This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
All windows shown with meeting rail, or unless otherwise specified, to have pine frames made for double-hung sashes, with 7/8-inch hard pine pulley stiles, tongued into outside casings, beads, 3/4-inch ground casings, 1 3/8-inch yokes, 2 3/4-inch sills to pitch 1 1/2 inches, 7/8-inch by 5-inch outside casing over boarding, with 1 3/4 by 2 1/4-inch back band window caps as shown. To have 2-inch bronze-faced axle pulleys.
To be made from clear pine stock, 1 7/8 inches thick, rebated and beaded on inner edge, and with 1 3/4-inch hard pine thresholds. Casing of outside door-frames to correspond with windows.
Sash to be of white pine, unless otherwise specified. In first story 1 3/4 inches thick; in second and third stories, and all of ell, to be 1 1/2-inches thick; in cellar, 1 1/4 inches thick. Large one-light sash to have 1 1/2-inch meeting rails. Sash not to be stained.
Doors, except stock doors, to be paneled and moulded according to scale and detail drawings. All panels to be loose and not glued or nailed. Tenons to have 3/4-inch haunches. Outside veneered doors to be 2 1/4 inches thick; doors 3 feet wide and over, to be 2 inches thick; all others, 1 3/4 inches.
Dwarf doors for wardrobes, cupboards, pantry, etc., to be solid paneled, 1 1/4 inches thick.
Build cellar door of 7/8-inch stock.
Doors not veneered, to be of solid pine, whitewood, cypress, or birch, to match room.
Doors in rooms having hardwood finish, to have thoroughly kiln-dried, white pine core, with solid mouldings and 1/4-inch veneering of kiln-dried wood 3/4-inch on edges, well glued on both sides to match hardwood finish of rooms. If one of two adjacent rooms is to be painted, veneer door with hardwood of other room, on both sides.
All panels over 15 inches wide to be glued up.
Blinds are to be hung for all windows. They are to be of cypress or of white pine, 1 1/8 inches thick. Mark each blind to correspond with mark on window-opening.
To be furnished and set, for all outside doors and windows that open; made from best, clear, thoroughly seasoned white pine, 7/8-inch thick, to be stained and varnished three coats. Screens are to be fitted with lifts, springs, and runs, so that they can be used for either upper or lower half of sash, with adjustable run.
Wood frames to be covered with 14-mesh best approved galvanized wire, using heavy 13-mesh for doors and cellar windows.
Furr ceilings and rafters in finished portion of attic with 1 by 2-inch spruce furring strips, 12 inches on centers, nailed to every beam; and furr out in finished attic rooms for 3-foot 6-inch walls, also for plastering next basement walls, with 2 by 4-inch studding set flat.
Put corner beads on all projecting angles; secure well; set true and plumb,
Lay under-floors, except in basement, of good, square-edged spruce boards, surfaced on one side to even thickness, and nailed to every bearing with two 8-penny nails. End joints to be cut over beam in every case.
Lay two thicknesses of approved sheathing paper between the under and the finished floors.
All stock to be best quality, unless otherwise specified, free from knots or sap, thoroughly seasoned or kiln-dried. All to be smoothed, scraped, and sandpapered by hand before putting up and at completion; such work as is to have a natural finish, to be properly cleaned. No interior finish to be taken into building until plastering is dry.
Is to be sprung on or worked from large stock, so that no kerf marks can be seen.
All finish on main part of house, except inside of closets, to be moulded.
All parts of the building devoted to service and inside of closets, to have flat finish.
Four feet high, North Carolina pine, to be set in back entry, kitchen, and bathroom, matched and beaded like approved sample, 7/8 inch by 2 1/2 inches, with 1 1/2-inch rebated cap and no base.
To be 3 feet high, paneled as shown, with raised panels. To have 6-inch base, moulded cap, 7/8-inch rails and stiles, loose panels.
Schedule: - To be used in dining room.
Unless otherwise specified, all birch to be best selected first quality, red birch, of even color.