From this brief consideration of garden produce the conclusion is justified that vegetables can be advantageously employed in feeding dogs, to vary the diet, render certain foods more nutritious and wholesome, stimulate the secretion of the digestive solvents, improve the action of the bowels, and contribute towards the maintenance of the integrity of the blood.

It is scarcely necessary to add that when used they should be as fresh and free from taint as those on the table, and that no reliance should be placed upon them as-supports, the fact being kept in mind that to dogs they afford but very little nourishment.

Of the farinaceous substances or bread-stuffs, called, also, starchy foods, for the reason that starch is the chief constituent of them all, those commonly fed to dogs are wheat, oats, maize or Indian corn, and rice.

Were it best that that kind of food only should be used which embraces in a given quantity the greatest amount of nutrition, then all but animal foods might be dispensed with; but economy aside, obviously the nutritious and unnu-tritious kinds should be used together, otherwise as the average dog of to-day is placed his digestive organs would be likely to break down in time; and even did this not occur, good form and condition would scarcely be possible. Admitting this, which is certainly within reason, the starchy substances must be accepted as good articles of diet when used in conjunction with other and more nutritious foods.

Of these substances wheat is of the highest value, containing as it does the most flesh-forming and energy-producing materials, and although it deserves consideration merely as an accessory food it has been shown by experiment that dogs can subsist upon it alone for a long time and retain health and vigor, provided they are allowed all parts of the grain. But they could not do this on wheat as generally set before them - that is, as white bread, which for them is far from being a "staff of life." In fact it is practically valueless except as a vehicle for, or to give substance to, other and rich foods which might prove burdensome to the digestive organs were they served in concentrated forms.

This bread is very well suited to the wants of man, for although it is deficient in important nutritive principles thrown out in the processes of bolting and sifting - he takes in other foods and ways like principles in sufficient quantities, and oftentimes in a more digestible form than that in which they appear in wheat. Hence, notwithstanding much that has been written about the superiority of wheat meal - simply the produce of grinding over wheat flour, all things considered, bread made of the latter is of quite as high a value to him as the "brown bread," which is made of the meal and contains the external as well as the internal parts of the grain.

But the diet of dogs is not varied to such an extent as that of man, and were much white bread given them to the exclusion of other and more nutritious foods they must be deprived of many principles required for their support, not the least important of which are the nutritive salts - highly essential to the bone and other tissues - and in consequence decline in health and vigor, although they might still appear in good condition, remaining very nearly at weight under its fattening influence.

This fact should sink deeply into the minds of those breeders who are accustomed to feed their dogs largely on trimmings and broken and stale pieces of bread, for to ignorance of it or failure to accept its importance can be attributed untimely deaths of some of the most valuable members of the race this country has ever known.

Such bread remnants if untainted are all very well in their way, for when softened with broths and mixed with meat they render these foods more digestible as well as slightly more nutritious; at the same time they harmlessly increase the quantity - a matter of no little importance in using highly concentrated foods which would scarcely satisfy the appetite of the average dog unless more than he could properly assimilate was allowed.

In brief, bread made from finer grades of wheat flour yields so little nourishment to the dog that it is of value merely for admixture with other foods, which alone should be very nearly sufficient for his support - that is, without the bread.

As for "brown bread" proper, called Graham bread by many, it is decidedly richer in nutritive matters than the white bread, for it contains all parts of the wheat grain. Owing also to the presence of the particles of bran which are indigestible and by their roughness stimulate the muscular coat of the alimentary canal, and so aid in keeping the bowels free - this bread is of special value in feeding dogs that are allowed but little exercise. And it may be given with meat alone, in about the proportion of three parts bread to one of meat, or mixed with other starchy foods - as for instance, one-half "brown bread," one-fourth rice, one-fourth meat, and perhaps one or two eggs, the bread being softened always with a little broth, and the meat chopped fine and well mixed with it and the other foods.

But this "brown bread" must not be confounded with what is known as "Boston brown bread." The former, as stated, is made from "whole wheat flour," or in other words from bran and flour, and has much of the lightness and porosity of white bread, but the latter contains various ingredients, some of which tend to lessen its digestibility. And withal, while fresh it forms in the stomach a pasty mass which the digestive fluids find it hard to permeate, and in consequence their work is delayed.

The "Boston brown bread," therefore, is of less value to dogs than white bread, and it should only be given them after it has been long baked or kept until it is dry and hard. In all instances, also, it should be mixed with other foods, as broths, meat, milk, etc., which in themselves contain very nearly sufficient nourishment. And the quantity of this bread in a single meal must always be small - not more than one-half of that which would be allowable were it white bread or "brown bread" proper.