This section is from the book "The Dogs Of Great Britain, America, And Other Countries. Their Breeding, Training, and Management in Health and Disease", by John Henry Walsh (Stonehenge). Also available from Amazon: The Dogs Of Great Britain, America And Other Countries.
The earliest accounts that we have of the above mentioned dog date back to the year 1807, when the ship "Canton," of Baltimore, fell in at sea with an English brig in a sinking condition, bound from Newfoundland to England. The crew were rescued and taken aboard of the "Canton," also two Newfoundland pups, a dog and bitch. The English crew were landed at Norfolk, and the two pups purchased from the English captain for a guinea apiece, and taken to Baltimore. The dog pup, called " Sailor," was given to Mr. John Mercer, of West River; the bitch pup, named "Canton," to Dr. James Stewart, of Sparrow Point The dog was of a dingy-red color, and the bitch black. They were not large, hair short, but very thick-coated, attained great reputation as water dogs, and were very sagacious, particularly so in all duties pertaining to duck shooting. Gov. Lloyd, for a valuable consideration, succeeded in securing the dog, and took him to his estate on the eastern shore of Maryland, where his progeny may still be known as the Sailor breed.
Fig. 22. - CHESAPEAKE BAY DOG.
The bitch remained at Sparrow Point, and her progeny arc well known to the duck shooters of Patapsco Neck, Gunpowder, etc.
As there now appears to be three types of this dog, the members of the Maryland Poultry and Fancier's Association, at their first show, held at Baltimore, January, 1877, appointed a committee to draw up a standard of points for judging. On the evening of January 8, 1877, they met the members of the club, and made their report, which was adopted. The committee consisted of the following gentlemen (each representing their respective type): Mr. John Stewart, representing the Otter breed, in color a tawny sedge, with very short hair; Mr. O. D. Foulks, the long-haired, or Red Winchester, and Mr. J. J. Turner, Jr., the curly-coated, in color a red-brown - the bitches showing the color and approximating to the points of the class to which they belong, a white spot on the breast in either class not being unusual. The measurements were as follows: from fore toe to top of back, 25 inches; from tip of nose to base of head, 10 inches; girth of body back of fore leg, 33 inches; breast, 9 inches; around fore feet, 6 inches; around fore arm below shoulder, 7 inches; between eyes, 2 1/4 inches; length of ears, 5 inches; from base of head to root of tail, 35 inches; tail, 16 inches in length; around muzzle below the eyes, 10 inches.
The writer has one crossed with the pure Irish Water Spaniel, which cannot be excelled as a ducking dog. The illustration page 121 is of the dog "Trip," owned by C. H. Tilghman, of Easton, Md., and awarded the first premium at the Bench Show held in New York in 1877.