It is not sufficiently realized by some operators how much the height of the camera influences the expression and character of a portrait. When a sitter has been placed in the best position, and the lighting arranged to suit the particular type of face, there are still many modifications that can be made by tilting the camera upwards or downwards. These changes in the position of the camera alter the perspective of the lines of the face and body, and make a difference in the general appearance of the portrait.

Pose a sitter with his head quite level and his eyes fixed on something the same height as the camera. Now lower the camera and tilt it upwards, and you will see that, although the sitter has not altered his position, the head appears thrown back and the eyes turned upwards. Then raise the camera and tilt it downwards, and you will see that the head appears bent forward, the forehead broader and the face more pointed towards the chin.

When you take a head-and-shoulders portrait of a small man with a large bald head, don't have the camera too high - unless you want to emphasize the fact that his head is out of proportion to his body and that his hair has disappeared. On the other hand, when you photograph a stout, full-faced man with a receding forehead, don't have the camera too low - unless you want him to look more like one of our savage ancestors than a man of to-day.

Then again, in taking full or three-quarter length figures, you can make a sitter look shorter or taller by raising or lowering the camera. A high point of view will fore-shorten a figure and give a squattiness to the portrait. This should never be done unless a sitter is abnormally tall and thin. A low point of view will make a sitter look taller. It is extremely useful to remember this when you make portraits of sitters who are below the average height. As a rule, sitters are very sensitive on matters relating to their stature; so much so that very often proofs are accepted or rejected simply because they please, or fail to please, on this particular point.

When children playing on the floor are photographed from a high point of view, the charm of the picture is often destroyed by the foreshortening of the figures. To avoid this the children can be placed upon a platform. But very few professional photographers nowadays will tolerate a cumbersome platform in their studios. The alternative method is to use a studio stand such as the Century Semi-Centennial, which allows the camera to be lowered to within fifteen inches of the floor.

Artura Iris Print From Standard Polychrome Negative By Morrison Studio Chicago, Ill.

Artura Iris Print From Standard Polychrome Negative By Morrison Studio Chicago, Ill.