The organization of these bodies is managed, preliminarily, very much the same as that of a Town Meeting, excepting that the first organization is generally temporary. After this is effected, it is usual to appoint a committee to nominate permanent officers, and another to examine and report on the credentials of the members. In the appointment of these committees, the Chairman will, of course, be particular to name no delegate whose seat is, or likely to be, contested. Such an appointment might lead to serious difficulty.
The Convention being permanently organized, it may be expedient to appoint a "committee to report what business is proper to be brought before the delegates," or "to prepare resolutions for the action of the convention." Where, however, the object of the Convention is especially defined, as in the case of political delegations to nominate a ticket, this course is altogether unnecessary, and the members at once proceed to enter upon their duties, in the usual manner.
In all large bodies of this character, it is very rare that any important business is offered unless it comes through the hands of a committee. The general rules of order laid down in this work, will, it is believed, be found amply sufficient in the way of direction, to meet any contingency that may arise.
When the seat of a delegate is disputed, it is usual, when the matter has been fairly brought before the convention by committee or otherwise, to allow him to be heard, in support of his right. After he has spoken he should immediately withdraw, until his claim is decided, or, if permitted by a vote of the convention to remain, he should take no part whatever in the deliberations or vote, until he is regularly declared a member.
In State Conventions it is usual to adopt, as rules of order, those which govern our State Legislature. All the essential features of these rules will be found explained in this work.