General plumage brown, spotted on the back and under parts with white.
N. Caryocatactes, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. 1. p. 117. Id. torn. in. p. 67. Nutcracker, Mont. Orn. Diet. Selb. Must. vol. 1. p. 368. pl. 33*. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. 1. p. 97.
Entire length thirteen inches: length of the bill two inches. Mont.
Crown of the head and nape of the neck blackish brown: the rest of the plumage above and below the body rusty brown, spotted with white; the spots on the back guttiform; those beneath disposed longitudinally on each feather, and occupying a larger portion of the ground-colour: vent white: quills and tail black; the latter with a broad white bar at the extremity: irides brown: bill and feet dusky. (Egg). Pale buff-coloured white: long. diam. one inch three lines; trans, diam. ten lines and a half.
Very rare in this country. Has been only observed in three or four instances. One killed near Moyston in Flintshire in October 1753; a second in Kent; a third in Northumberland in the autumn of 1819. Common in some of the mountainous parts of the North of Europe, residing principally in woods. Feeds on seeds and nuts; also on insects. Said to build in the holes of trees, and to lay five or six eggs.