Period.

Gold. Total for Period.

Silver. Total for Period.

Percentage of

Production by

Weight.

Ounces fine

Value.

Ounces fine.

Coining Value.

Gold.

Silver.

Dollars

Dollars

1493-1520

5,221,160

107,931,000

42,309,400

54,703,000

11

89

1521-1544

5.524,656

114,205,000

69,598,320

89,986,000

7.4

92.6

1545-156o

4,377,544

90,492,000

160,287,040

207,240,000

2.7

97.3

1561-1580

4,398,120

90,917,000

192,578,500

248,990,000

2.2

97.8

1581-1600

4,745,340

98,095,000

296.352,700

348,254,000

1.7

98.3

1601-1620

5,478,360

113,248,000

271,924,700

351,579,000

2.

98

1621-1640

5,336,900

110,324,000

253.084,800

327,221,000

2.1

97.9

1641-1660

5,639,110

116,571,000

235.530,900

304,525,000

2.3

97.7

1661-1680

5,954,180

123,084,000

216,691,000

280,166,000

2.7

97.3

1681-1700

6,921,895

143,088,000

219,841,700

284,240,000

3.1

96.9

1701-1720

8,243,260

170,403,000

228,650,800

295,629,000

3.5

96.5

1721-1740

12,268,440

253,611,000

277,261,600

358,480,000

4.2

95.8

1741-1760

15,824,230

327,116,000

342,812,235

443,232,000

4.4

95.6

1761-1780

13,313,315

275,211,000

419,711,820

542,658,000

3.1

96.9

1781-1800

11,438,970

236,464,000

565,235,580

730,810,000

2.

98

1801-1810

5,715,627

118,152,000

287,469,225

371,677,000

1.9

98.1

1811-1820

3,679,568

76,063,000

173.857,555

224,786,000

2.1

97.9

1821-1830

4.570,444

94,479,000

148,070,040

191,444,000

3.

97

1831-1840

6,522,913

134,841,000

191,758,675

247,930,000

3.3

96.7

1841-1850

17,605,018

363,928,000

250,903,422

342,400,000

6.6

934

1851-1855

32,051,621

662,566,000

142,442,986

184,169,000

18.4

81.6

1856-1860

32,431,312

670,415,000

145,477,142

188,092,000

18.2

81.8

1861-1865

29,747,913

614.944.000

177,009,862

228,861,000

14.4

85.6

1866-1870

31,350,430

648,071,000

215,257,914

278,313,000

12.7

87.3

1871-1875

27,955,o68

577,883,000

316,585,069

409,322,000

8.1

91.9

1876-1880

27,715,550

572,931,000

393,878,009

509,256,000

6.6

93.4

1881-1885

23,973,773

495,582,000

460,019,722

594,773,ooo

5.

95

1886-1800

27,306.441

564,474,000

544,557,155

704,074,000

4.8

95.2

1891-1895

39,412,823

814,736,000

787,906,656

1,018,708,000

4.8

95.3

1896........

9,783,914

202,251,600

157,061,370

203,069,200

5.9

94.1

1897........

11,420,068

236,073,700

160,421,082

207,413,000

6.7

93.3

1898........

13,863,620

286,586,500

173,227,864

223,971,500

7.4

92.6

1899..........

14,831,039

306,584,900

167,224,243

216,209,100

8.1

91.9

Total

474,622,592

9,811,321,700

8,657,999,086

11,194,174,800

5.2

94.8

* Quoted from the Statistical Abstract of the United States for 1900, p. 40.

B.

Statistics of Coinage In The United States

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

Dollars.

Dollars.

1793-1795..............................................

71,485.00

370,683.80

1796.......................................................

102,727.50

79,077.50

1797......................................................

103,422.50

12,59145

1798......................................................

205,610.00

330,291.00

1799.....................................................

213,285.00

423,515.00

1800..................................................

317,760.00

224,296.00

1801..................................................

422,570.00

74,758.00

1802...................................................

423,310.00

58,343.00

1803...................................................

258,377.50

87,118.00

1804...................................................

258,642.50

100,340.50

1805.......................

170,367.50

149,388.50

1806..................................................

324,505.00

471,319.00

1807.................................................

437,495.00

597,448.75

1808...................................................

284,665.00

684,300.00

1809....................................................

169,375.00

707,376.00

1810.................................................

501,435.00

638,773.50

1811.............................................................................

497,905.00

608,340.00

1812.......................................................

290,435.00

814,029.50

1813......................................................

477,140.00

620,951.50

1814.................................................

77,270.00

561,687.50

1815..............................................

3,175.00

17,308.00

1816.....................................................

..................................

28,575.75

1817.......................

............................................

607,783.50

1818.......................

242,940.00

1,070,454.50

1819......................................................

258,615.00

1,140,000.00

1820......................................................

1,319,030.00

501,680.70

1821.......................

189,325.00

825,762.45

1822....................................................

88,980.00

805,806.50

1823.......................

72,425.00

895,550.00

1824........................................................

93,200.00

1,752,477.00

1825....................................................

156,385.00

1,564,583.00

1826...................................................

92,245.00

2,002,090.00

1827................................................

131,565.00

2,869,200.00

1828...............................................

140,145.00

1,575,600.00

1829...................................................

295,717.50

1,994,573.00

1830...................

643,105.00

2,495,400.00

1831...............................................

714,270.00

3,175,600.00

1832..............................................

798,435.00

2,579,000.00

1833....................................................

978,550.00

2,759,000.00

1834.......................................................

3,954,270.00

3,415,002.00

1835..................................................

2,186,175.00

3,443,003.00

1836...............................................

4,135,700.00

3,606,100.00

1837........................................................................

1,148,305.00

2,096,010.00

♦Quoted from Laughlin's "History of Bimetallism in the United States," p. 249, and the "Statistical Abstract of the United States for 1900," p. 44.

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

Dollars.

Dollars.

1838......................................................

1,809,595.00

2,333,24300

1839......................................................

1,355,885.00

2,176,296.00

1840......................................................

1,675,302.50

1,726,703.00

1841......................................................

1,091,597.50

1,132,750.00

1842......................................................

1,834,170.00

2,332,750.00

1843......................................................

8,108,797.50

3,834,750.00

1844.......................................................

5,428,230.00

2,235,550.00

1845.......................................................

3,756,447.50

1,873,200.00

1846.......................................................

4,034,177.50

2,558,580.00

1847............................................................................

20,202,325.00

2,374,450.00

1848....................................................

3,775,512.50

2,040,050.00

1849......................................................

9,007,761.50

2,114,950.00

1850.. ..................................................

31,981,738.50

1,866,100.00

1851.............................................................................

62,614,492.50

774,397 00

1852.....................................................

56,846,187.50

999,410.00

1853...................................................

39,377,909.00

9,077,571 00

1854.......................................................

25,915,962.50

8,619,270.00

1855.......................................................

29,387,968.00

3,501,245.00

1856.......................................................

36,857,768.50

5,142,240.00

1857.......................................................

32,214,040.00

5,478,760.00

1858.......................................................

22,938,413.50

8,495,370.00

1859.......................................................

14,780,570.00

3,284,450.00

1860.......................................................

23,473,654.00

2,259,390.00

1861.......................................................

83,395,530.00

3,783,74000

1862.......................................................

20,875,997.50

1,252,516.50

1863.......................................................

22,445,482.00

809,267.80

1864.......................................................

20,081,415.00

609,917.10

1865.......................................................

28,295,107.50

691,005.00

1866.......................................................

31,435,945.00

982,409.25

1867.......................................................

23,828,625.00

908,876.25

1868.......................................................

19,371,38750

1,074,343 00

1869.......................................................

17,582,987.50

1,266,143.00

1870.......................................................

23,198,78750

1,378,255.50

1871.......................................................

21,032,685.00

3,104,038.30

1872.......................................................

21,812,645.00

2,504,488.50

1873.......................................................

57,022,747.50

4,024,747.60

1874.......................................................

35,254,630.00

6,851,776.70

1875.......................................................

32,951,940.00

15,347,893 00

1876.......................................................

46,579,452.50

24,503,307.50

1877.......................................................

43,999,864.00

28,393,04550

1878.......................................................

49,786,052.00

28,518,850.00

1879.......................................................

39,080,080.00

27,569,796.00

1880.......................................................

62,308,279.00

27,411,693.75

1881.......................................................

96,850,890.00

27,940,163.75

1882.......................................................

65,887,685.00

27,973,132.00

1883.......................................................

29,241,990.00

29,246,968.45

1884.......................................................

23,991,756.50

28,534,866.15

1885.......................................................

27,773,012.50

28,962,176.20

1886.......................................................

28,945,542.oo

32,086,709.90

1887.......................................................

23,972,38300

35,191,081.40

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

Dollars.

Dollars.

1888................................................

31,380,808.00

33,025,606.45

1889................................................

21,413,931.00

35,496,683.15

1890................................................

20,467,182.50

39,202,908.20

1891................................................

29,222,005.00

27,518,856.60

1892................................................

34,787,222.50

12,641,078.00

1893................................................

56,997,020.00

8,802,797.30

1894................................................

79,546,160.00

9,200,350.85

1895................................................

59,616,357.50

5,698,010.25

1896................................................

47,053,060.00

23,089,899.05

1897................................................

76,028,485.00

18,487,297.30

1898................................................

77,985,757.00

23,034,033.45

1899................................................

111,344,220.00

26,061,519.90

c.

Statistics Of Coinage In France

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

5 Francs.

Total.

1803................................

10,209,840

22,827,000

23,171,998.00

1804................................

38,463,980

42,303,315

47,517,19575

1805................................

20,474,500

39,181,990

46,385,909.50

1806................................

38,533,76o

22,428,245

25,241,651.50

1807................................

18,019,920

4,022,115

5,008,903.00

1808................................

32,311,260

46,911,430

67,833,922.25

1809................................

15,206,440

39,927,225

44,296,49400

1810................................

46,070,600

51,722,400

57,170,216.50

1811................................

132,135,740

244,737,480

256,399,040.00

1812................................

97,717,880

155,228,065

160,786,409.50

1813................................

62,659,680

130,014,265

134,900,313.50

1814................................

64,544,720

60,788,535

61,244,121.00

1815................................

55,379,840

37,660,240

37,673,806.00

1816......

15,151,280

34,183,345

34,917,526.50

1817................................

52,197,080

35,044,790

37,143,57975

1818................................

95,410,460

12,099,695

12,406,076.25

1819................................

52,410,660

20,944,005

21,235,077.25

1820................................

28,781,080

18,061,460

18,436,620.50

1821................................

404,140

66,775,910

67,533,866.00

1822................................

4,718,100

98,441,395

100,679,137.75

1823................................

408,180

80,340,750

82,911,680.00

1824................................

7,071,700

111,572,835

114,476,007.75

1825................................

45,616,360

72,869,470

75,203,291.50

1826................................

925,540

88,732,310

90,835,623.00

* Quoted from Willis's "A History of the Latin Monetary Union," pp. 301-307.

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

5 Francs.

Total.

1827....................

3,160,940

149,580,405

153,868,978.25

1828....................

8,025,740

157,130,665

161,466,133.75

1829....................

1,118,180

99,645,450

102,642,617.25

1830....................

23,516,640

118,696,115

120,187,089.75

1831....................

49,641,380

203,292,395

205,223,764.00

1832....................

2,046,260

134,305,315

141,353.915.00

1833....................

16,799,780

154,425,595

157,482,863.00

1834....................

30,231,200

211,534,020

218,288,384.75

1835....................

4,550,060

95,811,105

99,666,149.25

1836....................

5,097,040

41,518,825

43,242,39925

1837....................

2,026,740

109,202,540

111,858,697.75

1838....................

4,940,140

86,240,080

88,489,324.25

1839....................

20,670,000

71,538,785

73,637,742.00

1840....................

40,998,240

61,305,885

63,795,52700

1841....................

12,375,060

73,299,680

77,517,941 00

1842....................

1,852,720

65,879,910

68,391,170.25

1843....................

2,826,600

71,858,950

74,148,998.25

1844....................

2,742,260

66,975,560

69,134,980.00

1845....................

119,140

83,903,290

89,967,609.50

1846....................

2,086,420

42,211,015

47,886,145.50

1847....................

7,706,020

71,610,030

78,285,157.00

1848....................

39,697,740

119,052,945

119,731,095.25

1849....................

27,109,560

203,831,545

206,458,663.90

1850....................

85,192,390

80,603,390

86,458,485.20

1851....................

269,709,570

57,496,450

59,327,308.90

1852....................

27,028,270

69,951,000

71,918,445.50

1853....................

312,964,020

19,458,160

20,099,488.20

1854....................

526,528,200

53,075

2,123,887.20

1855....................

447,427,820

24,305,865

25,500,305.50

1856....................

508,281,995

45,777,405

54,422,214.00

1857....................

572,561 225

467,030

3,809,611.30

1858....................

488,689,635

133,950

8,663,568.70

1859....................

702,697,790

16,825

8.401,813.80

1860....................

428,452,425

.........................................

8,084,198.60

1861....................

98,216,400

110,490

2,518,049.50

1862....................

214,241,990

105,645

2,519,397.70

1863....................

210,230,640

108,435

329,610.50

1864....................

273,843,765

160,840

7,296,609.90

1865....................

161,886,835

485,670

9,222,394.50

1866....................

365,082,925

189,465

44,821,409.00

1867....................

198,579,510

54,051,560

113,758,539.70

1868....................

340,076,685

93,620,550

129,445,268.00

1869....................

234,186,190

58,264,285

68,175,897.00

1870....................

55,394,800

53,648,350

69,051,256.00

1871....................

50,169,880

4,710,905

23,878,499.50

1872....................

.............................

389,190

26,838,369.50

1873....................

.............................

154,649,045

156,270,160.00

Year.

Gold.

Silver.

5 Francs.

Total.

1874.........

24,319,700

59,996,010

60,609,988.50

1875.. .......

234,912,000

75,000,000

75,000,000.00

1876........

176,493,160

52,661,315

52,661,315.00

1877.........

255,181,140

16,464,285

16,464,285.00

1878.........

185,318,100

1,821,420

1,821,420.00

1879.........

24,610,540

.....................

.....................

1880.........

..........................

..........................

..........................

1881.........

2,167,000

..........................

6,733,445.00

1882.........

3,742,000

..........................

1,159,859.50

1883.........

..........................

..........................

..........................

1884.........

..........................

..........................

..........................

1885.........

289,400

..........................

..........................

1886.........

23,586,700

..........................

154,379.00

1887.........

24,668,190

..........................

8,910,583.00

1888.........

554,140

..........................

5,763,624.00

1889.........

17,477,800

..........................

370.00

1890.........

20,602,800

..........................

..........................

1891.........

17,422,020

..........................

..........................

1892........

4,514,120

..........................

..........................

1893........

50,943,360

..........................

..........................

1894.........

9,831,060

..........................

4,000,000.00

1895.........

108,006,930

..........................

8,000,000.00

1896.........

112,538,240

..........................

..........................

1897.........

221,379,540

..........................

44,000.00

1898.........

177,326,540

..........................

40,000,000.00

1899.........

38,639,490

..........................

14,852,87400

Totals, 1803-1899

9,550,127,530

5,060,606,240

5,601,571,998.35

D.

Surplus of Imports Of Gold And Silver Into British India

Years.

Gold.

Silver.

1835-1836.........................................................

$ 1,694,590

$ 8,059,480

1836-1837.........................................................

2,098,620

6,694,410

1837-1838.........................................................

2,154,350

9,834,720

1838-1839.........................................................

1,294,625

13,225,650

1839-1840.........................................................

1,133,215

8,252,355

1840-1841.........................................................

686,560

7,008,350

1841-1842.........................................................

828,115

6,416,140

1842-1843.........................................................

1,055,805

14,762,225

1843-1844.........................................................

2,032,615

18,477,210

1844-1845.........................................................

3,550,500

9,942,805

1845-1846.........................................................

2,722,380

4,662,450

1846-1847.........................................................

4,234,745

6,891,245

1847-1848.........................................................

5,195,580

2,470,955

1848-1849.........................................................

6,744,590

1,569,520

1849-1850.........................................................

5,584,965

6,368,035

1850-1851.........................................................

5,766,470

10,586,125

1851-1852.........................................................

6,338,065

14,326,785

1852-1853.........................................................

5,861,505

23,025,120

1853-1854.........................................................

5,307,215

11,528,720

1854-1855.........................................................

3,656,450

148,000

1855-1856.........................................................

12,531,225

40,971,875

1856-1857.........................................................

10,456,070

55,366,235

1857-1858.........................................................

13,915,365

61,094,740

1858-1859.........................................................

22,132,265

38,641,710

1859-1860.........................................................

21,421,170

55,737,815

1860-1861.........................................................

21,162,845

26,640,045

1861-1862.........................................................

25,922,125

45,432,280

1862-1863.........................................................

34,240,795

62,750,755

1863-1864.........................................................

44,491,530

63,983,595

1864-1865.........................................................

49,199,820

50,393,990

1865-1866.........................................................

28,622,380

93,343,365

1866-1867.........................................................

19,211,640

34,815,370

1867-1868.........................................................

23,047,335

27,969,805

1868-1869.........................................................

25,796,760

43,005,110

1869-1870.........................................................

27,960,585

36,601,685

1870-1871.........................................................

11,410,605

4,709,685

1871-1872.........................................................

17,826,720

32,564,135

1872-1873.........................................................

12,716,810

3,523,220

1873-1874.........................................................

6,913,190

12,256,915

1874-1875.........................................................

9,367,675

23,211,010

1875-1876.........................................................

7,725,655

7,776,775

1876-1877.........................................................

1,036,750

35,994,360

1877-1878.........................................................

2,340,645

73,381,675

1878-1879.........................................................

4,480,865

19,853,470

1879-1880.........................................................

8,752,470

39,348,715

1880-1881.........................................................

18,275,995

19,462,870

1881-1882.........................................................

24,219,920

26,895,250

1882-1883.........................................................

24,654,355

37,401,135

1883-1884.........................................................

24,316,580

32,030,765

*Quoted from Laughlin's "History of Bimetallism in the United States," pp. 252-3.

E.

Annual, Average Rates of Discount of The Banks of France And Germany From 1844 To 1878

Date.

Bank of France.

An. Aver. of Min.

Rate Discount.

Bank of Germany.

An. Aver. of Min.

Rate Discount.

1844 ...........................................

s.

d.

s.

d.

1845 ...........................................

4

O

0

4

7

0

1846.........................

4

O

0

4

13

7

1847.........................

5

O

2

4

16

10

1848.........................

4

O

0

4

13

3

1849.........................

4

O

0

4

0

10

1850.........................

4

O

0

4

0

0

1851 ........................

4

O

0

4

0

0

1852 .:......................

3

3

7

4

0

0

1853..:......................

3

4

9

4

5

0

1854.........................

4

6

6

4

7

5

1855.........................

4

8

11

4

1

5

1856.........................

5

10

2

4

18

10

1857.........................

6

3

3

5

15

7

1858.........................

3

14

0

4

2

7

1859.........................

3

9

4

4

4

3

1860.........................

3

12

7

4

0

0

1861.........................

5

11

1

4

0

0

1862.........................

3

15

1

4

0

0

1863.........................

4

13

1

4

1

6

1864.........................

6

10

7

5

6

5

1865.........................

3

13

11

4

18

11

1866.........................

3

13

6

6

4

5

1867.........................

2

14

2

4

0

0

1868.........................

2

10

0

4

0

0

1869 ...........................................

2

10

0

4

4

11

1870.........................

3

19

8

4

17

7

1871.. :......................

5

14

3

4

2

9

1872 .........................

5

2

9

4

5

8

1873.........................

5

2

10

4

19

4

1874.........................

4

6

2

4

7

8

1875.........................

4

0

0

4

13

7

1876.........................

3

8

2

4

3

3

1877.........................

2

2

5

3

4

8

7

1878.........................

2

4

2

4

6

9

Average rate of 34 years...

4

1

5

4

8

10

* Quoted from Palgrave's "Bank Rate in England, France, and Germany," pp. 88-91 and 98-101.