Both ends of the hammock should be finished this way, and it will add greatly to the effect if the rings are buttonholed with cord. The hammock may be decorated if desired with little tassels tied into each loop along the sides, or by a knotted fringe. A more elaborate net-stitch is also sometimes used, with a double thread.
Knots Used in Tied Fringe (Solomon's Knot).
Bags of various kinds to hold clothes-pins, dust-cloths, and other household articles, are useful made of the coarse cord used for the hammock. To make a string bag it is necessary to have a wooden hoop; a pair of embroidery hoops from the ten-cent store will supply two bags. On this hoop the first row is knotted, but instead of ending, it goes on around and around till the bag is as deep as required, when the meshes are gathered in by a string cord, or fastened into a small brass ring by a stitch similar to that used in the ends of the hammock.
Basket-ball nets and some other kinds are cylindrical and do not need to be gathered in.
Bow Line Knot.
Tennis-nets are pleasant work, as the thread is fastened to a long side-cord by half stitches instead of the side-cord being put in afterward, and this stiff cord makes a firm foundation for the stitches.
In making netted trimmings and laces it is best to have a little ivory needle. A small bone paper-cutter may be easily shaved into the desired shape and sand-papered. A small ivory block is also very satisfactory.
Linen thread makes very durable lace, but if something less expensive is required the coarse cotton used for crochet work answers the purpose. The patterns given explain themselves, as they can easily be adapted for various uses. Netted lace makes a particularly good trimming for window curtains, as it is delicate and lacy in effect without being perishable. Dresser sets ornamented with it are also very pretty. Made in small meshes, with a design worked in, it is sufficiently heavy for table linen, and is oftentimes so used, but it seems to me better adapted for more lace-like effects, where filminess rather than heaviness is desired.
Netted Loops and Borders, Using Loops for Ornament.
Netting adapts itself well to dress trimmings, cuff and collar sets being very pretty. The measure of the wrist must be taken and the netting done round and round, as in a bag, the mesh being very small, and any filling is done in flat rather than tufted work. The ends of the turnover collar should be finished with loops.
One of the daintiest examples of netted work I have ever seen was the baby's cap already mentioned, made of fine linen thread, with a mesh not more than one-fourth of an inch long. The start was made around a tiny button-holed ring, and the back made in a circular piece not more than three inches across. The front was a strip about three inches wide sewed on with a little fulness to this circular piece, for about three-quarters of the way around. The enclosed sketch gives an idea of a suitable design which might be carried out in saddlers' silk or knitting silk, as well as in linen. All designs for netted work should be drawn on paper marked in squares. Reference has already been made to the use of the weaver's knot in fastening threads. It is one of the best methods of tying a new thread to a short end. The Solomon's knot is most effective in tassels, a double thread being looped in the spot desired, thus leaving four ends.
Center Of Child's Cap. Old Italian Netted Lace With Tied-In Pattern.
The bow line or bow string knot is good for putting up a hammock as when pulled tight it can not slip. In fact the security of most knots depends upon the tightness with which they are made.
Sometimes, instead of using side-cords in a hammock, a braid or twist of fine cord is used. In this case a pretty fancy twist is made of Solomon's knots repeated. It is necessary to have four very long threads to start on, at least three times as long as the piece required.
An old-fashioned twist cord makes a good side-cord. A piece of ordinary hammock cord is used for this, about three times the length required. One person holds each end, twisting to the right till the cord is kinky the whole length. It is then doubled, from the center, and naturally coils itself in a perfect twisted cord. Where it is difficult to get supplies or a specially decorative effect is required, one side-cord, with a little extra work, may be used for ropes, side-cords, and everything connected with a hammock.
Sometimes colored cotton wrapping cord is used for nets. For decorative purposes Sea Island cotton answers well enough, but for hammocks to be used out of doors it is not very durable, and is likely to fade, and crock if it becomes damp. In fact plain white or linen color seems far the most satisfactory in fitness to purpose, but if color is required it is better to dye the cord oneself before making up with vegetable dyes for cotton. The cord must afterward be rinsed through many waters. Colors used for carpet warp are generally fast, in brown and gray, and if brighter tones are required logwood, cochineal, and other old-fashioned dyes will answer for dyeing them. To my mind the best color comes from constant exposure to sun and rain till the cord takes on the silver gray tone of an old seine net.