This section is from the book "A Practical Treatise On The Joints Made And Used By Builders", by Wyvill J. Christy. Also available from Amazon: Practical treatise on the joints made and used by builders.
Butt Joint is usual with lining paper the edges of which do not lap but meet at a butt. The best papers are also edged, so that both margins are cut off close to the pattern in accurately straight lines, the pattern not admitting of any but neat butt joints, which should be sufficiently perfect to be invisible.
Close Joint is the customary joint resulting from one or both of the edges being cut close to the pattern and the paper neatly hung. It is produced either by an exact butt or lap.
This is formed by the overlap usually given to common and medium papers which require one edge, and generally the left-hand one, to be cut close, whilst a margin of § in. or thereabouts is left on the other for the former to cover. In hanging the paper the overlap should be so given that, where possible, the cut or upper edge may be turned away from the light.
This occurs in panelling, bordering round doors, etc, the angles of which should show a clean-cut mitre.
This is made by lining and jointing marble paper by running lines of distemper colour to represent blocks of the desired dimensions. The joints may be made to look as if belonging to ashlar, or arch work with central key.
Rolled Joint is effected by rolling the overlap with a wooden roller covered with flannel.