Crown and occiput chestnut-brown; sides of the neck, and a collar on the nape, white: wings with two transverse white bars.

F. montana, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. I. p. 354. Tree Sparrow, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Illust. vol. I. p. 300. pl. 55. f. 2. Mountain Sparrow, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. I. p. 187.


Entire length five inches six lines. Mont.


Crown of the head, and nape of the neck, deep chestnut-brown, tinged with cinereous: space between the eye and the bill, ear-coverts, and throat, black: cheeks, sides of the neck, and an interrupted collar on the nape, white: feathers on the back, and scapulars, dusky in the middle, rufous brown at the edges; wing-coverts chestnut-brown, tipped with white, forming two distinct bars of that colour across the wings: quills black, with reddish edges: tail rufous brown: bill black: feet pale brown. In the female, the colours are more obscure; the black on the throat and ear-coverts hardly visible. (Egg). Dirty white, speckled all over with light ash-brown: long. diam. eight lines and a half; trans, diam. six lines.

Much less abundant, and more partially distributed, than the last species. Met with sparingly in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Lincolnshire, and some other of the northern and eastern counties. Does not frequent buildings, but is partial to old trees, in the holes of which it builds. Nest formed of the same materials as that of the House-Sparrow. Number of eggs the same.