On this diet they will become hard and firm without the desposition of fat; or if too fat they will grow thinner under it.

Before going further the fact deserves emphasis that there should be a fixed hour for feeding dogs, and they should always have their meals on time, for they fret when kept waiting, and some even positively refuse to eat if their dinner is an hour late, while others go to bed and eat reluctantly when called; whereas at the proper time they are at the kennel door barking and plainly asking to be fed.

Some dogs are liable to become over weight and go beyond their classes when they are being put in condition if they are not carefully watched, while on the other hand some require to be pulled down a bit. If they are of the fairly hardy variety, as a rule far better more exercise than dietetic restrictions, but if they are delicate toys, and especially Yorkshires, the remedy lies in the feeding-pan.

But before considering the special requirements of overweight dogs something can properly be said of the feeding of Yorkshires in general and other toys which do not exhibit this fault.

In dealing with Yorkshires one must consider above all the condition of blood and skin and growth of the hair.

Now in discussing food and feeding many writers have theorized that rice being fat-producing is not suitable for this breed and should not be given, or if given the quantity should be very small indeed. But theories and results of practice are sometimes at variance, and so it proves in this instance, for it is a fixed and absolute fact that the staple food for toys and especially Yorkshires is rice. And one reason for its special suitability lies in the very argument which these theorists use for condemning it, namely, that it is fat-producing. Besides this effect, however, it is cooling, good for the skin and, as a result, for the coat.

There are many physicians who believe that the food has a decided influence on the growth of the hair and that the starches are the most active of all. Not impossibly this theory is correct, and certainly experience with dogs would seem to substantiate it, for with him who is admitted to be the best "hair grower" of the dog world rice is the food of all relied upon.

But while the question, Will food promote growth of the hair? is still open, there is no disputing the fact that rice favors its health, and by acting on the skin and blood it decidedly lessens its tendency to break and fall out.

Rice may therefore be accepted as the staple food for toys and especially Yorkshires. And the proper way to prepare it is to set it in the oven, in a jar, and allow it to cook for at least two hours; or if the oven is not too hot it may remain there all night.

The first meal for Yorkshires - and what will do for them will do for all the small varieties which have but little out-door exercise - must be of new milk, and the quantity about half a pint. This should be given early say at seven. About three hours later boiled barley and nice fresh tripe that has been boiled in milk may be given. The tripe, by the way, must be chopped fine and mixed with the barley, and to this may be added a little of the milk that the tripe has been boiled in.

The milk used in feeding may be warm from the cow, or if cold it should be slightly heated. Ice-cold food will not do for toys, nor must they be given hot food. In a word, they like it better with the chill off and do better with it so.

Having had food at seven and ten, at about three o'clock a small quantity of new milk may be given.

At supper time they should have a feed consisting of three parts rice, one part beef or mutton, chopped fine and mixed with the rice - a little gravy or broth being poured over it - and a small quantity of vegetables, which should also be thoroughly mixed with the other ingredients.

A drink of lukewarm milk at bed-time, especially in cold weather, can do no harm.

The next day they should be given early, as usual, a small quantity of new milk; and at ten a change can be made to milk biscuits that have been steeped in milk or broth. This time the supper may consist of mashed potatoes and scraps from the table, but there must not be any fat; while the other feedings should be much the same as on the previous day.

Rice should be given three or four times a week mixed in various ways, and barley once or twice.

The rule is, feed oftener than with large dogs, but feed lightly and give small quantities of new milk not less than three times a day.

As in the case of all young puppies, "little and often" must be the feeder's motto. Toy dogs are not unlike children - their stomachs must not belong empty and the food must be bland and unstimulating. Rice, milk, barley, milk-biscuits, bread and mashed potatoes, with boiled tripe and small quantities of roast beef and mutton, mutton broth, gravy and vegetables, will keep them in the best condition if judiciously used.

The main thing is to prevent the blood from becoming impure, and this is never easy where so little exercise is possible. Once a week a little magnesia may be given with the milk in the early morning; while the droppings should be examined every day and prompt means taken to right them if wrong.

In the hands of an expert a Yorkshire may remain in show form for years, whereas under wrong treatment he may not last through half a season. And it is scarcely necessary to add that none but they who have some knowledge of the treatment of toy dogs and a bountiful fund of patience should go in for those like Yorkshires. In fact, two dogs of this breed require almost as much care as one child, and it is the sort of care that the novice cannot give.

Now to a consideration of overweight dogs. A terrier weighing a trifle over five pounds may be good enough to win in the "under-five-pound class" but not good enough to compete with the big ones, therefore his owner will naturally strive to pull off the odd ounces and bring him to the standard. In order to do this and at the same time have him in show form he must feed with exceeding; nicety. He must bring him down to weight but he must not weaken, and in fact he must improve his general condition if possible.