Body oblong-oval: scales large, deciduous, finely ciliated: jaws equal: lower eye most in advance: before the anal a strong sharp spine.

P. Amoglossus, Flem. Brit. An. p. 197. Bonap. Faun. Ital. Fasc. iv. Amoglossus, vel Solea laevis, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 102. tab. F. 8. f. 7.? Smooth Sole, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p. 232. Scald-Fish, Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 325. pl. 53.


Five to six inches.


{Form). Oblong-oval; the body narrowing behind more gradually than in the last species, and not so suddenly contracted before the caudal; thin and somewhat pellucid: greatest breadth, dorsal and anal fins excluded, one-third of the entire length: head one-fourth of the same, excluding caudal: profile slightly emarginated before the eyes: gape moderate; jaws nearly equal; lower one obliquely ascending; both with fine velvet-like teeth: eyes placed as in the Whiff, but not so large in proportion: lateral line arched above the pectoral, afterwards straight: scales large, thin, very deciduous; their free edges finely ciliated, and emarginated; those on the lateral line with an oblong tubercle as in the Whiff, but not so much elevated: dorsal and anal as in that species; before the anal a strong, sharp, triangular, spine or lamina, directed downwards and backwards: caudal rounded: pectorals unequal; that on the upper side about three-fourths the length of the head: ventrals consisting of a double row of rays; that on the upper side more advanced than the other: the rays of all the fins slender and bristly; the connecting membranes very delicate, and easily broken:

D. 85; A. 66; C. 17; P. 10; V. 6.

{Colour). "Upper side pale brown, or dirty white." Hanmer.

Apparently not common in the British seas. Hitherto noticed only by Mr. Hanmer, who states that it occurs at Plymouth, though very rarely. The Museum of the Cambridge Philosophical Society possesses specimens from Weymouth, where it is called Megrim*. The name of Scald-Fish has arisen from the peculiarly smooth naked appearance of the sides, when divested of the scales, which adhere so slightly as to yield to the slightest friction. Inhabits the Mediterranean, along with one or two other closely allied species.

(28). P. Cyclops, Don

Brit. Fish. vol. iv. pl. 90. Platessa Cyclops, Flem. Brit. An. p. 199.

Eyes on the left side: left eye subvertical, and visible on both sides. Body very broad, smooth; marked with dusky spots, surrounded by a whitish ring: head elongated:' lateral line much curved above the pectoral fin: scales inconspicuous: dorsal commencing behind the eye: middle rays of both dorsal and anal longest: caudal rounded:

D. 66; A. 52; C. 16; P. 11; V. 7.


One inch and three-eighths. Don.

An obscure and doubtful species. Sent to Donovan by Captain Merrick, of Aberfraw, in Anglesea, North Wales, who obtained it on that coast. Probably the fry of some other species. The backward commencement of the dorsal fin associates it with the last genus; but the sinistral position of the eyes with this.