This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
This is an industry which essentially depends upon the native talent of the operator, and in which no progress can be made by simply following directions. It will be found an excellent plan to make a model in clay of the proposed design, and then carve the wood according to the clay model, which latter can be modified till it gives satisfaction. The subject of carving may be divided into Woods, Tools, and Operations.
The choice of the woods to be operated upon is a point of considerable importance, and the workman would do well to study the various woods and their peculiarities.