This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
Woven horsehair cloth is procurable in several widths, the price increasing out of proportion to the extra number of inches; hence, cloth work is usually welted, to permit the use of narrower widths. It cannot be plaited, and is adapted only for plain seats. The article is finished in holland or canvas of black colour - light tints would show through - the seating and borders are cut to size and shape, and the border is strained round loosely, and welted. On backs and scrolls, the cloth need not be laid tightly, as the buttons will pull it into shape. Any wrinkles and creases which may appear in the cloth when placed and tacked on can be removed by moistening with water, all disappearing on drying.