This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
This starry emblem of Isis has been considered both in conjunction with and separate from the great beast adjoining, which lies immediately underneath the pole of the heavens. Such is, apparently, the scriptural value also, or as being seen both in a compound form and separately.
The shape of the dipper identifies other groups wth the goddess, such as that object formed by the principal stars in Ursa Minor which is but a Close Imitation Of The Larger One In Ursa Major. The former we consider as being identical with that deified form represented as in a sitting or kneeling position, having no head, but with a huge eye in its shoulder. When shown in a sitting or kneeling posture, we consider it an attempt to copy the form of the dipper. Many different deities were represented in this form, especially the goddess Isis. She was apparently identified with the "Little Dipper" or the Pleiades, with the "Milk Dipper" in Sagittarius, and with many others; which is Proof Enough To Arouse Our Interest In that feature of the groups. In fact, it will be seen that this characteristic of the heavens is one of great value, inasmuch as we often find symbolic objects duplicated in miniature in other parts of the sky. We see evidence of this in the minute triangle, the elongated triangle, the dipper, the trapeze, the square, the rosette, the rounded object which is considered as the nose of the true constellation figure of Andromeda, and in many other distinctive forms which are not without their significance in each case. They appear in those groups only which have evidently been given or embody an analogous value.
The winged emblem of Isis will be seen to represent the winged circle which is found in the symbolism of most of the ancient peoples. This fact is really too plain for words, for the principal stars of the figure easily Present A Winged Circle Which agrees closely with those representations of such an emblematic object. Winged circles are found in Babylonian symbolism, in Egyptian symbolism, in Persian symbolism, in the symbolism of ancient American peoples as evidenced upon the ruins in Yucatan, and in that of other early peoples as well. It has invariably been seen as emblematic of the sun, while we well know that the Woman Wonder of Revelation was seen as "clothed with the sun," which explains much where we see this figure as her emblem among the stars. We believe this figure to be connected with the Greek mythological chariot of the sun, the great beast near by representing the fiery steeds, while Cepheus would appear as the driver.
The polar group, Ursa Minor, not only presents the figure of the dipper but that of the human eye also; while that end of it constituting the bowl of the dipper, Appears As Another Lotus Flower; the lotus portion of it also much resembles those seen in Ursa Major and Canes Venatici. The star-bands which unite this eye-figure with Cassiopeia and Ursa Major are quite well defined and not difficult to locate. The Utchat, or that form of the Egyptian symbolic eye, with the appendages, was very evidently derived therefrom and is not without its value. This figure being located at the pole of the heavens, where it appears as a central region around which the heavens apparently revolve, it is not strange that the ancients associated it with the all-seeing One or Deity.
The constellation Draco or the polar dragon, where it makes a curve over the above group and down the other side, has been considered by the early peoples as The Top Of A Mound Or Mountain, and to it must we look for a solution of the ancient mounds and tumuli. The eye-figure in Ursa Minor would appear as a chamber or cavern in the depths of the hill, and, perhaps, has its counterpart in the burial chamber of the mounds and tumuli. This hill appears to be the goal of The Upward Route Of The Pyramidal Arrangement, and is not without its significance as the derivation of the symbolic burial mounds and hills. This hill or mountain in the north has been common property among the mythologies of the ancients, and is identical with King David's "Mount Zion, on the sides of the north." It certainly shows remarkable evidence of being the mythological seat of the gods or God.
Lying midway between the polar group and Cassiopeia, we detect an object which, judging by its location upon that portion of the figure of Cepheus constituting the front part of his dress kirtle, has evidently Originated One Symbolic Form In which Egyptian Royalty wore the front portion of their dress of state, with one point extending somewhat below in front. It also suggests the outlines of a turtle as seen from above, and constitutes a portion of the bull's head which we detect here. His one horn has its base at the pole of the heavens and its tip at Cepheus' mouth, while it is quite well marked in outline. We detect but the one horn however; so the ancients have supplied the other in deriving their sacred animal from this region. His head is very well marked and not difficult to locate. His body extends back through Ursa Major and the Lynx, and the figure of Isis rests upon his back. This bull figure shows plainly its Identity With The Egyptian God, Apis.
The winged form of Isis is identified with Hathor, the cow goddess of heaven. The early Babylonian saw the bull in conjunction with the latter figure, or as their winged and man-headed bull. He and a lion figure, which we see immediately below, have been seen as the scriptural great four-faced creatures or beasts. The beasts in question had the face of a man, the face of a lion, the face of a bull, and the face of an eagle, while they were also seen with wings. This fact, like many of the others we deal with, is really too plain for words; for do we not see here the unmistakable evidence of the bull and lion, while the man and eagle, although not definitely marked, are certainly in evidence.