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Hand Sewing Lessons | by Sarah Ewell Krolik



"Hand Sewing Lessons " is a book for those who wish to learn sewing and how to teach it to others. It gives a practical course for normal and high school classes and supplies trained teachers with printed instructions for pupils in place of written ones that take so much time and that overlap the work of other departments. The stitches are combined for practice while new ones are being learned, so as to form a continuous line of progress and carry out the principle of bridging the way from the known to the unknown, and of making a pleasant road to knowledge, which will become a part of daily life in after years.

TitleHand Sewing Lessons
AuthorSarah Ewell Krolik
PublisherSarah Ewell Krolik
Year1905
Copyright1901, Sarah Ewell Krolik
AmazonHand Sewing Lessons: A Graded Course For Schools And For The Home
Book Cover: Hand Sewing Lessons
A Skilful Hand is a Helping Hand

A Skilful Hand is a Helping Hand.

-Preface
The value of these lessons has been proven by fifteen years of experience in the Self-Help Circle, a school organized to instruct girls in the domestic arts. At first they were taught on clothing fo...
-Introduction To Teachers
Hand Sewing Lessons is a three years' course from which selections can be made for shorter courses. Normal and high school classes complete it in one year of two lessons per week. With less practic...
-To Mothers
Sewing should become a part of every girl's education, from childhood to womanhood; not only as a useful art to be practiced at home, but for its educational value. By this means skill and attention a...
-Topics For Talks
Object lessons are given on the following articles used in sewing - silk, wool, linen, cotton, and their manufacture into cloth, batting, cord, thread, and yarn; also needles, pins, thimbles, emery, s...
-Sewing Outfit
Pupils should have aprons, books for models, paper and cloth to practice on, thimbles, scissors, and measures of their own, and thread, needles, pins, wax, and emery balls for desks or for class use a...
-Cloth
Cloth is a woven or felted fabric. A selvedge is the woven edge of cloth. A raw edge is one that is cut or torn. A seam is a line formed to join two pieces of fabric. A nap is a surface of...
-Needles And Thread
Thread is a small twist of linen, silk, cotton, or wool. A needle is a small wire of steel, with a sharp point at one end, and a hole at the other. Needles are sharps, betweens, and blun...
-Models
Paper patterns of the models are cut by the pupils, and the edges are turned and folded as directed. Bias folds are cut from newspapers or striped paper. Calico, gingham, and colored paper are used fo...
-Combination Of Graded Course With Practice Work
The fabric used for practice in learning stitches is graded from coarse to fine. They are taught in groups of two or three on articles that are suitable for the skill acquired. The following outlin...
-Part Second
Practice for Models 10 to 14. Backstitching, Half-backstitching, combination stitches, gathering and gaug-ING. Backstitch duck or denim holders, beanbags, or other articles of coarse material. Stitch ...
-Part Third
Practice for Model 21 (Weaving On Cardboard And Darning On Stockinet). Weaving and Darning. Weave on looms. They may be made of cardboard, 4x5 inches in size, with holes punched at each end to hold...
-Model 1. Basting
A lengthwise strip of bright red calico, 5x7 inches, with white or black dots, 1/4 inch apart. Fold through the middle, parallel with the warp on a row of dots, and hold the two sides together evenly ...
-Model 2. Overhanding
Two pieces of calico, 2x4 inches, in contrasting colors. Two pieces of cotton, 2x4 inches. (a) Fold back one side of each piece of calico 3/16 of an inch, lay the right sides together, ...
-Model 3. Matched Edges Overhanded
Two pieces of striped gingham or calico, 2x4 inches. The stripes should cross the pieces, be equi-distant from each end, and be joined to match. Follow directions of Model 2 (Overhanding) for overhan...
-Model 4. Warp And Woof. Overcasting
Four pieces of calico, 21/2 inches square, two of them of a light, and two of contrasting color. Plain, bright-colored cottons may be used. Striped cotton is not used in this model, as lines would ...
-Model 5. Running Stitch
Cotton, 21/2 x6 inches. Calico, gingham, or white corded dimity, 5 inches square, with hair stripe 1/8 inch apart. (a) A design is drawn on the cotton by the pupil, to be outlined in running sti...
-Model 6. Tucking
Checked gingham, 5 inches square, cut by the check. Calico, 5x8 inches, with figures having direction. (a) Tuck the gingham by the check, tucking the alternate dark rows of checks. (b) Ravel ...
-Model 7. Hemming. Mitred Corner
Striped gingham, or calico, 2x4 inches. Cotton, 6x8 inches. (a) The stripes should cross the model, and be hemmed exactly on the stripes to which they belong. Turn 1/4 inch hem. Use...
-Model 8. Extension And Faced Hems
Cotton, 5 inches square. Two pieces of cotton, cut crosswise, from a 5 inch square. Join the strips in running stitch to each end of the first piece, with warp parallel to warp. (a) FACED Hem...
-Model 9. Pillow Case. Hem-Stitching
Cotton, 6x7 inches, with selvedge on one of the long sides. Measure 21/8 inches along the selvedge for width of hem, and draw five threads of the woof. Turn the raw edges at the top and side, baste...
-Model 10. Backstitching, Half-Backstitching, And Felling
Cotton, 5 inches square. Cotton, 21/2 x5 inches, cut lengthwise. Firm, unbleached cotton, 5 inches square, for design in back-stitch (Seepages 100, 101.) Fold the edge back and finish with flan...
-Model 11. A French Seam
Cotton, 5 inches square. Fold and cut the square as directed in Model 10 (Backstitching, Half-Backstitching, And Felling). Join a bias to a straight edge, lay the narrow ends together, hold the bi...
-Model 12. Gathering And Gauging
Cotton, 5 inches square. Two lengthwise pieces of cotton: 21/2 x1/2 inches, band for gathering; 11/2 inches square, band for gauging. Use No. 50 thread and No. 8 needle for gathering and gaugin...
-Model 13. Plackets for Skirts and Drawers.
Cotton, 5 inches square. Cotton, 41/2 x1 inch, for band of second placket. Third the square and cut a 2 inch slash down each fold. (See Illustration 13.) Illustration 13. Square fol...
-Model 14. Plackets For Dresses
Cotton, 5 inches square. Cotton, 21/4 x 1 inch, for facing the first placket. Cotton, 21/4 x 11/2 inches, for extension hem of second placket. (a) Make a faced hem on the upper side, and an e...
-Model 15. Button-Holes, Eyelets, Thread-Eyes, And Sewing On Tapes, Buttons, Hooks And Eyes
A lengthwise piece of firm cotton, 2x6 inches, for practice. Two lengthwise pieces of the same, 2x4 inches. A button-hole is cut on the line of a thread, and curved around the front end to hold ...
-Model 16. Bias And Corner Matching
Gingham, 5 inches square. (a) Cut a right-angle triangle from the gingham. To do this, begin at middle of one side and cut diagonally through the checks across one corner, fold back the cut edges t...
-Model 17. Overhand Patch
Two pieces of checked gingham: 5 inches square; 4 inches square. Cut from the center of the first a 2 inch square, clip the corners of the opening on the bias, fold back the edges to a color line i...
-Model 18. Hemmed Patch
Follow directions for Model 17 (Overhand Patch) to cut and prepare this model for patching. Baste the 4 inch square on the back to match and hem it to the opening. Trim the patch to extend 3/4 inch...
-Model 19. Nightshirt Front And Shirtwaist Sleeves
Cotton, 5 inches square. Two lengthwise pieces of cotton: 1x3 inches for faced hem, and 21/2 x3 inches for extension hem. Double the square parallel with the warp, and cut a 21/2 inch slash thro...
-Model 20. Gussets
Three pieces of cotton: 5 inches square; 11/2 inches square; 2 inches square. (a) Fold the 5 inch square in thirds, parallel to the warp (see Illustration 13). Cut a 2 inch slash at the top of one ...
-Model 21. Weaving On Cardboard And Darning On Stockinet
Cardboard and stockinet, 2x3 inches. Practice on small cardboard looms if school looms are not provided. Dolls Rug. Mount a warp of carpet twine on a loom or weaving frame. A thin needle is made...
-Model 22. French Hem, And Darning On Table Linen
Canvas, 3 inches square. Table linen, 5 inches square. (a) Button-hole the edge of the canvas with zephyr or silk, and darn a twilled square, 1 inch in size, in the center. The warp threads are ...
-Model 23. Chain, Feather, Herring-Bone, Kensington,
Outline and Fagoting Stitches. Heavy unbleached cotton or butcher's linen, 5 inches square. Sheer linen or lawn, 7 inches square. Chain-stitch. (See Illustration 34. No. 1.) Use red marking c...
-Model 24. Slip-Stitch Or Blind Hem, Purl Edge Or Darning on Cashmere
Cashmere, 4x5 inches. Slip-stitch or Blind Hem. Fold, baste, and take up as little of the cloth with the needle as possible, pass a long stitch inside the fold, and begin the next where the last on...
-Model 25. Blanket, Flannel And Cat Stitches
Two pieces of flannel: 4x5 inches ; 2 inches square. Blanket-stitch is the same as used for purl edge, and is made with spaces between each stitch. Practice the blanket-stitch on the folded edg...
-Model 26. Pupil's Name In Cross-Stitch
The first set of stitches cross diagonally in one direction, and the second set in the opposite direction. Illustration 40 (b). Pupil's name in cross-stitch. Illustratio...
-Model 27. Rolled Hems And Rolled Gathers
Two lengthwise pieces of cotton, 2x4 inches, with selvedge edges. Nainsook, 1x6 inches, for a ruffle. Lace, 7 inches. Use No. 70 thread for the first two pieces and to gather and join the ruffl...
-Division XI
The following models are made for practice during the course : Model 28. Doll's Gored Skirt. (See Page 23.) Model 29. Doll's Underwaist. (See Page 24.) Model 30. Doll's Drawers. (See Page 24....
-Division XII
Pupils who have taken this course are prepared to learn garment making by hand or machine. Pupils in this division have had some practice in cutting and will be able to cut plain garments from pattern...
-Drafting Children's Garments
The pattern is reduced to one-quarter of the correct size. The measurements are in inches. Take them as follows and write them in a note book under name of child. Neck, ii. &nbs...
-Finger Exercises
The correct position of the hands, implements, and work for sewing are of great importance. The exercise of threading a needle and tying a knot should be given when the class opens. When it is well...
-Cloth Required For Twenty Sets Of Models
Dotted calico, Model 1 (Basting) ........ | yd. Dotted calico for feather-stitch practice ...... 1 yd. The spaces between dots are measured lengthwise. Figured calico, Models 2 and 4 in t...
-Outline For A Two Years' Course
Models 1, 2 (B), 3, 5; Doll's Apron - 6 (A), 7 (A), 8 (A) And (B), 9, 10; And Backstitch Design11, 12 (A), 13 (A) And (B), 14 (A) And (B), 15 (A) (B) (C) And (D), 16, 17, 18, 21 (A) And (B) ...
-American Indian Bead Work And Basketry Bead Work
FRAMES. The simplest frames for bead work are made of two blocks of wood, one inch in width and thickness and three inches long, one square inch by three inches, and two half inch boards two inches wi...
-Basketry
Materials. Reeds are the stems of coarse grasses that grow in wet places and are common in America and Europe. Raffia is a palm of Madagascar, with very large leaves having a fibrous cuticle. The p...









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previous page: Home And School Sewing | by Frances Patton
  
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next page: A Sewing Course For Teachers | by Mary Schenck Woolman