Roundish oval: both sides of the body rough; the edges of the scales denticulated: the first ray of the dorsal fin elongated: ventrals and anal separate.

P. punctatus, Bloch, Ichth. pl. 189. Flem. in Wern. Mem. vol. ii. p. 241. Id. Phil. Zool. pl. iii. f. 2. Id. Brit. An. p. 197.


Five inches and a half.


(Form). Roundish oval, the dorsal and ventral lines equally convex: greatest breadth, fins excluded, just half the length: head a little less than one-third of the same: profile notched immediately before the eyes: mouth of moderate size, very protractile; jaws nearly equal; the lower one a very little the longest, and ascending obliquely at an angle of rather more than forty-five degrees: teeth so fine as to be scarcely visible: eyes large, remarkably full and prominent, their diameter about one-fourth the length of the head; placed on the left side; approximating; the lower one rather more advanced than the upper; between them a projecting ridge: basal and posterior margins of the preopercle meeting at a very obtuse angle, the former rising obliquely to meet the latter: lateral line commencing at the upper part of the opercle, at first very much arched, but afterwards straight: both sides of the body, but more especially the upper, extremely rough; scales minute; those on the upper side having their free margins set with from four to six longish denticles; those beneath having the denticles finer and more numerous: dorsal commencing immediately in advance of the upper eye, and extending very nearly to the caudal, at the same time passing underneath the tail, where the rays become very delicate; greatest elevation of the fin near its retral extremity; first ray very much produced, nearly three times the length of those which follow; most of the rays divided at their tips; some of the last in the fin branched from the bottom: anal commencing in a line with the posterior angle of the preopercle, answering to the dorsal, and terminating in the same manner beneath the tail; greatest elevation corresponding: caudal oblong, the extremity rounded: pectorals inserted behind the posterior lobe of the opercle, a little below the middle; the first ray very short; the next three or four longest; the succeeding ones nearly as long; pectoral on the eye-side rather larger than that on the side opposite: ventrals immediately before the anal, and appearing like a continuation of that fin, but not connected with it, as in the next species; vent situate between the two last pairs of rays: the rays of all the fins covered with rough scales nearly to their tips:

* The above fin-ray formula is from Bloch.

D. 87; A. 68; C. 16; P. (Left) 12, (Right) 11; V. 6.

{Colours). Above brown, or reddish brown, mottled and spotted with black; a large round spot, more conspicuous than the others, in the middle of the side towards the posterior part of the body; fins spotted: beneath, plain white.

This species, which I believe to be the same as the P. punctatus of Bloch, was confounded by that author with the P. Megastoma. More recently, it has been confounded by several naturalists, including Cuvier, Nilsson, Hanmer, and Fleming, with that next described. The elongated first dorsal ray, and the ventrals, disjoined from the anal, will, however, always serve to distinguish it. It is evidently to the present species that Fleming s fish, procured in Zetland, belongs. The only other British specimen I know of, is in the Museum of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. This last, from which the above description was taken, was obtained by Professor Henslow at Weymouth. The Top-Knot of Hanmer belongs to the next species.