1. - Building Defined. - Building and Architecture are technical terms by some thought to be synonymous; but there is a distinction. Architecture has been defined to be - "the art of building;" but more correctly it is - "the art of designing and constructing buildings, in accordance with such principles as constitute stability, utility, and beauty." The literal signification of the Greek word archi-tecton, from which the word architect is derived, is chief-carpenter; and the architect who designs and builds well may truly be considered the chief builder. Of the three classes into which architecture has been divided - viz., Civil, Military, and Naval - the first is that which refers to the construction of edifices known as dwellings, churches, and other public buildings, bridges, etc., for the accommodation of civilized man - and is the subject of the remarks which follow.