hair Dyes. Part 2
1202. Method of Using the Hair Dye 1202. Method of Using the Hair Dye. The hair (perfectly clean) is first thoroughly wetted to the roots with Solution No. 1, previously diluted with 4 ...
-Hair Dyes. Part 3
1205. Red Hair Dye 1205. Red Hair Dye. A strong infusion of safflowers, or a solution of pure rouge, in a weak solution of crystallized carborlate of soda, gives a bright red like henna,...
-Hair Dyes. Part 4
1212. Golden Brown Hair Dye 1212. Golden Brown Hair Dye. Brown hair may have a golden tone imparted to it by the judicious application of any of the yellow dyes already noticed. ...
-Depilatories
Depilatories. Preparations for removing superfluous hair from the skin. The constituents of most of these are lime, and the tersulphuret of arsenic (orpi-ment), but the use of orpiment is dangerous, e...
-Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils
Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils. The fixed oil that usually forms the basis of the simple scented oils of the perfumer, is that of. almonds, ben, or olives; but other bland vegetable oils are occasionally...
-Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils. Part 2
1229. Perfumed Oils by Enfleurage 1229. Perfumed Oils by Enfleurage. A series of shallow iron frames, adapted for piling on each other, and fitting close together, being provided, a ...
-Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils. Part 3
1233. To Color Hair Oil Bed or Crimson 1233. To Color Hair Oil Bed or Crimson. A red and crimson tinge may be given by steeping, for 2 or 3 days, a little alkanet-root (say 2 or 3 ...
-Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils. Part 4
1241. Oil of Balsam of Peru 1241. Oil of Balsam of Peru. Take 1/2 avoirdupois ounce pure balsam of Peru, and hot oil of almonds, 1/4 Imperial pint; agitate them together until perfectly ...
-Scented Oils; Perfumed Oils. Part 5
1248. Macassar Oil 1248. Macassar Oil. Oil of ben, 1 gallon, oil of noisette, 1/2 gallon; strong alcohol, 1 quart; attar of rose, 2 drachms; attar of bergamot, 3 ounces; attar of ...
-Pomatums or Pomades
Pomatums or Pomades. Any scented greasy matter of appropriate consistence, or any mixture of fats, used, or intended to be used, in dressing the hair, now commonly passes under the name of pomatum or ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 2
1255. To Perfume Melted Fat 1255. To Perfume Melted Fat. In adding aromatics or perfumes to the melted fat, its temperature must be adapted to their relative degree of volatility. ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 3
1259. To Color Fat Yellow 1259. To Color Fat Yellow. A yellow coloring fat may be prepared as in the last receipt, by using, instead of the alkanet, 1 ounce of annotto to the ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 4
1263. Pomades by Enfleurage 1263. Pomades by Enfleurage. These perfumed pomades are prepared by a simi-lar process to that adopted for the corresponding oils. (See No. 1229 (Perfumed ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 5
1267. Rose Pomade 1267. Rose Pomade. Melt together and mix in a water-bath 1 pound prepared grease and 2 ounces spermaceti; triturate in a mortar until it becomes white and smooth, ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 6
1274. Crystallized Pomade or Pomatum 1274. Crystallized Pomade or Pomatum. Take of oil of almonds or olives, 1 pint; 1/4 pound spermaceti (best, pure); melt them together by a gentle ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 7
1280. Cazenave's Pomade 1280. Cazenave's Pomade. Prepared beef-marrow, 4 ounces (avoirdupois); tincture of cantharides, 1/2 fluid ounce (Imperial); and cinnamon coarsely powdered, 1/2 ...
-Pomatums or Pomades. Part 8
1285. New French Remedy for Baldness 1285. New French Remedy for Baldness. Croton oil, one of the last French remedies for baldness, is employed by simply adding it to oil or ...
-Tooth Powders; Dentifrices ; Poudres pour les Dents
Tooth Powders; Dentifrices ; Poudres pour les Dents; etc.. These preparations should be compounded of materials which, while cleaning the teeth without injury to the enamel, will also be anti-...
-Tooth Powders; Dentifrices ; Poudres pour les Dents. Continued
1293. To Purify Hartshorn 1293. To Purify Hartshorn. Burn pieces of harts' horns until perfectly white; then grind them, and purify in the same manner as chalk. (Sec No. 1292.) ...
-Tooth Pastes; Tooth Electuaries; Pates pour les Dents
Tooth Pastes; Tooth Electuaries; Pates pour les Dents. These may consist of any of the substances ordinarily used as dentifrices, reduced to the state of inpalpable powder, and beaten up with sufficie...
-Tooth Pastes; Tooth Electuaries; Pates pour les Dents. Continued
1310. Peruvian Bark Tooth Paste 1310. Peruvian Bark Tooth Paste. This paste is made by adding 11/2 or 2 drachms of Peruvian bark, in very line powder, to the last receipt. It is a ...
-Tooth and Mouth Washes
Tooth and Mouth Washes. These are used to rinse the mouth, and particularly the teeth and gums, a few drops, more or less, of them being added to about a wine-glassful of water for the purpose. In som...
-Fumigating Pastils; Incense Pastilles
Fumigating Pastils; Incense Pastilles. These are small masses essentially composed of powdered charcoal and aromatic substances that emit fragrant fumes during combustion, with the addition of suff...
-Fumigating Pastils; Incense Pastilles. Part 2
1342. Pastilles aux Fleurs d'Oranges 1342. Pastilles aux Fleurs d'Oranges. To each pound of Nos. 1341 or 1339, add of orange powder (genuine), 21/2 ounces avoirdupois ; neroli, 1 ...
-Fumigating Pastils; Incense Pastilles. Part 3
1350. To Scent Tobacco 1350. To Scent Tobacco. Fragrance may be imparted to tobacco, by mixing with it, while slightly damp, a little cascarilla, either in very fine shreds or recently ...
-Syrups
Syrups. Syrups are solutions of sugar more or less strong according to the object for which they are used. In the preparation of syrups, if care be taken to employ the best refined sugar, and either d...
-Syrups. Part 2
1361. Amount of Heat to be Employed in Making Syrups 1361. Amount of Heat to be Employed in Making Syrups. In the preparation of syrups it is of great importance to employ as little ...
-Syrups. Part 3
1363. To Determine the Density of Syrup 1363. To Determine the Density of Syrup. A fluid ounce of saturated syrup weighs 5771/2 grains; a gallon weighs 131/5 pounds avoirdupois; its ...
-Syrups. Part 4
1369. To Make Syrups for the Manufacture of Cordials and Liquors 1369. To Make Syrups for the Manufacture of Cordials and Liquors. Take 1 pint of water to every 2 pounds of sugar used; ...
-Syrups. Part 5
1374. Parrish's Strawberry Syrup 1374. Parrish's Strawberry Syrup. Take 4 quarts fresh fruit; express the juice, and strain; add water until it measures 4 pints. Dissolve 8 pounds raw ...
-Syrups. Part 6
1381. Cherry Syrup 1381. Cherry Syrup. Take 5 gallons cherry juice; let it ferment a few days; dissolve and boil 80 pounds of sugar; when clear, skim and strain. 1382. Syrup of ...
-Syrups for Soda or Mineral Waters
Syrups for Soda or Mineral Waters. The following is a collection of well approved receipts for flavoring mineral waters, selected principally from the Druggist's Circular and Chemical Gazette. Most ...
-Syrups for Soda or Mineral Waters. Part 2
1393. Ginger Syrup 1393. Ginger Syrup. Tincture of ginger, 2 fluid ounces; simple syrup, 4 pints; mix. 1394. Vanilla Syrup 1394. Vanilla Syrup. Vanilla, 6 drachms; boiling ...
-Syrups for Soda or Mineral Waters. Part 3
1404. Blackberry Syrup 1404. Blackberry Syrup. Make as directed for straw berry, and add to each quart 1 ounce of the best French brandy. 1405. Pineapple Syrup 1405. &...
-Syrups for Soda or Mineral Waters. Part 4
1416. Imitation Orgeat Syrup 1416. Imitation Orgeat Syrup. Cream syrup, 1 pint; vanilla syrup, 1 pint; oil of bitter almonds, 4 drops. Or: About2 drachms imitation cream syrup (see No. ...
-Alcohol
Alcohol is a light, transparent, colorless, volatile, inflammable fluid; mixes in all proportions with water, with evolution of heat and condensation of the mixture, but some hours elapse before the u...
-Alcohol. Part 2
1438. Alcohol 1438. Alcohol. Officinal alcohol ( U. S. Ph.) contains 85 per cent, by weight, or 89 per cent, by volume, of pure alcohol; its specific gravity is .835, or 38.45 Baum'...
-Alcohol. Part 3
1442. Chemical Method of Procuring Absolute Alcohol 1442. Chemical Method of Procuring Absolute Alcohol. Take 1 gallon of the alcohol of commerce; throw 1 pound freshly made chloride of ...
-Alcohol. Part 4
1445. To Free Alcohol from Fusel Oil 1445. To Free Alcohol from Fusel Oil. This may be effected by digesting the alcohol with charcoal. By Schaeff'er's method the alcohol is filtered ...
-Alcohol. Part 5
1451. To Ascertain How Much Water Should be Added to Spirits 1451. To Ascertain How Much Water Should be Added to Spirits, to Reduce it from a Given Degree of Strength to a Lower Degree ...
-Alcohol. Part 6
1455. To Reduce Spirit a Given Number Above Proof to a Required Number Below Proof, by the Addition of Water 1455. To Reduce Spirit a Given Number Above Proof to a Required Number Below Proof, by ...
-Alcohol. Part 7
1458. To Reduce Spirit of a Given Number Above Proof to Proof Spirit, by the Substitution of Water for Spirit 1458. To Reduce Spirit of a Given Number Above Proof to Proof Spirit, by the ...
-Alcohol. Part 8
1460. To Raise Spirit of a Given Number Below Proof to Proof Spirit, by the Substitution of High Proof Spirit 1460. To Raise Spirit of a Given Number Below Proof to Proof Spirit, by the Substitution ...
-Alcohol. Part 9
1462. To Reduce Low Proof Spirit to a Still Lower Proof, by the Addition of Water 1462. To Reduce Low Proof Spirit to a Still Lower Proof, by the Addition of Water. First multiply the number of ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils
Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. The essential or volatile oils are an extensive and important class of bodies derived from the vegetable kingdom, and found in almost every part of the larger number of ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 2
1466. Special Directions for Distilling Essential Oils 1466. Special Directions for Distilling Essential Oils. Substances yielding volatile oils are generally distilled with water, the proportion of ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 3
1467. Millon's Method of Obtaining Essential Oils 1467. Millon's Method of Obtaining Essential Oils. The flowers are placed in a percolating apparatus (see No. 41 (To obtain Tinctures ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 4
1471. Oil of Quince - Pelargonic Ether 1471. Oil of Quince - Pelargonic Ether - is made from oil of rue by treating it with double its volume of dilute nitric acid, heating the mixture until it ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 5
1475. To Detect the Presence of Fatty Oil and Resins in Essential Oils 1475. To Detect the Presence of Fatty Oil and Resins in Essential Oils. The presence of fatty oil, resin, or spermaceti, may be ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 6
1478. To Detect the Adulteration of a Heavy Oil with a Light One 1478. To Detect the Adulteration of a Heavy Oil with a Light One. The adulteration of a heavy oil with a light one ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 7
1483. To Test the Purity of Oil of Neroli 1483. To Test the Purity of Oil of Neroli. This is the oil of orange flowers, and is commonly adulterated with alcohol, or with the oil of ...
-Essential Oils; Volatile Oils. Part 8
1486. To Test the Purity of Oil of Rue 1486. To Test the Purity of Oil of Rue. This oil is nearly always adulterated. When pure, it forms a clear solution with rectified spirit; Iodine ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats
These are compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (hydrocarbons), obtained from the organic kingdom, and chiefly distinguished by their insipidity, unctuosity, insolubility in water, and being light...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 2
1490. To Restore Rancid Fat or Oil 1490. To Restore Rancid Fat or Oil. Another method is to thoroughly wash them with hot water, frequently renewed, or to blow steam through them, until ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 3
1494. To Purify Vegetable Oil for Use in Lamps 1494. To Purify Vegetable Oil for Use in Lamps. To 100 pounds oil add 25 ounces alum, dissolved in 9 pounds of boiling water. After ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 4
1499. Calvert's Nitric Acid Tests for Oils 1499. Calvert's Nitric Acid Tests for Oils. The successive application of nitric acid of specific gravity 1.330, and of a solution of caustic ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 5
1503. To Purify and Sweeten Castor Oil 1503. To Purify and Sweeten Castor Oil. The American Journal of Pharmacy gives the following receipt for this purpose: Take 1000 parts of the oil, ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 6
1506. To Bleach Vegetable Oils 1506. To Bleach Vegetable Oils. The oils referred to in No. 1504, as well as all other oils and fats, may be rendered perfectly colorless by agitating them with a ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 7
1510. To Bleach Cotton Seed Oil 1510. To Bleach Cotton Seed Oil. Use 1 gallon English caustic soda, in a solution of about 40 Baum'e, to about 20 gallons crude oil. The oil, ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 8
1516. To Preserve Animal Fats for a Long Time 1516. To Preserve Animal Fats for a Long Time. The following mode of ben-zoating all kinds of animal fats will be found the most effectual ...
-Fixed Oils and Fats. Part 9
1521. Benzoated Lard 1521. Benzoated Lard. Take benzoin in coarse powder, 1 ounce; fresh lard, 1 pound. Heat together for 2 or 3 hours in a water-bath, and then strain. 1522. To ...
-Petroleum, or Crude Coal Oil
Petroleum, or Crude Coal Oil. The name of petroleum is now applied to all the native liquid substances which have a bituminous character. It consists, therefore, of an inflammable and more or less vol...
-Petroleum, or Crude Coal Oil. Part 2
1529. To Decolorize Kerosene Oil 1529. To Decolorize Kerosene Oil. Kerosene oil is decolorized by stirring it up with 1 or 2 per cent, of oil of vitriol, which will carbonize the ...
-Petroleum, or Crude Coal Oil. Part 3
1535. To Keep Kerosene Lamps from Getting Greasy 1535. To Keep Kerosene Lamps from Getting Greasy. The upper part of a kerosene oil lamp, alter standing for a short time, frequently ...
-Lubricators
Lubricators. Compounds to les-sen the friction in machinery, and to prevent the bearings from rusting. Lubricators must possess a certain amount of cohesive and adhesive attraction. But they must also...
-Lubricators. Continued
1542. Thin Axle Grease 1542. Thin Axle Grease. A thinner composition than the last is made with 1/2 pound soda, 1 gallon water, 1 gallon rape oil, and 1/4 pound tallow, or palm oil. ...
-Waterproofing
Waterproofing. Numerous plans have been invented for rendering cloth and felting waterproof; the best methods adopted are given in the following receipts : 1553. Waterproof Porous Cloth 1553.&nbs...
-Waterproofing. Part 2
1556. French Waterproof Felting 1556. French Waterproof Felting. This composition, heretofore regarded as a secret in France, has been adopted for use in the French navy. The ...
-Waterproofing. Part 3
1559. Balard's Waterproofing for Clothing 1559. Balard's Waterproofing for Clothing. Balard recommends the application of acetate of alumina for the purpose of rendering clothing ...
-Honey
Honey. The sweet substance extracted by the bee from the juices of the nectaries of flowers, and deposited in the cells of wax forming the honey-comb. Pure honey consists of a syrup of uncrystallizabl...
-Honey. Continued
1570. Siller's Method of Clarifying Honey 1570. Siller's Method of Clarifying Honey. Any quantity of honey is dissolved in an equal part, by weight, of water. The liquid is allowed to ...
-Bees' Wax
Bees' Wax. .The substance which forms the cells of bees; obtained by melting the comb in water after the honey has been removed, straining the liquid mass, remelting the defecated portion, and casting...
-Bees' Wax. Part 2
1581. Italian Method of Bleaching Bees' Wax 1581. Italian Method of Bleaching Bees' Wax. The yellow wax is first melted in a kettle, and then is dipped out into a long tin vessel that ...
-Bees' Wax. Part 3
1585. To Refine Wax 1585. To Refine Wax. Another method of refining crude wax, and which produces a very bright article, is to melt it with about 1 per cent, of concentrated nitric acid, ...
-Bees' Wax. Part 4
1590. Modeling Wax 1590. Modeling Wax. This is made of white wax, which is melted and mixed with lard to make it malleable. In working it, the tools and the board or stone are moistened ...
-Cheese
Cheese. The materials employed in making cheese are milk and rennet. The milk may be of any kind, from the poorest skimmed milk to that rich in cream, according to the quality of the cheese required. ...
-Preservatives
Preservatives. These consist of such substances or methods as are employed for preventing decay in fruits, meat, and other perishable matter; together with valuable antiseptics. 1599. To Dry Fresh ...
-Preservatives. Part 2
1603. Pickle to Give Meat a Red Color 1603. Pickle to Give Meat a Red Color. Mix brown sugar, bay salt, common salt, each 2 pounds; saltpetre, 8 ounces; water, 2 gallons; this pickle ...
-Preservatives. Part 3
1607. To Cure Beef and Pork 1607. To Cure Beef and Pork. To each gallon of water add l1/2 pounds salt, 1/2 pound sugar, 1/2 ounce saltpetre, and 1/2 ounce potash. Let these be ...
-Preservatives. Part 4
1612. To Keep Meat Fresh 1612. To Keep Meat Fresh. Place the meat on a wooden support (or suspend it) in a close vessel, on the bottom of which some strong acetic acid has been poured. ...
-Preservatives. Part 5
1617. Sportsman's Beef 1617. Sportsman's Beef. Take a fine round of beef, 4 ounces saltpetre, 3/4 ounce allspice, rub it well on the beef, and let it stand 24 hours; then rub in as much ...
-Preservatives. Part 6
1622. To Preserve Butter by Salting 1622. To Preserve Butter by Salting. Take fresh butter, 16 pounds; salt, 1 pound. Or: Fresh butter, 18 pounds; salt, 1 pound; saltpetre, 11/4 ounces; ...
-Preservatives. Part 7
1628. To Keep Milk Sweet 1628. To Keep Milk Sweet. A teaspoonful of fine salt or horse-radish in a pan of milk will keep it sweet for several days. Milk can be kept a year or more as ...
-Preservatives. Part 8
1634. To Can Fresh Fruit 1634. To Can Fresh Fruit. Procure a sufficient number of tin cans of suitable size, fill them quite full with the fruit, and solder them securely. Next pierce a ...
-Preservatives. Part 9
1638. To Keep Fruit Fresh in Jars 1638. To Keep Fruit Fresh in Jars. Use only self-sealing glass jars. Put into a porcelain-lined preserving kettle, enough to fill 2 quart jars; ...
-Preservatives. Part 10
1641. To Keep Apples and Pears Fresh 1641. To Keep Apples and Pears Fresh. Gather the fruit during a dry day, and put it at once into earthen glazed pans, deep enough to contain two or ...
-Preservatives. Part 11
1647. To Test Creosote 1647. To Test Creosote. A large proportion of ordinary creosote is simply carbolic acid; but the pure creosote, which constitutes the peculiar smell of smoke, is ...
-Solutions for Anatomical Preparations
Solutions for Anatomical Preparations. These antiseptic fluids are used for preserving anatomical preparations, objects of natural history, etc., by immersing them therein, or by injection into the ve...
-Solutions for Anatomical Preparations. Part 2
1663. Solution for Preserving Feathers 1663. Solution for Preserving Feathers. Dissolve 16 grains strychnine in 1 pint rectified spirit. 1664. Corrosive Sublimate Antiseptic ...
-Solutions for Anatomical Preparations. Part 3
1671. Laurent's Antiseptic Soap 1671. Laurent's Antiseptic Soap. Place 1/2 ounce powdered soap in a bottle with 2 drachms each of arsenite of potassa, sulphate of alumina, and pulverized ...
-To Preserve Wood
To Preserve Wood. The following receipts for preserving timber from decay have been obtained from various sources, and are the results of careful experiment by scientific experts. 1678. To Prevent ...
-Mixtures for Freezing Without Ice
Mixtures for Freezing Without Ice. In the following table, the water should not be warmer than 30 Fahrenheit. Mixtures. Fahrenheit Thermometer Degrees of Cold Produc...
-Mixtures for Freezing Without Ice. Part 2
1688. Table of Freezing Mixtures with Snow 1688. Table of Freezing Mixtures with Snow. Mixtures. Fahrenheit Thermometer Sinks from Degrees of Cold Produced ...
-Mixtures for Freezing Without Ice. Part 3
1690. Metallic Freezing Mixture 1690. Metallic Freezing Mixture. An interesting experiment may be made by-melting together 59 parts tin, 1031/2 lead, and 183 bismuth. If this be finely ...
-Disinfectants
Disinfectants .are substances which absorb, neutralize or destroy putrescent effluvia and miasmata, and thus remove the causes of infection. The principal disinfectants are chlorine, the chlorides (hy...
-Disinfectants . Part 2
1695. Burnett's Disinfecting Fluid 1695. Burnett's Disinfecting Fluid. A solution of chloride of zinc, made by dissolving zinc in commercial muriatic acid to saturation, and known as ...
-Disinfectants . Part 3
1699. Collins' Disinfecting Powder 1699. Collins' Disinfecting Powder. Mix 2 parts dry chloride of lime with 1 of burnt alum. To be set in shallow dishes in rooms, etc., with or without ...
-Disinfectants . Part 4
1705. Precautions to be Observed Before Entering a Sick Room 1705. Precautions to be Observed Before Entering a Sick Room, particularly where there is Fever. Never enter fasting; if it ...
-Disinfectants . Part 5
1709. To Diffuse a Fragrant Odor 1709. To Diffuse a Fragrant Odor. A few drops of oil of sandal wood dropped on a hot shovel, will diffuse a most agreeable balsamic perfume through the ...
-Bleaching
Bleaching. Under this head are included general receipts for bleaching and decolorizing. The methods employed for special purposes, such as bleaching fabrics for dyeing, removing stains, etc., will be...
-Bleaching. Part 2
1719. A New Wash for Wool and Silk 1719. A New Wash for Wool and Silk. Instead of using the fumes of sulphur, M. Frezon proposes the following mixture: 4 pounds oxalic acid, 4 ...
-Bleaching. Part 3
1725. To Bleach Gutta Percha 1725. To Bleach Gutta Percha. Dissolve 1 part gutta percha in 20 parts hot benzole, shake the solution with 1/10 part freshly calcined plaster, and set ...
-Bleaching. Part 4
1729. Properties of Charcoal 1729. Properties of Charcoal. This article, when fresh, possesses the property of taking lime and other saline matter from syrups and other aqueous ...
-Vinegar
Vinegar. Vinegar is dilute acetic acid more or less mixed with gum, sugar, and other vegetable matter. It can be made from any liquid which is susceptible of the vinous fermentation. In this country i...
-Vinegar. Part 2
1735. How to Pack a Vinegar Generator 1735. How to Pack a Vinegar Generator. Having made the generator, the next part of the process of making vinegar consists in packing or charging it; this is ...
-Vinegar. Part 3
1737. Mode of Manufacturing Vinegar 1737. Mode of Manufacturing Vinegar. Keep the vinegar room at a temperature of from 75 to 85 Fahr., and maintain the temperature of the ...
-Vinegar. Part 4
1740. To Make Good Cider Vinegar 1740. To Make Good Cider Vinegar. Take 10 gallons apple juice fresh from the press, and suffer it to ferment fully, which may be in about 2 weeks, or ...
-Vinegar. Part 5
1743. To Improve Alcohol Vinegar 1743. To Improve Alcohol Vinegar. Vinegar made from pure alcohol and water does not possess the flavor of wine or cider vinegar, and is therefore ...
-Vinegar. Part 6
1749. To Strengthen Weak Vinegar 1749. To Strengthen Weak Vinegar. If in pickles, turn it off, heat it scalding hot, put it in the pickles, and when lukewarm, put in a small piece of ...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles
Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. The following receipts are given to illustrate the methods employed in preparing a number of well known condiments. This department of our work might have been greatly ex...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 2
1761. Italian Tamara 1761. Italian Tamara. Coriander seed, cloves, and cinnamon, of each 8 ounces; anise and fennel seeds, of each 4 pounds; mix. 1762. Bengal Chutney 1762. &...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 3
1768. Tomato Catsup 1768. Tomato Catsup. Take 1 peck ripe tomatoes, cut a slit in them, and put them into a porcelain lined kettle. Boil until the pulp is dissolved; strain and press, ...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 4
1776. Chili Vinegar 1776. Chili Vinegar, with 50 chillies (peppers) cut or bruised (or 1/4 ounce cayenne pepper), to 1 pint of the best vinegar; digest for 14 days, strain, and ...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 5
1786. Soyer's Table Mustard 1786. Soyer's Table Mustard. Steep mustard seed in twice its bulk of distilled vinegar for 8 days; grind to a paste, and put it into pots, thrusting a red-...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 6
1792. Pickled Cauliflower 1792. Pickled Cauliflower. These should bo sliced, and salted for 2 or 3 days, then drained, and spread upon a dry cloth before the fire for 24 ...
-Sauces, Catsups, and Pickles. Part 7
1799. Pickled White Cabbage 1799. Pickled White Cabbage. Cut white cabbage into thin slices, put it into an earthen pan, sprinkle with salt, and let it lie for 2 days; then drain and ...
-Yeast
Yeast. Yeast is either the froth or the deposit of fermenting worts, according to the character of the fermentation. According to Liebig, yeast is a substance in a state of putrefaction or fermentatio...
-Yeast. Part 2
1811. To Make Yeast without a Ferment 1811. To Make Yeast without a Ferment. Boil 1/4 peck malt in 3 pints water; pour off 2 pints, and keep it in a warm place for 30 hours; add 4 pints ...
-Yeast. Part 3
1816. To Remedy Bitterness in Yeast 1816. To Remedy Bitterness in Yeast. Yeast is often so bitter as to communicate a most disagreeable taste to bread. This may be derived ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden
The aim of the following receipts is to afford information for the treatment of ornamental in-door plants, and for the general requirements and improvement of the flower and kitchen garden, without en...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 2
1824. Liquid Manure 1824. Liquid Manure. The principal materials now used for liquid manures are to be used in the following proportions for all ordinary purposes: Guano, dissolve CO ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 3
1832. To Insert Cuttings 1832. To Insert Cuttings. Cuttings, if inserted in a mere mass of earth, will hardly throw out roots, while, if inserted at the side of the pot so as to touch ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 4
1837. Preservation of Flowers with their Natural Colors 1837. Preservation of Flowers with their Natural Colors. The mode in which the operation is effected is this: A ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 5
1843. To Prevent Damping or Fogging Off 1843. To Prevent Damping or Fogging Off. Cuttings in heat, and seedlings pricked out, are very liable to damp off, if in a confined air, with too ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 6
1848. To Destroy Black Ants 1848. To Destroy Black Ants. Boil 4 ounces quassia chips in 1 gallon water, for 10 minutes, and add 4 ounces soft soap. This is excellent to destroy ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 7
1856. To Prevent Grub in Onions 1856. To Prevent Grub in Onions. Make some strong lime-water, add to it as much soot as will make it into a thin paint, and water the crop with it the ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 8
1861. To Remove Moss on Gravel Walks 1861. To Remove Moss on Gravel Walks. This may be kept down by the use of a broom made of wire; if the wire is made of iron the broom should be ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 9
1867. To Kill Docks, Dandelions, etc 1867. To Kill Docks, Dandelions, etc. Cut the tops off in the spring or summer time, and pour some gas-tar, or sprinkle some salt on the wound. ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 10
1874. To Prevent the Bottoms of Plant Sticks Rotting 1874. To Prevent the Bottoms of Plant Sticks Rotting. Dip the bottoms of the plant sticks (as far as they are inserted into the ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 11
1880. New Grafting Wax 1880. New Grafting Wax. Melt 1 pound resin over a slow fire, add 1 ounce beef tallow, and stir with a perfectly dry stick or piece of wire. When somewhat ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 12
1886. Method of Covering a Bank of Earth With Grass 1886. Method of Covering a Bank of Earth With Grass. To cover a steep bank quickly with grass the following method is recommended by ...
-Receipts for the Flower and Kitchen Garden. Part 13
1890. To Transplant Large Shade Trees 1890. To Transplant Large Shade Trees. In the autumn, before the frost comes on, dig a trench around the tree and cut the roots, but not too near ...
-The Extermination of Vermin
The Extermination of Vermin. The following comparatively few receipts and directions for destroying, trapping and driving away insects and vermin of all kinds, have been selected as the most efficacio...
-The Extermination of Vermin. Part 2
1899. Phosphorus Paste for Vermin 1899. Phosphorus Paste for Vermin. Introduce 1 drachm phosphorus into a Florence flask, and pour over it 1 ounce rectified spirit. Immerse the ...
-The Extermination of Vermin. Part 3
1905. Bed-bug Poison 1905. Bed-bug Poison. Mix together 2 ounces camphor, 4 ounces spirits of turpentine, 1 ounce corrosive sublimate, and 1 pint alcohol. 1906. To Kill Bed-bugs ...
-The Extermination of Vermin. Part 4
1914. To Exterminate Fleas 1914. To Exterminate Fleas. Sprinkle chamomile flowers in the beds, and the fleas will leave. 1915. An Excellent Flea Trap 1915. An ...
-The Extermination of Vermin. Part 5
1923. To Drive Flies from Stables 1923. To Drive Flies from Stables. Scatter chloride of lime on a board in a stable, to remove all kinds of flies, but more especially biting flies. ...
-Prepared Paper
Prepared Paper. Paper frequently requires some special preparation to fit it for many purposes for which it would be useless in its original state. The following methods of preparing paper will be fou...
-Prepared Paper. Part 2
1932. To Powder Glass 1932. To Powder Glass. Heat the glass red-hot, throw it into cold water; dry, and pulverize it, coarse or fine as required, m an iron mortar. It is used to filter ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 3
1938. To Make Waxed Paper 1938. To Make Waxed Paper. Take cartridge or other paper, place it on a hot iron and. rub it with bees' wax, or make a solution of the wax in turpentine, and ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 4
1943. To Make Fireproof Paper 1943. To Make Fireproof Paper. Newspapers may be rendered fireproof by dipping into a solution of soluble glass of 25 Baum'e; next neutralizing ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 5
1950. Process for Copying Very Old Writings 1950. Process for Copying Very Old Writings. Niepec St. Victor gives a new process for copying very old writings. Ordinary copying paper is ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 6
1957. Lithographic Paper 1957. Lithographic Paper. Take rather strong, unsized paper, and cover it with a varnish composed of 120 parts starch, 40 parts gum-arabic and 20 parts ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 7
1961. To Fix Pencil or Crayon Drawings 1961. To Fix Pencil or Crayon Drawings. A convenient method of fixing pencil or crayon drawings consists in moistening the back of the sheet with ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 8
1968. Papyrine 1968. Papyrine. Dip white unsized paper for 1/2 a minute in strong sulphuric acid, and afterwards in water containing a little ammonia. When dried it has the ...
-Prepared Paper. Part 9
1974. To Transfer Engravings to Paper 1974. To Transfer Engravings to Paper. Place the engraving a few seconds over the vapor of iodine. Dip a slip of white paper in a weak ...
-Ivory, Alabaster
Ivory, Alabaster. The following receipts relate to the manipulation of ivory, bone, alabaster, meerschaum, horn, tortoise-shell, pearl, and marble. 1982. To Color or Dye Ivory or Bone 1982. To Col...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 2
1988. To Dye Ivory Purple 1988. To Dye Ivory Purple. Steep in a weak neutral solution of terchloride of gold, and then expose it to the light. Or, soak the ivory in a solution of sal ...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 3
1995. To Dye Ivory when Softened 1995. To Dye Ivory when Softened. If it is desired to dye ivory when thus softened, dissolve, in spirits of wine, such color as may be desired to use. ...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 4
2001. Fluid for Marking; Ivory 2001. Fluid for Marking; Ivory. Take nitrate of silver, 2 parts; nitric acid, 1 part; water, 7 parts; mix. 2002. Etching Fluid for Ivory 2002.&...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 5
2011. Artificial Ivory 2011. Artificial Ivory. The process by which the most successful imitation of natural ivory is obtained appears to consist in dissolving either india-rubber ...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 6
2017. To Stain Horn in Imitation of Tortoise-shell 2017. To Stain Horn in Imitation of Tortoise-shell. Mix an equal quantity of quicklime and red lead with strong soap lees, lay it on ...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 7
2023. To Dress Plaster of Paris with Wax in Imitation of Alabaster 2023. To Dress Plaster of Paris with Wax in Imitation of Alabaster. Dip the cast or model, previously warmed, and ...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 8
2030. To Polish Alabaster 2030. To Polish Alabaster. The object, received in the rough state from the hands of the sculptor or turner, is rubbed with finely-powdered pumice-stone, or dried shave-...
-Ivory, Alabaster. Part 9
2036. To Dye or Stain Marble 2036. To Dye or Stain Marble. Marble may be stained or dyed of various colors by applying their solutions to the stone made sufficiently hot to make ...
-Pyrotechny
Pyrotechny. This is the art of making fireworks. The three principal materials employed in this art are charcoal, saltpetre, and sulphur, combined with filings of iron, steel, copper or zinc, or with ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 2
2052. To Charge Rocket Cases 2052. To Charge Rocket Cases. In charging rocket cases, in order to increase the rapidity of its discharge a wire is sometimes inserted through the centre ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 3
2056. Golden Rain 2056. Golden Rain. Mealed powder, 4 ounces; saltpetre, 1 pound; sulphur,4 ounces; brass filings, 1 ounce; sawdust, 21/4 ounces; glass powder, 6 drachms. 2057. ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 4
2063. Composition for Roman Candles 2063. Composition for Roman Candles. Mix 1/2 pound meal-powder, 21/2 pounds saltpetre, and 1/2 pound each sulphur and glass dust. 2064. Colored ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 5
2071. Bengal, or Blue Signal Light, used at Sea 2071. Bengal, or Blue Signal Light, used at Sea. 1 part tersulphide of antimony, 2 parts sulphur, and 6 parts dry nitre. (See No. 2065 (...
-Pyrotechny. Part 6
2084. Green Fire for Pots or Stars 2084. Green Fire for Pots or Stars. Take 7 parts charcoal, 7 sulphuret of arsenic, 42 parts sulphur, 93 parts chlorate of potassa, 250 parts nitrate ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 7
2101. Fire-eating Ghosts 2101. Fire-eating Ghosts. Pour some strong warm spirits into a flat dish, sprinkle some salt into it, and set it on fire on a table in a perfectly dark room, ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 8
2107. White Fire 2107. White Fire. The following mixture we recommend as the very best for white fights, being unsurpassed in brilliancy and power by any other: Saltpetre, 18 parts; ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 9
2112. Colored Lights 2112. Colored Lights. We derive the receipts for these from the same source as the open fires. (See No. 2106 (Open Fires).) Colored lights are formed by filling ...
-Pyrotechny. Part 10
2124. Caution in the Use of Chlorate of Potassa 2124. Caution in the Use of Chlorate of Potassa. This substance should never be kept in admixture with any inflammable matter, especially ...
-Explosives
Explosives. This is a general term for all substances which explode with violence. Some of these, as gunpowder, gun-cotton, etc., explode by being brought into contact with fire. Others, to which the ...
-Explosives. Part 2
2134. Fulminating Mercury 2134. Fulminating Mercury. Dissolve by a gentle heat 100 parts, by weight, of mercury in 100 parts nitric acid of specific gravity 1.4; and when the ...
-Explosives. Part 3
2141. To Prepare Gun-Cotton 2141. To Prepare Gun-Cotton. The simplest way consists in immersing, for a few seconds, well-carded cotton in a mixture of equal parts, by volume, of oil of ...
-Explosives. Part 4
2146. Parlor or Congreve Matches 2146. Parlor or Congreve Matches. Dissolve 16 parts gum-arabic in the least possible quantity of water, and mix with it 9 parts phosphorus in powder (...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies
Cements and Uniting Bodies. In the preparation of cements and all substances intended to produce close adhesion, whether in a semi-fluid or pasty state, freedom from dirt and grease is a most essentia...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 2
2152. Armenian or Jeweler's Cement 2152. Armenian or Jeweler's Cement. The following is a receipt for a strong cement used by some oriental nations, for the purpose of attaching ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 3
2159. Japanese Cement 2159. Japanese Cement. Intimately mix the best powdered rice with a little cold water, then gradually add boiling water until a proper consistence is ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 4
2166. Cement for Glass Syringes 2166. Cement for Glass Syringes. Take resin, 2 parts; gutta percha, 1 part; melt together over a slow fire, apply hot, and trim with a hot knife. ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 5
2174. Hard Hydraulic Cement 2174. Hard Hydraulic Cement. A cement which is said to have been used with great success in covering terraces, lining basins, cementing stones, etc., ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 6
2181. Masons' Cement for Coating the Insides of Cisterns 2181. Masons' Cement for Coating the Insides of Cisterns. Take equal parts of quicklime, pulverized baked bricks, and wood ashes....
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 7
2193. Black Cement 2193. Black Cement. Sulphide of antimony and iron dust, in equal proportions, stirred in with soluble glass (see No. 2182 (Colored Cements)), afford an exceedingly ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 8
2198. Fine Stuff for Plastering 2198. Fine Stuff for Plastering. This is made by slacking lime with a small portion of water, after which sufficient water is added to give it the ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 9
2203. Roman Cement 2203. Roman Cement. Calcine 3 parts of any ordinary clay, and mix it with 2 parts lime; grind it to powder, and calcine again. This makes a beautiful cement, ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 10
2208. Cheap Concrete Flooring 2208. Cheap Concrete Flooring. Mix 3 bushels coal ashes from a blacksmith's shop with 2 bushels gas lime, and then add sufficient gas tar to make a stiff ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 11
2211. Pollack's Cement for Iron and Stone 2211. Pollack's Cement for Iron and Stone. This cement takes some little time to dry, but turns almost as hard as stone, and is fire and water-...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 12
2217. Cement for Iron 2217. Cement for Iron. An excellent cement is made by mixing equal parts of sifted peroxide of manganese and well-pulverized zinc white, adding a sufficient ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 13
2223. Vegetable Cement 2223. Vegetable Cement. A good vegetable cement may be prepared by mixing gum-arabic with nitrate of lime. The latter is prepared by dissolving an excess of marble in nitric ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 14
2230. Cement for Fixing Metal to Leather 2230. Cement for Fixing Metal to Leather. Wash the metal in hot gelatine, steep the leather in hot gall-nut infusion, and unite while hot. ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 15
2237. Cement for Chemical Glasses 2237. Cement for Chemical Glasses. Mix equal parts of wheat flour, finely-powdered Venice glass, pulverized chalk, and a small quantity of brick-dust, ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 16
2245. Cement for Cloth, Leather, or Belting 2245. Cement for Cloth, Leather, or Belting. Take ale, 1 pint; best Russia isinglass, 2 ounces; put them into a common glue kettle and boil ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 17
2249. Caoutchoucine 2249. Caoutchoucine. Pure India rubber, cut into small lumps, is thrown into a cast-iron still, connected with a well-cooled worm tub, and heat is applied until the thermometer ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 18
2254. Marine Cement for Uniting Leather to Gutta-Percha 2254. Marine Cement for Uniting Leather to Gutta-Percha. This will unite leather to gutta-percha, and is impervious to ...
-Cements and Uniting Bodies. Part 19
2259. To Fasten Chamois and Other Leather to Iron and Steel 2259. To Fasten Chamois and Other Leather to Iron and Steel. Dr. Carl W. Heinischen, of Dresden, gives the following receipt ...
-Lute
Lute. A composition employed to se-cure the joints of chemical vessels, or as a covering to protect them from the violence of the fire. For the joints of vessels, as stills, etc., not exposed to a hea...
-Flour Paste
Flour Paste. The best paste for general purposes is simply wheat flour beaten into cold water to perfect smoothness, and the whole just brought to a boil, while being constantly stirred to prevent bur...
-Glue
Glue. The hotter the glue, the more force it will exert in keeping the two parts glued together; therefore, in all large and long joints the glue should be applied immediately after boiling. Glue lose...
-Glue. Part 2
2282. To Keep Glue from Souring 2282. To Keep Glue from Souring. If a little muriatic acid be put into glue when it is dissolved, ready for use, it will retain the glue in the same ...
-Glue. Part 3
2289. Good Liquid Glue 2289. Good Liquid Glue. Fill a glass jar with broken-up glue of best quality, then fill it with acetic acid. Keep it in hot water for a few hours, until the glue ...
-Glue. Part 4
2297. To Glue on Ivory Veneers 2297. To Glue on Ivory Veneers. To glue on ivory veneers, take 2 parts pulverized gum-arabic and 1 part calomel, and add water sufficient to make a paste. ...
-Glue. Part 5
2306. Elastic Glue 2306. Elastic Glue which does not spoil is obtained as follows: Good common glue is dissolved in water, on the water-bath, and the water evaporated down to a ...
-Sealing-Wax
All the following receipts for fine wax produce superfine by employing the best qualities of the ingredients; and extra superfine or scented by adding 1 per cent, of balsam of Peru or liquid storax to...
-Sealing-Wax. Continued
2319. Marbled Sealing-Wax 2319. Marbled Sealing-Wax is made by mixing different kinds of sealing-wax together just as they begin to solidify. 2320. Yellow Sealing-Wax 2320. &...
-Boiler Incrustations
Boiler Incrustations. In a lengthy article on the subject, which appeared in the Scientific American, Professor Chandler gives the substances referred to in the four following receipts, as having b...
-Boiler Incrustations. Continued
2334. Anti-Incrustation Powders, etc., for Boilers 2334. Anti-Incrustation Powders, etc., for Boilers. Regarding incrustation powders in use, Professor Chandler makes the ...
-Glass
Glass is a compound of silica (silicic acid) with the oxide of an alkaline metal, obtained by fusion. In its usual form it is brittle, transparent, non-crystalline, insoluble, and fusible; but it some...
-Glass. Part 2
2344. Bohemian Crown Glass 2344. Bohemian Crown Glass. Pure silicious sand, 63 parts; potash, 22 parts; lime, 12 parts; oxide of manganese, 1 part. 2345. Nearly White Table Glass ...
-Glass. Part 3
2353. Ingredients for Coloring Paste to Imitate Gems 2353. Ingredients for Coloring Paste to Imitate Gems. The following proportions must be added to 1000 parts of paste No. 12 in the ...
-Glass. Part 4
2364. Liquid Spectroscopes 2364. Liquid Spectroscopes. The use of transparent liquids, such as bisulphide of carbon, for the manufacture of lenses, is making rapid progress on the ...
-Glass. Part 5
2369. To Break a Glass Bottle or Jar Across its Circumference 2369. To Break a Glass Bottle or Jar Across its Circumference. Place the bottle in a vessel of water, to the height where ...
-Glass. Part 6
2375. To Etch or Write on Glass 2375. To Etch or Write on Glass. A writer in Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal recommends a solution of fluoride of ammonium, which can be used with an ...
-Enamels
Enamels. A species of vitreous varnish, colored by means of metallic oxides {see No. 2393 (Violet Enamels)) and applied in a thin stratum to brightly polished metallic surfaces (copper or gold), on wh...
-Enamels. Part 2
2381. Blue Enamels 2381. Blue Enamels. Either of the white fluxes colored with oxide of cobalt. II. Sand, red lead, and nitre, of each 10 parts; flint glass or ground flints, 20 parts; ...
-Enamels. Part 3
2388. Light Bed Enamel 2388. Light Bed Enamel. Red sulphate of iron, 2 parts; flux I (in No. 2379) 6 parts; white lead, 3 parts. Light red. 2389. Bed Enamel 2389. ...
-Enamels. Part 4
2396. Dead-White Enamel 2396. Dead-White Enamel. For white enamel, the articles must be perfectly free from foreign admixture, as this would impart a color. When well managed, either of ...
-Glazes
Glazes. Glazes must be reduced to a very fine powder. For use they are ground with water to a very thin paste or smooth cream, into which the articles, previously baked to the state called biscuit, ...
-Artificial Gems
Artificial Gems. These consist of vitreous compounds made in imitation of gems and precious stones. Like enamels, the artificial gems have for their basis a very fusible, highly transparent and bri...
-Artificial Gems. Part 2
2422. Patent Base for Artificial Gems 2422. Patent Base for Artificial Gems. The base of these gems, as patented by the Superintendent of the Royal Porcelain Works at Berlin, is a flux obtained by ...
-Artificial Gems. Part 3
2431. Opal 2431. Opal. Take 1 ounce paste, 10 grains horn silver, 2 grains calcined magnetic ore, 26 grains calcined bones. Or: 10 pounds paste, and 1/2 pound calcined bones. ...
-Foils
Foils. These are leaves of polished metal, put under stones or pastes, to heighten the effect. Foils were formerly made of copper, tinned copper, tin, and silvered copper, but the latter is used for s...
-Inks
Inks. Writing inks might be included under the general term of liquid coloring matters, were it not that they require to have the special characteristics of brilliance, permanence, and some degree of ...
-Inks. Part 2
2465. Black Ink 2465. Black Ink. Campeachy logwood chips, 3 pounds; bruised galls,9pounds; boil in water, and to the mixed liquors add gum-arabic and green copperas, of each 4 pounds; ...
-Inks. Part 3
2474. Ink Powder 2474. Ink Powder. For an ink powder take 1 pound nut-galls, 7 ounces copperas, and 7 ounces gum-arabic. Pulverize and mix. This amount of ink powder will make 1 gallon ...
-Inks. Part 4
2480. Blue Writing Fluid 2480. Blue Writing Fluid. Dissolve the soluble ferrocyanide of potassium and iron in pure water. Eesembles No. 2478, but is precipitated from its solution by ...
-Inks. Part 5
2485. Arnold's Writing Fluid 2485. Arnold's Writing Fluid. Arnold's writing fluid is a mixture of sulphate of indigo and ordinary ink. It flows freely from the pen and at last ...
-Inks. Part 6
2492. Silver Ink 2492. Silver Ink. Silver ink is prepared in the same way, from silver leaf, as the gold in last receipt. 2493. Gold Labels on Glass Bottles 2493. ...
-Inks. Part 7
2499. Brilliant Bed Ink 2499. Brilliant Bed Ink. Brazil wood, 2 ounces; muriate of tin, 1/2 drachm; gum-arabic, 1 drachm; boil down in 32 ounces water to one half, and strain. ...
-Inks. Part 8
2506. To Write on Greasy Paper or Parchment 2506. To Write on Greasy Paper or Parchment. Put to a bullock's gall 1 handful of salt, and 1/4 pint vinegar, stir it until it is mixed well; ...
-Inks. Part 9
2510. Fine Marking Ink 2510. Fine Marking Ink. Marking linen is most conveniently effected by using a small stiff brush and a small copper plate with perforations corresponding to the ...
-Inks. Part 10
2513. Cheap Brown Marking Ink 2513. Cheap Brown Marking Ink. A very cheap brown marking ink may be prepared from 4 parts acetate of manganese dissolved in 12 parts water. The place on ...
-Inks. Part 11
2521. Ink for Marking Packages 2521. Ink for Marking Packages. Take lampblack and mix thoroughly with sufficient turpentine to make it thin enough to flow from the brush. Powdered ...
-Inks. Part 12
2529. Indestructible Writing Ink 2529. Indestructible Writing Ink. Shellac, 4 parts; borax, 2 parts; sort water, 36 parts; boil in a close vessel till dissolved; then filter, ...
-Inks. Part 13
2535. Blue Sympathetic Inks 2535. Blue Sympathetic Inks. Writing with copperas turns blue if wetted with a solution of prussiate of potassa. Nitrate of cobalt turns blue on being wetted with a ...
-Inks. Part 14
2543. Black Printing Ink 2543. Black Printing Ink. Boil 11/2 gallons old clear linseed oil to the consistence of a thick varnish ; whilst hot, add to it, during constant stirring, first ...
-Inks. Part 15
2549. Lithographic Ink 2549. Lithographic Ink. M. Lasteyrie states that, after having tried a great many combinations, he gives the preference to the following:- Dry tallow soap, ...
-Aniline Colors
Aniline Colors. Aniline is a liquid of a color varying from yellow to dark brown. The commercial article is never chemically pure, being a mixture of pure aniline, toluidine, and odorine. Its boi...
-Aniline Colors. Part 2
2554. Aniline Blue 2554. Aniline Blue. Aniline blue results from various processes. The one most commonly used at present is that of Girard and De Laire, made by heating fuchsine with ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 3
2559. Injurious Effects of Impure Alcohol upon Aniline Colors 2559. Injurious Effects of Impure Alcohol upon Aniline Colors. Dr. Till-manns has examined several varieties of alcohol, and tested the ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 4
2561. Test for Sugar in Aniline Dyes 2561. Test for Sugar in Aniline Dyes. Aniline blue and aniline green have been found adulterated with a considerable quantity of sugar. Mr. Joly, of Brussels, ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 5
2565. To Remove Aniline Colors 2565. To Remove Aniline Colors. There are various ways proposed to remove aniline colors, the following being the simplest and most practical. Goods dyed with aniline ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 6
2567. Phosphate of Lime as a Mordant 2567. Phosphate of Lime as a Mordant. A rather thick syrupy solution of phosphate of lime (bone-ash) in hydrochloric acid having been recently ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 7
2572. Aniline Black for Dyeing 2572. Aniline Black for Dyeing. According to Mr. Köchlin, aniline black is produced as follows: Water, 20 to 30 parts; chlorate of potassa, 1 part; ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 8
2576. To Dye Silk or Wool Magenta 2576. To Dye Silk or Wool Magenta. Sufficient water to cover, without difficulty, the fabric to be dyed, is brought to a temperature of about 170&...
-Aniline Colors. Part 9
2581. To Dye with Aniline Crimson 2581. To Dye with Aniline Crimson. A solid dye, belonging to the same series as the preceding, is sold as crimson, but it does not appear to differ ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 10
2587. Water-Glass as a Solvent of Coralline 2587. Water-Glass as a Solvent of Coralline. Dissolve coralline in a boiling mixture of 1 part concentrated water-glass (silicate of soda or ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 11
2596. To Dye with Palatine Orange 2596. To Dye with Palatine Orange. The palatine orange dye is prepared in a similar manner to magenta. (See No. 2575 (To Prepare Magenta for ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 12
2601. To Dye with Picric Acid 2601. To Dye with Picric Acid. Dissolve 1 pound picric acid in 1 gallon of alcohol specific gravity .8200. The dye bath requires no addition, or special ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 13
2606. To Dye with Alkali Blue and Nicholson's Blue 2606. To Dye with Alkali Blue and Nicholson's Blue. Dissolve 1 pound of the dye in 10 gallons boiling water. Add this, by small ...
-Aniline Colors. Part 14
2611. To Dye Silks or Woolens Violet or Purple with Aniline 2611. To Dye Silks or Woolens Violet or Purple with Aniline. Violets and purples are produced on wool in the same manner as ...
-Purposes
Purposes. These receipts in-. ; elude the preparation and appliance of such liquid colors as are used to tinge or impart color to matter generally. Their particular uses and appliances are specified i...
-Purposes. Part 2
2621. Purified Annotto 2621. Purified Annotto. To a boiling solution of pearlash add as much annotto as it will dissolve. When cold, decant the clear solution, and neutralize with ...
-Purposes. Part 3
2626. Black Lustre Color for Paper, Cloth, or Wood 2626. Black Lustre Color for Paper, Cloth, or Wood. Dr. Kiehmeyer gives a receipt which is adapted for either paper, cloth, or porous ...
-Purposes. Part 4
2630. To Color with Alkanet Root 2630. To Color with Alkanet Root. Anchusa Tinctoria gives a fine red tinge to oils, fats, wax, turpentine, spirits, essences, etc., and is used to color ...
-Purposes. Part 5
2636. To Color Pickles and Sweetmeats Green 2636. To Color Pickles and Sweetmeats Green. A beautiful green color, entirely destitute of any poisonous qualities, may be made by ...
-Purposes. Part 6
2644. Liquid Yellow 2644. Liquid Yellow. Dissolve gamboge in water, and add a little gum-arabic and alum. Used for ink, to stain paper, color maps, etc.. Or, dissolve gamboge in equal ...
-Purposes. Part 7
2649. Amber 2649. Amber. Digest 1 part dragon's blood, coarsely powdered, in 4 parts oil of vitriol; when completely dissolved, dilute with distilled or soft water to the desired shade, ...
-Purposes. Part 8
2660. Lilac 2660. Lilac. Dissolve crude oxide of cobalt in nitric or muriatic (hydrochloric) acid; add sesquicarbonate of ammonia, in excess ; afterwards sufficient ammonio-...
-Pigments
Pigments. These are substances employed as coloring matter in mixing paints, etc.. The following receipts furnish the method of preparing the pigments and other coloring matters m general use, and the...
-Pigments. Part 2
2677. To Make Carmine by the Langlois Process 2677. To Make Carmine by the Langlois Process. Boiling river water, 4 gallons; cochineal in powder, 1 pound; boil for 10 minutes, then add £ ounce ...
-Pigments. Part 3
2682. To Preserve Vermilion 2682. To Preserve Vermilion. It is a fact well known to artists that the splendidly bright color of vermilion (cinnabar, sulphide of mercury) has a tendency, ...
-Pigments. Part 4
2688. Blue Verditer 2688. Blue Verditer. It is generally stated to be made by adding chalk to a solution of nitrate of copper produced in the process of refining silver; but Mr. ...
-Pigments. Part 5
2695. Simple Test for White Lead 2695. Simple Test for White Lead. Take a piece of firm, close-grained charcoal, and, near one end of it, scoop out a cavity about 1/2 inch in ...
-Pigments. Part 6
2699. Cremnitz White 2699. Cremnitz White, a beautiful white, with less body than ordinary white lead; it is, doubtless, made by precipitation ; it, like ordinary white lead, ...
-Pigments. Part 7
2706. Chrome Red 2706. Chrome Red. Melt saltpetre in a crucible heated to dull redness, and add chrome yellow, by small portions, till no more red fumes arise. Allow the mixture ...
-Pigments. Part 8
2712. Emerald Green 2712. Emerald Green. Mix 10 parts pure verdigris with sufficient boiling water to form a soft pulp, and strain this through a sieve. Dissolve 9 or 10 parts white ...
-Pigments. Part 9
2720. To Make Purple of Cassius 2720. To Make Purple of Cassius. This is a verifiable pigment, which, stains glass and porcelain a beautiful red or purple hue. Its preparation is one of ...
-Drying Oils and Dryers
Drying Oils and Dryers. All the fixed oils have an attraction more or less powerful for oxygen; and, by exposure to the air, they either become hard and resinous or sour and rancid. Those which exhibi...
-Drying Oils and Dryers. Continued
2733. Artists' Drying Oil 2733. Artists' Drying Oil. Mix nut or pale linseed oil with about an equal measure of snow or powdered ice, and keep it for 2 months at a freezing ...
-House Painting
House Painting. The following directions are obtained from a thoroughly practical source, and will be found useful both to the amateur and the workman. 2746. Priming 2746. Priming. Th...
-House Painting. Part 2
2755. When to Apply Paint 2755. When to Apply Paint. Paint, to last long, should be put on early in winter or spring, when it is cold and no dust flying. Paint put on in cold weather ...
-House Painting. Part 3
2761. To Mix Oil Colors 2761. To Mix Oil Colors. In mixing different colored paints to produce any desired tint, it is best to have the principal ingredient thick, and add to it the ...
-House Painting. Part 4
2764. To Paint Whitewashed Walls 2764. To Paint Whitewashed Walls. When the second coat of glue size {see No. 2763 (To Prepare Whitewashed Walls for Painting)) is dry, paint as? follows:...
-House Painting. Part 5
2770. To Make Paint without Oil or Lead 2770. To Make Paint without Oil or Lead. Whiting, 5 pounds; skimmed milk, 2 quarts; fresh slacked lime, 2 ounces. Put the lime into a stone- ...
-House Painting. Part 6
2774. Paint for Boilers 2774. Paint for Boilers. The best paint for boilers is asphaltum dissolved in spirits of turpentine over a gentle fire. Pulverize the asphaltum and ...
-House Painting. Part 7
2784. To Soften Putty in Window Frames 2784. To Soften Putty in Window Frames. To soften putty in window frames, so that the glass may be taken out without breakage or cutting, ...
-House Painting. Part 8
2790. To Soften Hard Putty 2790. To Soften Hard Putty. Break the putty in lumps of the size of a hen's egg, add a small portion of linseed oil, and water sufficient to cover the putty; ...
-Kalsomine and Whitewash
Kalsomine and Whitewash.. The following receipts include the methods of preparing and applying white and other coatings on walls, etc., as well as the preparatory treatment of the surface to which the...
-Kalsomine and Whitewash. Part 2
2797. Treasury Department Whitewash 2797. Treasury Department Whitewash. This receipt for whitewashing, sent out by the Lighthouse Board of the Treasury Department, has been found, by ...
-Kalsomine and Whitewash. Part 3
2801. Fire-Proof Whitewash 2801. Fire-Proof Whitewash. Make ordinary whitewash and add 1 part silicate of soda (or potash) to every 5 parts of the whitewash.- (See No. 2816.) 2802. ...
-Kalsomine and Whitewash. Part 4
2809. Red Wash for Bricks 2809. Red Wash for Bricks. To remove the green that gathers on bricks, pour over the bricks boiling water in which any vegetables (not greasy) have been boiled. Do this for ...
-Kalsomine and Whitewash. Part 5
2814. To Apply Paper to Walls 2814. To Apply Paper to Walls. The upper end of the piece should then be taken by the corners, and the operator, stepping upon a bench or step-...
-Soluble Glass
Soluble Glass. This is a combination of silica with an alkali, soluble in boiling water, yielding a fine, transparent, semi-elastic varnish. When made according to Liemen's or Kuhlman's method, under ...
-Soluble Glass. Continued
2818. Fuchs' Soluble Soda Glass 2818. Fuchs' Soluble Soda Glass. This is prepared in the same way as the potash glass (see No. 2817 (Fuchs' Soluble Potash Glass)), with the ...
-To Dye Wood
Dyeing wood is mostly applied for giving color to veneers, while staining is more generally had recourse to, to give the desired color to an article after it has been manufactured. In the one case, th...
-To Dye Wood. Part 2
2830. Bright Green Dye for Wood 2830. Bright Green Dye for Wood. Proceed as in either of the previous receipts to produce a yellow; but instead of adding aquafortis or the brightening ...
-To Dye Wood. Part 3
2837. To Dye Veneers 2837. To Dye Veneers. Some manufacturers of Germany, who had been supplied from Paris with veneers, colored throughout their mass, were necessitated by the late war ...
-To Stain Wood
To Stain Wood. staining wood is altogether a different process from dyeing it, and requires no preparation before the stain be applied. In preparing the stain, but little trouble is required; and, gen...
-To Stain Wood. Part 2
2849. Artificial Mahogany 2849. Artificial Mahogany. The following method of giving any species of wood of a close grain the appearance of mahogany in texture, density, and ...
-To Stain Wood. Part 3
2855. To Darken Light Mahogany 2855. To Darken Light Mahogany. When furniture is repaired, it frequently happens that the old wood cannot be matched, and therefore the work presents a ...
-Varnish
Varnish. Varnishes may be conveniently divided into two kinds, viz., spirit and oil varnishes. Concentrated alcohol is used as the solvent in the former, and fixed or volatile oils, or mixtures of the...
-Varnish. Continued
2870. Clarified Linseed Oil for Varnishes 2870. Clarified Linseed Oil for Varnishes. Heat in a copper boiler 50 gallons of finseed oil to 280 Fahr.; add 21/2 pounds of calcined ...
-Oil Varnishes
Oil Varnishes. These, the most durable and lustrous of varnishes, are composed of a mixture of resin, oil, and spirit of turpentine. The oils most frequently employed are linseed and walnut; the resin...
-Oil Varnishes. Part 2
2875. Common Oil Varnish 2875. Common Oil Varnish. Resin, 3 pounds; drying oil, 1/2 gallon; melt together, and add, when removed from the fire, 2 quarts warm oil of turpentine. 2876. ...
-Oil Varnishes. Part 3
2881. Pale Amber Varnish 2881. Pale Amber Varnish. Amber, pale and transparent, 6 pounds; fuse, add hot clarified linseed oil, 2 gallons; boil till it strings strongly, cool a little, ...
-Oil Varnishes. Part 4
2890. Flexible Varnish 2890. Flexible Varnish. Melt 1 pound of resin, and add gradually 1/2 pound India-rubber in very fine shavings, and stir until cold. Then heat again, slowly, add 1 ...
-Oil Varnishes. Part 5
2899. Brunswick Black 2899. Brunswick Black. Foreign asphaltum, 45 pounds; drying oil, 6 gallons; and litharge, 6 pounds. Boil for 2 hours, then add dark gum-amber (fused), 8 pounds; hot linseed oil,...
-Spirit Varnishes
Spirit Varnishes. The spirit employed for making spirit varnishes should not be less than 95 per cent. In preparing and using them, they should be kept at a distance from a candle or other fla...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 2
2908. Copal Varnish 2908. Copal Varnish, according to Professor Boettger should be made by first dissolving 1 part by weight of camphor, in 12 parts ether; when the camphor is ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 3
2917. White Varnish 2917. White Varnish. Sandarach, 8 ounces; mastich, 2 ounces; Canada balsam, 4 ounces; alcohol, 1 quart. Used on paper, wood, or linen. 2918. Best White Hard ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 4
2925. To Purify Dextrine 2925. To Purify Dextrine. Hager gives a method for rendering dextrine pure, or at least freer from foreign odor and taste. For this purpose he dissolves ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 5
2933. Bookbinders' and Colorless Varnish 2933. Bookbinders' and Colorless Varnish. Mr. A. Schmidt gives the following directions for making these and several other beautiful ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 6
2936. Wax Varnish, or Milk of Wax 2936. Wax Varnish, or Milk of Wax. Pure white wax, 1 pound; melt with as gentle a heat as possible, and warm spirit of wine (90 per cent.), 1 ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 7
2943. Aniline Black Varnish 2943. Aniline Black Varnish. An aniline black varnish, of recent Parisian production, is the following: Dissolve 63/4 drachms avoirdupois of aniline blue, 13/4 drachms of ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 8
2948. Flexible Varnish for Balloons, etc 2948. Flexible Varnish for Balloons, etc. Digest cold, 11/2 ounces India-rubber, cut small, in 1 pint of either chloroform, sulphuric ether ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 9
2957. Brilliant French Varnish for Boots and Shoes 2957. Brilliant French Varnish for Boots and Shoes. Take 3/4 of a pint spirits of wine; 5 pints white wine; 1/2 pound powdered gum ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 10
2965. To Varnish Drawings, or any Kind of Paper or Card Work 2965. To Varnish Drawings, or any Kind of Paper or Card Work. Dissolve 1 ounce best isinglass in about 1 pint water, by ...
-Spirit Varnishes. Part 11
2970. Varnish or Enamel for Coating the Insides of Casks 2970. Varnish or Enamel for Coating the Insides of Casks. A new application of charcoal has recently been made in England for the ...
-Varnishing
Varnishing. The art of applying varnishes to various surfaces. .This requires experience and care, both in the selection of appropriate varnishes, and in the manner of applying them. 2972. To...
-Varnishing. Continued
2976. To Polish Varnished Surfaces 2976. To Polish Varnished Surfaces. To give the highest degree of lustre to varnish after it is laid on, as well as to remove the marks of the brush, ...
-Polishing
Polishing. The beauty of cabinetwork depends upon the care with which it is finished. Some clean off with scraping and rubbing with glass paper. This should be done in all cases; but it is not enough,...
-Polishing. Continued
2984. To Clean and Finish Mahogany Work 2984. To Clean and Finish Mahogany Work. Scrape and sand-paper the work as smooth as possible; go over every part with a brush dipped in ...
-French Polishing
French Polishing. The method of varnishing furniture by means of rubbing it on the surface of the wood, is of comparatively modern date. To put on a hard face, which shall not be so liable to scratch ...
-French Polishing. Part 2
2996. Best French Polish 2996. Best French Polish. Shellac, 3 parts; gum mastich, 1 part; gum sandarach, 1 part; spirits of wine, 40 parts; the mastich and sandarach must first be ...
-French Polishing. Part 3
3003. To Stain or Color French Polish 3003. To Stain or Color French Polish. Wood may be stained or grained any color or design, by mixing it with the polish, or dipping the rubber in ...
-To Enamel Wood-Work
To Enamel Wood-Work. This is a process for creating an artificial, glossy surface of any color on wood, very durable, and highly ornamental. It consists of three distinct, successive operations; first...
-To Enamel Wood-Work. Part 2
3013. To Prepare the Rubber for Enameling Wood 3013. To Prepare the Rubber for Enameling Wood. The felt used should be such as the sculptors use for polishing marble, which ...
-To Enamel Wood-Work. Part 3
3016. To Polish the Filling 3016. To Polish the Filling. When sufficiently rubbed down with the pumice stone - that is to say, when it has been cut down to a fine, level, and uniform ...
-Japanning
Japanning. Japanning is a kind of varnishing or lacquering, practiced in perfection by the Japanese, whence the name. The only difference between varnishing and japanning is that after the application...
-Japanning. Continued
3024. Colored Japan 3024. Colored Japan. For colored works no japan is used, but they are painted with ordinary painters' colors, ground with Unseed oil or turpentine, and mixed with anime varnish; ...
-India Japanning
India Japanning. The great peculiarity in the Indian method is the embossing, or raising the figures, etc.., above the surface or ground, and the metallic or bronze-like hue of the several designs; th...
-India Japanning. Continued
3043. To Japan Work-Boxes and Fancy Articles 3043. To Japan Work-Boxes and Fancy Articles. There is a very pretty method of ornamenting boxes, cabinets, etc., so that the figures ...
-Lacquers
Lacquers are used upon polished metals and wood to impart the appearance of gold. As they are wanted of different depths and shades of color, it is. best to keep a concentrated solution of each colori...
-Lacquers. Part 2
3051. Deep Gold Lacquer 3051. Deep Gold Lacquer. Seed-lac, 3 ounces; turmeric, 1 ounce; dragon's blood, 1/4 ounce; alcohol, 1 pint. Digest for a week, frequently shaking, decant and filter. Deep ...
-Lacquers. Part 3
3061. Bed Lacquer 3061. Bed Lacquer. Spanish annotto, 3 pounds; dragon's blood, 1 pound; gum sandarach, 31/4 pounds; rectified spirit, 2 gallons; turpentine varnish, 1 quart. Dissolve ...
-Preservation of Leather
Preservation of Leather. The extreme heat to which most men and women expose hoots and shoes during winter deprives leather of its vitality, rendering it liahle to break and crack. Patent leather part...
-Preservation of Leather. Part 2
3070. To Make Boots Water-Tight 3070. To Make Boots Water-Tight. In a pint of best winter-strained lard oil, dissolve a piece of paraffine the size of a hickory nut, aiding the solution ...
-Preservation of Leather. Part 3
3074. To Preserve and Clean Harness 3074. To Preserve and Clean Harness. In the first place, subject the harness to 1 or 2 coats (as the leather may need) of lampblack and castor oil, warmed ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking
Boot and Shoe Blacking. The manipulations required for paste and liquid blacking are the same, the difference in the two being the quantity of liquid added. Thus, by diluting paste blacking with water...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 2
3093. Paste Blacking' 3093. Paste Blacking'. Molasses, 1 pound; ivory-black, 11/4 pounds; sweet oil, 2 ounces; rub together as before (see No. 3088 (Fine Liquid Blacking)); then add a little lemon ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 3
3101. Day and Martin's Blacking 3101. Day and Martin's Blacking. According to Mr. W. C. Day, the method of making the famous Day and Martin's Blacking is as follows: Bone-black in a state of ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 4
3105. Brown Color for Marbling or Sprinkling Books 3105. Brown Color for Marbling or Sprinkling Books. Logwood chips, 1 part; annotto, 1 part; boil in water, 6 parts. If too light, add ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 5
3110. Yellow Egyptian Marble for Leather Book-Covers 3110. Yellow Egyptian Marble for Leather Book-Covers. Boil quercitron bark with water and a little powdered alum, over a slow fire, ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 6
3114. Binders'Thread Marble 3114. Binders'Thread Marble. Yellow the edge; when dry, cut pieces of thick thread over the edge, which will fall on different parts irregularly ; give it a fine dark ...
-Boot and Shoe Blacking. Part 7
3123. Soap Marble for Books 3123. Soap Marble for Books. This is applicable for marbling stationery, book edges, or sheets of paper for ladies' fancy work. Grind, on a marble slab,...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos
The entire matter embraced in Nos. 3123 to 3154 is contributed by the eminent photographer, Mr. Geo. G. Rockwood, of New York. 3129. To Make a Photograph Without a Camera 3129. To Mak...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 2
3135. To Copy an Object 3135. To Copy an Object. Having prepared, in a dark room, a sheet of paper as above, lay it upon a piece of glass; place upon the glass a leaf as ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 3
3138. To Tone a Picture 3138. To Tone a Picture. The print is now taken by two corners and immersed in the gold or toning bath.' At first the print will begin to bleach, and turn a warm ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 4
3141. To Remove Nitrate of Silver Stains 3141. To Remove Nitrate of Silver Stains. An inevitable consequence of practicing this process will be stains on the hands and clothing from the ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 5
3144. To Develop a Negative 3144. To Develop a Negative. This is done by removing the plate from the holder, and, holding the plate in a horizontal position, flowing it with the ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 6
3149. Collodion for Photography 3149. Collodion for Photography. Collodion is the vehicle by which the photographic chemicals are united upon the surface of the glass and the sensitive coating ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 7
3150. Silver Bath 3150. Silver Bath. Make a solution in the proportion of GO grains nitrate of silver to 1 ounce water. Test the solution with litmus paper, and if slightly alkaline, or neutral, add ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 8
3156. Photographic Impressions With Fuchsine 3156. Photographic Impressions With Fuchsine. A piece of linen goods colored with fuchsine, and dried, was exposed to the light under ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 9
3159. Simple Method of Copying Drawings, Etc 3159. Simple Method of Copying Drawings, Etc. Silvered albumen paper, after being washed, may be conveniently used for copying ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 10
3163. Preservation of Photographs 3163. Preservation of Photographs. H. Cooper, Jr., of England, gives the following formula for a preservative varnish which is stated to be an entire protection ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 11
3166. To Recover Silver from Photographic Waste 3166. To Recover Silver from Photographic Waste. To obtain the silver from a photographic bath, or from the rejected photographs and ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 12
3171. Iodized Paper 3171. Iodized Paper. Brush over the paper on one side (which should be marked) with strong solution of nitrate of silver (100 grains to 1 ounce); then dip it in ...
-The entire matter embraced in Nos. Part 13
3178. Albumenized Paper for Positive Printing 3178. Albumenized Paper for Positive Printing. White of egg, and water, equal parts; iodide of potassium or chloride of sodium, 5 ...
-Metals
Metals. Metals are elementary or undecompounded bodies, which are distinguished by their weight, lustre, fusibility, power of conducting heat, electricity, etc.. (see Nos. 3349 (Properties of Metals) ...
-Metals. Continued
3188. Puscher's Solution for Coloring Metals 3188. Puscher's Solution for Coloring Metals. This is a new method of giving metals a durable colored coating, and can be executed quickly and cheaply. ...
-Gold
Gold.. The most marked properties of metallic gold are its ductility, malleability, and insolubility in all menstrua, except aqua regia and aqueous chlorine, and its slight affinity for oxygen. Native...
-Gold. Part 2
3192. Assay of Gold by Chemical Analysis 3192. Assay of Gold by Chemical Analysis. The richness of gold in any substance, whether liquid or solid, especially where the quantity is ...
-Gold. Part 3
3199. Gold Coloring Solution 3199. Gold Coloring Solution. Take 1 ounce nitrate of soda, and 1/2 ounce chloride of sodium, and dissolve in a slight excess of warm water, afterwards ...
-Silver
Silver. This metal has a very white color, a high degree of lustre, is exceedingly malleable and ductile, and the best conductor of heat and electricity known. It is procured from its ores chiefly by ...
-Silver. Part 2
3208. Test Solution for Assaying Silver 3208. Test Solution for Assaying Silver. Dissolve 541/4 grains pure sea-salt (see No. 3209 (Pure Sea-Salt)) in 22 ounces 3203/4 grains (...
-Silver. Part 3
3214. To Purify and Reduce Silver 3214. To Purify and Reduce Silver. Silver, as used in 'the arts and coinage, is alloyed with a portion of copper. To purify it, dissolve the metal in ...
-Silver. Part 4
3218. To Frost Polished Silver 3218. To Frost Polished Silver. To produce a frosted surface on polished silver, use cyanide of potassium with a brush. The silver should not be handled ...
-Silver. Part 5
3224. To Protect Silver-Ware from Tarnishing 3224. To Protect Silver-Ware from Tarnishing. The loss of silver which results from the impregnation of our atmosphere with sulphur ...
-Silver. Part 6
3229. Plate Cleaning Powder 3229. Plate Cleaning Powder. For cleaning silver and plated articles, etc.. Mix 1/4 pound jeweler's rouge with £ pound prepared chalk. Or: 1/4 pound ...
-Silver. Part 7
3237. To Remove Dark Stains from Silver 3237. To Remove Dark Stains from Silver. A certain remedy for the most inveterate stains that are sometimes to be seen on teaspoons and other ...
-Copper
Copper. This metal is found in the metallic state, and in combination with oxygen, sulphur, acids, and other minerals, and in the organic kingdom, in the ashes of plants, and in the blood of animals. ...
-Copper. Continued
3246. To Separate Copper from its Alloys 3246. To Separate Copper from its Alloys. Copper may be separated in absolute purity from antimony, arsenic, bismuth, lead, iron, etc., as ...
-Lead
Lead. Lead is only prepared on the large scale. It is usually extracted from galena, a natural sulphuret of lead, by roasting the ore in a reverberatory furnace, and afterwards smelting it along with ...
-Iron
Iron. Iron is only prepared on the large scale. It is obtained by smelting the ore along with coke and a flux (either limestone or clay). The crude iron thus obtained is run into moulds, and then cons...
-Iron. Continued
3262. Brown Tint for Iron and Steel 3262. Brown Tint for Iron and Steel. Dissolve in 4 parts of water, 2 parts crystallized chloride of iron, 2 parts chloride of antimony, and 1 part ...
-Steel
Steel. The addition of a small quantity of carbon greatly increases the hardness and tenacity ot iron, and converts it into steel. The amount of carbon to be added, should be just that which will prod...
-Steel. Part 2
3278. To Blue Steel 3278. To Blue Steel. The mode employed in blueing steel is merely to subject it to heat. The dark blue is produced at a temperature of 600, the full blue at 500&...
-Steel. Part 3
3284. Engraving Mixture for Writing on Steel 3284. Engraving Mixture for Writing on Steel. Sulphate of copper, 1 ounce; sal-ammoniac, 1/2 ounce; pulverize separately, adding a little ...
-Steel. Part 4
3292. Bath for Hardening Mill Picks 3292. Bath for Hardening Mill Picks. Take 2 gallons rain water, 1 ounce corrosive sublimate, 1 of sal-ammoniac, 1 of saltpetre, 11 pints rock salt. ...
-Steel. Part 5
3298. To Case-Harden with Charcoal 3298. To Case-Harden with Charcoal. The goods, finished in every respect but polishing, are put into an iron box, and covered with animal or vegetable ...
-Steel. Part 6
3303. To Case-Harden Small Articles of Iron 3303. To Case-Harden Small Articles of Iron. Fuse together, in an iron vessel or crucible, 1 part prussiate of potash and 10 parts common salt,...
-Steel. Part 7
3309. New Mode of Removing Rust 3309. New Mode of Removing Rust. Plunge the article in a bath of 1 pint hydrochloric (muriatic) acid diluted with 1 quart water. Leave it there 24 hours; ...
-Zinc
Zinc is a blueish white metal, having a specific gravity of 6.8 to 7.2; tough when cold, ductile and malleable at from 250 to 300 Fahr., brittle and easily pulverized at 500; fuses at 7...
-Tin
Tin. This metal approaches silver in whiteness and lustre. When pure, it is very malleable; is harder, than lead; melts at 442 Fahr., and volatilizes at a white heat. Its specific gravity is 7.2...
-Tin. Continued
3318. Powdered Tin 3318. Powdered Tin. Take Cornish grain tin; melt it, and pour it into a wooden box, well rubbed on the inside with whiting or chalk ; close the cover, and ...
-Mercury or Quicksilver
Mercury or Quicksilver. This is a heavy liquid metal, possessing a nearly silver-white color, and a brilliant metallic lustre. The principal sources of this metal at the present time are the mines of ...
-Aluminum
Aluminum. This is the metallic base of alumina, which is the plastic principle of certain kinds of clay. The color of aluminum is white, inclining to blue; it is very malleable, and ductile. Its speci...
-Platinum
Platinum. Also called platina - is the heaviest substance but one (see No. 47) known, having a specific gravity of fully 21, which may be raised to about 21.5 by hammering. It is whiter than iron, har...
-Antimony
Antimony. This is a bluish-white, lustrous, semi-crystalline, extremely brittle metal, of about 6.7 specific gravity; imparts brittleness to alloys; inflammable at high temperature; melts just under r...
-Bismuth
Bismuth.. This metal is principally prepared in Germany, and, as imported, generally contains both arsenic and copper. It is a crystalline metal, very brittle, of a reddish white color; melts at about...
-Alloys
Alloys. Combinations of the metals with each other obtained by fusion. When mercury is one of the component metals, the compound is termed an amalgam. (See No. 3532.) Most of the metals unit...
-Alloys. Part 2
3348. Table of the Principal Alloys of Copper 3348. Table of the Principal Alloys of Copper. This table of the alloys of copper is from Dr. Ure. The bronze for statues is the composition used by ...
-Alloys. Part 3
3349. Properties of Metals 3349. Properties of Metals. The metals form part of the elements of nature, are undecompounded bodies, and distinguished from the other elements by ...
-Alloys. Part 4
3354. Malleability 3354. Malleability, or the property of being beaten out into thin plates without cracking or breaking, is common to several metals. 3355. Ductility 3355. &...
-Alloys. Part 5
3364. Brass for Buttons 3364. Brass for Buttons. Copper, 8 parts, and zinc 5 parts. This is the Birmingham platin. 3365. Pale Brass for Buttons, etc. 3365. Pale Brass ...
-Alloys. Part 6
3378. To Soften Brass 3378. To Soften Brass. Heat it to a cherry red, and plunge it into water. 3379. To Cover Brass with Beautiful Lustre Colors 3379. To Cover Brass ...
-Alloys. Part 7
3384. To Color Brass Grey-Green 3384. To Color Brass Grey-Green. Dipped into a bath of copper, the brass being first polished, as in last receipt, the resulting tint is a grayish ...
-Alloys. Part 8
3390. To Give a Golden Color to Brass 3390. To Give a Golden Color to Brass. A mixture of muriatic acid and alum dissolved in water imparts a golden color to brass articles that are ...
-Alloys. Part 9
3397. Counterfeit Gold 3397. Counterfeit Gold. Fuse together 8 parts platinum, 5 parts pure copper, 2 parts pure zinc, 4 parts tin, and 3 parts pure lead, using saltpetre, sal-ammoniac, ...
-Alloys. Part 10
3410. German Silver for Rolling' 3410. German Silver for Rolling'. Nickel and zinc, each 1 part; copper, 2 parts. Very fine. Or: nickel, 25 parts; zinc, 20 parts; copper, 60 parts. Used for ...
-Alloys. Part 11
3421. Tin and Zinc 3421. Tin and Zinc. Tin and zinc, of each 1 part, is almost as tenacious as brass, and melts at 900 Fahrenheit. 3422. Pewter 3422. Pewter. Tin, ...
-Alloys. Part 12
3430. Copper and Aluminum for Journals 3430. Copper and Aluminum for Journals. The most important alloy of aluminum is that composed of 90 per cent, of copper and 10 per cent, of ...
-Alloys. Part 13
3435. Dentists' Tin Alloys for Moulds 3435. Dentists' Tin Alloys for Moulds. The gold plates on which artificial teeth are fastened, are fashioned to fit exactly to the mouth by being hammered ...
-Fahr
Fahr., is had by a mixture of 3 parts lead, 1 part bismuth, and not over 1/100 part tin. It is wonderful how small a quantity of tin serves to improve the alloys of lead and bismuth, giving them a whi...
-Fahr. Part 2
3445. Babbitt's Anti- Attrition Metal 3445. Babbitt's Anti- Attrition Metal. Melt 4 pounds copper, add by degrees 12 pounds best quality Banca tin, 8 pounds regulus of antimony, and 12 pounds more ...
-Fahr. Part 3
3449. Use of Petroleum in Turning Metals 3449. Use of Petroleum in Turning Metals. A bronze composed of seven parts of copper, 4 of zinc, and 1 of tin, has been found to be so hard as to bo ...
-Fahr. Part 4
3457. Wood's Patent Fusible Metal 3457. Wood's Patent Fusible Metal melts between 150 and 160 Fahr. It consists of 3 parts cadmium, 4 tin, 8 lead, and 15 bismuth. It has a ...
-Fluxes
Fluxes. This term is applied to substances of easy fusibility, which are added to others more refractory, to promote their fusion. Various fluxes are given in other portions of this work (see Solderin...
-Soldering and Welding
Soldering is the art of uniting the surfaces of metals by partial fusion, and the insertion of an alloy between the edges, which is called solder, it being more fusible than the metals which it unites...
-Soldering and Welding. Part 2
3479. Soft Soldering 3479. Soft Soldering. The solder is an alloy of 2 parts tin to 1 part lead, fusible at 340o Fahr.; or, for cheapness, the proportion is sometimes 3 to 2, fusible at ...
-Soldering and Welding. Part 3
3488. Hard Soldering or Brazing 3488. Hard Soldering or Brazing. The alloy used in hard soldering is generally made of equal parts of copper and zinc; much of the zinc, however, is lost ...
-Soldering and Welding. Part 4
3496. Silver Solder 3496. Silver Solder. Melt together 34 parts, by weight, silver coin, and 5 parts copper ; after cooling a little, drop into the mixture 4 parts zinc, then heat again....
-Soldering and Welding. Part 5
3512. Brass Solder for Brazing Iron or Steel 3512. Brass Solder for Brazing Iron or Steel. Thin plates of brass are to be melted between the pieces that are to be joined. If the work be ...
-Soldering and Welding. Part 6
3521. Aluminum Solder 3521. Aluminum Solder. Depends upon the nature of the object. In order to quicken its fusion on the metal, a mixture of 3 parts balsam of copaiba and 1 part ...
-Soldering and Welding. Part 7
3526. Welding Composition 3526. Welding Composition. Fuse borax with 1/16 its weight sal-ammoniac, cool, pulverize, and mix with an equal weight of quicklime, when it is to be ...
-Amalgams
Amalgams. Substances formed by mixing quicksilver with another metal. Alloys containing quicksilver. Mercury unites with most of the metals by mere contact, forming amalgams. These are employed for va...
-Amalgams. Part 2
3539. To Make Zinc Amalgam for Electrical Machines 3539. To Make Zinc Amalgam for Electrical Machines. Melt 2 ounces zinc in a ladle, remove from the fire, and stir into it 5 ...
-Amalgams. Part 3
3544. Tin and Cadmium Amalgam 3544. Tin and Cadmium Amalgam. Similar properties to tin and copper amalgams belong to the compound amalgam of tin and cadmium, which are fused together in ...
-Amalgams. Part 4
3550. Dentists' Amalgam, or Gold Stopping 3550. Dentists' Amalgam, or Gold Stopping. The dentists, in preparing and using this, commonly proceed as follows: A little pure grain-gold is ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc
In this department we give processes for gilding and silvering wood, metals, paper, and glass; together with a number of receipts for coating various metals with other metallic deposits. 3557. Impl...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 2
3562. To Make Gold Size for Frames 3562. To Make Gold Size for Frames. Grind fine sal-ammoniac well with a muller and stone; scrape into it a little beef-suet, and grind all well ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 3
3566. To Burnish Gold 3566. To Burnish Gold. When the work is covered with gold, set it by to dry; it will be ready to burnish in about eight or ten hours; but this will depend on the ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 4
3571. Oil Size for Gilding 3571. Oil Size for Gilding. Grind calcined red ochre with the best and oldest drying oil, and mix with it a little oil of turpentine when used. When the work ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 5
3577. Grecian Gilding 3577. Grecian Gilding. Dissolve equal parts of sal-ammoniac and corrosive sublimate in nitric acid, and a solution of gold is to be made with the above mixture as ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 6
3586. To Gild Steel 3586. To Gild Steel. Pour some of the ethereal solution of gold into a wine-glass, and dip into it the blade of a new penknife, lancet, or razor; withdraw the ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 7
3592. To Apply Gold Plating Powder 3592. To Apply Gold Plating Powder. Make some gold plating powder into a paste with water, and rub it on the surface of the article with a piece of ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 8
3597. Boettger's Method of Gilding Glass 3597. Boettger's Method of Gilding Glass. Boettger has modified Wernicke's process for throwing down gold on glass as follows: He prepares the ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 9
3600. Silvering' Powder 3600. Silvering' Powder. Employed for silver coating dial plates, statuettes, and other articles of copper, and covering the worn parts of plated goods, ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 10
3607. Silver Solution for Plating Copper, Brass, and German Silver 3607. Silver Solution for Plating Copper, Brass, and German Silver. Cut into small pieces a twenty-five cent ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 11
3612. Spencer's Method of Silvering Wood 3612. Spencer's Method of Silvering Wood. The first operation is to take strong alcohol or spirits of turpentine in a glass vessel, and add to ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 12
3615. To Silver Glass 3615. To Silver Glass. An easy and economical process. Mix 90 parts by measure of a solution of Rochelle salts at 1.50 specific gravity, with 900 parts distilled water, and ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 13
3618. To Silver Specula and Other Glass Surfaces 3618. To Silver Specula and Other Glass Surfaces. Make a solution of am-monio-nitrate of silver, of the strength of three grains ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 14
3620. Bird's Process for Silvering Mirrors or Specula 3620. Bird's Process for Silvering Mirrors or Specula. The mirror or speculum to be silvered is first cleaned (see No. 3621 (...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 15
3622. To Polish a- Silvered Surface on Glass 3622. To Polish a- Silvered Surface on Glass. To accomplish this, rub the surface gently, first with a clean pad of fine cotton wool, and ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 16
3624. To Repair the Silvering of Looking-Glasses 3624. To Repair the Silvering of Looking-Glasses. The repairing of the silvering on the backs of looking-glasses has hitherto ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 17
3627. To Silver Silk, Woolen, Cotton, Etc 3627. To Silver Silk, Woolen, Cotton, Etc. When it is intended to silver silk, woolen, cotton, etc., commence by washing the substance clean; ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 18
3633. To Coat Copper Plates with Brass 3633. To Coat Copper Plates with Brass. Expose the plates, heated sufficiently, to the fumes of zinc. Zinc boils and is vaporized by heating it to ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 19
3638. To Tin Iron Pots and other Domestic Articles 3638. To Tin Iron Pots and other Domestic Articles. The articles are cleaned with sand, and, if necessary, with acid, and put ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 20
3645. To Tin Copper Tubes 3645. To Tin Copper Tubes. W. Wollweber recommends for still-worms copper tubes tinned inside in the following manner : To a solution of Rochelle salts a ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 21
3650. To Zinc or Galvanize Grey-Iron Castings 3650. To Zinc or Galvanize Grey-Iron Castings. Cleanse the articles in an ordinary chafing mill, which consists of a barrel ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 22
3655. Process for Covering Articles of Zinc with Copper or Brass by One Immersion 3655. Process for Covering Articles of Zinc with Copper or Brass by One Immersion. To give zinc a coat ...
-Gilding, Silvering, etc. Part 23
3659. Stolba's Method of Nickel Plating 3659. Stolba's Method of Nickel Plating. Into the plating vessel - which may bo of porcelain, but preferably of copper - is placed a ...
-Electrotyping
Electrotyping. This is a process for depositing a coating of metal on objects, metallic or otherwise, by the agency of a current of galvanic electricity. Before entering into any description of the me...
-Electrotyping. Part 2
3666. To Construct a Cheap Galvanic Battery 3666. To Construct a Cheap Galvanic Battery. Take a gallon stone jar, and place a sheet-zinc cylinder therein, and inside that a porous ...
-Electrotyping. Part 3
3668. Improved Liquid for the Galvanic Battery 3668. Improved Liquid for the Galvanic Battery. Mr. Victor Barjon's new battery liquid is made by mixing a solution of bichromate of ...
-Electrotyping. Part 4
3671. Electrotyping with a Battery 3671. Electrotyping with a Battery. For this purpose a Smee's battery (see No. 3667 (Description of a Smee's Battery)) is usually employed, in ...
-Electrotyping. Part 5
3672. To Obtain a Copper Mould of a Coin 3672. To Obtain a Copper Mould of a Coin. A fine copper wire must be put round the edge of the coin and fastened by twisting. Then cover the back part, and ...
-Electrotyping. Part 6
3675. To Take Moulds in Wax 3675. To Take Moulds in Wax. The medal to be copied must be brushed over with a little sweet oil: a soft brush, called a painter's sash tool, suits this ...
-Electrotyping. Part 7
3677. To Take Moulds in Plaster 3677. To Take Moulds in Plaster. If a plaster of Paris mould is to be taken from the metallic medal, the preparation of the medal is the same as ...
-Electrotyping. Part 8
3680. Copper Moulds from Plaster 3680. Copper Moulds from Plaster. Many electro-metallurgists prefer taking a mould in copper when the medal is of plaster of Paris. This is done by the ...
-Electrotyping. Part 9
3683. To Mould Figures in Paste 3683. To Mould Figures in Paste. Take the crumbs of a new drawn white loaf, mould it until it becomes as close as wax, and very pliable; beat it, and ...
-Electrotyping. Part 10
3686. To Take Moulds of Figures 3686. To Take Moulds of Figures. If the model or figure be composed of plaster of Paris, a mould is often taken in copper by deposition. The figure is ...
-Electrotyping. Part 11
3690. To Use Metal Moulds 3690. To Use Metal Moulds. The mould in fusible alloy does not require to bo black-leaded, but the surface to be electro-typed must be prepared with ...
-Electrotyping. Part 12
3693. To Coat Busts and Figures 3693. To Coat Busts and Figures. Busts and figures, and other complicated works of art, which cannot be perfectly coated with black-lead, may be ...
-Electrotyping. Part 13
3695. Electrotyping on Wood 3695. Electrotyping on Wood. Dip the wood in melted wax, then brush over with black-lead until polished; insert a wire of copper, and see that it is also covered ...
-Electroplating
Electroplating. The foregoing matter refers to electrotyping, that is, copper-coating, by galvanism. Electroplating, or coating with silver, is conducted in a similar manner to electrotyping as far as...
-Electroplating. Part 2
3699. To Dissolve Cyanide of Silver in Yellow Prussiate of Potash 3699. To Dissolve Cyanide of Silver in Yellow Prussiate of Potash. Dissolve the cyanide of silver by yellow prussiate ...
-Electroplating. Part 3
3702. To Recover Silver from Solution 3702. To Recover Silver from Solution. When a silver solution gets out of order, and cannot bo rendered fit for use again, the silver may bo ...
-Electroplating. Part 4
3704. Test for the Quantity of Free Cyanide of Potassium in Solutions 3704. Test for the Quantity of Free Cyanide of Potassium in Solutions. It has been already mentioned that the ...
-Electroplating. Part 5
3705. To Cleanse Articles for Electroplating 3705. To Cleanse Articles for Electroplating. Articles that are to be plated are first boiled in an alkaline lye, to free them from grease, then washed ...
-Electroplating. Part 6
3707. To Silver-plate Large Articles 3707. To Silver-plate Large Articles (such as those plated in factories), it is not always sufficient to dip them in nitric acid; wash and immerse ...
-Electroplating. Part 7
3711. To Insure Success in the Electroplating Process 3711. To Insure Success in the Electroplating Process. In order to insure success in silver-plating upon metals and metallic alloys, ...
-Electroplating. Part 8
3716. Taking Silver from Copper, Etc 3716. Taking Silver from Copper, Etc. First by stripping or dissolving it off; this is done by putting into a stoneware or copper pan some ...
-Electroplating. Part 9
3719. Dead Silvering for Medals 3719. Dead Silvering for Medals. The perfect smoothness which a medal generally possesses on the surface, renders it very difficult to obtain a ...
-Electroplating. Part 10
3722. Test Fluid for Silver-Plated Goods 3722. Test Fluid for Silver-Plated Goods. For this purpose a testing fluid is prepared by adding pure nitric acid to powdered red chromate of ...
-Electro - Gilding
Electro - Gilding. The operation of gilding, or covering other metals with a coating of gold by the battery, is performed in the same manner as electroplating, with the exception of a few practical mo...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 2
3728. To Prepare a Solution of Gold 3728. To Prepare a Solution of Gold. Dissolve 4 troy ounces cyanide of potassium and 1 ounce cyanide of gold in 1 gallon rain or distilled water. ...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 3
3731. To Electro-Gild Iron, Tin, and Lead 3731. To Electro-Gild Iron, Tin, and Lead. Iron, tin, and lead are very difficult to gild direct; they therefore generally have a thin coating ...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 4
3734. To Regulate the Color of the Gilding 3734. To Regulate the Color of the Gilding. The gold upon the gilt article, on coming out of the solution, should be of a dark yellow color, approaching to ...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 5
3738. To Deposit Copper, Silver, or Gold by the Battery on Paper and other Fibrous Material 3738. To Deposit Copper, Silver, or Gold by the Battery on Paper and other Fibrous Material. ...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 6
3743. Electro-Gilding Without a Battery 3743. Electro-Gilding Without a Battery. Dissolve 9 parts terchloride of gold in 1000 to 2000 parts pure water; then add 360 parts bicarbonate of potassa, and ...
-Electro - Gilding. Part 7
3747. To Test Gilded Articles 3747. To Test Gilded Articles. Before testing, the metallic surface must be well cleaned. This can be done effectually by brushing it for a minute or two ...
-Electroplating with Various Metals
Electroplating with Various Metals. The following receipts furnish the means of coating objects with tin, zinc, brass, German silver, and other metals. 3749. To Electroplate Copper, Brass, or Germa...
-Electroplating with Various Metals. Part 2
3751. Galvanic Tinning 3751. Galvanic Tinning. M. Mais-trasse-Dupré, it appears, had been commissioned by the French government to apply, by galvanic means, tin upon divers ...
-Electroplating with Various Metals. Part 3
3756. To Prepare Iron for Coating with Copper 3756. To Prepare Iron for Coating with Copper. When it is required to cover an iron article with copper, it is first steeped in hot caustic ...
-Electroplating with Various Metals. Part 4
3760. Electroplating with Platinum 3760. Electroplating with Platinum. This metal has never yet been successfully deposited as a protecting coating to other metals. A solution may bo ...
-Electroplating with Various Metals. Part 5
3763. Nagel's Method of Electroplating with Nickel 3763. Nagel's Method of Electroplating with Nickel. A process devised by Mr. Nagel, of Hamburg, for coating iron, steel, and other ...
-Electroplating with Various Metals. Part 6
3768. To Prepare a Brass Solution 3768. To Prepare a Brass Solution. For each gallon of water used to make the solution, take 1 pound carbonate of ammonia, 1 pound cyanide of potassium, ...
-Bronzing
Bronzing. This is the process of giving a bronze-like or an antique metallic appearance to the surface of copper, brass, and other metals. This is generally effected by the action of some substance wh...
-Bronzing. Part 2
3776. Chinese Bronze 3776. Chinese Bronze. Take 2 ounces each verdigris and vermilion ; 5 ounces each alum and sal-ammoniac, all in fine powder, and sufficient vinegar to make a paste; ...
-Bronzing. Part 3
3781. Green Bronzes for Figures and Busts 3781. Green Bronzes for Figures and Busts. Green bronzes require a little more time than those already described. They depend upon the formation of an ...
-Bronzing. Part 4
3785. Moire Bronze 3785. Moire Bronze. A moire appearance, vastly superior to that usually seen, is produced by boiling the object in a solution of sulphate of copper. According to the proportions ...
-Bronzing. Part 5
3793. To Bronze Paper 3793. To Bronze Paper. Paper is bronzed by mixing the powders up with a little gum and watery and afterwards burnishing. The paper used should contain ...
-Bronzing. Part 6
3804. Olive Green Bronzing for Brass 3804. Olive Green Bronzing for Brass. Dissolve 1 pint permuriate of iron in 2pints water. 3805. Slate-Colored Bronzing for ...
-Bronzing. Part 7
3817. Larkin's Bronzing Fluids for Alloys of a Silvery-Grey Color 3817. Larkin's Bronzing Fluids for Alloys of a Silvery-Grey Color. Mr. Larkin states that, for the purpose of rendering ...
-Bronzing. Part 8
3824. To Bronze Plaster Casts, etc. 3824. To Bronze Plaster Casts, etc.. The powdered soap of the last receipt is thus applied: Boil 3 pounds pure linseed oil with 12 ounces ...
-Chemical Manipulations
Chemical Manipulations. Some of the operations employed in the preparation and use of chemicals have already been given at the commencement of this book (see No. 1 (Manipulations)); but, as the work p...
-Chemical Manipulations. Part 2
3833. Goniometer 3833. Goniometer. An instrument used for measuring the angles of crystals. The only accurate and simple instrument of this kind is the reflective goniometer invented by Dr. ...
-Chemical Manipulations. Part 3
3839. Filtering Powders 3839. Filtering Powders. In many cases a liquid will not readily become transparent by simply passing through the filter; hence has arisen the use of ...
-Chemical Manipulations. Part 4
3841. Chemical Washing 3841. Chemical Washing. When precipitation takes place, the deposit requires to undergo edulcoration, or cleansing from the liquid from which it was precipitated. ...
-Chemical Manipulations. Part 5
3844. Decoloration 3844. Decoloration. The blanching or loss of the natural color of any substance. Syrups, and many animal, vegetable, and saline solutions, are decolored or whitened ...
-Chemical Manipulations. Part 6
3850. Ignition 3850. Ignition. The heating of a substance to redness. It is especially resorted to for the calcination of a substance at a high degree of heat. (See No. 3849 (...
-Acids
Acids. An acid in chemistry is any electro-negative compound, capable of combining in definite proportions with bases to form salts. Most of the liquid acids possess a sour taste, and redden litmus pa...
-Acids. Part 2
3854. Sulphuric Acid 3854. Sulphuric Acid. This is a colorless, odorless acid, and highly corrosive liquid, formed by the union of 1 equivalent of sulphur and 3 of oxygen. It is immediately colored ...
-Acids. Part 3
3857. Dilute Sulphuric Acid 3857. Dilute Sulphuric Acid. The officinal strength of this acid, according to the U. S. Pharmacopoeia, is thus obtained: Take 2 troy ounces sulphuric ...
-Acids. Part 4
3860. To Purify Oil of Vitriol 3860. To Purify Oil of Vitriol. Commercial sulphuric acid frequently contains nitrous acid, arsenic, and saline matter. These impurities must bo removed in order to ...
-Acids. Part 5
3865. To Obtain Sulphurous Acid 3865. To Obtain Sulphurous Acid. In the gaseous form this acid is freely evolved by burning sulphur in air or in dry oxygen. It is also given off during ...
-Acids. Part 6
3871. Nitro-Sulphuric Acid 3871. Nitro-Sulphuric Acid. Dissolve 1part nitre in 9 parts sulphuric acid. This is used to separate the silver from the copper and solder of old ...
-Acids. Part 7
3875. Tests for Nitric Acid 3875. Tests for Nitric Acid. It stains the skin yellow. When mixed with a little muriatic acid or sal-ammoniac, it acquires the power of dissolving gold ...
-Acids. Part 8
3879. Nitro-Muriatic Acid 3879. Nitro-Muriatic Acid. Aqua regia. This is used in the arts, chiefly as a solvent for gold. By the mutual action of nitric and muriatic acids a compound ...
-Acids. Part 9
3884. Gregory's Method of Obtaining Pure Muriatic Acid 3884. Gregory's Method of Obtaining Pure Muriatic Acid. Put into a matrass 6 parts, by weight, of purified salt, and 10 ounces oil of vitriol ...
-Acids. Part 10
3887. Tests for Muriatic Acid 3887. Tests for Muriatic Acid. When a glass rod, dipped in liquor of ammonia, is held near it, it gives off white fumes. With nitrate of silver it gives a white, ...
-Acids. Part 11
3891. To Obtain Pure Glacial or Hydrated Acetic Acid 3891. To Obtain Pure Glacial or Hydrated Acetic Acid. Place 30 parts dry and finely powdered pure acetate of soda in a ...
-Acids. Part 12
3895. Camphorated Acetic Acid 3895. Camphorated Acetic Acid. Pulverize 1 ounce camphor in 1 fluid drachm rectified spirit, and dissolve in 10 fluid ounces strong acetic acid. This is fragrant and ...
-Acids. Part 13
3898. To Concentrate Acetic Acid 3898. To Concentrate Acetic Acid. Acid containing 20 per cent, of water may be deprived of a good deal of its superfluous water by standing over ...
-Acids. Part 14
3902. Dale's Process for Obtaining Oxalic Acid 3902. Dale's Process for Obtaining Oxalic Acid. At present much of the oxalic acid of commerce is obtained by heating sawdust with a ...
-Acids. Part 15
3907. To Obtain Gallic Acid from Tannin 3907. To Obtain Gallic Acid from Tannin. Add a strong aqueous solution of tannic acid (tannin) to sulphuric acid, as long as a precipitate ...
-Acids. Part 16
3913. Carbonic Acid 3913. Carbonic Acid. .An acid compound, formed by the union of carbon with oxygcn, sometimes called choke-damp. A colorless gas possessing a pungent odor and ...
-Acids. Part 17
3917. To Obtain Carbolic Acid 3917. To Obtain Carbolic Acid. This is obtained from that portion of coal-tar which distills over between 300 and 400 Fahr.; this, when ...
-Acids. Part 18
3920. Phosphoric Acid 3920. Phosphoric Acid. This acid, in its pure or anhydrous state, can only be obtained by the direct combination of its elements, phosphorus and oxygen, 1 ...
-Acids. Part 19
3924. Dilute Phosphoric Acid 3924. Dilute Phosphoric Acid. Mix 5 troy ounces nitric acid with 1/2 pint distilled water in a porcelain capsule of the capacity of 2 pints; add 6 ...
-Acids. Part 20
3929. Tartaric Acid 3929. Tartaric Acid. Tartaric acid forms inodorous, sour, scarcely transparent prisms, soluble in 2 parts of water at G0, and its own weight of boiling water. It contains ...
-Acids. Part 21
3932. Citric Acid 3932. Citric Acid. This is an agreeable acid, cooling and antiseptic; 20 grains of citric acid are equivalent to 5 fluid drachms lemon juice. When used for making ...
-Acids. Part 22
3934. Tests for the Purity of Citric Acid 3934. Tests for the Purity of Citric Acid. When pure, it does not yield a crystalline precipitate when added in excess to a solution of ...
-Acids. Part 23
3938. Arsenic Acid 3938. Arsenic Acid. An acid formed by the combination of metallic arsenic with oxygen. It is sour, reddens litmus, and forms salts with the bases, which are termed ...
-Acids. Part 24
3944. To Obtain Anhydrous Benzoic Acid 3944. To Obtain Anhydrous Benzoic Acid. Add oxychloride of phosphorus to an excess of benzoate of soda; agitate together, and wash the mixture ...
-Acids. Part 25
3951. Test for the Strength of Prussic Acid 3951. Test for the Strength of Prussic Acid. For estimating the strength of the commercial acid the following plan, proposed by Dr. Ure,...
-Acids. Part 26
3955. To Obtain Hydroferridcyanic Acid 3955. To Obtain Hydroferridcyanic Acid. Prepared by decomposing recently precipitated ferridcyanide of lead by sulphuretted by hydrogen, or by sulphuric acid ...
-Ammonia
3981. Ammonia 3981. Ammonia. Pure ammonia is an incondensable colorless gas, possessing great pungency and acridness, and powerful alka-line properties. Water readily absorbs about 500 ...
-Ammonia. Continued
3987. To Obtain Hydrated Baryta 3987. To Obtain Hydrated Baryta. It may be precipitated from a solution of either nitrate or chloride of barium, by adding to it a solution of pure ...
-Alkaloids
Alkaloids. Substances of a vegeta-ble origin, analogous to the alkaline bases, in which the medicinal activity of the plants in which they are found appear to reside. (Cooley.) Among the natural organ...
-Alkaloids. Part 2
4005. Strychnine, or Strychnia 4005. Strychnine, or Strychnia. This is an alkaloid contained in nux vomica, and some other vegetable substances. Crystallizes in small, brilliant, eight-...
-Alkaloids. Part 3
4015. Guanine 4015. Guanine. A base obtained from guano. It is a colorless, crystalline powder, insoluble in water, alcohol, ether or ammonia. By treating guanine with muriatic acid and ...
-Alkaloids. Part 4
4023. Tests for Distinguishing Alkaloids 4023. Tests for Distinguishing Alkaloids. Perchloride of gold is a decisive test of certain vegetable alkalies. The following are the colors of ...
-Alkaloids. Part 5
4028. Quinidine 4028. Quinidine. An alkaloid found in quinia which has been prepared by precipitation. It is distinguished from quinine by not striking a green color when treated ...
-Gas
Gas. A general term applied to all aeriform or permanently elastic fluids, excepting the compound of oxygen and nitrogen constituting the atmosphere, which is distinguished from the other gaseous bodi...
-Gas. Part 2
4035. To Obtain Oxygen Gas 4035. To Obtain Oxygen Gas. Heat in a retort or flask, finely powdered chlorate of potassa, mixed with about one-fourth its weight of black oxide of manganese....
-Gas. Part 3
4042. To Obtain Hydrogen Gas 4042. To Obtain Hydrogen Gas. Hydrogen gas is readily procured by pouring on fragments of zinc, in a glass bottle, or flask with a bent tube, or ...
-Gas. Part 4
4047. Tests For Hydrogen 4047. Tests For Hydrogen. Hydrogen is recognized by its combustibility ; by the pale color of its flame; by producing water only when burnt in air or oxygen; by ...
-Gas. Part 5
4053. To Obtain Sulphuretted Hydrogen 4053. To Obtain Sulphuretted Hydrogen. Mix together 2 parts of iron filings with 1 of sulphur into a thin pap with water, and heat it gently ...
-Gas. Part 6
4060. Protoxide of Nitrogen 4060. Protoxide of Nitrogen. This gas is also called nitrous oxide, and is largely used by inhalation, under the name of laughing gas, to produce ...
-Gas. Part 7
4066. Sulphurous Acid 4066. Sulphurous Acid. This is a gaseous combination of 1 equivalent of sulphur and 2 of oxygen, having a specific gravity of 1.45, and very soluble in ...
-Gas. Part 8
4072. Air 4072. Air. Tho air or atmosphere which surrounds tho earth is a mixture (not. combination - Fownes) of 77 parts by weight (or 79.19 parts by measure) of nitrogen, and 23 parts by weight (...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals
Miscellaneous Chemicals. It is proposed, in this place, to give a concise description of the chemical compounds referred to in the various departments of this book. A complete list of chemicals would ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 2
4078. Oxide of Silver 4078. Oxide of Silver. Dissolve 2 parts nitrate of silver, and 1 part hydrate of potassa, each separately, in distilled water; mix the solution, and, after ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 3
4084. Chloride of Platinum 4084. Chloride of Platinum. The commercial chloride of platinum is the bichloride, formed by dissolving platinum in nitro-muriatic acid (aqua-regia), ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 4
4092. Protoxide of Copper 4092. Protoxide of Copperalso known as black oxide of copper - may be formed by calcining metallic copper, nitrate of copper, or the hydrate, thrown down from ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 5
4099. Tests for Copper Solutions 4099. Tests for Copper Solutions. The solutions of copper possess a blue or green color, which they retain, even when considerably diluted with water. ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 6
4103. Iodide of Lead 4103. Iodide of Lead. Acetate of lead, 9 ounces; water, 6 pints; dissolve; iodide of potassium (pure), 7 ounces; water, 2pints; dissolve. Add the latter solution to ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 7
4108. Tests for the Presence of Lead in its Solutions 4108. Tests for the Presence of Lead in its Solutions. The presence of lead in solutions may be recognized by the effects produced ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 8
4113. Tutty Powder 4113. Tutty Powder. Impure oxide of zinc. It is a substance which collects in the chimneys of the furnaces in which the ores of zinc are smelted. 4114. To Prepare ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 9
4121. Binoxide or Peroxide of Tin 4121. Binoxide or Peroxide of Tin. Obtained by adding potassa, or an alkaline carbonate, to a solution of perchloride of tin. Thi3 substance is also ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 10
4126. Ethiops of Antimony 4126. Ethiops of Antimony. Triturate together 3 parts sulphuret of antimony, and 2 parts black sulphuret of mercury. 4127. Flowers of Antimony 4127.&...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 11
4132. Sulphuret of Antimony 4132. Sulphuret of Antimony. The black sulphuret (tersulphuret) of antimony is prepared from commercial sulphuret of antimony or by elutriation, in the same ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 12
4138. Chloride of Mercury 4138. Chloride of Mercury. This preparation is usually known as calomel. Boil, by means of a sand-bath, 24 troy ounces mercury with 3G troy ounces ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 13
4146. Sulphate of Iron 4146. Sulphate of Iron. Commercial sulphate of iron is known also as Copperas, Green Vitriol, Shoemakers' Black, etc.. For medicinal purposes it requires some ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 14
4152. Tests for Solutions of the Salts of Protoxide of Iron 4152. Tests for Solutions of the Salts of Protoxide of Iron. When acidulated they are not precipitated by sulphuretted ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 15
4157. Tests for the Solutions of the Salts of Peroxide of Iron 4157. Tests for the Solutions of the Salts of Peroxide of Iron. Sulphuretted hydrogen throws down a black precipitate from ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 16
4160. Citrate of Iron 4160. Citrate of Iron. This salt is easily formed by digesting iron filings or wire with citric acid, and evaporating the solution as quickly as possible out of ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 17
4163. Saccharine Carbonate of Iron 4163. Saccharine Carbonate of Iron. A sweet-tasted greenish mass or powder. It is one of tho best of tho chalybeates in doses of 5 to 10 grains. When ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 18
4168. Solution of Tersulphate of Iron 4168. Solution of Tersulphate of Iron. Take 21/8 troy ounces sulphuric acid, and 13/4 troy ounces nitric acid; mix them with £ pint water in a largo capsule, ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 19
4176. Peroxide of Nickel 4176. Peroxide of Nickel. The peroxide (sesquioxide) is obtained by passing chlorine through water holding the hydrated oxide in suspension. 4177. ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 20
4184. Chlorate of Potassa 4184. Chlorate of Potassa. Transmit chlorine gas through a moderately strong and warm solution of pure caustic potassa, or its carbonate, until the alkali be ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 21
4188. Substitute for Bichromate of Potassa 4188. Substitute for Bichromate of Potassa. One of the German scientific journals calls attention to the fact that for many purposes, such as ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 22
4192. Hydrate of Potassa 4192. Hydrate of Potassa. This is also known under the name of caustic potash. Liquor of potassa, 1 gallon; evaporate in a clean iron vessel over the fire until ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 23
4198. Bromide of Potassium 4198. Bromide of Potassium. Put 1 troy ounce iron filings into 11/2 pints distilled water; add 2 troy ounces bromine, stirring frequently during 30 minutes; ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 24
4203. Iodide of Potassium 4203. Iodide of Potassium. This important medicinal compound is obtained in various ways. The United States Pharmacopoeia gives the following formula for its ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 25
4208. Carbonate of Soda 4208. Carbonate of Soda. The carbonate of soda of commerce is cither prepared by lixiviating the ashes of sea - weed, or from sulphate of soda. Tho ashes of ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 26
4211. Hyposulphite of Soda 4211. Hyposulphite of Soda. Mix together 1 pound dried carbonate of soda and 10 ounces flowers of sulphur, and slowly heat the powder in a porcelain ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 27
4218. Acetate of Ammonia 4218. Acetate of Ammonia. Mix together equal parts of sal-ammoniac and acetate of potassa, and distill; binacetate of ammonia passes over into the receiver, as ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 28
4223. Sulphate of Ammonia 4223. Sulphate of Ammonia. The commercial sulphate is obtained by saturating with weak oil of vitriol the ammoniacal liquor of the gas-works, or bone-...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 29
4230. Nitrate of Baryta 4230. Nitrate of Baryta. It is prepared in the same manner as muriate of baryta (see No. 4234 (Chloride of Barium)), substituting pure nitric acid for the ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 30
4240. Carbonate of Magnesia 4240. Carbonate of Magnesia. There are two simple carbonates of magnesia, the heavy and the light. The heavy carbonate is prepared from a saturated solution ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 31
4244. Acetate of Lime 4244. Acetate of Lime. Neutralize acetic acid with prepared chalk (see No. 1292 (To make Prepared Chalk)), filter the solution, evaporate by a gentle heat, ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 32
4249. Cobalt 4249. Cobalt. A metal found in ores associated with arsenic and other metals; also present in meteoric iron. It is white, brittle, and does not change in the air; has ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 33
4258. Acetate of Alumina 4258. Acetate of Alumina. Add a solution of acetate of baryta to another of sulphate of alumina, and filter. Or, add 5 parts alum to 6 parts sugar of lead, each ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 34
4263. Bromide of Cadmium 4263. Bromide of Cadmium. This is made from cadmium filings and bromine, in the same manner as the iodide of cadmium from iodine. It consists of long, white, ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 35
4266. Tests for the Purity of Sulphate of Quinine 4266. Tests for the Purity of Sulphate of Quinine. This salt is frequently adulterated with starch, magnesia, gum, sugar, etc.. The first three ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 36
4270. To Test the Purity of Opium 4270. To Test the Purity of Opium. Macerate 100 grains opium for 24 hours in 2 fluid ounces water; filter and express tho residue; then precipitate ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 37
4275. Tests for the Purity of Chloroform 4275. Tests for the Purity of Chloroform. Its specific gravity should not be less than 1.490, nor more than 1.494; and should boil at 140 ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 38
4279. Sulphuric Ether 4279. Sulphuric Ether - also called oxide of ethyl- is a colorless, transparent, very limpid fluid, having a penetrating and agreeable smell and a burning taste. 4280. To ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 39
4284. Ozone Ether 4284. Ozone Ether. By agitating ether in a flask with binoxide of barium, adding gradually perfectly pure and very dilute hydrochloric acid, occasionally cooling and ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 40
4288. Nitrous Ether 4288. Nitrous Ether. Nitrous or hypo-nitrous ether has a pale yellow color, boils at 62 Fahr.; at 60 its specific gravity is .947 ; it is very volatile. ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 41
4293. To Prepare Butyric Ether 4293. To Prepare Butyric Ether. This is the pine-apple oil of commerce; and, largely diluted with rectified spirit, is the pine-apple essence used ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 42
4299. Acetate of Ethyl 4299. Acetate of Ethyl. Heat together in a retort, 3 parts acetate of potassium, 3 parts strong alcohol, and 2 parts oil' of vitriol. The distilled product is ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 43
4306. Succinic acid 4306. Succinic acid. This is obtained by mixing coarsely powdered amber with an equal weight of sand, and distilling it by a gradually increased heat; the product is ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 44
4311. Bisulphide or Bisulphuret of Carbon 4311. Bisulphide or Bisulphuret of Carbon. This is used in the arts as a solvent for India-rubber, gutta percha, etc.. To procure it, Mulder ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 45
4317. Oil of Turpentine 4317. Oil of Turpentine. Oil or spirits of turpentine is obtained by distilling crude turpentine along with water. The remainder left in the still after distillation is resin....
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 46
4322. Nitro-Benzole 4322. Nitro-Benzole. A yellowish, oily fluid, insoluble in water; boils at 415 Fahr., and has a specific gravity of 1.209; known also as essence of mirbane. The method of ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 47
4326. Iodine 4326. Iodine. A chemical element found both in the animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms, but exists in greatest abundance in sea-weed. It is principally ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 48
4328. To Dissolve Iodine in Cod Liver Oil 4328. To Dissolve Iodine in Cod Liver Oil. To effect this it is best to triturate the iodine with half its weight of iodide of potassium,...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 49
4333. To Obtain Phosphorus 4333. To Obtain Phosphorus. Ground bone-ash, 12 parts; water, 24 parts; mix to a pap in a large tub, and add in a slender stream (still stirring) oil of ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 50
4337. To Coat Phosphorus with Copper 4337. To Coat Phosphorus with Copper. Dr. Siewert, of Halle, suggests a method by which the sticks can be kept, even in the light, without ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 51
4346. Albumen 4346. Albumen. A substance which enters largely into the composition of animal bodies. It is scarcely soluble in water, but dissolves readily by adding to the water a ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 52
4353. Roll Sulphur 4353. Roll Sulphur. Crude sulphur, purified by melting and skimming it, is poured into cylindrical moulds. Common roll sulphur frequently contains from 3 to 7 per ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 53
4359. Glycerine 4359. Glycerine. This is a sweet, syrupy liquid, formed during the saponification of oils and fats. Its various uses will be found embodied in their respective receipts. ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 54
4362. To Purity Glycerine 4362. To Purity Glycerine. Commercial glycerine is rendered pure by diluting it with water; it is then decolored with a little animal charcoal (see No. 1729 (...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 55
4366. To Obtain Gelatine from Bones 4366. To Obtain Gelatine from Bones. The bones of good meat form most excellent materials for making soups and gravies, as is well known to every good ...
-Miscellaneous Chemicals. Part 56
4370. Tests for Gelatine 4370. Tests for Gelatine. Gelatine dissolved in water is recognized by forming a jelly on cooling; it is precipitated by alcohol; corrosive sublimate ...
-Tests or Reagents
These are substances employed to determine the name or character of any other substance, or to detect its presence in compounds. They are used in both the solid and fluid state; generally the latter, ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 2
4378. To Detect Mineral Substances in Flour 4378. To Detect Mineral Substances in Flour. The presence of a mineral adulteration of flour or meal may bo readily detected. A small ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 3
4383. To Detect Arsenic in Colored Paper 4383. To Detect Arsenic in Colored Paper. Take a fragment of the paper and put it into a solution of ammonia. If arsenic be present the ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 4
4388. To Test the Hardness of Water 4388. To Test the Hardness of Water. Hard water contains more or less carbonate of lime; the presence of this substance in waters is tested thus : Soap, or a ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 5
4393. Test for the Presence of Blood 4393. Test for the Presence of Blood. Gunning has discovered in acetate of zinc a reagent that precipitates the slightest traces of the coloring ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 6
4398. Pettenkofer's Test for Bile in Urine, etc. 4398. Pettenkofer's Test for Bile in Urine, etc.. Put a small quantity of the suspected liquid into a test-tube, and add to it, drop by ...
-Tests or Reagents. Part 7
4403. Paris Test for Lead in Wine 4403. Paris Test for Lead in Wine. Expose equal parts of sulphur and powdered oyster shells to a white heat for 15 minutes, and, when cold, add an ...
-Test Papers
Test Papers. These consist of paper which has been wetted thoroughly and uniformly with a solution of some appropriate substance, dried and cut into convenient strips, and is used to test, by its chan...
-Test Papers. Continued
4419. Mallow Test Paper 4419. Mallow Test Paper. Prom an infusion of the purple flowers of tho common mallow. 4420. Manganese Test Paper 4420. Manganese Test Paper. ...
-Factitious Mineral Waters
Factitious Mineral Waters. These are the imitations of different celebrated springs, whose waters have more or less medicinal properties; they are prepared by adding to pure water the ingredients whic...
-Factitious Mineral Waters. Part 2
4436. Aerated Lithia Water 4436. Aerated Lithia Water. This may be conveniently made from the fresh precipitated carbonate, dissolved in carbonated water, as directed for fluid ...
-Factitious Mineral Waters. Part 3
4445. Marienbad Purging Salts 4445. Marienbad Purging Salts. Bicarbonate of soda, 5 ounces; dried sulphate of soda, 12 ounces; dry muriate of soda, 11/2 ounces; sulphate of magnesia, ...
-Factitious Mineral Waters. Part 4
4452. Seidschutz Water 4452. Seidschutz Water. Sulphate of magnesia, 3 drachms; muriate of lime, nitrate of lime, bicarbonate of soda, of each 8 grains; sulphate of potash, 5 grains; ...
-Factitious Mineral Waters. Part 5
4458. Vichy Salts 4458. Vichy Salts. Bicarbonate of soda, 11/2 ounces; muriate of soda, 15 grains; effloresced sulphate of soda, 1 drachm; effloresced sulphate of magnesia, 1 scruple; dry tartarized ...
-Factitious Mineral Waters. Part 6
4466. Harrogate Water 4466. Harrogate Water. Chloride of sodium, 100 grains; muriate of lime, 10 grains; muriate of magnesia, 6 grains; bicarbonate of soda, 2 grains; water, l81/2 ...
-Medicinal Tinctures
Medicinal Tinctures. These are solutions of the active principles of bodies, obtained by digesting them in alcohol more or less dilute. Ethereal tinctures are similar solutions prepared with ether. (S...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 2
4489. Tincture of Hemlock 4489. Tincture of Hemlock. Moisten 4 troy ounces recently dried hemlock, in fine powder, with 2 fluid ounces diluted alcohol; pack it firmly in a conical ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 3
4498. Tincture of Skunk-Cabbage 4498. Tincture of Skunk-Cabbage. Take 3 ounces skunk-cabbage root in powder, and 1 pint diluted alcohol. Make a tincture by maceration, or ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 4
4507. Tincture of Mandrake (Podo-phyllin) 4507. Tincture of Mandrake (Podo-phyllin). Make 1 pint of tincture from 3 ounces mandrake-root in powder, with alcohol, either by maceration or ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 5
4517. Tincture of Ergot 4517. Tincture of Ergot. Take 5 ounces (avoirdupois) ergot, and proceed in the same manner as for tincture of chiretta. {B. Ph.) 4518. Tincture of Blue ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 6
4527. Camphorated Tincture of Opium 4527. Camphorated Tincture of Opium. (Paregoric Elixir). This is a camphorated tincture of opium. Macerate 1 drachm each powdered opium and benzoic acid, 1 ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 7
4532. Compound Tincture of Pellitory 4532. Compound Tincture of Pellitory. Take of bruised pellitory, 4 drachms; camphor, 3 drachms; oil of cloves, 2 drachms; powdered opium, 1 drachm; ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 8
4540. Tincture of Cardamom 4540. Tincture of Cardamom. Moisten 4 troy ounces cardamom, in fine powder, with 2 fluid ounces diluted alcohol; pack it firmly in a cylindrical percolator, ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 9
4547. Tincture of Catechu 4547. Tincture of Catechu. Take 3 troy ounces catechu, and 2 troy ounces cinnamon, both in moderately coarse powder. Mix, and moisten with 1 fluid ounce ...
-Medicinal Tinctures. Part 10
4558. Tincture of Ginger 4558. Tincture of Ginger. Moisten 8 troy ounces ginger, in fine powder, with 2 fluid ounces alcohol; pack it firmly in a cylindrical percolator, and displace, ...
-Fluid Extracts
Fluid Extracts. This form of medicinal extracts was introduced into the United States Pharmacopoeia in 1850, for the first time as a distinct class of preparations. Their distinctive character is the ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 2
4573. Procter's Classified Formula for Making Fluid Extracts 4573. Procter's Classified Formula for Making Fluid Extracts. In order to obtain as great a uniformity in the ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 3
4575. Class No 4575. Class No. 2, of Classified Fluid Extracts. The drugs included under this class should also be in at least No. 60 powder. Ipecacuanha and jalap may be reduced to dust with ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 4
4578. Class No 4578. Class No. 5, of Classified Fluid Extracts. The extracts obtained by this process are termed acetic fluid extracts. The acetic acid is introduced to control the tendency to ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 5
4582. Oleoresin of Lupulin 4582. Oleoresin of Lupulin. Press 12 troy ounces lupulin into a narrow cylindrical percolator, and displace with ether 30 fluid ounces; complete the process ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 6
4587. Fluid Extract of Stillingia 4587. Fluid Extract of Stillingia. Cut fresh root of stillingia, 16 troy ounces, into small pieces; cover with alcohol, and digest for 24 hours. ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 7
4590. Parrish's Compound Fluid Extract of Buchu 4590. Parrish's Compound Fluid Extract of Buchu. Take of buchu, in coarse powder, 12 ounces; alcohol, 3 pints; water, 6 pints, or sufficient. Treat ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 8
4594. Procter's Fluid Extract of Hops 4594. Procter's Fluid Extract of Hops. Take hops in coarse powder, 16 troy ounces. Mix in 4 ounces dilute alcohol; pack it in a conical ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 9
4598. Fluid Extract of Seneka 4598. Fluid Extract of Seneka. The formula for making this extract will be found in No. 4576, but seneka yields its active principles so easily and ...
-Fluid Extracts. Part 10
4604. Fluid Extract of Blessed Thistle 4604. Fluid Extract of Blessed Thistle. Take 16 troy ounces blessed thistle (carduus benedictus) in No. 40 powder, dampen it with about 6 ounces ...
-Medicinal Essences
Medicinal Essences. The usual rule for making essences, is to mix 1 ounce of the essential oil with 1 quart of alcohol; although much is sold that contains only 1/2 ounce, and even 1/4 ounce of the oi...
-Medicinal Essences. Continued
4614. Essence of Spearmint 4614. Essence of Spearmint. 1 ounce of essential oil to 1 pint of spirit of wine tinged green. Process, use, and dose, the same as essence of peppermint. (See No. 4G10.) ...
-Medicated Syrups
Medicated Syrups. Syrup is a concentrated solution of sugar in watery fluids. If made with pure water, it is termed syrup or simple syrup. Where the water contains one or more medicinal agents, it is ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 2
4630. Syrup of Phosphate of Iron and Strychnine 4630. Syrup of Phosphate of Iron and Strychnine may be prepared in the same manner as the last, omitting the phosphate of quinine. ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 3
4635. Syrup of Phosphate of Iron and Lime 4635. Syrup of Phosphate of Iron and Lime. Take of phosphate of iron, 96 grains; phosphate of lime, 192 grains; water, 8 fluid, drachms; syrupy ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 4
4639. Syrup of Rhubarb and Senna 4639. Syrup of Rhubarb and Senna. Digest for 14 days 6 ounces each bruised rhubarb root and senna leaves, and 11/2 ounces cardamom seeds, in 6 ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 5
4645. Chemical Food 4645. Chemical Food. This is prepared by the same formula as Professor Parrish's (see No. 4644 (Compound Syrup of Phosphate of Iron)), omitting the cochineal ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 6
4651. Syrup of Ipecacuanha 4651. Syrup of Ipecacuanha. Mix 2 fluid ounces officinal fluid extract of ipecacuanha with 30 fluid ounces syrup. (U. S. Ph). This syrup is said to become ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 7
4653. Syrup of Ether 4653. Syrup of Ether. The combination of sulphuric ether with simple syrup, as usually prepared, is very unsatisfactory, whether for use alone, or mixed with other ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 8
4657. Osborne's Syrup 4657. Osborne's Syrup. This is one of the most valuable preparations that can be made for children. Simmer 111/2 drachms each, rhubarb root, anise seed, and ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 9
4661. Syrup of Lactate of Iron 4661. Syrup of Lactate of Iron. Dissolve 1 drachm lactate of iron in 6 fluid ounces boiling water, and add 12 drachms sugar. Dose, 2 to 4 tea-...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 10
4669. Moore's Syrup of Tar 4669. Moore's Syrup of Tar. Take of tar (strained), 1 ounce (troy); pulverized sugar (refined), 12 ounces; carbonate of magnesia, 3 ounces, rubbed to powder on a sieve; ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 11
4673. Compound Syrup of Stillingia (Queen's Root) 4673. Compound Syrup of Stillingia (Queen's Root). Take queen's root and root of turkey corn, of each 2 pounds; blue flag-root, ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 12
4678. Syrup of Chamomile 4678. Syrup of Chamomile. Take of fluid extract of chamomile, 4 ounces ; syrup, 12 ounces. Mix with the syrup moderately warm, and strain through flannel. The ...
-Medicated Syrups. Part 13
4685. Goddard's Aromatic Blackberry Syrup 4685. Goddard's Aromatic Blackberry Syrup. Make a syrup of the following ingredients: 2 pints blackberry juice, 1 pound sugar, 1 ...
-Oxymel
Oxymel. An acidulous syrup made of honey and vinegar. The ingredients in an oxymel should preferably be of such character, and in such proportions, as to produce a mixture of the proper consistence wi...
-Elixirs
Elixirs. A tincture with more than one base; or a compound of various medicinal substances held in solution by alcohol in some form. Under elixirs are included medicated wines, mixtures, etc.. 4698...
-Elixirs. Part 2
4703. Squibb's Liquor of Iodide of Iron 4703. Squibb's Liquor of Iodide of Iron. Take of iodine, 2 ounces; iron - wire, 5 drachms; sugar, 12 ounces. Make this sugar into syrup by ...
-Elixirs. Part 3
4707. Shinn's Bitter Wine of Iron 4707. Shinn's Bitter Wine of Iron. Take of sulphate of cinchona, 6 drachms; sulphate of quinia, 2 drachms; citrate of iron, 4 ounces; citric acid, 1 ...
-Elixirs. Part 4
4714. Wine of Wild Cherry Bark 4714. Wine of Wild Cherry Bark. Professor Parrish gives the following formula in his Elements of Pharmacy. Alcoholic extract (from 24 ounces) of wild ...
-Elixirs. Part 5
4719. Corvisart's Elixir of Pepsine 4719. Corvisart's Elixir of Pepsine. Saturate 1 part by weight starchy pepsino with 15 parts elixir of garus. Macerate for half an hour in a covered ...
-Elixirs. Part 6
4727. Aromatic Elixir 4727. Aromatic Elixir. Take 4 drachms orange peel, 2 drachms coriander seed, 21/2 drachms angelica seed, and 1 drachm cochineal. Pulverize and percolate ...
-Elixirs. Part 7
4733. Goddard's Elixir of Valerianate of Ammonia 4733. Goddard's Elixir of Valerianate of Ammonia. Valerianic acid (from the root), 6 fluid drachms; carbonic acid water, 8 fluid ounces; ...
-Elixirs. Part 8
4736. Compound Elixir of Taraxacum 4736. Compound Elixir of Taraxacum. As prepared by Mr. Candidus for Dr. Cochran, of Mobile. Reduce the following ingredients to a moderately fine ...
-Elixirs. Part 9
4739. Concentrated Infusion of Roses 4739. Concentrated Infusion of Roses. Rose petals or leaves, 3 pounds; boiling water, 2 gallons ; infuse 2 hours, with constant agitation, then press out the ...
-Elixirs. Part 10
4743. To Prepare Gun Cotton for Collodion 4743. To Prepare Gun Cotton for Collodion. To 10 troy ounces nitrate of potassa, add 15£ troy ounces sulphuric acid, and stir until ...
-Elixirs. Part 11
4749. Compound Spirit of Ether 4749. Compound Spirit of Ether. This preparation is known by the name of Hoffmann's Anodyne, and consists of 1/2 pint ether, 1 pint alcohol, and 6 ...
-Medicated Waters
Medicated Waters. These are aqueous solutions of different substances for medicinal and other purposes. The methods of preparing them generally require special arrangements to dissolve the oils, etc.....
-Solutions
Solutions. In pharmacy, a solution consists of water in which a certain fixed quantity of a soluble substance has been dissolved. (Sec No. 29). 4770. Solution of Acetate of Morphia 4770. ...
-Solutions. Part 2
4778. Standard Solution of Chloride of Calcium 4778. Standard Solution of Chloride of Calcium. Dissolve carefully 2 grains pure carbonate of lime in a little pure hydrochloric acid; ...
-Solutions. Part 3
4785. Liquor of Soda; Solution of Soda; Soda Lye; Hard-Soap Lye; etc. 4785. Liquor of Soda; Solution of Soda; Soda Lye; Hard-Soap Lye; etc.. The proportions are, crystallized ...
-Solutions. Part 4
4787. Solution of Chloride of Potash 4787. Solution of Chloride of Potash. This solution is also known as Javellc's Bleaching Liquid ; Eau do Javelle, etc.. This is best made by passing ...
-Solutions. Part 5
4792. Solution of Carbonate of Ammonia 4792. Solution of Carbonate of Ammonia. This is prepared by dissolving 1 part sublimed carbonate of ammonia in 3 parts water, and adding 1 part ...
-Potassa
Potassa. M. Leconte prepares this solution in the following manner: Caustic potassa, 6 drachms; chlorate of potassa, 5 drachms; binoxide of manganese, 5 drachms. Dissolve the caustic potassa and the c...
-Potassa. Part 2
4800. Solution of Carbolic Acid in Water 4800. Solution of Carbolic Acid in Water. To obtain uniform solution, it is better to slack the carbolic acid with four times its bulk of hot ...
-Potassa. Part 3
4807. Solution of Tartrate of Soda 4807. Solution of Tartrate of Soda. Take of carbonate of soda, 13/4 pounds; tartaric acid, 11/4 pounds; crushed sugar, 2 pounds; hot water, 2 ...
-Potassa. Part 4
4813. Bartlett's Preparation of Citrate of Bismuth 4813. Bartlett's Preparation of Citrate of Bismuth. Dissolve 1 troy ounce sub-carbonate of bismuth in 720 grains nitric-acid ; after effervescence ...
-Lotions
Lotions. Solutions of medicinal substances in water, employed for external application. They may be made of any soluble medicaments that are capable of exerting their action by contact with the skin. ...
-Lotions. Part 2
4824. Lotion of Acetate of Lead 4824. Lotion of Acetate of Lead. Dissolve sugar of lead, 1/4 ounce avoirdupois, in distilled or soft water, 1 Imperial pint. Sometimes a little ...
-Lotions. Part 3
4832. Lotion of Chloride of Potassa 4832. Lotion of Chloride of Potassa. As the last, but substituting 3 drachms dry carbonate of potassa for the carbonate of soda. 4833. Lotion of ...
-Lotions. Part 4
4842. Startin's Glycerine Lotion for Bruises, etc. 4842. Startin's Glycerine Lotion for Bruises, etc.. Triturate together 1 ounce glycerine, 1 drachm extract of belladonna, and 3 ...
-Liniments
Liniments. A semi-fluid oint-ment or soapy application for painful joints, swellings, burns, etc.. The term is also occasionally extended to Various spirituous and stimulating external applications. ...
-Liniments. Part 2
4863. Camphorated Oil 4863. Camphorated Oil. This is a camphor liniment. The proportions are the same as in the preceding formula, substituting olive oil for the alcohol, and ...
-Liniments. Part 3
4872. Black Oils 4872. Black Oils. Best alcohol, tincture of arnica, British oil, and oil of tar, of each 2 ounces; and slowly add sulphuric acid, 1/2 ounce. Extensively used as a ...
-Liniments. Part 4
4881. Liniment Volatile, or Magic Pain Killer 4881. Liniment Volatile, or Magic Pain Killer. Spirit of hartshorn, 1 ounce; olive oil, 11/2 ounces; cayenne pepper, 2 drachms; ...
-Liniments. Part 5
4889. Embrocation for Bruises 4889. Embrocation for Bruises. Pour upon 2 ounces carbonate of ammonia (smelling salts) as much distilled vinegar as will dissolve it, then add 11/2 pints ...
-Pills
Pills. This form of medicine is particularly adapted for administering nauseous substances, and such as operate in small doses. Extracts may be made into pills either alone or with the addition of any...
-Pills. Part 2
4903. Assafcetida Pills 4903. Assafcetida Pills. Mix into a mass with water 3/4 ounce assafcetida and 1/4 ounce soap. Make into 120 pills. 4904. Sulphate of Quinine Pills 4904.&...
-Pills. Part 3
4916. Compound Iron Pills 4916. Compound Iron Pills. Triturate together 2 drachms myrrh and 1 drachm carbonate of soda; then add 1 drachm sulphate of iron, and make up with syrup into 80 ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates
Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Ointments are unctuous preparations, that merely differ from cerates in consistence, being made and used in a similar manner. Their solidity should not exceed that of g...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 2
4935. Family Salvo 4935. Family Salvo. Take tho root of yellow dock and dandelion, equal parts; add good proportion of celandine and plantain. Extract tho juices by steeping or pressing....
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 3
4944. Ammoniacal Ointment 4944. Ammoniacal Ointment. Melt 1 ounce each of suet and lard, in a strong widc-mouthed bottle; add 2 ounces liquor of ammonia of specific gravity .923, and ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 4
4952. Glycerinated Ointment of Borax 4952. Glycerinated Ointment of Borax. To the borax ointment, as prepared in the foregoing receipt, add 1 drachm avoirI dupois pure ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 5
4961. Tobacco Ointment 4961. Tobacco Ointment. Fresh tobacco leaves, chopped small, 1 ounce; lard, 1 pound; boil till crisp, and strain through lime. Used for ringworm, irritable ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 6
4971. Black, or Healing: Salve 4971. Black, or Healing: Salve. Olive oil, 1 pint; common resin, 1/2 ounce; bees' wax, 1/2 ounce; Venice turpentine, 1/4 ounce. Melt, raising the oil nearly to the ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 7
4979. Neuralgia Ointment 4979. Neuralgia Ointment. Take 2 drachms each of cyanide of potassium, and chloroform, and make into a salve with 1 ounce lard, for external application. 4980. Ointment ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 8
4989. Pile Salve 4989. Pile Salve. Take 1 scruple pow dered opium, 2 scruples flour of sulphur, and 1 ounce of simple cerate. (See No. 4932 (Simple Cerate).) Keep the affected ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 9
4997. Cerate of Savine 4997. Cerate of Savine. Moisten 3 troy ounces savine in fine powder with ether; pack it firmly in a cylindrical percolator, and displace with ether until ...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 10
5006. Compound Gall Ointment 5006. Compound Gall Ointment. Rub together 6 drachms very finely powdered gall-nuts, l1/2 drachms powdered opium, and 6 ounces lard. 5007. German Black Salve 5007.&...
-Ointments, Salves, and Cerates. Part 11
5012. Schacht's Glycerinated Nitrate of Mercury 5012. Schacht's Glycerinated Nitrate of Mercury. Take 1 drachm terbasic nitrate of mercury, and 1 ounce plasma. 5013. Schacht's ...
-Poultices
Poultices. External applications, used to promote suppuration, allay pain and inflammation, resolve tumors, etc.. They are generally prepared with substances capable of absorbing much water, and assum...
-Poultices. Part 2
5025. Poultice for Sprains and Bruises 5025. Poultice for Sprains and Bruises. Carbonate ammonia, 2 ounces; vinegar, 2 pints; proof spirits, 3 pints. Mix the ammonia and vinegar; when ...
-Poultices. Part 3
5032. Poultice for a Fester 5032. Poultice for a Fester. Boil bread in lees of strong beer; apply the poultice in the general manner. This has saved many a limb from amputation. ...
-Plasters
Plasters. External applications that possess sufficient consistence not to adhere to the fingers when cold, but which become soft and adhesive at the temperature of the human body. Plasters are chiefl...
-Plasters. Part 2
5045. Deschamp's Plaster 5045. Deschamp's Plaster. Fasten a piece of fine muslin, linen, or silk, to a flat board; give it a thin coating of smooth, strained flour paste. When ...
-Plasters. Part 3
5051. Resolvent Plaster 5051. Resolvent Plaster. Purified ammoniac, 1 pound; purified mercury, 3 ounces; sulphuretted oil, 1 fluid drachm. The mercury must be rubbed with the ...
-Plasters. Part 4
5057. The Best Mustard Plaster 5057. The Best Mustard Plaster. Take a piece of waste linen, and, if crumpled, iron it smooth; or paper will do. Procure a small quantity of black ...
-Gargles
Gargles. Gargles are simple remedies well adapted to domestic practice in sore throats of various kinds. According to the nature of the ingredients of which they are made, they allay irritation and in...
-Caustics
Caustics. Subtances that corrode or destroy the texture of the skin and organized bodies. Their action is commonly called burning. The principal caustics employed by surgeons are nitrate of silver, ca...
-Rubefacients
Rubefacients. Substances or agents, which, when applied for a certain time to the skin, occasion a redness and increase of heat without blistering. They act as counter-irritants. Mustard or powdered g...
-Balsams
Balsams. Balsams are semi-liquid resinous substances, having for the most part the consistence of honey. Some, however, are solid, and the greater number harden by exposure to the air and age. They ar...
-Balsams. Part 2
5096. Universal Wound Balsam 5096. Universal Wound Balsam. Gum benzoin, in powder, 6 ounces; balsam of tolu, in powder, 3 ounces; gum storax, 2 ounces; frankincense, in powder, 2 ounces; gum myrrh, ...
-Balsams. Part 3
5103. To Detect Factitious Balsam of Tolu 5103. To Detect Factitious Balsam of Tolu. The genuine balsam is perfectly soluble in alcohol, forming a transparent solution. By exposure to ...
-Balsams. Part 4
5108. Factitious Balsam of Peru 5108. Factitious Balsam of Peru. Balsam of tolu, 1 pound; gum benzoin, 3 pounds; liquid storax, 1 ounce; sufficient rectified spirit. The gum ...
-Tonics
Tonics. Medicines that increase the tone of the muscular fibre, and impart vigor to the system. The principal mineral tonics are iron, zinc, copper, silver, arsenic, bismuth, mercury, and the mineral ...
-Anodynes
Anodynes. Medicines which allay pain. Some act by actually assuaging pain; others by inducing sleep; a third class give ease by stupefying the senses, or lessening the susceptibility to pain. Among th...
-Diaphoretics
Diaphoretics. Medicines that increase the perspiration. Those that produce this effect in a powerful degree are generally called sudorifies. The principal diaphoretics are warm diluents, as gruel, tea...
-Diuretics
Diuretics. Medicines which promote the secretion of urine. The principal diuretics are aqueous fluids, which act by increasing the watery portion of the blood, and certain substances which promote the...
-Electuaries
Electuaries. These are chiefly mixtures of vegetable substances combined with syrup or honey, so as to be of a moderate consistence, neither liquid nor solid. The object of such preparations is to sec...
-Fomentations
Fomentations. In domestic practice hot fomentations are, although a simple, yet a very useful remedy for allaying pain, relieving irritation, relaxing and removing spasms, and inducing not only local,...
-Alteratives
Alteratives. Medicines which effect some alteration in the nature or the quality of the vital action, and occasion a change in the habit or constitution, establishing the healthy functions of the b...
-Emetics
Emetics. Medicines which induce vomiting. The principal emetics are ipecacuanha and tartarized antimony, and their preparations; and the sulphates of zinc and copper. Ipecacuanha is usually administer...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines
Patent and Proprietary Medicines. The following receipts embrace a variety of domestic, popular, and proprietary remedies, and include many compounds which, without being proprietary, are better known...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 2
5179. Thompson's Hot Drops 5179. Thompson's Hot Drops. Gum myrrh, 2 ounces; cayenne pepper, l1/2 drachms; spirit of wine, 1 pint. Put in a bottle, and shake several times a day for a week. Take a ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 3
5190. Thomas' Colocynth and Mandrake Pills 5190. Thomas' Colocynth and Mandrake Pills. Take 1/2 drachm compound extract of colocynth, and 3 grains resin of podo-phyllin. Mix, and make ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 4
5199. Collier's Wine of Quinine 5199. Collier's Wine of Quinine. Take disulphate of quinine, 18 grains; citric acid, 15 grains ; sound orange wine, 1 bottle, or 24 fluid ounces. 5200....
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 5
5203. Squire's Chlorodyne 5203. Squire's Chlorodyne. Dissolve 8 grains muriate of morphia, and 16 minims oil of peppermint, in 4 ounces rectified spirit; add 4 ounces chloroform and 1 ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 6
5209. Bates' Anodyne Balsam 5209. Bates' Anodyne Balsam. Soap liniment, 2 parts; tincture of opium, 1 part. 5210. Delamott's Golden Drops 5210. Delamott's Golden Drops. ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 7
5219. Hayes' Pile Liniment 5219. Hayes' Pile Liniment. Melt 1 pint lard to the consistence of honey; stir in briskly 1 ounce muriatic acid until thoroughly incorporated; and add 1 ounce ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 8
5229. Ward's Essence for the Headache 5229. Ward's Essence for the Headache. Spirit of wine, 2 pounds; roche alum in fine powder, 2 ounces; camphor, 4 ounces; essence of lemon, 1/2 ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 9
5237. Papier Fayard 5237. Papier Fayard. Gout paper. Eu-phorbium, 3 drachms; cantharides, 6 drachms; powdered and digested with 4 ounces alcohol; and 3 drachms Venice turpentine added to ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 10
5245. Mathieu's Vermifuge 5245. Mathieu's Vermifuge. Tin filings, 1 ounce; fern root, 3/4 ounce; worm-seed, i ounce; resinous extract of jalap, 1 drachm; sulphate of potassa, 1 drachm; ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 11
5253. Napoleon's Pectoral Pills 5253. Napoleon's Pectoral Pills. Ipecacuanha, 30 grains; powdered squills and ammoniac, of each 40 grains; mucilage to mix; divide into 24 ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 12
5263. Chapman's Copaiba Mixture 5263. Chapman's Copaiba Mixture. Make a mixture of 1/2 ounce copaiba, 1/2 fluid ounce sweet spirits of nitre, 2 drachms powdered acacia, 1 drachm sugar, ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 13
5271. Goitre Jelly 5271. Goitre Jelly. Better known, perhaps, under the French name Gclée pour le Goitre. Dissolve 1 ounce white soap in 21/2 ounces of proof spirit by a gentle heat; and add to it, ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 14
5278. Devil Plaster 5278. Devil Plaster. Cases of severe wounds are said to have healed without suppuration after 17 or more days by the use of this plaster. It has also been ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 15
5286. M'Kenzie's Ointment 5286. M'Kenzie's Ointment. Powdered sulphate of zinc, 4 ounces; liquid storax, 1 ounce; melted lard, 16 ounces. Mix by means of heat and triturate over a water-...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 16
5295. Berthold's Chilblain Wash 5295. Berthold's Chilblain Wash. Boil for 15 minutes 1$ ounces bruised nut-galls in £ pint water, and strain. Apply to the chilblains 2 or 3 times a day. Tannic ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 17
5305. Thibault's Balsam 5305. Thibault's Balsam. Myrrh, aloes, and dragon's blood, of each 1 drachm; flowers of Saint John's wort, 1 handful; spirit of wine, h pint; Canada balsam, 1/2 ounce. Digest ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 18
5313. Magendie's Acid Solution of Veratria 5313. Magendie's Acid Solution of Veratria. Dissolve 1 grain veratria in 2 fluid ounces distilled water and 5 drops aromatic sulphuric acid. ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 19
5324. Mother's Cordial 5324. Mother's Cordial. Take 4 ounces each of starwort (helonias dioica), high cranberry bark (viburnum opulus), and blue cohosh (caulophyllum thalictroides), and ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 20
5333. Cephalic Snuff 5333. Cephalic Snuff. Dried asarabacca leaves, 3 parts; marjoram, 1 part; lavender flowers, 1 part; rub together to a powder. 5334. Boeli's Cephalic Snuff 5334.&...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 21
5343. Russia Salve 5343. Russia Salve. Take equal parts of yellow wax and sweet oil, melt slowly, carefully stirring; when cooling, stir in a small quantity of glycerine. Good for all ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 22
5351. Brodum's Nervous Cordial 5351. Brodum's Nervous Cordial. Take equal parts of iron wine, compound sprits of lavender, tinctures of calumba, gentian, cinchona, and ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 23
5359. Garrot's Covering for Pills 5359. Garrot's Covering for Pills. Soak 1 ounce purified gelatine in 2 or 3 drachms water; keep it liquefied in a saltwater bath. The pills are ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 24
5367. Ford's Balsam of Horehound 5367. Ford's Balsam of Horehound is said to be prepared according to the following formula: horehound herb, 31/2 pounds; liquorice root, 31/2 ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 25
5374. Elixir of Bromide of Ammonium 5374. Elixir of Bromide of Ammonium. Prepared from bromide of ammonium as in No. 5449, without the coloring. 5375. Patent Dysentery Cordial 5375. ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 26
5384. Green Coloring Powder 5384. Green Coloring Powder. Mix together 1 part indigo and 10 parts curcuma root, and reduce to a fine powder. (Hager.) 5385. Green Oil 5385.&...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 27
5393. Atler's Nipple Wash 5393. Atler's Nipple Wash. Take 4 drachm powdered gum-arabic, 10 grains borate of soda, and 1 drachm tincture of myrrh. 5394. Beach's Neutralizing ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 28
5400. Balsam of Peru Liniment for Chilblains 5400. Balsam of Peru Liniment for Chilblains. Balsam of Peru, 1/2 drachm; muriatic ether, 2 drachms; and laudanum, 2 drachms. To be used ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 29
5411. Hunter's Red Drop 5411. Hunter's Red Drop. Triturate in a glass mortar, 10 grains corrosive sublimate in 12 drops muriatic acid, and add gradually 1 fluid ounce compound spirit of ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 30
5420. Grahame's Elixir of Bismuth 5420. Grahame's Elixir of Bismuth. Dissolve 10 minims oil of orange flowers, 1 drop oil of cinnamon, 1 drop oil of cloves, and 2 drops oil of anise, in ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 31
5429. Laurence's Hemorrhage Solution 5429. Laurence's Hemorrhage Solution. Dissolve 2 drachms chloride of iron in 1 fluid ounce water. Apply with a brush, to prevent gangrene and arrest ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 32
5437. Milhau's Emulsion of Cod-Liver Oil 5437. Milhau's Emulsion of Cod-Liver Oil. Take 1 fluid ounce syrup containing sufficient saccharate of lime to represent 6 grains of the ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 33
5446. Hufeland's Aperient Elixir 5446. Hufeland's Aperient Elixir. Reduce to coarse powder 4 parts each of aloes, myrrh, and gum-guaiacum; add 4 parts bruised rhubarb-root, 2 ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 34
5453. Brainard's Solution for External Use 5453. Brainard's Solution for External Use. Dissolve 16 grains lactate of iron in 2 fluid drachms distilled water. 5454. Birch's ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 35
5462. Angelot's Pastils for Bad Breath 5462. Angelot's Pastils for Bad Breath. These preparations are better adapted than liquids for carrying on the person. Take of hypochlorite of lime, 7 drachms; ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 36
5468. Rousseau's Laudanum 5468. Rousseau's Laudanum. Dissolve 12 ounces white honey in 3 pounds warm water, and set it aside in a warm place. When fermentation begins add to it a ...
-Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Part 37
5477. Gondret's Ammoniacal Ointment 5477. Gondret's Ammoniacal Ointment. Take 32 parts lard and 2 parts oil of sweet almonds. Melt together by a gentle heat, and pour the mixture ...
-Medical Receipts
Medical Receipts. The scope of this work does not allow of the insertion of much beyond general and specific remedies for ailments of every-day occurrence; it being understood that, in all serious cas...
-Medical Receipts. Part 2
5484. Baker's Itch 5484. Baker's Itch. This disease is of common occurrence on the hands of bakers; hence the vulgar name. The treatment is as follows: Frequent ablution in warm water, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 3
5492. Cure for Eruptions of the Skin 5492. Cure for Eruptions of the Skin. Take 2 ounces rasped sarsaparilla root, l1/2 ounce'? solanum dulcamara (bitter-sweet, or woody nightshade), 11/...
-Medical Receipts. Part 4
5499. To Extract Splinters 5499. To Extract Splinters. Thorns and splinters finding their way under the skin frequently give considerable pain, and, unless extracted, the annoyance may ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 5
5504. Detergents 5504. Detergents. Deterge means to cleanse. Detergents remove unwholesome matters adhering to and obstructing the vessels; usually applied to foul ulcers, etc., as ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 6
5509. Ulcers in the Mouth 5509. Ulcers in the Mouth. If the ulcers are not of a syphilitic origin, a local wash of carbolic acid or permanganate of potassa will speedily cure them ; say ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 7
5514. Treatment of Recent Burns 5514. Treatment of Recent Burns. When recently inflicted, nothing tends more decidedly to soothe or deaden the suffering than cold water; the burnt part should, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 8
5519. Remedy for Scalded Mouth 5519. Remedy for Scalded Mouth. In cases of scalding the mouth with hot liquids, gargle with a solution of borax, and then hold in the mouth a ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 9
5525. Causes of Rheumatism 5525. Causes of Rheumatism. The causes of rheumatism are various. Vicissitudes of temperature are the most common; occupying a damp bed for a single night is ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 10
5530. Simple Remedy for Rheumatism 5530. Simple Remedy for Rheumatism. Bathe the parts affected with water in which potatoes have been boiled, as hot as can be borne, just before going ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 11
5538. Jackson's Cure for Chronic Rheumatism 5538. Jackson's Cure for Chronic Rheumatism. 1 drachm cajeput oil; 1/2 ounce syrup of myrrh; 31/2 ounces syrup of gum-arabic. Dose, 1 ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 12
5547. Jackson's Neuralgia Remedy 5547. Jackson's Neuralgia Remedy. MixLlix l1/2 drachms iodide of potassa, 15 grains sulphate of quinine, 1 ounce ginger syrup, and 21/2 ounces water. ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 13
5553. Treatment of Boils 5553. Treatment of Boils. When these appear, suppuration should be promoted by poultices of bread and linseed meal, to which a little glycerine or fat or oil may be added, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 14
5559. Styptic Collodion 5559. Styptic Collodion. This is made by uniting equal parts of collodion and chloride of iron. It is recommended for erysipelas. 5560. Ehrle's New Preparation of Cotton ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 15
5565. Bleeding from the Nose 5565. Bleeding from the Nose. This may be caused by violence, or may arise from an impoverished state of the blood. When it occurs in persons of middle age ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 16
5571. Nerve Powder 5571. Nerve Powder. Take 1 ounce each of scullcap, valerian and catnip; and cayenne, 1 drachm; coriander seeds, 1/2. ounce. Pulverize, and mix. Take 1 tea-spoonful in ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 17
5579. Remedy for Fever and Ague 5579. Remedy for Fever and Ague. Peruvian bark, 2 ounces; wild-cherrv tree bark, 1 ounce; cinnamon, 1 drachm, all pulverized ; capsicum, 1 tea-spoonful; ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 18
5586. Catarrh 5586. Catarrh. There is perhaps no complaint so common as catarrh, or cold in the head; it occurs both in winter and summer; and it is generally said that a summer cold is ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 19
5592. Treatment of Hay Fever 5592. Treatment of Hay Fever. The best treatment for hay fever is change of air, to the sea-side if possible. During the attacks, antispasmodics, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 20
5597. How to Cure a Cold 5597. How to Cure a Cold. Dr. G. Johnson, Professor of Medicine in King's College, London, in a recent lecture gives the following cure for a cold : On the ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 21
5601. Pulmonary Balsam 5601. Pulmonary Balsam. Horehound plant, comfrey root, blood root, elecampane root, wild cherry bark, spikenard root, penny-royal plant, of each 4 ounces. Pour 3 quarts ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 22
5609. Bell's Gargle for Syphilitic Sore Throat 5609. Bell's Gargle for Syphilitic Sore Throat. Mix together 2 grains corrosive sublimate; 1 ounce rectified spirits of wine; 3 ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 23
5617. Goddard's Cure for Loss of Voice 5617. Goddard's Cure for Loss of Voice. Wet bibulous paper with a solution of 1 part arsenite of potash in 25 parts water; dry and roll ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 24
5625. Croup 5625. Croup. This is a dangerous disease. It is common to infancy, and rarely occurs to adults. It is an inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and contiguous tissues ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 25
5630. Quinsy 5630. Quinsy. Inflammation of the tonsils, or common inflammatory sore throat, commences with a slight feverish attack, with considerable pain and swelling of the ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 26
5634. Atlee's Cure for Whooping-Cough 5634. Atlee's Cure for Whooping-Cough. Take 1 drachm each powdered cochineal and strong aqua-ammonia; 1 ounce rectified spirits of wine. Mix. Dose ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 27
5640. Stiff Neck 5640. Stiff Neck. Occasionally an attack is severe, and confinement to the house or bed, with wrapping up of the neck with cotton-wadding or flannel, together with ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 28
5645. Remedy for Worms 5645. Remedy for Worms. Take 6 grains santonin; 2 grains powdered gamboge; | 3 grains calomel; and 12 grains powdered white sugar. Make into 6 powders. Give 1 ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 29
5652. Diarrhea 5652. Diarrhea. The following excellent remarks on this disease are extracted from Dr. Hall's Journal of Health: Cholera is nothing more than exaggerated diarrhea. It may ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 30
5658. Blackberry Cordial 5658. Blackberry Cordial. To 1 quart blackberry juice, add 1 pound white sugar, 1 table-spoonful each cloves, allspice, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Boil all together ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 31
5664. Treatment for the Stage of Malignancy 5664. Treatment for the Stage of Malignancy. According to Dr. Pratt, the only remedy is stimulants, especially brandy, which must be ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 32
5668. Brown's Cholera Mixture 5668. Brown's Cholera Mixture. Mix together 1 ounce essence of Jamaica ginger; 2 ounces each camphorated tincture of opium and aromatic ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 33
5674. Cholera Tincture 5674. Cholera Tincture. Tinctures of rhubarb, cayenne, opium, and spirits of camphor, with essence of peppermint, equal parts of each, and each as strong as can ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 34
5679. Dyspepsia 5679. Dyspepsia. If a man wishes to get rid of dyspepsia, he must give his stomach and brain less to do. It will be of no service to follow any particular regimen - to ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 35
5682. Dick's Dyspepsia Pills 5682. Dick's Dyspepsia Pills. Make the following ingredients into 40 pills: 2 scruples each compound extract of colocynth, and compound rhubarb pill {see No....
-Medical Receipts. Part 36
5690. Heartburn 5690. Heartburn. Anxiety and pain about the region of the stomach, generally attended by a sense of gnawing and heat; hence called heartburn. Faintness, nausea, and ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 37
5693. Treatment of Lead or Painters' Colic 5693. Treatment of Lead or Painters' Colic. In eases of colic arising from poisoning by lead, called lead colic, so often experienced by ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 38
5699. Remedy for Liver Complaint 5699. Remedy for Liver Complaint. Mix 1/2 ounce each fluid extract of rhubarb and of senna with 4 ounces water. Then add 1/2 ounce extract of ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 39
5708. Simple Remedy for Piles 5708. Simple Remedy for Piles. Take fresh white pine pitch in pills, from 12 to 20 a day, and sit in a tub of cold water 4 or 5 times a day, 30 minutes each time, for a ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 40
5714. Treatment of Excessive Menstruation 5714. Treatment of Excessive Menstruation. Those who are liable to this form of irregular menstruation should be careful in their diet, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 41
5720. To Relieve Vomiting During Pregnancy 5720. To Relieve Vomiting During Pregnancy. Mix 2 ounces sweet tincture of rhubarb, and 1 ounce compound tincture of gentian. Dose, a tea-...
-Medical Receipts. Part 42
5731. Harland's Gonorrhoea Cure 5731. Harland's Gonorrhoea Cure. Mix together l1/2 ounces powdered cubebs; 1/2 ounce balsam copaiba; 1/2 ounce powdered gum-arabic; and 3 ounces cinnamon water. A ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 43
5741. To Relieve Spasm of the Bladder 5741. To Relieve Spasm of the Bladder. To relieve the spasm, place the patient in a hot bath immediately, and keep him there, supplying fresh hot ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 44
5749. Treatment for Measles 5749. Treatment for Measles. In the treatment of the ordinary cases of measles occurring in children otherwise than delicate, little is necessary beyond ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 45
5750. Scarlet Fever 5750. Scarlet Fever. The preliminary treatment for this disease is very similar to that for measles. Give the patient a gentle cathartic, and keep very warm in bed until the ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 46
5755. Atlee's Scarlet Fever Remedy 5755. Atlee's Scarlet Fever Remedy. 1/2 ounce each chlorate of potassa and hydrochloric acid, and £ ounce spring water. Dose, 10 drops in a wine-...
-Medical Receipts. Part 47
5760. Dr 5760. Dr. George's Treatment to Prevent Pitting in Small-Pox. Dr. George recommends the following treatment: Firstly, from the commencement of the disease cover the ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 48
5764. Remedy for Shortness of Breath 5764. Remedy for Shortness of Breath. Take spirits of ether, 1 ounce, and camphor, 12 grains. Make a solution, of which take a tea-spoonful ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 49
5770. Treatment of Rupture 5770. Treatment of Rupture. Rupture is generally caused by a strain or an accident, and should be attended to by a surgeon as soon as possible. Meanwhile ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 50
5777. Beach's Cure for White Swelling 5777. Beach's Cure for White Swelling. Oil of hemlock, oil of sassafras, gum camphor, tincture of opium, 1/2 ounce each, and a pint of spirits of ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 51
5783. Treatment of Sunstroke 5783. Treatment of Sunstroke. Take the patient at once to a cool and shady place, but don't carry him far to a house or hospital. Loosen the clothes ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 52
5790. Squinting 5790. Squinting. It is well known that in infancy there is not unfrequently a tendency to squint; this often passes away as the child increases in age; but it ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 53
5794. To Remove Dirt or Foreign Particles from the Eye 5794. To Remove Dirt or Foreign Particles from the Eye. Take a hog's bristle, double so as to form a loop. Lift tho eyelid and gently insert ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 54
5798. Astringent Eye-water 5798. Astringent Eye-water. Take of sulphate of zinc, 20 grains ; distilled water, i pint; dissolve. An excellent astringent eye-water, in chronic as well as ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 55
5807. Atropine Paper 5807. Atropine Paper. Green tissue paper imbued with a solution of sulphate of atropia, so that a piece one-fifth of an inch square contains as much as a drop ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 56
5814. Remedy for Temporary Deafness 5814. Remedy for Temporary Deafness. If deaf from hardened wax in the ear, a mixture of sassafras oil, 10 drops; glycerine, 1 fluid drachm; olive oil,...
-Medical Receipts. Part 57
5823. Treatment of the Nails 5823. Treatment of the Nails. The nails should be kept clean by the daily use of the nail-brush and soap and water. After wiping the hands, but while they ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 58
5828. Treatment of Ingrowing Toe Nails 5828. Treatment of Ingrowing Toe Nails. Begin the effort at cure by simple application to the tender part of a small quantity of perchloride of ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 59
5833. Remedy for Broken Chilblains 5833. Remedy for Broken Chilblains. Mix together 4 fluid ounces collodion, l1/2 fluid ounces Venice turpentine, and 1 fluid ounce castor oil. 5834. ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 60
5842. Russian Remedy for Chilblains 5842. Russian Remedy for Chilblains. Slices of the rind of fully-ripe cucumbers, dried with the soft parts attached. Previous to use they are ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 61
5851. To Cure Soft Corns 5851. To Cure Soft Corns. Dip a piece of linen rag in turpentine and wrap round the toe on which the corn is situated, night and morning. The relief will ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 62
5859. To Cure a Disagreeable Breath 5859. To Cure a Disagreeable Breath. This most disagreeable infliction may be alleviated or cured by one or other of the following remedies, provided that ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 63
5862. Remedy for Bad Breath 5862. Remedy for Bad Breath. Bad or foul breath will be removed by taking a teaspoonful of the following mixture after each meal: 1 ounce liquor of potassa, ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 64
5870. To Cure Toothache 5870. To Cure Toothache. To 1 drachm flexible collodion add 2 drachms carbolic acid. A gelatinous mass is precipitated, a small portion of which inserted into the ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 65
5880. Gutta-Percha Stopping for Teeth 5880. Gutta-Percha Stopping for Teeth. This is pure, uncolored, native gutta-percha. A small piece is softened in hot water, and at once ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 66
5885. To Remove Liver-spots 5885. To Remove Liver-spots. These are well-defined, brownish blotches on the skin, and generally appear on the forehead. Notwithstanding their name, they do ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 67
5891. To Disguise the Taste of Epsom Salts 5891. To Disguise the Taste of Epsom Salts. Peppermint water almost prevents the nauseous taste of Epsom salts; a strong solution of extract of liquorice ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 68
5894. Abstinence as a Cure for Disease 5894. Abstinence as a Cure for Disease. Disease may often be cured by abstinence from all food, especially if the disorders have been produced by luxurious ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 69
5897. Antidotes for Acid Poisons 5897. Antidotes for Acid Poisons. Hydrochloric acid; nitric acid; oxalic acid (often mistaken for Epsom salts); acetic acid. For this form of ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 70
5906. Antidote for Phosphorus 5906. Antidote for Phosphorus. Same as for corrosive sublimate. , (See No. 5902 (Antidotes for Corrosive Sublimate, or Calomel).) Phosphorus is tho ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 71
5914. Antidotes for Poisonous Mushrooms 5914. Antidotes for Poisonous Mushrooms. Tho best antidote to poisonous mushrooms is tannin, or an infusion or decoction of galls. A strong ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 72
5920. Cure for Hydrophobia 5920. Cure for Hydrophobia. Cut out completely the wounded part before the poison can be absorbed. It is recommended, in order to do this quickly and ...
-Medical Receipts. Part 73
5927. To Cure the Stings of Hornets, Wasps, Bees, and Spiders 5927. To Cure the Stings of Hornets, Wasps, Bees, and Spiders. Swelling may instantly be arrested by an application of ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc
Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. The following tables have been compiled for the purpose of aiding the reader to determine with facility, the relative values of different weights and measures ; and t...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 2
5941. Avoirdupois Weight Expressed in Grams 5941. Avoirdupois Weight Expressed in Grams. Avoirdupois. Grams. 1 Ton = 1,015,938....
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 3
5944. Troy Weight Compared with Avoirdupois 5944. Troy Weight Compared with Avoirdupois. Troy. Avoirdupois. Oz. Dr. 1 Pound = 13 2.65 1 ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 4
5948. Assayer's Gold Weights 5948. Assayer's Gold Weights. The richness or purity of gold is expressed in carats. Pure gold is spoken of as containing 24 carats, of 12 grains each; and any sample ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 5
5951. Apothecaries weight 5951. Apothecaries weight. Apothecaries weight is a, subdivision of the Troy pound into ounces, drachms, scruples, and grains. It is used in compounding medicines, and is ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 6
5954. Value of Apothecaries Weight in Apothecaries Measure 5954. Value of Apothecaries Weight in Apothecaries Measure. Weight 1 Pound = 12 5 7.2238 1 ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 7
5957. Graduated Fluid Measures 5957. Graduated Fluid Measures. Fluids are measured by means of glass vessels having a graduated scale engraved on their sides. These are of different capacities, to ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 8
5959. Apothecaries Measure Expressed in Litres 5959. Apothecaries Measure Expressed in Litres. 1 Gallon = 3.78515 Litres. 1 Pint 4....
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 9
5963. Miscellaneous Measures and their Equivalents 5963. Miscellaneous Measures and their Equivalents. Dessert ............. 2 ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 10
5966. Liquid Measure 5966. Liquid Measure. This is used for all liquids which are sold by measure. The United States Government standard gallon, adopted by the Treasury Department in 1832, has a ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 11
5972. Relative Value of United States Dry Measure and Imperial Dry Measure 5972. Relative Value of United States Dry Measure and Imperial Dry Measure. United States. Imperial. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 12
5977. Comparative Scale of Inches in French Metres 5977. Comparative Scale of Inches in French Metres. Inches. Millimetres. 5978. Value of Inches and Feet in French Metres 5978. Value of ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 13
5985. Decimal Equivalents of the Divisions of a Foot 5985. Decimal Equivalents of the Divisions of a Foot. To use the above table - suppose it is required to find what decimal of a foot is ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 14
5987. To Find the Square Surface or Area of a Circle 5987. To Find the Square Surface or Area of a Circle. Square the radius (half the diameter), and multiply that by 3.14159; for small ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 15
5989. To Find the Area of a Parallelogram or Square 5989. To Find the Area of a Parallelogram or Square. Multiply the length of one side by the perpendicular height. 5990. To Find ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 16
5997. American Cord-Wood Measure 5997. American Cord-Wood Measure. Timber is measured by the ton of 50 cubic feet of round, or 40 cubic feet of hewn timber. Cord-wood is measured by the ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 17
6001. To Find the Cubical Contents of a Cylinder 6001. To Find the Cubical Contents of a Cylinder. Find the area of the circular cud, as directed in No. 5987, and then multiply the area ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 18
6004. Capacity of Cubical Boxes 6004. Capacity of Cubical Boxes. A' box 1 foot and 1 inch each way, i. e., length, breadth, and depth, will contain 1 standard bushel. Feet Inches. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 19
6007. Measure of Time 6007. Measure of Time. The year of 365 days is divided into 12 calendar months, 7 of which have 31 days; 4 have 30 days; and 1, February, 28 days. The solar year consists ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 20
6011. Nautical Time 6011. Nautical Time. The hour of the day or night is noted on board a ship by 1, 2, 3, etc., up to 8 bells. The 12 hours between midnight and noon, or noon and midnight, are ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 21
6013. Log Lines 6013. Log Lines. 1 knot = 51.1625 feet, or 51 feet 1 3/4 + inches. 1 fathom = 5.11625 feet, or 5 feet 11/3 + inches, estimating a mile at 61391/2 feet, and using a 30 ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 22
6017. Value of Metric Measures of Length in Long Measure 6017. Value of Metric Measures of Length in Long Measure. Miles. Yds. Ft. Inches. Myriametre =6 376 1 2 Kilometre ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 23
6018. Value of Metres in Inches 6018. Value of Metres in Inches. Millimetre. Metre. Inches. 1 = .001 = .03937 2 = ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 24
6019. Value of Metres in Feet 6019. Value of Metres in Feet. Decimetres. Feet. 1 = .328 2 = .656 3 = .984 4 as ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 25
6020. Decimal Measures of Capacity 6020. Decimal Measures of Capacity. Narnes. number or Litres. Cubic Measure. Kilolitre, or stere 1,000 1 cubic metre ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 26
6023. Equivalent of Metric Measures of Capacity in XT 6023. Equivalent of Metric Measures of Capacity in XT. S. Apothecaries Measure. Gal. Pint. Fluid Ounce. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 27
6026. Decimal Measures of Surface 6026. Decimal Measures of Surface. Equivalel Square Mi nts In easure Acres sq. yds. Sq. ft. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 28
6029. Equivalent of Metric Weights in Troy Weight 6029. Equivalent of Metric Weights in Troy Weight. Lbs. Oz. Dwts. Grains. Millier = ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 29
6031. English Weights and Measures 6031. English Weights and Measures. Avoirdupois and Troy weight are exactly the same as used in the United States, and the tables will be found ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 30
6033. Imperial Measure Expressed in Litres 6033. Imperial Measure Expressed in Litres. 1 Gallon = 4....
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 31
6036. Imperial Liquid Measure Expressed in Litres 6036. Imperial Liquid Measure Expressed in Litres. 1 Gallon = 4.54339 Litres 6037. Dry or Corn Measure ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 32
6039. Relative Value of Imperial Measure and United States Standard Apothecaries Measure 6039. Relative Value of Imperial Measure and United States Standard Apothecaries Measure. Gal. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 33
6044. English Coinage 6044. English Coinage. English money is reckoned in pounds, shillings, pence and farthings thus symboled and relatively valued. The farthing, or fourth ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 34
6047. French Binary weights Compared with Avoirdupois Weight 6047. French Binary weights Compared with Avoirdupois Weight. French Apothecaries weight is the same as the above, except that the livre ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 35
6054. Foreign Medicinal Weights 6054. Foreign Medicinal Weights. The following are divided as our Apothecaries' weight: The pound of Austria weighs 6482.42 grains; Bavaria, 5556.24; Holland, ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 36
6056. Foreign Measures 6056. Foreign Measures. The kanna of Sweden = nearly 2.62 litres, or about 4 pints 12 ounces imperial. The pott (half kanne) of Denmark = .9653 litre. The arroba of ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 37
6061. Roman Measures of Length 6061. Roman Measures of Length. The Roman measures of length or distance were feet, cubits, paces, stadia, and miles. M. Yds. ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 38
6065. Scriptural Measure of length 6065. Scriptural Measure of length. M. Yds . Ft. In. B.C. A Finger............. 0 0 0 0 2 1/2 ...
-Tables of Weights, Measures, etc. Part 39
6067. Scriptural Dry Measure 6067. Scriptural Dry Measure. Bush. Pks. its. The Cab.................... . 0 0 2 3/4 The Omer 0 ...
-Time
Time. The day, reckoning from sunrise, and the night, reckoning from sunset, were each divided into 12 equal parts, called the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, etc., hours. The first watch was from sunset to the t...
-Time. Part 2
6079. Roman Money 6079. Roman Money. This was reckoned in Paoli and Bajochi, the latter being about equal to 1 cent American. 1 Scudo = &...
-Time. Part 3
6087. Dry Measure of the Netherlands 6087. Dry Measure of the Netherlands. The Mudde contains a little more than 2 3/4 bushels imperial. 1 Last =...
-Time. Part 4
6093. Spanish Lineal Measure 6093. Spanish Lineal Measure. The Pie equals 11 1/8 inches, and the Legua 4 1/4 English miles. 1 Estado = &...
-Batzen
Batzen. The value of the franc is about 27 cents. This is the old system. (See No. 6053 (French Money).) 6102. Swiss Weights 6102. Swiss Weights. 1 Hundred-weight = 50 Kilogrammes 1 Kilo...
-Batzen. Part 2
6110. Chinese Money 6110. Chinese Money. The Chinese Tael is $1.56. 1 Tael = 10 Mace 1 Mace &...
-Batzen. Part 3
6118. Brazilian Dry Measure 6118. Brazilian Dry Measure. The Brazilian Mayo is equivalent to 22 1/2 imperial bushels. 1 Mayo = 15 ...
-Batzen. Part 4
6120. Memoranda Connected with Water 6120. Memoranda Connected with Water. 1 cubic foot of water = 62.4 pounds. 1 cubic inch = .036 pounds. 1 gallon imperial = 10 pounds; or = 0.16 cubic ...
-Batzen. Part 5
6128. To Measure Corn in the Crib 6128. To Measure Corn in the Crib. Corn is generally put up in cribs made of rails, but the rule will apply to a crib of any size or kind. Two cubic ...
-Batzen. Part 6
6131. Sizes of Drawing Paper 6131. Sizes of Drawing Paper. Wove Antique..................52 X31 in. Uncle Sam.....................48 X 20 in. Double Elephant................40 X26 in. ...
-Batzen. Part 7
6134. Weight of Earth, Rocks, etc. 6134. Weight of Earth, Rocks, etc.. A cubic yard of sand or ground weighs about 30cwt. Mud, 25 cwt. Marl, 26 cwt. Clay, 31cwt. Chalk, 36 ...
-Batzen. Part 8
6138. Miscellaneous Statistics 6138. Miscellaneous Statistics. TIMBER. ! Specific Gravity Weight in lbs. ' per Cubic ...
-Batzen. Part 9
6139. Weight of Copper and Lead 6139. Weight of Copper and Lead. Weight of a Square Foot of Copper and Lead in pounds. from 1/32 to 1/2 inch in thickness. 6141. Weight of Sheet Iron 6141. ...
-Batzen. Part 10
6144. Weight of Round and Square Shafts of Wrought Iron 6144. Weight of Round and Square Shafts of Wrought Iron, 1 Foot Long. 6145. Weights of Wrought-Iron and Steel 6145. Weights of ...
-Batzen. Part 11
6147. Calendar for Ascertaining on what Day of the Week any Given Day will Fall within the Present Century 6147. Calendar for Ascertaining on what Day of the Week any Given Day will Fall within ...
-Batzen. Part 12
6150. Table of Symbols and Equivalents of Metallic Elements 6150. Table of Symbols and Equivalents of Metallic Elements. The specific gravity of the following are given at water standard. The ...
-Batzen. Part 13
6154. To Reduce a Liquid to a Given Density 6154. To Reduce a Liquid to a Given Density. It has been already stated in No. 52 that the actual weight of any substance may be found by ...
-Batzen. Part 14
6156. Gay Lussac's Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity 6156. Gay Lussac's Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity. This areometer ranges from 0 to 50, 0 representing water ...
-Batzen. Part 15
6158. Beck's Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity 6158. Beck's Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity. This ranges from 0 to 76, 0 corresponding with water at 54 1/2 ...
-Batzen. Part 16
6160. Dutch Light Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity 6160. Dutch Light Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity. This areometer ranges from 0 to 60, 0 denoting water. Deg. ...
-Batzen. Part 17
6162. The Light Areometer of Brix 6162. The Light Areometer of Brix. This areometer is graded from 0 to 200, 0 corresponding with water at 60 Fahr. Degree. Sp. Gr. ...
-Batzen. Part 18
6163. Dutch Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity 6163. Dutch Heavy Areometer Reduced to Specific Gravity. The range of this instrument is from 0 to 75, 0 corresponding with ...
-Batzen. Part 19
6165. Baume's Heavy Areometer 6165. Baume's Heavy Areometer. This instrument marks from 0 to 75, 0 being water at 63 1/2 Fahr. Peg. Sp. Gr. Diff. Deg. ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts
Miscellaneous Receipts. These consist mainly of such receipts as could not be properly included in any division of the work; embracing also a few additional general receipts, whose merits demanded the...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 2
6170. Quick Method of Preparing-Skeleton Leaves 6170. Quick Method of Preparing-Skeleton Leaves. A solution of caustic soda is to be made by dissolving 3 ounces washing soda in 2 ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 3
6174. To Copy Ferns 6174. To Copy Ferns. Dip them well in common porter, and then lay them flat between white sheets of paper, with slight pressure, and let them dry out. 6175. To ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 4
6179. To Mount Small Insects for the Microscope 6179. To Mount Small Insects for the Microscope. Mounting small insects for the microscope, such as parasites and acari from birds, ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 5
6183. Phial Barometer 6183. Phial Barometer. Take a common phial and cut off the rim and part of the neck with a file. This may also be effected by means of a piece of cord passed round ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 6
6186. Etching Shells 6186. Etching Shells. This is done by means of acid. The parts not to be acted upon must be protected by a so-called etching-ground, which consists of a thin layer ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 7
6191. German Paste for Feeding Singing-Birds 6191. German Paste for Feeding Singing-Birds. Blanched sweet almonds, 1 pound; pea-meal, 2 pounds; butter, 3 ounces; saffron, a few ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 8
6195. To Transfer Ornaments for Carriages, Wagons, etc. 6195. To Transfer Ornaments for Carriages, Wagons, etc.. This beautiful art is now practiced by many painters, for the ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 9
6199. To Prevent Stair Carpets from Wearing 6199. To Prevent Stair Carpets from Wearing. Stair carpets should always have a slip of paper put under them, at and over the edge of every ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 10
6205. To Make Fire Kindlers 6205. To Make Fire Kindlers. Take a quart of tar and 3 pounds of resin, melt them, bring to a cooling temperature, mix with as much coarse sawdust, with a ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 11
6209. How to Treat a Burning Chimney 6209. How to Treat a Burning Chimney. If it is desired to extinguish the fire in a chimney which has been lighted by a fire in the fireplace, ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 12
6214. To Prevent Gas Meters from Freezing 6214. To Prevent Gas Meters from Freezing. Half a pint (or less) of good glycerine is said to prevent the freezing of a gallon of water, though ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 13
6221. To Take Bruises out of Furniture 6221. To Take Bruises out of Furniture. Wet the part with warm water; double a piece of brown paper 5 or 6 times, soak it in warm water, and lay ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 14
6227. To Remove a Cork from the Inside of a Bottle 6227. To Remove a Cork from the Inside of a Bottle. With a stout string projected into the bottle, turn the bottle around until the ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 15
6235. To Stop Leaky Skylights 6235. To Stop Leaky Skylights. Leaky skylights may be stopped and cured with Dutch rushes, bedded in, caulked, and covered with good white lead. On ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 16
6241. To Remove Clinker from Fire Brick 6241. To Remove Clinker from Fire Brick. When the fire bricks have become covered with clinkers which have fused and adhered, they may be cleaned ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 17
6247. Paste for Razors 6247. Paste for Razors. Emery very finely levigated (washed) in the same manner as prepared chalk (see No. 1292 (To make Prepared Chalk)), mixed with lard or ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 18
6255. To File a Flat Surface 6255. To File a Flat Surface. In filing a flat surface on a piece of iron, unless there is some skill or care used in the operation, the exterior edges are ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 19
6258. To Clean Files 6258. To Clean Files. The occasional cleaning of files in the machine shop by means of oil, heat, and the card (wire brush) will save dollars to the owner and ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 20
6262. The Beef Knot 6262. The Beef Knot. The only precaution necessary in making a reef-knot is to observe that the two parts of each string are on the same side of the loop; if they ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 21
6266. How to Tie a Parcel 6266. How to Tie a Parcel. The tying up of parcels in paper is an operation which is seldom neatly performed by persons whose occupations have not given them ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 22
6269. To Cement Emery to Wood 6269. To Cement Emery to Wood. The following cement is wonderfully tough. Melt together equal parts of shellac, white resin, and carbolic acid in crystals; ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 23
6275. To Make Plain Chocolate 6275. To Make Plain Chocolate. Roasted cocoa or chocolate beans or nuts are made into paste by trituration in a heated mortar; then poured into tin ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 24
6283. Everton Taffee 6283. Everton Taffee. To make this favorite and wholesome candy, take 11/2 pounds moist sugar, 3 ounces butter, 11/2 teacups water, and 1 lemon. Boil the sugar, ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 25
6288. To Keep Suet 6288. To Keep Suet. Suet chopped fine and mixed with flour, if tied down tight in a jar will keep 10 days or 2 weeks, and is very nice to use for puddings or pastry. ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 26
6295. To Improve Wine by Electricity 6295. To Improve Wine by Electricity. The process consists in plunging into the vat containing the wine, two plates of platinum or of silver, having ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 27
6300. Preservation of Stone 6300. Preservation of Stone. Doctor Eugene Robert, of Paris, recommends copper salts as being the best preservatives of stone in a damp climate. These salts ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 28
6309. To Preserve Soap Grease 6309. To Preserve Soap Grease. Fill a cask half full of good strong lye and drop all refuse grease therein. Stir up the mixture once a week. 6310....
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 29
6315. New Glazing; for Frescoes 6315. New Glazing; for Frescoes. Dr. Vohl announces that paraffine, mixed with benzole or Canada balsam, affords a glazing for frescoes much superior to ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 30
6324. To Cleanse Goose Feathers 6324. To Cleanse Goose Feathers. Feathers arc prepared by exposing them to tho sunshine or in a stove until perfectly dry, and then beating them to ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 31
6330. To Clean Windows and Mirrors 6330. To Clean Windows and Mirrors. Tie up some finely powdered whiting in a small piece of muslin. Dab it over the glass thoroughly; the dirtier the ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 32
6336. To Transfer Engravings on Wood, Stone, etc. 6336. To Transfer Engravings on Wood, Stone, etc.. Take a saturated alcoholic solution of potash, pour the solution on the ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 33
6340. To Remove Nitrate of Silver Stains from Woven Tissues 6340. To Remove Nitrate of Silver Stains from Woven Tissues. According to M. Grimm, chloride of copper completely removes, ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 34
6348. To Clean Gutta-Percha 6348. To Clean Gutta-Percha. This can be done by using a mixture of soap and powdered charcoal, polishing afterwards with a dry cloth with a little of the ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 35
6355. To Make Gravel Walks 6355. To Make Gravel Walks. The bottom should be laid with lime-rubbish, large flint stones, or any other hard matter, for 8 or 10 inches, to keep weeds from ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 36
6359. To Purify Water 6359. To Purify Water. Chloride of iron and carbonate of soda, in the proportion of 10 parts by weight of the former salt and 26i of the latter to a quantity of ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 37
6365. Ink for Writing on Tin Plates 6365. Ink for Writing on Tin Plates. Mix together without heat, 1 part pine soot, with 60 parts of an aqueous solution of nitrate of copper. (Hager....
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 38
6373. To Prevent Lamp Chimneys from Cracking 6373. To Prevent Lamp Chimneys from Cracking. Put the chimneys into a kettle of cold water, and gradually heat it until it boils, and then ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 39
6378. To Wash Silks 6378. To Wash Silks. No person should ever wring or crush a piece of silk When it is wet, because the creases thus made will remain forever if the silk is ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 40
6385. Ether Glue 6385. Ether Glue. An excellent liquid glue is made by dissolving glue in nitric ether. The ether will only dissolve a certain amount of glue, consequently the solution ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 41
6390. Pencils for Writing on Glass 6390. Pencils for Writing on Glass. Take 4 parts stearic acid, 3 parts mutton suet, and 2 parts wax; melt them together and add 6 parts red lead and 1 ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 42
6395. To Fasten Loose Window Sashes 6395. To Fasten Loose Window Sashes. The most convenient way to prevent loose window sashes from rattling unpleasantly when the wind blows is ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 43
6397. To Flatten Engravings or Paper that has been Boiled Up 6397. To Flatten Engravings or Paper that has been Boiled Up. To succeed in this, take a roll of paper, wall-paper ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 44
6402. Fire Kindlings 6402. Fire Kindlings. In France, a very convenient and economical kindling is made by dipping corn-cobs for about one minute in a bath composed of 60 parts melted ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 45
6408. Varnish to Imitate Ground Glass 6408. Varnish to Imitate Ground Glass. Dissolve 90 grains sandarac and 20 grains mastic in 2 ounces washed methylated ether, and add, in ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 46
6411. To Clean Furniture 6411. To Clean Furniture. Mix together 1 pint cold drawn linseed oil, 1 pint best vinegar, and 1/2 pint spirits of wine. Dip a soft cloth into the mixture and ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 47
6415. To Detect Blood-stains 6415. To Detect Blood-stains. It is said by Professor Bloxam, of London, that a mixture of tincture of guaiacum and a solution of peroxide of hydrogen in ...
-Miscellaneous Receipts. Part 48
6421. To Remove Tar or Pitch from the Skin 6421. To Remove Tar or Pitch from the Skin. Mix together pulverized extract of liquorice, and oil of aniseed to the consistency of thick ...









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