John F. Adams
Now is the season of drafts made manifest by sundry colds, unless measures are taken to guard against them by means of screens; the one here described being quite attractive and yet not difficult to make by any one of ordinary skill with woodworking tools. As will be noted from the illustration, there are panels of wood at both top and bottom of each section, the center covered with leather, real or imitation, cloth, cretonne or burlap, or ornamental wall paper laid on cloth. Exposed nails with large heads are used only when they would be in harmony with the covering.
The materials required for construction include:- Six pieces 6 ft. long, 2 1/2 in. wide and 1 1/4 in. thick; six pieces 20 in. long, 2 1/2 in. wide and l 1/4 in. thick; six pieces 18 in. long, 2 in. wide and 1 1/4 in. thick, 30 ft. of stock 4 1/4 in. wide and either 3/8 or 1/4 in. thick, the thinner wood being desirable because of less weight. Also 25 ft. of lxl in. strips for making the frame upon which to tack the coverings to the center panels. It is quite probable that the stock for the wood panels will have to be got out special if the width mentioned is used, but by using stock 3 in. wide, and having five strips in each panel, matched stock 1/2 in. thick can be used and this is a dimension commonly carried by dealers in interior finish.
If matched stock is not to be had, use strips 3/8 in. thick, and before gluing up bevel each edge slightly with a plane to form shallow V shaped channels at each joint. Use care not to have them very deep as but little surface for gluing is to be had at most. The upper panels measure 13 in. high and 18 in. wide; the lower ones are 16 in. high. The pieces surrounding the panels are all grooved to a depth of a trifle over 1/2 in. the width of groove depending on the thickness of the panels.
The upper and lower cross pieces, 20 in. long, have tenons 1 1/2 in. long on each end, the edges being $ in. from the ends of the Bide pieces. The cross pieces under the upper and above the lower panels have tenons i in. long and of width to fit the grooves for the panels, the grooves being cut long enough to allow for same. They are spaced 12 and 15 in. respectively from upper and lower cross pieces, making the height of the center panels 32 1/2 in. The inner cross pieces are glued to side pieces only; the others are both glued and pinned with 3-16 in. dowel pins.
The 1-in. strips are glued to the inner edges of the center panel, allowing 1/2 in . on either edge, provided the covering is put on with large headed nails. If burlap or other cloth is used without nails, a frame is made of the strips, with a center piece to prevent bending and the cloth is tacked to the outer edges with upholstery tacks, the size of the frame being such as to allow a tight fit after the cloth is on. It is held in position with 1 1/2 in. wire nails of small gauge and small heads, holes being bored with an awl put through both cloth and the strips, and the cloth smoothed over the holes, thus concealing the nails.
The sections are hinged together with iron hinges, or green bronzed ones, if a green stain is used on the wood. The most suitable woods to use are: Oak, if stained to match the other furniture of the rooms in which it is to be used, or red gum-wood with mahogany stain or mahogany with natural or dark finish. White wood can be used, but as much of the attractiveness of the screen depends upon the markings of the grain of the wood, this wood is not very suitable. A novel and extremely artistic combination is bird's-eye maple and a gray stain with wax finish, but this cannot be used unless the room is decorated in a style to harmonise.