This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
In this thesis we attempt to establish the truth in re several much discussed subjects. Man as man is a very interesting study, and we can trace his history only by the monuments he has left behind him, whether intentionally or unintentionally. These monuments may take the form varying from a potsherd to the Great Pyramid at Cheops, but it is all markings of the advancement of man.
Sometime in the history of the human race, architecture must have had its beginning; something must have served as a model. The question naturally arises: - What was that model? In this thesis we are endeavoring to arrive at conclusions in regard to: -
1. The Origin of Architectural Design.
2. The Relation of Astronomy (as conceived by the primitive races) to Religion.
3. The Actual Scientific Knowledge Possessed by the Earliest of Civilized Peoples, i. e.,the Egyptians, Babylonians and Greeks.
4. The Influence of Astronomy upon Architecture.
5. The Value of Symbolism.
6. The Influence of Symbolism upon Architecture.
7. The Reflex Influence of Symbolism and Architecture upon Religion.
8. The Destiny of Man.
9. The Destiny of the Cosmos.
10. The Relation of Astronomy, Arch‘ology, Mythology and Religion to Human Advancement.
In our study it was necessary that we delve very deeply into a varied field of knowledge, especially in the departments of Arch‘ology, Religion, Mythology, Astronomy and a great many other branches of learning, and in so doing had recourse to a number of valuable works which we are pleased to mention here as grateful return for the aid derived. G. Mas-pero's works on Egypt, especially his latest history of that country, in thirteen volumes, have been of invaluable service in the study of the Egyptological side of the question, for, we consider his view of the ancient Egyptian closely sympathetic with the life and career of that great nation of antiquity. He displays keen perception of the minutia of their every day life and we believe that their own historian could scarcely set forth a more intimate exposition of their history.
George Rawlinson's and Adolf Erman's works on Egypt have also proven an aid in determining the starry counterpart of the various symbols and emblematic figures of that nation, for they are replete with illustrations of the life and sculptured works found in the ruins of the Nile country. James Henry Breasted's work, "A History of Egypt," in one volume, dealing with the history of that nation from the earliest times to the Persian conquest has proven a great aid. Vol. I of "History of all Nations" dealing with "Egypt and Western Asia in Antiquity," published by Lea Brothers & Co., Philadelphia and New York, has been very interesting in connection with our efforts. The latter work is by Ferdinand Justi, Sara Yorke Stevenson, John Henry Wright and Morris Jastrow and is undoubtedly one of great thoroughness and exactness upon the subject of Egyptology.
We have been rendered invaluable aid in connection with the study of Egyptian religion and symbolism through perusal of A. E. Wal-lis Budge's work in three volumes, "The Book of the Dead." Thomas Bulfinch's work, "The Age of Fable," as revised by Rev. E. E. Hale, has rendered great service also in that department of the subject.
In connection with the mythological phase we have had recourse to Thomas Bulfinch's "The Age of Fable;" "Babylonian Religion and Mythology," by L. W. King; "The Stars in Song and Legend," by Jermain G. Porter; "Tales of Ancient Greece," by George W. Cox; "Norse Mythology," by Rasmus B.Anderson and " Paradise Found," by Wm. F. Warren, all of them instructive works.
Dr. Stephen D. Peet's work, "Prehistoric America," in four volumes, and "Prehistoric Architecture" by the same author, have proven an invaluable acquisition in the study of ancient America, for they are two of the most complete and exhaustive works on that department of the subject that can be secured.
Garrett P. Serviss' "Astronomy With the Naked Eye;" Simon Newcomb's "Popular Astronomy;" "Ray's Series, Elements of Astronomy," by Joseph Ray; The "Story of the Heavens," by Sir R. S. Ball and a great number of other excellent works on Astronomy have been consulted and a careful digest made of their contents in order to make the work conform very closely with Astronomical data in every respect.
"The Evolution of Worlds," by Percival Lowell, proved interesting in connection with that department of the subject, while "The Age of Mammals," by Henry Fairfield Osborn, has rendered great assistance regarding prehistoric life upon the earth. We wish also to mention very favorably Dr. Augustus Le Plongeon's work on the ancient cities of Central America, "Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx," which throws a wealth of light upon the ruins found in that part of our own hemisphere, as well as presenting a great number of admirable photographic plates and drawings showing the different sculptured figures and representations to which he had first-hand access in his work.
We wish also to render a sincere tribute to Prof. J. O. Kinnaman, editor of the "American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal," for the fearless and hearty support that he has given this work from the first. We are pleased to declare here also our sincere appreciation of the friendly services rendered by Mr. L. H. Daingerfield of the U. S. Weather Bureau service, who, from the first, has taken great interest in the subject.
A very interesting work on the symbolism of the starry figures has lately come to hand, entitled, "Amen the God of the Amonians," by Wakeman Ryno, M. D. It proves a veritable twin brother to this work in many ways and cannot but greatly interest those who wish to make a study of the heavens, for it deals with that subject in a rapid-fire manner and in very condensed form.
"Isis Unveiled," by H. P. Blavatsky, also "The Occult World"and "Esoteric Buddhism," both by A. P. Sinnett, have proven of great interest in connection with the occult of this subject. Prof. Max Muller's work, "Chips from a German Workshop," has also been a great help; while his work,"Origin of Religion," is another invaluable aid in the study of religions.
"The Sacred Beetle," by John Ward, has proven very instructive in our work, for it is replete with excellent illustrations of the various sculptured forms found in the Nile Country.
LEE H. McCOY. Pueblo, Colo., March 1, 1912.