Yellowish or olivaceous brown, with darker blotches: jaws equal.

Gadus Lota, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. i. p. 440. Block, Ichth. pl. 70. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 91. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iv. pl. 92. Mustela fluviatilis, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 125. tab. H. 3. f. 4. Molva Lota, Mem. Brit. An. p. 192. Burbot, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 199. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 265. Barbolt, Bowd. wat. Fish. Draw. no. 30. Lotte commune, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 334.


From one to two feet; sometimes more. Descript. {Form). Body elongated, thick and roundish anteriorly, but much compressed behind: dorsal line nearly straight, but the ventral rather convex: greatest depth between one-fifth and one-sixth of the entire length: head broad and depressed: snout short and rounded: jaws equal; each with a band of rasp-like teeth: beneath the chin a single barbule, not one-third the length of the head: gape large: eyes round, moderate: gill-opening large; the membrane uniting with that on the opposite side under the throat: head naked: scales on the body minute, deeply imbedded, and invested with a slimy mucus: lateral line straight, not very distinct: dorsals of equal height; the first short, and slightly rounded, commencing at one-third of the entire length; the second long, closely following the first, and carried on quite to the caudal, to the base of which it is united; height of the second dorsal uniform throughout, only the first and last rays shorter than the others: vent a little before the middle of the entire length, excluding caudal; anal immediately behind it, carried on likewise very nearly to the caudal, but not extending quite so far as the second dorsal: caudal rounded: pectorals rounded, shorter than the head: ventrals of about the same length, narrow and pointed; the second ray much longer than the others: number of fin-rays,

* The above fin-ray formula is from Turton.

D. 13 - 71; A. 68; C. 48, including short ones; P. 20; V. 7.

{Colours). Yellowish brown, blotched and stained with dark olivaceous brown; sometimes of a uniform dark olivaceous brown: head approaching to dusky: belly yellowish white.

The only species of this family inhabiting fresh water. Not uncommon in Cambridgeshire, where it is called an Eel-Pout. Found also (according to Pennant) in the Trent, in the river Witham, and in the great East Fen in Lincolnshire; but not generally distributed over the country. Frequents lakes and rivers. In England, seldom attains a greater weight than three pounds, but on the Continent is said sometimes to reach ten or twelve. Spawns (according to Bloch) in the months of December and January. Feeds on other fish, worms, and aquatic insects. Very tenacious of life: will live a long time out of water. Flesh excellent eating.