Back, scapulars, and under parts, ferruginous yellow; a black collar on the neck; a large white space on the wings: bill and legs black.
Anas rutila, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. ii. p. 832. Ruddy Goose, Lath. Syn. vol. iii. p. 456. Ruddy or Casarka Shieldrake, Selb. Must. vol. ii. p. 293. pl. 48**. Ferruginous Duck, Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. ii. p. 313.
Entire length about twenty-three inches. Selb.
Forehead, cheeks and chin, pale ochreous yellow; region of the eyes, crown and nape, grayish white; neck, as far as the collar, ochreous yellow, tinged with orange; collar about half an inch in width, black, glossed with green: breast, back, scapulars, and under parts of the body, deep gallstone-yellow, tinged with orange, deepest upon the breast; the feathers on the upper parts with paler edges, and the ends of the long tertials passing into sienna-yellow: lesser and middle wing-coverts white: secondary quills, and greater coverts, green, glossed with purple, forming a very large speculum: greater quills black: tail-coverts black, glossed with duck-green: bill, legs and feet, black. Selb. The female, according to Temminck, wants the black collar, and has more white about the head and neck. (Egg). White. Temm.
An extremely rare and accidental visitant in this country. One killed at Bryanston in Dorsetshire, in the Winter of 1776, is now in the Newcastle Museum. Mr Selby has figured a second individual which was killed in the South of England, and which is in his own collection. Inhabits the eastern parts of Europe. Said to make a nest in the banks of rivers, or in burrows excavated for the purpose in deserted hillocks; occasionally in hollow trees. Lays eight or nine eggs. Food, aquatic plants and insects.