Mix 1 part of ivory black, 1/2 treacle, 1/8 sweet oil, then add J oil of vitriol and 1/8 hydrochloric acid. Dilute each ingredient with three times its weight of water before mixing.


(a) 2 lb. of ivory black in fine powder, 11/2 lb. treacle, 1/4 pint of sperm oil. Rub the black and oil well together, add the treacle and mix.

(b) 4 oz. of ivory black, 3 oz. coarse sugar, a tablespoonful of sweet oil, and 1 pint of weak beer; mix them gradually together until cold.