A beaded joint (a) Fig. 19, is one disguised by a quirked bead which is worked on one edge; this joint is used in matched lining, etc.

Butt joints (b), (c), and (d), are used for returns, when one piece is fitted to the edge of another, and may be rebated, matched, or plain-butted, as required.

The feathered or slip-tongue joint (e), formed by plowing corresponding grooves in adjacent pieces and filling it with a slip tongue, is generally employed for plank flooring.

A grooved, tongued-and-mitered joint (f) possesses the qualities of strength and effectiveness, and no edge grain is exposed.

The half-lap dovetail joint (g) is a form in which the dovetails appear only on one side, and is the method adopted for drawer fronts.

Joinery Joints In Joinery 338

FIG. 19.

The lapped-and-tongued miter joint (h) is somewhat similar to (f), but a slip tongue is inserted instead of being worked out of the solid material.

A lapped miter joint (i) is made by rebating and mitering the boards to be joined, and securing them with nails.

A miter-and-butt joint (j) is a good form for an angle joint and is simpler than (i).

A miter-keyed joint is a miter strengthened by a slip feather, as at (k), or with slips of hard wood fitted into saw kerfs, as at {I).

A rabbeted joint (m) is formed by cutting rectangular slips out of the edges of the boards to a depth generally equal to one-half of their thickness, the tongues thus formed being lapped over each other.

A rule joint (n) is a hinged joint used for the leaves of tables, etc.

Beveled joints (o) and (p) are formed to close tightly and exclude the wind and water.

The blind dovetail joint (q), used for boxes and cabinets where the dovetails are not to show, is made by dovetailing three-fourths of the thickness of the board and mitering the other fourth.