13 S. Pennsylvanica Mx. Viscid-pubescent; sts. numerous; lvs. from the root spatulate or cuneate, of the stem lanceolate; cyme few-flowered; pet. slightly emarginate, subcrenate.- Dry, sandy soils, N. Eng. to Ky. and Ga. St. decumbent at base, nearly 1 f high, with long, lanceolate leaves, and terminal, upright bunches of flowers. Cal. long, tubular, very glutinous and hairy. Pet wedge-shaped, red or purplish. Jn.
14 S. regia Sims. Splendid Catch-fly. Scabrous, somewhat viscid; st. rigid, erect; lvs. ovate-lanceolate; cyme paniculate; pet. oblanceolate, entire, erose at the end; sta. and stig. exserted. - A large species, beautiful in cultivation, native Ohio to La. Sts. 3 to 4f high. Lvs. 2 to 3' by 8 to 15". Fls. very large, numerous. Cal. tubular, 10-striate, 1' long. Petals bright-scarlet, crowned. Jn., Jl. †
15 S. Armeria L. Garden Catch-fly. Very smooth, glaucous; st. branching, glutinous below each node; lvs. ovate-lanceolate; fls. in corymbous cymes; pet. obcordate, crowned; cal. clavate, 10-striate.- A popular garden flower, sparingly naturalized. St. 1 to 1 1/2f high, many-flowered. Lvs. 1 1/2 to 2 1/2' long, 1/3 as wide; internodes elongated. Cal. 3/4' long, a little enlarged above. Petals purple, laminae half as long as the calyx. Jl., Sept. † § Eur.
4. AGROSTEMMA, L. Corn Cockle. (Gr. ayρovστεµµa, crown of the field.) Calyx bractless, tubular, coriaceous, the limb of 5 long, leafy, deciduous sepals, exceeding the corolla; petals undivided, crownless; stamens 10; styles 5; capsule 1-celled, opening at the top by 5 teeth.- and . Erect, hairy, dichotomous.
A Githago. A well known, handsome weed, growing in fields of wheat or other grains, and of a pale green color. St. 2 to 3f high, forked above. Lvs. linear, loug (3 to 5'), fringed with long hairs. Fls. few, large, of a dull purple, on long, naked stalks. Sds. roundish, angular, purplish-black, injurious to the whiteness of the flour. Jl. § Eur. (Lychnis Githago Lam.)
5. LYCHNIS, L. (Gr. a lamp; some cottony species having been used as lamp-wick.) Calyx bractless, tubular, oblong or ovoid, limb of 5 short lobes, persistent; petals 5, entire or cleft, mostly crowned; stamens 10; styles 5; capsule more or less 5-celled at base, opening by 5 to 10 teeth. - Handsome perennials, cultivated.
§ Fls. perfect, - Petals entire or 2-parted.............................................
Nos. 1, 2
- Petals laciniate, or 4-parted..........................................
Nos. 3, 4
§ Flowers dioecious. Petals 2-lobed........................................................
Nos. 5, 6
1 L. coronaria DC. Mullein Pink. Rose Campion. Villous; st. dichotomous; ped. long, 1-flowered; cal. campanulate., veined; pet. broad, entire.- Native of Italy. Whole plant covered with dense wool. St. 2f high. Fls. purple, large. Varieties are white-flowered, red double-flowered, etc. †.
2 L. Chalcedonica L. Scarlet Lychnis or Sweet William. Smoothish; fls. fasciculate; cal. cylindric, clavate, ribbed; pet. 2-lobed. - A fine garden flower, native of Russia. St. 1 to 2f high, with dark green, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate lvs., and large, terminal, convex, dense fascicles of deep-scarlet flowers. It has varieties of white fls. and also with double. Jn., Jl. †.
3 L. Floscuculi L. Ragged Robin. Smoothish; st. ascending, dichotomous at summit; fls. fascicled; cal. campanulate, 10-ribbed; pet. in 4 deep, linear segments. - Native of Europe. St. 1 to 2f high, rough angled, viscid above. Lvs. lanceolate, smooth. Fls. pink, very beautiful, with a brown, angular, smooth calyx. Caps. roundish, 1-celled. Jl., Sept. †
4 L. coronata L. Chinese Lychnis. Smooth; fls. terminal and axillary, 1 to 3; cal. rounded, clavate, ribbed; pet. laciniate. - Native of China. St. 1 to 2f high. Petals of lively red, remarkable for their largo size. There are varieties with double red and double white flowers, †.
5 L. diurna L. St. dichotomous-paniculate; fls. ♂ ♀; petals half-bifid, lobes narrow, diverging; caps. ovoid-globous. - Native of Britain, almost naturalized. Sts. about 2f high, pubescent. Lvs. 1 to 3' long, elliptic-ovate, acute. Fls. fight-purple, middle size.
6 L. dioica L. Dioecious; st dichotomous-paniculate; petals half-bifid, the lobes broad, approximating; caps. conical. - Hardy at the South. St. 2f high, hoary-pubescent. Lvs. lance-ovate, acuminate, 1 to 2' long. Fls. white, middle-size. Jn. - Aug. † Eur.
6. CERASTIUM, L. Mouse-ear Chick-weed. (Gr. a horn; from the resemblance of the capsule of some of the species.) Calyx of 5, ovate, acute sepals; corolla of 5, bifid petals; stamens 10, sometimes 5 or 4, the alternate ones shorter; styles 5; capsules cylindrical or roundish, elongated, opening at the apex by 10 teeth; seeds numerous. - Fls. cvmous, white.
§ Petals about as long as the calyx..............................................................
Nos. 1, 2
§ Petals much longer than the calyx...........................................................
Nos. 3 - 5
1 C. vulgatum L. Hairy, pale green, caespitous; lvs. attenuated at base, ovate or obovate, obtuse; fls. in subcapitate clusters; sep. when young, longer than the pedicels.- Fields and waste grounds, Can. and U. S., flowering all summer. St. 6 to 12' long, ascending, mostly forked. Lvs. 5 to 8" by 3 to 5", mostly very obtuse, lower ones tapering to the base. Fls. in dense, terminal clusters, the terminal (central) one solitary. always the oldest. Seps. mostly green, a little shorter than the corolla. Petals white, appearing in 10 segments.
2 C. viscdsum L. Hairy, viscid, spreading: lvs. oblong lanceolate, rather acute; fls. in loose cymes; sep. scarious and white on the margin and apex, shorter than the pedicels. - Fields and waste grounds, U. S. and Can. Plant greener than the last. Sts. many, assurgent. dichotomously cymous. Lvs. 5 to 9" long, 1/4, to 1/3 as wide, radical ones subspatulate. Fls. white, in diffuse cymes. Pet. hardly as long as the sep., obovate, bifid. Sta. rarely but 5. Jn. - Aug.