This section is from the book "Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography", by J. B. Schriever. Also available from Amazon: Complete Self-Instructing Library Of Practical Photography.
77. Another reason for making the exposure at the particular time of day it was made was to have the strongest light on the front, in order to produce relief in the capitals of the pillars and the ornaments at the corners of the residence.
78. In Illustration No. 4, a time of day was chosen when a portion of the front of the residence was in shadow, yet the sun shone on the pillars of the porch in such a way as to give an immense amount of relief. This lighting effect verges onto the artistic, and is a very pleasing one for this particular subject. It would have been difficult to have secured the effect of atmosphere or distance if the front, as well as the side, had been strongly illuminated with direct sunlight.
79. The picture is a most truthful rendering of the subject. The point of view chosen is practically the only desirable one, for by moving to either right or left a tree would have cut into the building, while as it is, the only portion that is hidden is the upper right-hand corner, which is behind the lower branches of the tree. This is not objectionable, as the corner of the residence nearest the camera gives a clear idea of the architectural construction. If, however, it had been desired to show both corners, a closer view could have been made, by means of which the trees would have been avoided; but, of course, less foreground would have been admitted, and while from a commercial standpoint the architectural effects would be reproduced, yet the general balance to the picture, to make it appear more pleasing to the eye, and a truthful representation of the property, requires more of the general surroundings.
80. An entirely different type of architecture is shown in Illustration No. 5. Notice the lighting effect, and also the point of view. This building, although quite tall - much taller than is apparent in this illustration - appears to be very broad, owing to the fact that the shadows are cast in a horizontal direction, the sun being very low. A more pleasing view, and one which would have shown less of the round roof of the veranda, would have been from the opposite corner. The long horizontal line of the eaves,
Photo by T. E. Dillon Illustration No. 4 Residence See Paragraph 75.
Photo by T. E. Dillon
Illustration No. 5
Residence See Paragraph So
Photo by T. E. Dillon
Illustration No. 6
Residence - English Architecture
See Paragraph 82
Photo by T. E. Dillon
Illustration No. 7
See Paragraph 84 which runs from one corner of the building to the other, is very objectionable, and especially so as this line is parallel with the ridge of the roof immediately above.
81. If the picture had been taken from the other corner the same proportion of the two chimneys would not have existed. In fact, the chimney to the right would have been almost wholly obstructed from view by the roof. The other chimney, being on the outside of the building, would have assisted in giving height to the structure, and its perpendicular lines would have very materially helped to counteract the long horizontal lines of the veranda roof. The lines of the left-hand chimney do not run parallel from the roof to the ground, as the lower third of the chimney is much broader than the upper portion.
82. In Illustration No. 6 we have still another type, known as English architecture. An excellent view-point has been selected for photographing this residence, in that it shows all of the strong points of its construction. This view is an exceptionally valuable one for the architect who wishes detailed information regarding the form of construction. A front view of the house would have been objectionable, as it would have been too tall for its width to give a pleasing proportion. If a photograph had been made from the opposite corner, but little idea would have been given regarding the form of architecture other than that shown in the front gables.
83. There are times when it is impossible, perhaps owing to location, to secure a point of view for photographing residences that is at all pleasing, and it is therefore necessary to select the best one possible under the circumstances.
84. In Illustration No. 7 we have a reproduction from a photograph made under conditions which are quite common. This structure is built on quite an elevation, and under ordinary conditions is an extremely difficult subject. The building, as you will observe, is large and square, but not high in proportion to its width. By covering the end wing of the building to the right with a sheet of blank paper, you have a well-proportioned building as to height. By covering the small wing to the left, you have a more massive appearing building. If this building, as it stands, were viewed from an elevated point, it would appear still more beautiful as a work of architecture, but in working from an elevation you would not have the natural viewpoint of the building, as the elevation on which the residence is built would appear more level; therefore, in order to reproduce the residence and its surroundings, and give a truthful rendering of its appearance as it rests on this elevation, the picture is taken from a point of view which shows that the residence is situated on the top of a knoll, and not on level ground. The best results would have been secured if the photograph could have been made from a slightly elevated position.