5. Photography is born, and, like a Joseph among his brethren,asserts itself, and demands a place.Its youthful hand is laid upon the glorious circle, and admittance asked. It is denied, and effort made by its envious kindred to hide it in a pit, and to utterly destroy it. Why? It does not comply with the rules. Yea, there is a fear that it will itself want to rule over all. and great jealousy arises lest it should out-run them, and destroy graphs, can be had anywhere; they are educating the million, and it remains for each caterer to the public to study with open eye, brain, and heart, lest he shortly be found not in advance of, but behind, the public taste. - W. J. Bakkr.

The utmost capacity of photography can only be reached when, with complete control of his materials, the oparator is possessed of a cultivated mind, is master of the principles which govern art, and deeply imbued with its spirit. Mere taste is not sufficient; he must have thought too, and thought is the result of culture. Like the architect, sculptor, or painter, he ought to be a man of observation, and able to segregate the essential idea from the unnecessary rubbish which surrounds it. Drawing, modelling, or painting are the means by which poetic ideas are unfolded in plastic art; in photography, the chemical action of some of the rays of light upon a sensitized film or medium stands for two of these, and when, within their proper sphere, they are used by corresponding intelligence, bear corresponding fruits. Their results ought to be preferred to thoughtless skill, for they give better satisfa-tion. - S.G.Sellstedt.

5. Photographers, in your hands is power. The power of the wonder-world of art. underrate it. But whether it be great or little is of small account. It certainly is real, and as real, the true artist will have it what it ought to be. He will teach all whom he can reeach that in the perfect truth alone is the perfect beauty; that every thing and every person who has a right to be at all has a beauty of its own; that his own aim is simply to discover and most perfectly to render the highest, exactest, and completed life of each . and that, in a word, in the highest character is the perfect art. - Rev. Frothingham.

their harmony and peace. But this must not be so. It is not so. For, after ignoring the principles of art for the first thirty years of its life, photography, awakened out of sleep,ceased its obstreperous opposition, and, robbing its eyes, began to study, to practise, and to improve.

6. As a result, the productions of photography ten years ago are not worthy to be compared with those of to-day in an art sense. Yet there is still more room for progress and improvement in this noble direction than in any other, and its importance cannot be too earnestly urged. What photographers need for themselves is culture - education in the principles of art so far as they are applicable to photography. What they need to secure to their patrons is a likeness; made more beautiful and pleasurable, as it can be, by the application of these principles in its production from beginning to end.

7. As in grammar, certain rules regulate the parts of speech which make up our language - as in authorship, the rules of composition govern the forms of the sentences which immortalize the author, so in photography must and do the rules of form, composition, light and shade, govern the production of the best pictures. It behooves the photographer, therefore, to study and practise these rules; to educate the mind and the eye, and

6. The great want in the present position of photography, is a more extended knowledge of art amongst photographers. Were this want supplied, there would soon be an increased taste and refinement in photographic productions. Articles have been written on this subject, but often in a style too philosophical and dreamy, so that the simple soul who wants to know what he should do to improve, and how to do it, is utterly bewildered and confused. - James Mudd.

There are general and specific principles in art, and the better we comprehend them, the more readily do we see the intention of the artist in his pictures. Hence, it is like learning a strange language; we must first begin with the sounds of the letters and words before we can communicate in sentences. Thus in art, if we understand and have acquired the faculty of artistic sight, our gratification is immeasurably increased by being able to appreciate what we see. - L. G. Bioelow.

7. I consider it requisite that a professional portraitist should previously undergo a similar course of training to that which an artist, in the strict sense of the term, would do. A man is not an artist because he possesses a camera and lens. Incapacity will inevitably be made manifest in results - in the miserable productions, in imitation of humanity, which have been scattered broadcast over town and country, plentiful as blackberries in the autumn. Hut a student devoted to art, bringing to bear upon photography the superior taste and judgment to be only acquired by years of ardent study in drawing and painting, will not fail, in time, to rank with the best men amd most capable artists in the profession. The to train the hand to conform unto them. Carry into practice what you see, what you imagine, what you invent, and apply your genius and your skill to your work.

I have no doubt, have each gone through such a course of training in art as I have referred to, before entering the domain of photography. - R. Slingsby.

8.Some one has said that "Genius plays and talent labors;" that is truly so,but it is only the genius thti plays by rule; and the truly talented labor with principle constraining every action. The dancer in his wildest enthusiasm, is swayed by the silent influence of time, and the mightiest sledge is swung to the reverberations of the anvil music, or to those the shaping mass beneath it.Nature herself, fickle as she seems, submits to laws as eloquent as her own fascinations.