Hornbeam, (Carpinus betula) is from a British tree.


The wood is white and close. The medullary rays are plainly marked, and there is no sap.


The timber is hard, tough, and strong. When subjected to vertical pressure the fibres double up instead of snapping; it stands exposure well. If cut from old or unseasoned trees the wood is worthless.


This wood makes the best mallets. It is very good for turned articles, agricultural implements, cogs for wheels, etc. etc.