Bring some snow inside and watch it melt, or make snow ice cream by adding a few drops of vanilla and a little sugar to clean snow.

Snow is the time to feed the birds. Birds like bread crumbs, cracker crumbs, seeds, popcorn, peanut butter, cranberries, and fat from meat A window sill will attract some birds, or a feeding tray can be located around your yard so you can watch them eat Make a suet stick by drilling holes in a branch and stuffing it with fat, or stock food or fat in a big pine cone and hang it from a branch of a tree. Hang the branch or cone low enough so you can refill it easily.

A child will learn that, if he is very quiet, he can sit on one end of a park bench and birds will eat the food he has provided on the other end of the bench.

The World And The Universe

When children begin to invent explanations of the universe, the time has come to help them understand some facts established by

.ence. Even if you know a lot about planets, stars, constellations and eclipses, keep it to yourself or limit it to naming Venus and a few simple facts such as these.

The globe is the easiest way to explain why, when it is night for us, the sun is shining on the children of China and they are eating their lunch. If you don't have a globe, use a grapefruit for the sun, and an orange for the earth. Holding the grapefruit steady, slowly move the orange or the globe to show how the world moves slowly, revolving around the sun.

Sun: The sun is always shining brightly, even if we can't see it. The sun is so hot we cannot look at it. It has to be hot to keep us warm and help plants to grow.

In the daytime when the sun is shining, you can see your shadow. A shadow is a place where, for the moment, the light cannot shine. Sometimes your shadow is tall and skinny (when it is behind you), and sometimes it is short and fat (when the sun is above you). The sun is so far away that no one can ever go there.

Moon: But someday, maybe, someone will go to the moon in a rocket ship because it is not so far away. The moon looks round and full like a great canteloupe only once a month. Then it begins to look smaller and smaller until it is like only a slice of canteloupe. But all the moon is still there; we can see only part of it because earth is casting its shadow on it.

Stars: The moon looks bigger than the stars, but the stars are really much bigger. And it is because they are farther away that they look smaller. Stars are in the sky all the time, only you can't see them because the sun is so bright

Watch for the first star of the evening. Teach children "Star

Light, Star Bright, First Star I've Seen Tonight____" or

"Twinkle, Twinkle.... "

Watch for a "falling" star. If you can say "money, money, money," very fast before it is through falling, you will eventually become rich.

On hot summer nights, it is fun to lie on your back in the yard and look and look at the stars.

Clouds: It is fun to watch clouds in the daytime which sometimes look like Easter bunnies, bears, people's faces, cotton candy, or whatever else you might imagine.

Time And Space

Clocks: What is important on a clock is to know when it is time for juice and crackers, when it is time for naps, and when it is time for Daddy to come home. Draw a clock face from a paper plate (as described in the section Making Things) to help show the different times.

Calendars: What is important to know on a calendar is the date of your birthday and the day it comes, when Christmas comes, or when vacation time comes..

You can circle these days and count them off when time is getting short by X-ing them out or using pins or map tacks. Each day, move the pin over one more space. Make a calendar for the week or the month and hang it in a prominent spot so significant days can be noted. "Tuesday is the day you go to the doctor's, Thursday is a birthday party, Saturday you get a nickel to spend any way you want, and on Sunday, Daddy stays home."

Maps: What is important to know on a map is where your house is, or where Grandma lives, or where you went on your vacation. You can draw a simple map of your neighborhood and put in the store and the path across the field, and the houses of everyone who is your friend.

Compass: A compass is magic. No matter which way you turn it, it always points the same direction.

Magnet: A magnet is a force which will pick up a bobby pin, but will not pick up a toothpick. Playing with magnets is more fun than trying to explain why they do what they do.

Speed: What is important about airplanes is that they go so fast. Much faster than trains or buses. If you go to Grandmother's house on an airplane, it only takes six hours; if you go on the train, it takes two days and one night; if you drive in a car, it takes five days; if you go on horses, it takes weeks; and if you walk, you'll never make it

Growth: You know your hair is growing because you have to get haircuts, and your finger nails are growing because they need to be clipped. But you can't see yourself grow!

A "Birthday Board" is a place where you stand still every year, and someone makes a mark on the board at the top of your head and writes your name and the date next to it. Photographs help prove that Mother was once a little girl, rode a bike, graduated from high school, and got married. Bringing the album up to date shows Mother carrying the child in her stomach, home from the hospital, and with baby's first birthday cake. This gives the child the feeling of the rhythm of life and a sense of the spaciousness of time.