E. H. Perkins.

In making a hammock, a little practice in tying the knots is advisable as the first step. The peculiar yank which brings it to the desired position, and also pulls it taut, is soon gained by a little practice. It is best, therefore, to make trial meshes until they can be made evenly and the knot properly tied on the top of the mesh-stick. Make the knot slowly at first, until both speed and exactness are possible.

Making Hammocks I A Net Hammock 247

Fig. 1.

The materials required for a hammock the bed of which is 8' long, will be two balls of No. 16 soft finished cotton cord, two iron rings 3" in diameter, a hardwood mesh-stick and a netting needle. The mesh-stick is preferably of the shape shown in the illustration, but may be round or flat, and should be 8" long and 21/2" wide to make an average-sized mesh. It must be held under the palm of the left hand in such a way that the thumb and forefinger are free to guide the knot.

The needle is 9" long, 1" wide and 1/8" thick. After cutting it out with a fret-saw or knife, it must be smoothed with sandpaper, that it may work easily. To wind the needle, pass the twine alternately through the fork and around the tongue and over the shank on either side of the needle, so that the turns of the twine are kept on by the tongue and fork. Fill the needle as full as possible, to prevent too frequent joinings. Hold the needle flat in the palm of the hand, using the forefinger to guide it.

To make the knot shown in Fig. 2 pass the twine from the last formed knot over the front of the mesh-stick and through the mesh above,, holding the twine about the mesh-stick firmly with left thumb. Throw a loop of the twine over the stick and left wrist, as shown in Fig. 2, and push needle between 1 and 2, and pull knot tight, as shown. But little study and practice will be necessary in order to get the knot firm and in position on top of the mesh-stick.

To begin the hammock place one ring on a stout hook or anything strong enough to stand the strain of continued pulling, and set up about thirty leaders. Ten more will make a large hammock. In making these leaders, a thin board 3' long and 5" wide is held close to the bottom of the ring, and presses against the body at the other end. Make the first knot on the ring, then passing the twine around the board make a second knot in the ring, and continue until the forty leaders are made.

Making Hammocks I A Net Hammock 248

Fig. 2.

To make the body of the hammock, turn the ring over so that the last leader made will be at the left, and with the small mesh-stick in position, pass the cord in front, then back through the first long mesh or leader, making the knot as previously directed. Make as many knots in the corresponding leaders as the mesh-stick will hold ; then pull off all but three or four, and go on across the row. In beginning a new row place the top of the mesh-stick at the bottom of the last row, winding the cord from the last loop around the mesh-stick and up into the loop above for the first knot. Make as many rows as desired, and finish the hammock by using the long mesh-board, as in the beginning, to make the leaders of the other end, tying the knots in the second ring.

When the hammock becomes too heavy to handle easily, run a cord through a row of meshes about five rows back and tie to form a loop, hanging it upon the hook. This may be done to advantage several times in making the hammock.

When joining becomes necessary, the weaver's knot is the most desirable to use ; but care must be taken to leave ends long enough, that the weight of the body will not pull them out. To still further strengthen these joined places the ends may be wound about the meshes with twine.