Bluish ash; sides of the neck glossed with green reflections; wings with two distinct transverse bars; rump white; tip of the tail black.

C. Livia, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. II. p. 446. Id. Pig. et Gall. torn. i. p. 125. Rock-Dove, Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 410. pl. 56*. f. 2. Wild Pigeon, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 309.


Entire length twelve inches eight lines.


Head, throat, upper part of the back, wing-coverts, and under parts, bluish ash; sides of the neck, and upper part of the breast, glossed with shades of green and purple-red; rump, and lower part of the back, white: wings with two distinct black transverse bars; quills tipped with black: tail deep bluish gray at the base, black at the extremity; outer feather with the external web white: irides pale reddish orange: feet red. (Egg). White: of a sub-oval form, and rather pointed: long, diam. one inch five lines; trans, diam. one inch two lines and a half.

Found on rocky cliffs, principally those in the neighbourhood of the sea. Met with in various parts of England, but is most abundant on the eastern coast. Breeds in caverns, and the recesses of rocks, and lays two eggs. Has two or three broods in the year. Feeds on grain, seeds, and some of the smaller Helices. Obs. The Domestic Pigeon, with its numerous varieties, is descended from this species.