This section is from the book "The Terriers. A History And Description Of The Modern Dogs Of Great Britain And Ireland", by Rawdon B. Lee. Also available from Amazon: A History and Description of the Modern Dogs of Great Britain and Ireland: The Terriers.
The Scottish Terrier Club, established in 1889, has for its secretary Mr. A. McBrayne, Irvine, and there is also a Scottish Terrier Club for England, the older establishment of the two, of which Mr. H. J. Ludlow is secretary. The description of the dog issued by the former is as follows:
Proportionately long, slightly domed, and covered with short, hard, hair, about fin. long or less. It should not be quite flat, as there should be a sort of stop, or drop, between the eyes.
Very powerful, and gradually tapering towards the nose, which should always be black and of a good size. The jaws should be perfectly level, and the teeth square, though the nose projects somewhat over the mouth, which gives the impression of the upper jaw being longer than the under one.
Set wide apart, of a dark brown or hazel colour; small, piercing, very bright, and rather sunken.
Very small, prick or half prick (the former is preferable), but never drop. They should also be sharp pointed, and the hair on them should not be long, but velvety, and they should not be cut. The ears should be free from any fringe at the top.
Short, thick, and muscular; strongly set on sloping shoulders.
Broad in comparison to the size of the dog, and proportionately deep.
Of moderate length, not so long as a Skye's, and rather flat-sided; but well ribbed up, and exceeding strong in hind quarters.
Both fore and hind legs should be short, and very heavy in bone, the former being straight or slightly bent, and well set on under the body, as the Scottish terrier should not be out at elbows. The hocks should be bent, and the thighs very muscular; and the feet strong, small, and thickly covered with short hair, the fore feet being larger than the hind ones, and well let down on the ground.
Which is never cut, should be about 7 inches long, carried with a slight bend, and often gaily.
Should be rather short (about 2 inches), intensely hard and wiry in texture, and very dense all over the body.
About 161b. to 181b. for a bitch, 181b. to 2olb. for a dog.
Steel or iron-grey, brindle or grizzled, black, sandy, and wheaten. White markings are objectionable, and can only be allowed on the chest, and that to a small extent.
The face should bear a very sharp, bright, and active expression, and the head should be carried up. The dog (owing to the shortness of his coat) should appear to be higher on the leg than he really is; but, at the same time, he should look compact, and possessed of great muscle in his hindquarters. In fact, a Scottish terrier though essentially a terrier cannot be too powerfully put together. He should be from 9 inches to 12 inches in height.
Either under or overhung.
Large or light coloured.
Large, round at the points, or drop. It is also a fault if they are too heavily covered with hair.
Any silkiness, wave, or tendency to curl, is a serious blemish, as is also an open coat.
Specimens over 181b. should not be encouraged".
Legs and feet............
General appearance ...
Grand Total, 100.
I need scarcely say that the teeth must be large, powerful, and white, and being undershot even in the slightest degree should ensure disqualification. An overshot or pig-jawed mouth ought to be a severe handicap, and if very pronounced, likewise disqualification. An uneven mouth in any terrier I consider a terrible fault, one so serious that all puppies which have their teeth uneven in the slightest degree would, if in my possession, be destroyed. Usually one can tell as soon as the puppy is born how its "mouth" will be, but in some cases it is as well to keep the youngster until it has got its adult teeth before discarding him, as, if the unevenness is not great in the first set of teeth, it may altogether disappear with the second growth.