Eyes on the right side: lateral line arched above the pectorals: body oblong; smooth.

H. vulgaris, Flem. Brit. An. p. 199. Pleuronectes Hippoglossus, Linn. Syst. Nat. torn. 1. p. 456. Bloch, Ichth. pl. 47. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iv. pl. 75. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 95. Nilss. Prod. Ichth. Scand. p. 57. Hippoglossus, Will. Hist. Pise. p. 99. tab. F. 6. Holibut, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. 111. p. 226. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 302. Le grand Fletan ou Helbut, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. 11. p. 340.


From three to six feet, and upwards.

Descript* (Form). Body oblong; of a more elongated form than in the last sub-genus, tapering much towards the tail: greatest breadth, dorsal and anal fins excluded, rather more than one-third of the entire length: head small, a little more than one-sixth of the same: mouth large; both jaws armed with several long, sharp, curved, distant, teeth: eyes large, approximating, situate on the right, very rarely on the left, side of the head: gill-cover of three pieces; the gill-opening large, with the membrane exposed: lateral line arched above the pectoral, but afterwards running straight to the caudal fin: body smooth: both sides covered with small, soft, oblong, scales, strongly adhering, and invested with a slimy mucus: dorsal commencing above the eyes, and reaching very nearly to the caudal: vent further removed from the head, than in the other species belonging to this family: before the anal a long spine: pectorals oblong: caudal crescent-shaped:

B. 7; D. 107; A. 82; C. 16; P. 15; V. 7.

(Colours). "Dusky brown, most commonly inclining to a liver-colour, and free from spots; the tint variable, and said to be blackest, or more dusky, in fish of poor condition: lower surface uniformly white." Don.

* Not having any original description of this species, the above has been compiled from Bloch, Gmelin, Donovan, and Nilsson. The fin-ray formula is from Bloch.

Not uncommon on some parts of the coast, and occasionally exposed for sale in the London markets. Attains to a very large size. One taken off the Isle of Man in April 1828, is said to have measured seven feet and a half in length, and to have weighed three hundred and twenty pounds*. Said to be very voracious, preying upon other fish, and on Crustacea. Spawns, according to Bloch, in the Spring. Flesh poor, and not much esteemed. In the northern parts of Britain, is called a Turbot.